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Chiliasm is the doctrine based on Revelation 20:4-6 that Christ will reign on earth a thousand years.[1] The word chiliasm is from Greek chiliasmos, from chilias, from chilioi thousand.[2] A chiliad is literally a thousand, also a period of a thousand years.

Heresy, or true doctrine?

Chiliasm has been condemned as a heresy in the East and West since A.D. 381. It is defended as a true doctrine of Christianity by several Christian denominations and literalist schools of biblical interpretation since the beginning of the Reformation. See 12 schools of interpretation and Millennium

See also




End Times


Book of Revelation

Revelation, Book of (historical exegesis)

John Nelson Darby



Millenial Day Theory



  1. The Reader's Digest Great Encyclopedic Dictionary including Funk & Wagnalls Standard College Dictionary, copyright 1966, The Reader's Digest Association, Inc., Pleasantville, New York. Library of Congress Catalog Card No. 66-21606. page 237a
  2. A Preliminary Study of the Greek Words Xilias and Xilioi, by Kenneth Fortier pdf. (

External links

Multiple commentaries on Revelation 20:4

Commentaries verse by verse

  • BibleHub multiple commentaries ( includes access links to: • Alford • Barnes • Bengel • Benson • BI • Bonar • Cambridge • Clarke • Darby • Ellicott • Expositor's • Exp Dct • Exp Grk • Gaebelein • GSB • Gill • Gray • Guzik • Haydock • Hastings • Homiletics • ICC • JFB • Kelly • KJT • Lange • MacLaren • MHC • MHCW • Meyer • Newell • Parker • PNT • Poole • Pulpit • Sermon • SCO • TTB • VWS • WES • TSK
  • New American Bible, Revised Edition NABRE: Book of Revelation (
  • Scofield Reference Bible Notes: Revelation (
  • Book of Revelation. at ( Table of contents outline with links to particular sections of the book of Revelation. Each accessed link to the NIV text offers links to several online classical commentaries on that particular passage.

Rejection of Chiliasm in the East and West since A.D. 381