Charles Manson (November 12, 1934 - November 19, 2017) was a 1960s ringleader of a murderous California cult, the Manson Family, whose most famous crime was ordering the murder of actress Sharon Tate and six other people in what came to be notoriously known as the Tate-LaBianca murders.
He brain-washed a devoted group of followers into various murders, with the hope of starting a race war and being the leader of the post-apocalyptic world he said the war would create. Because Manson directed the members of the cult to commit multiple murders, he was convicted of the murders under a joint-responsibility rule which makes it a crime to be involved in a conspiracy to commit murder. He was originally sentenced to death for masterminding the murders, but when California abolished the death penalty in 1972, his death sentence was commuted to life in prison.
Manson held notions commonly regarded as ludicrous; for example, he believed that the Beatles were his disciples, and their song "Helter Skelter" inspired his idea. Manson was a racist who hated black people and tattooed a swastika onto his forehead, a 1981 modification of an X originally carved into the same spot (which he also instructed his followers to do to themselves) during his and his Family's trial in 1970. He was a Satanist and said that he was Jesus Christ and Satan in one person and the Reincarnation of Aleister Crowley.
In April 2011, Manson broke a 20-year silence to make nonsensical remarks about the "global warming" scam and supposed "human damage" to the environment. Manson, who was ill with colon cancer in his last years, died of cardiac arrest due to respiratory failure on November 19, 2017.
- Borsella, C. On Persecution, Identity and Activism: Aspects of the Italian-American Experience from the Late 19th Century to Today; Dante University Press; Boston. p. 110, (2005)