*Conscription & War
*Conscription & War
|−|== Timeline == | |
|−|* 6200 BC: Liao civilization begins in Northeast China | |
|−|* c. 3200 BC: Sumer | |
|−|* 3200 BC: [[Norte Chico civilization]] begins in [[Peru]] | |
|−|* 3200 BC: Rise of [[Proto-Elamite]] Civilization in [[Iran]] | |
|−|* 3200 BC: Newgrange built in Ireland. | |
|−|* 3200 BC: Cycladic civilization in Greece | |
|−|* 3150 BC: First Dynasty of Egypt | |
|−|*3100 BC: Skara Brae in Scotland | |
|−|*3000 BC: Jiroft civilization begins in Iran | |
|−|* 2800 BC: Kot Diji phase of the Indus Valley Civilization begins | |
|−|*2800 BC: Longshan culture in China | |
|−|*2700 BC: Minoan Civilization ancient palace city Knossos reach 80,000 inhabitants | |
|−|*2700 BC: Rise of Elam in Iran | |
|−|*2600 BC: Mature Harappan phase of the Indus Valley civilization (in present-day Pakistan and India) begins | |
|−|*2600 BC: Emergence of Maya culture in the Yucatán Peninsula | |
|−|*2334 or 2270 BC: Akkadian Empire is founded, dating depends upon whether the Middle chronology or the Short chronology is used. | |
|−|*1900 BC: Erlitou culture in China | |
|−|*1600 BC: Minoan civilization on Crete is destroyed by the Minoan eruption of Santorini island. | |
|−|*1600 BC: Mycenaean Greece | |
|−|*1600 BC: The beginning of Shang Dynasty in China, evidence of a fully developed Chinese writing system | |
|−|*1400-400 BC: Olmec civilization flourishes in Pre-Columbian Mexico, during Mesoamerica's Formative period | |
|−|*1200 BC: The Hallstatt culture | |
|−|*1000 BC: Nok culture in West Africa | |
|−|*800 BC: Rise of Greek city-states | |
|−|*c.785 BC: Rise of the Kingdom of Kush | |
| || |
Revision as of 14:56, 22 January 2019
A civilization needs a form of government (a set of laws), a form of education, skilled workers, an agricultural surplus to feed the skilled workers, law enforcement, economy, and a currency or trading system.
Civilization has also been defined by Clyde Kluckhohn as having "three essential criteria for civilization: towns containing more than 5000 people, writing, and monumental ceremonial centers".
In order to attain these prerequisites a group of humans must have climbed up the ladder of Technological Development necessary to attain them.
Three major attributes of every civilization include:
- Urbanism - There must be cities to have civilization.
- Politics - There must be something to bring the people together.
- Religion - There must be a code of conduct or standard of morality to maintain civilization.
- People with common language, customs, government, and economy, earliest in Mesopotamia 3000 BC.
- More people, more sedentary, more predicable
- More & Better food, clothing, and shelter
- Lifespan increases
- Sophisticated religion and technology
- Tyrannical rule
- Conscription & War
Bernard Lewis wrote, Template:Lewis-heir-civ