Censorship

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Adolf Hitler's rise to power was greatly aided by censoring his critics.[1][2][3][4]

Censorship is the suppression of statements or information for ideological reasons. Current examples of censorship include:

  • Liberals are actively trying to destroy Fox News Channel through lawsuits and bullying because it disrupts the left-wing narrative, which it does not submit to.[5] They have also tried to destroy Sean Hannity for the same reason.[6]
  • Facebook suspended 30,000 accounts in France a mere ten days before its national election in 2017, in censorship of supporters of the right-wing, eurosceptic Marine Le Pen[7][8]
  • Refusal to carry news about the horrors at the abortion clinic of Gosnell Kermit, on trial for murder in April 2013 in Philadelphia
  • The banning of prayer in the classroom.[9]
  • The restrictions on sidewalk counseling of women about the harms caused by abortion.
  • The removal of conservative ideas from Wikipedia, for example, Wikipedia has no articles about the ills of atheism[10]
  • The refusal to report on news that a prominent African American endorsed a conservative candidate.
  • The refusal to expose, in a timely manner, falsehoods published by the Communist media.
  • The rejection of pro-life advertisements.[11]
  • The banning of mention of intelligent design in school.[12]
  • Firing media columnists because they express politically incorrect conservative views.[13][14]
  • The vandalizing of pro-life displays and conservative websites (including Conservapedia).
  • Censorship can also take the form of ostracizing students for expressing pro-life or other conservative views.[15]
  • Protesting and disrupting invited conservative speakers on campuses.[16]
  • Censorship is sometimes based on a misuse of copyright, as in the unsuccessful attempt to censor the movie Expelled:No Intelligence Allowed about intelligent design.[17]
  • The destruction or theft of conservative newspapers on college campuses.[18]
  • Censorship of conservative talk radio via the Fairness Doctrine.
  • Internet censorship employed by a country, which can include such things as the filtering of anti-government sites in China or the censoring of women's rights or anti-Islam sites in Middle Eastern countries
  • Schools banning or using placement bias to keep students from books such as the Bible, or books critical of the theory of evolution.
  • In August 2018, multiple social media giants, with the support of the Left, mainstream media, and Democrats,[19] banned Alex Jones's InfoWars from their sites simply because of his political views.[20]
  • Various studies have found that Facebook and Google, among other social media platforms, engage in censorship against conservatives.[21][22]
  • In 2018, Brown University censored a study on transgender youth because it did not approve of the study's results, worrying that its findings might "invalidate the perspectives" of transgender people.[23]

Political censorship involves a government preventing information from reaching its citizens. Perhaps the best-known contemporary example of this is China's censorship of the Google search engine, known as the "Golden Shield Project", which prevents Google from displaying search results of some human rights websites, websites promoting Tibetan independence, references to the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests, and others. A famous example in fiction is George Orwell's novel Nineteen Eighty-Four, in which the main character works as a civil servant in the department responsible for altering or destroying historical information which the government wishes to keep secret. The rationale behind political censorship is that the political party in power can protect itself from revolution if the public is kept uninformed.

The term "censorship" derives from censor, the title of the Roman official who conducted the census and supervised public morality.

The First Amendment and censorship in the U. S.

In the United States, the First Amendment states that "Congress shall make no law... abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances." Broadly speaking, the First Amendment is designed to prevent the government from exercising censorship. However, the government sometimes censors political and religious speech anyway, based on ideological grounds.

More specifically, the government should not exercise "prior restraint." That is, a citizen should not need advance permission from the government in order to publish something, unless it threatens national security. This does not mean that publication may not have consequences: a citizen can be sued for publishing libel, or incarcerated for disclosing military secrets, but the consequences typically occur after publication, not before.

Censorship is sometimes applied to prohibit obscenity that goes against common standards of public morality; under US law the first amendment does not protect material considered legally obscene. The definition of obscenity has and continues to vary, with the current Supreme Court definition being the Miller test. In practical terms, this allows harmful material such as pornography to be criminalized without violating the First Amendment.

Censorship may also be directed at religious ideas, as in the Saudi Arabian prohibition on preaching Christianity, liberal restrictions on public expressions of religion, or the Roman Catholic Church's now-rescinded Index Librorum Prohibitorum.

Certain language and images that may have been censored in the past are typically common fare in the American media today. On the other hand, while nudity, for example, may be acceptable on mainstream French television, that is much less likely to be accepted on American television and even less acceptable in Islamic countries.

Quotes

  • All censorships exist to prevent anyone from challenging current conceptions and existing institutions. All progress is initiated by challenging current conceptions, and executed by supplanting existing institutions. Consequently the first condition of progress is the removal of censorship. George Bernard Shaw[24]

See also


Contrast with:

References

  1. http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/censorship_in_nazi_germany.htm Censorship in Nazi Germany
  2. US Holocaust Museum
  3. Censorship of media and the fine arts
  4. Essay on Bookburning
  5. Harper, Jennifer (May 25, 2017). Inside the Beltway: The strategic war on Fox News. The Washington Times. Retrieved May 25, 2017.
  6. Kew, Ben (May 25, 2017). Brent Bozell: Attack on Hannity Part of ‘Liberal Strategy to Monopolize the Media’. Breitbart News. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  7. Hoft, Jim (April 14, 2017). Facebook Suspends 30,000 French Accounts 10 days Before Election in Attempt to Censor Le Pen Supporters. The Gateway Pundit. Retrieved April 14, 2017.
  8. Facebook Targets 30,000 Fake French Accounts Before Election. Breitbart News. April 14, 2017. Retrieved April 14, 2017.
  9. See, e.g., classroom prayer.
  10. See Bias in Wikipedia.
  11. See, e.g., "Canadian City Backpedals on Decision to Censor Pro-life Bus-shelter Ads." [1]
  12. See, e.g., Expelled:No Intelligence Allowed.
  13. Hasson, Peter (April 5, 2018). What Ingraham, Sinclair And Williamson Have In Common. The Daily Caller. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  14. DeGroot, Christopher (April 5, 2018). Kevin Williamson Finds a Fitting New Home — NOT! (Updated). The American Spectator. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  15. See, e.g., liberals and friendship.
  16. At Columbia, Students Attack Minuteman Founder Ny Sun, October 5, 2006
  17. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/7432860.stm
  18. http://www.thebulletin.us/site/index.cfm?newsid=19383118&BRD=2737&PAG=461&dept_id=576361&rfi=8
  19. Multiple references:
  20. Multiple references: See also:
  21. Duke, Selwyn (August 28, 2018). Google Is Not a Search Engine; Twitter and Facebook Aren’t Social Media. The New American. Retrieved August 28, 2018.
  22. Haverluck, Michael F. (March 16, 2018). Facebook algorithm kills conservative news feeds, boosts left's. OneNewsNow. Retrieved August 28, 2018.
  23. Mikelionis, Lukas (August 30, 2018). Brown U. censors 'gender dysphoria' study, worried that findings might 'invalidate the perspectives' of transgender community. Fox News. Retrieved September 19, 2018.
  24. "The Author's Apology, preface to "Mrs. Warren's Profession."