Difference between revisions of "Documentary"

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A '''documentary''' is an artistic compilation, typically in film form, used to convey non-fictitious information for a mix of educational or entertainment purposes.  The term "documentary" often implies truthfulness, but this is sometimes not the case. In fact, many films billed as documentaries may contain [[liberal bias]] deliberately.
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A '''documentary''' is an artistic compilation, typically in [[motion picture|film form]], used to convey non-fictitious information for a mix of [[education]]al or [[entertainment]] purposes.  John Grierson stated that documentary films have three components: (1) a concern with the content and expressive richness of the actuality image, (2) a concern with the interpretive potential of editing, and (3) a concern with the representation of social relationships.<ref name="Aitken2013">{{cite book|last=Aitken|first=Ian|title=Encyclopedia of the Documentary Film|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=JdSNAQAAQBAJ&pg=PA524|accessdate=30 October 2014|date=18 October 2013|publisher=Routledge|isbn=9781135206208|page=524|quote=Grierson's early theory of documentary film consisted of three principal elements: (1) a concern with the content and expressive richness of the actuality image, (2) a concern with the interpretive potential of editing, and (3) a concern with the representation of social relationships.}}</ref> The term "documentary" often implies [[truth]]fulness, but this is sometimes not the case. Moreover, documentaries include elements commonly used in other film genres, such as horror.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.top10hq.com/top-10-disturbing-documentaries/|title=Top 10 Disturbing Documentaries|year=2014|publisher=Top10HQ|accessdate=30 October 2014}}</ref> The first documentary film in the [[English language]] was released in 1922, by Robert Flaherty and it was called ''Nanook of the North''.<ref name="McLane2012">{{cite book|last=McLane|first=Betsy A.|title=A New History of Documentary Film: Second Edition|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=Rt0Wwjs4zyYC&pg=PA4|accessdate=30 October 2014|date=5 April 2012|publisher=A&C Black|isbn=9781441124579|page=4|quote=Traditionally, the English-language documentary is said to start with American Roberty Flaherty's ''Nanook of the North'', shot in Canada and released in the United States in 1922. Flaherty wanted to show his version of the Eskimos - the people whom he had gotten to know in his travels - to audiences who had little or no knowledge of them.}}</ref>
  
==See Also==
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==List of documentary films==
*[http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0386032/ Sicko], by Michael Moore, a "documentary" written to impugn the American healthcare system.
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*[[Expelled: No Intelligence Allowed]] is a documentary about the [[liberal]] [[censorship]] of [[intelligent design]]. ''Expelled'' is hosted by [[Ben Stein]].
*[http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0361596/ Fahrenheit 911], by Michael Moore, a "documentary" written as an assault to the Bush administration.
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*[[Sicko]], by [[Michael Moore]], a documentary written to impugn the American healthcare system.
[[category:entertainment]]
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*[[Fahrenheit 9/11]], by Michael Moore, a documentary written as an assault to the Bush administration.
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==See also==
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*[[Schlockumentary]], a slang term referring to documentaries based on junk science.
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*[[Mockumentary]], a fictional work in the form of a documentary.
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*[[Liberal bias]], as many documentaries have a decidedly liberal slant.
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==References==
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{{reflist}}
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[[Category:Entertainment]]

Latest revision as of 10:23, 26 September 2018

A documentary is an artistic compilation, typically in film form, used to convey non-fictitious information for a mix of educational or entertainment purposes. John Grierson stated that documentary films have three components: (1) a concern with the content and expressive richness of the actuality image, (2) a concern with the interpretive potential of editing, and (3) a concern with the representation of social relationships.[1] The term "documentary" often implies truthfulness, but this is sometimes not the case. Moreover, documentaries include elements commonly used in other film genres, such as horror.[2] The first documentary film in the English language was released in 1922, by Robert Flaherty and it was called Nanook of the North.[3]

List of documentary films

See also

  • Schlockumentary, a slang term referring to documentaries based on junk science.
  • Mockumentary, a fictional work in the form of a documentary.
  • Liberal bias, as many documentaries have a decidedly liberal slant.

References

  1. Aitken, Ian (18 October 2013). Encyclopedia of the Documentary Film. Routledge. ISBN 9781135206208. Retrieved on 30 October 2014. “Grierson's early theory of documentary film consisted of three principal elements: (1) a concern with the content and expressive richness of the actuality image, (2) a concern with the interpretive potential of editing, and (3) a concern with the representation of social relationships.” 
  2. Top 10 Disturbing Documentaries. Top10HQ (2014). Retrieved on 30 October 2014.
  3. McLane, Betsy A. (5 April 2012). A New History of Documentary Film: Second Edition. A&C Black. ISBN 9781441124579. Retrieved on 30 October 2014. “Traditionally, the English-language documentary is said to start with American Roberty Flaherty's Nanook of the North, shot in Canada and released in the United States in 1922. Flaherty wanted to show his version of the Eskimos - the people whom he had gotten to know in his travels - to audiences who had little or no knowledge of them.”