Dictatorship of the proletariat
The dictatorship of the proletariat is a concept in Marxist theory. It refers to the post-revolutionary socialist phase of society, when the working class will rule society, prior to the development of a classless, fully-communist society. In reality, the term was used to justify appalling crimes carried out by Communist parties against their perceived enemies. It was also a gross misnomer, as the proletariat had no say in the government of communist countries. All power was concentrated in the hands of the communist political elite.