Difference between revisions of "Dictatorship"

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A '''dictatorship''' is a [[political]] system of [[government]] in which a single person (the [[dictator]]) has absolute [[power]], because no legal process exists by which the leader can be removed from office against his will.  Many ancient political systems were effectively dictatorships, although the term is usually used only in the modern context, where [[democracy]] exists as an alternative.
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A '''dictatorship''' is a [[political]] system of [[government]] in which a single person (the [[dictator]]) or [[collective]] committee ([[politburo]]) has absolute [[power]], because no legal process exists by which the leadership can be removed from office against their will.   
  
In modern usage "dictatorship" has developed an unfortunate and unnecessary negative connotation. [[God]] blesses dictators, provided that they are justly God-fearing:
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Many ancient non-[[monarchial]] systems were effectively dictatorships, often under wartime conditions where a leader could fight an enemy with unchallenged power. The term is usually heard in it's modern context, where [[democracy]] and checks on power (a Council of Elders, such as the [[Senate]], [[House of Lords]], or judicial processes) exist as an alternative to absolute power by an [[Executive]].
  
<blockquote>
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[[Extreme Leftism]], which opposes democracy and advocates [[single party control]], fosters dictatorship. A core principle of [[Marxism]] is dictatorship, which [[Socialist]]s claim is a transitory stage; however no socialist victory was was ever won without the dictatorship becoming a permanent institutional feature and leading the [[nation state]] it possesses to [[democidal]] warfare and [[economic]] ruin.
"''He who rules over men must be just, ruling in the fear of God''. And he shall be like the light of the morning when the sun rises, a morning without clouds, like the tender grass springing out of the earth, by clear shining after rain." (2 Sam 23:3-4)
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</blockquote>
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<blockquote>"Select capable men from all the people -- ''men who fear God, trustworthy men who hate dishonest gain'' -- and appoint them as officials over thousands, hundreds, fifties and tens." (Exod 18:21) </blockquote>
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<blockquote>“When good people run things, everyone is glad.” (Proverbs 29:2)</blockquote>
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<blockquote>“A nation will prosper when its ruler is mature, and its leaders don't party too much.” (Ecclesiastes 10:17)</blockquote>
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<blockquote>"Now therefore, be wise, O Kings; Be instructed, you judges of the earth. ''Serve the Lord with fear, and rejoice with trembling''." (Ps 2:10-11)
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</blockquote>
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The [[Greek]] [[philosopher]] [[Socrates]] approves the Philosopher-King as an improvement over [[democracy]] in [[Plato]]'s influential book [[The Republic]].  [[Solomon]] of [[Israel]] and [[Li Quan Yew]] of [[Singapore]] are examples of blessed dictators in the ancient world and modern world respective<ref>[http://www.sustainer.org/dhm_archive/index.php?display_article=vn210singaporeed Singapore Leads the Good Life Under a Benevolent Dictator]</ref>  
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==An historical context==
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The [[Greek]] [[philosopher]] [[Socrates]] approves the Philosopher-King as an improvement over [[democracy]] in [[Plato]]'s influential book [[The Republic]].   
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[[Solomon]] of [[Israel]] and [[Li Quan Yew]] of [[Singapore]] are sometimes cited as examples of "enlightened [[despot]]s" in the ancient world and modern world respective<ref>[http://www.sustainer.org/dhm_archive/index.php?display_article=vn210singaporeed Singapore Leads the Good Life Under a Benevolent Dictator]</ref>  
  
 
{{Dictatorship-democracy-Hoover}}
 
{{Dictatorship-democracy-Hoover}}
  
==Examples of bad dictators==
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==Modern dictatorships==
 
*[[China]]
 
*[[China]]
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*[[Venezuela]]
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*[[Cuba]]
 
*[[North Korea]]
 
*[[North Korea]]
*The former [[Soviet Union]] under [[Stalin]] and [[Lenin]]
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*[[Soviet Union]]  
 
*[[Nazi Germany]]
 
*[[Nazi Germany]]
*Communist [[Romania]]
 
*[[Cuba]]
 
 
*[[Zimbabwe]]
 
*[[Zimbabwe]]
 
*[[Cambodia]] under [[Pol Pot]]  
 
*[[Cambodia]] under [[Pol Pot]]  
*[[Hosni Mubarak]] of [[Egypt]]
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*Communist [[Romania]]
  
 
==Dictatorship in Fiction==
 
==Dictatorship in Fiction==

Latest revision as of 00:34, 3 December 2018

A dictatorship is a political system of government in which a single person (the dictator) or collective committee (politburo) has absolute power, because no legal process exists by which the leadership can be removed from office against their will.

Many ancient non-monarchial systems were effectively dictatorships, often under wartime conditions where a leader could fight an enemy with unchallenged power. The term is usually heard in it's modern context, where democracy and checks on power (a Council of Elders, such as the Senate, House of Lords, or judicial processes) exist as an alternative to absolute power by an Executive.

Extreme Leftism, which opposes democracy and advocates single party control, fosters dictatorship. A core principle of Marxism is dictatorship, which Socialists claim is a transitory stage; however no socialist victory was was ever won without the dictatorship becoming a permanent institutional feature and leading the nation state it possesses to democidal warfare and economic ruin.

An historical context

The Greek philosopher Socrates approves the Philosopher-King as an improvement over democracy in Plato's influential book The Republic.

Solomon of Israel and Li Quan Yew of Singapore are sometimes cited as examples of "enlightened despots" in the ancient world and modern world respective[1]

The difference between dictatorship and democracy, [President Herbert] Hoover liked to say, was simple: dictators organize from the top down, democracies from the bottom up.[2]


Modern dictatorships

Dictatorship in Fiction

Most often for dystopian or bleak futures, dictatorships are the governing systems, such as in Ayn Rand's Anthem and Atlas Shrugged, George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four, Ray Bradbury's Fahrenheit 451 or Aldous Huxley's Brave New World.

Quotes

  • Ronald Reagan famously said, "The ten most dangerous words in the English language are "Hi, I'm from the government, and I'm here to help."
  • Among conservatives, libertarians and anarchists, "The State" referred to in "Statism" is big government that derives its power through coercion via the threat of violence. According to conservative libertarian pundit Stefan Molyneux, "The idea that The State is capable of solving social problems is now viewed with great skepticism - which foretells a coming change. As soon as skepticism is applied to the State, the State falls, since it fails at everything except increasing its power, and so can only survive on propaganda, which relies on unquestioning faith."[3]

See also

References

  1. Singapore Leads the Good Life Under a Benevolent Dictator
  2. Herbert Hoover Presidential Library and Museum GALLERY TWO: The Humanitarian Years
  3. Quotes from Stefan on IMDB.com. Accessed January 25, 2016