Denver is the capital of Colorado, and the state's largest city. The city sits on the eastern edge of the Rocky Mountains. Its nicknames include "The Mile-High City" (its downtown is 5286 feet above sea level), "Queen City of the Rockies," "Gateway to the Rockies," and "The Climate Capital of the World." Denver was selected to host the Democratic National Convention in August of 2008. Due to strong planning and a large police presence, the city avoided the large scale violence and rioting that occured later at the Republican convention in St. Paul.
Denver was founded in 1859, during the Colorado Gold Rush, as two distinct communities, Auraria and St Charles. St Charles was renamed Denver City in 1858 after territorial governor James W. Denver; Auraria and Denver City merged in 1860 to form modern Denver.
In sports, Denver is home to the NHL's Colorado Avalanche, the NFL's Denver Broncos, MLB's Colorado Rockies, and the NBA's Denver Nuggets. Other teams include the Colorado Rapids (MLS), The Colorado Crush (AFL), and The Colorado Mammoth (Lacrosse).
Denver is also home to several colleges, including:
- University of Denver
- Metropolitan State College of Denver
- University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center
- Johnson & Wales University
- Regis University
- Community College of Denver
- Denver Seminary
- The Art Institute of Colorado
- Lincoln College of Technology FKA Denver Automotive and Diesel College
- Rocky Mountain College of Art and Design
- Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (Oxford 2005) p134
- Denver's Regional Transportation District Includes links to other Denver sites.