Climate refers to a number of phenomena relative to a region and its weather.
- Earth's climate is presently in a period of long, slow recovery from the Little Ice Age that ran for 300 or so years and ended in about 1850. 
Factors to be taken into account in order to describe a climate include:
- Minimum cold season temperature
- Annual rainfall
- Length of periods without rainfall (droughts)
- Likelihood of regular flooding
- Wind speeds encountered
- Cloud cover versus sunny weather
Climate affects the viability of flora and fauna in a given region. It also affects human beings desire to live (or not live), or vacation, in certain areas.