Difference between revisions of "Donald Trump achievements: Immigration and border security (2018)"

From Conservapedia
Jump to: navigation, search
(Ref.)
Line 19: Line 19:
 
*Shaw, Adam (April 7, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/04/07/trump-zeroes-in-on-tackling-illegal-immigration-after-spending-bill-criticism.html Trump zeroes in on tackling illegal immigration after spending bill criticism]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
 
*Shaw, Adam (April 7, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/04/07/trump-zeroes-in-on-tackling-illegal-immigration-after-spending-bill-criticism.html Trump zeroes in on tackling illegal immigration after spending bill criticism]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
 
*Dinan, Stephen (April 8, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/apr/8/donald-trump-sends-national-guard-to-southwest-bor/ Trump sends National Guard to southwest border to catch border jumpers]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
 
*Dinan, Stephen (April 8, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/apr/8/donald-trump-sends-national-guard-to-southwest-bor/ Trump sends National Guard to southwest border to catch border jumpers]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
*Klukowski, Ken (April 7, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/04/07/trump-tweets-sealing-border-mattis-nielsen-send-troops-sessions-prosecutes/ Trump Tweets: ‘Sealing Border,’ Mattis and Nielsen Send Troops, Sessions Prosecutes]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
+
On August 21, 2018, Trump deported the last ex-Nazi in the United States, Jakiw Palij, who had supervised the killings of 6,000 Jews.
*Caldwell, Alicia A. (April 7, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/trump-takes-steps-to-tighten-rules-on-illegal-immigrants-1523065045 Trump Takes Steps to Tighten Rules on Illegal Immigration]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
+
https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/trump-just-deported-a-nazi-thats-a-move-i-can-get-behind/2018/08/21/ec1d2d1c-a56d-11e8-8fac-12e98c13528d_story.html?noredirect=on&utm_term=92adbd86072c
*Gonzales, Richard (April 6, 2018). [https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2018/04/06/600435660/trump-administration-seeks-new-border-crackdown Trump Administration Seeks New Border Crackdown]. ''NPR''. Retrieved April 7, 2018.</ref> Attorney General [[Jeff Sessions]] continued advancing conservative immigration policies, such as taking steps to block asylum claims by economic migrants,<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Binder, John (April 23, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/04/23/ag-sessions-building-legal-wall-against-economic-migrants/ AG Sessions Builds Legal Wall Against Caravan’s Economic Migrants]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 23, 2018.
+
*Munro, Neil (August 27, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/08/27/six-reasons-why-ag-jeff-sessions-trump-hammer-fight-against-illegal-migration/ Six Reasons Why AG Jeff Sessions is Trump’s Hammer in the Fight Against Illegal Migration]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
+
*Munro, Neil (October 31, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/10/31/ag-sessions-boosts-rejection-rate-in-credible-fear-asylum-requests/ AG Sessions Raises Rejection Rate for Asylum Seekers]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved October 31, 2018.
+
*Binder, John (November 7, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/11/07/jeff-sessions-legacy-attorney-general-steady-fighter-immigration-national-interest/ Jeff Sessions’ Legacy as Attorney General: A Steady Fighter for Immigration in the National Interest]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
+
*Binder, John (November 7, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/11/07/7-times-jeff-sessions-triumphed-for-trumps-america-first-agenda/ 7 Times Jeff Sessions Triumphed for Trump’s ‘America First’ Agenda]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
+
*Munro, Neil (November 10, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/immigration/2018/11/10/jeff-sessions-man-honor-achievement/ Jeff Sessions: ‘Man of Honor and Achievement’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 10, 2018.
+
*Binder, John (December 16, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/12/16/jeff-sessions-reforms-more-than-doubled-illegal-immigration-convictions/ Jeff Sessions’ Reforms More than Doubled Illegal Immigration Convictions]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved December 17, 2018.
+
*Arthur, Andrew R. (November 15, 2018). [https://www.cis.org/Arthur/Jeff-Sessionss-Impact-Immigration-Attorney-General Jeff Sessions's Impact on Immigration as Attorney General]. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
+
*Campoy, Ana (November 7, 2018). [https://qz.com/1454850/jeff-sessions-resigns-with-dark-immigration-legacy/ Jeff Sessions’s legacy on US immigration policy]. ''Quartz''. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
+
*Lind, Dara (November 7, 2018). [https://www.vox.com/2018/5/23/17229464/jeff-sessions-resign-trump-immigration Jeff Sessions gave Trump the immigration crackdown he wanted]. ''Vox''. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
+
*Aleaziz, Hamed (November 7, 2018). [https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/hamedaleaziz/jeff-sessions-impact-immigration-trump Jeff Sessions May Be Gone, But His Impact On Immigration Policy Will Live On]. ''BuzzFeed News''. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Klukowski, Ken (January 26, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/01/26/klukowski-sessions-is-trumps-warrior-on-immigration-supreme-court-rule-of-law/ Klukowski: Sessions Is Trump’s Warrior on Immigration, Supreme Court, Rule of Law]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 29, 2018.
+
*Munro, Neil (May 25, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/2018-elections/2018/05/25/vox-ag-sessions-ensures-trump-immigration-goals-become-reality/ Vox: AG Sessions Ensures Trump’s Immigration Goals Become ‘Reality’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved May 25, 2018.
+
*Wilcox, Dale (July 20, 2018). [https://thehill.com/opinion/immigration/397751-the-sessions-doj-is-working-to-end-the-great-asylum-hustle The Sessions DOJ is working to end the great asylum hustle]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved July 25, 2018.
+
*Munro, Neil (September 10, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/economics/2018/09/10/progressives-outraged-by-jeff-sessions-pro-american-borders-policy/ Progressives Outraged by Jeff Sessions’ Pro-American Borders Policy]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved September 11, 2018.
+
*Munro, Neil (June 26, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/midterm-election/2018/06/26/ag-sessions-trump-critics-are-radical-open-borders-snobs/ AG Sessions: Trump’s Critics Are Radical, Open-Borders Snobs]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
+
The DOJ also hired dozens of additional immigration judges:
+
*Arthur, Andrew R. (October 31, 2018). [https://cis.org/Arthur/Sessions-Delivers-Immigration-Judges Sessions Delivers on Immigration Judges]. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved November 12, 2018.
+
*Pavlich, Katie (August 16, 2018). [https://townhall.com/tipsheet/katiepavlich/2018/08/16/doj-hires-another-three-dozen-immigration-judges-n2510431 DOJ Hires Another Batch of Immigration Judges]. ''Townhall''. Retrieved August 18, 2018.
+
*Clark, Charles S. (August 17, 2018). [https://www.govexec.com/management/2018/08/justice-department-touts-new-immigration-judges-quicker-hiring/150637/ Justice Department Touts New Immigration Judges, Quicker Hiring]. ''Government Executive''. Retrieved August 18, 2018.
+
*Bedard, Paul (September 10, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/washington-secrets/sessions-50-increase-in-immigration-judges-warns-most-asylum-claims-are-fraud Sessions: 50% increase in immigration judges, warns most asylum claims are fraud]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved September 10, 2018.
+
*[https://www.numbersusa.com/news/ag-sessions-announces-50-increase-immigration-judges AG Sessions Announces 50% Increase in Immigration Judges]. ''NumbersUSA''. September 13, 2018. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
+
*Mason, Ian (September 10, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/09/10/jeff-sessions-cant-have-a-generous-welfare-system-and-open-borders/ Jeff Sessions: Can’t Have ‘A Generous Welfare System and Open Borders’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved September 10, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (September 21, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/sep/10/sessions-rallies-immigration-judges-open-borders/ Sessions rallies immigration judges to defend country against 'open borders']. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved September 21, 2018.</ref> and his successor, Acting Attorney General [[Matthew G. Whitaker]], continued advancing those policies.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Arthur, Andrew R. (December 5, 2018). [https://www.cis.org/Arthur/Acting-AG-Picks-Where-Sessions-Left Acting AG Picks Up Where Sessions Left Off]. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
+
*Arthur, Andrew R. (December 10, 2018). [https://www.cis.org/Arthur/Acting-AG-Takes-FamilyBased-Asylum-Claims Acting AG Takes on Family-Based Asylum Claims]. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*[https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/dec/11/matthew-whitaker-rips-federal-judges-trying-block-/ Matthew Whitaker rips federal judges trying to block Trump immigration crackdown]. ''The Washington Times'' (from the ''Associated Press'') December 11, 2018. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
+
*[https://www.numbersusa.com/news/acting-ag-whitaker-promotes-lawful-immigration Acting AG Whitaker Promotes 'Lawful' Immigration]. ''NumbersUSA''. December 12, 2018. Retrieved December 12, 2018.</ref> Commerce Secretary [[Wilbur Ross]] also helped President Trump advance his immigration agenda,<ref>Binder, John (March 30, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/03/30/wilbur-ross-keeps-winning-for-trumps-economic-nationalist-agenda/ Wilbur Ross Keeps Winning for Trump’s Economic Nationalist Agenda]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved March 30, 2018.</ref> and the Defense Department deployed soldiers to reinforce Border Patrol agents and help secure the southern border.<ref name="TroopsBarbedWire"/>
+
 
+
The Trump Administration took several steps to expand the number of illegals targeted for deportation.<ref name="WiderNet2018">Meckler, Laura (May 17, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/trump-era-immigration-arrests-net-higher-percentage-of-people-with-no-criminal-convictions-1526597830 Wider Net Cast in Illegal-Immigration Cases]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved May 19, 2018.</ref><ref name="RecordDeportations">Kirkwood, R. Cort (November 9, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/item/30603-deportation-orders-hit-record-high-immigration-courts-clogged Deportation Orders Hit Record High, Immigration Courts Clogged]. ''The New American''. Retrieved November 9, 2018.</ref> When faced with an increase in the number of illegal border crossings by unaccompanied minors and family units, President Trump not only took stronger action than Obama, but his administration also treated the children more humanely.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Price, Bob (June 20, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/texas/2018/06/20/trump-vs-obama-two-approaches-to-migrant-families-and-minors/ Trump vs. Obama: Two Approaches to Migrant Families and Minors]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
+
*Cohn, Alicia (June 23, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/393763-trump-we-do-a-much-better-job-with-children-at-the-border-than-obama Trump: 'We do a much better job' with children at the border than Obama]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved June 23, 2018.
+
*Pollak, Joel B. (June 15, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/california/2018/06/15/photos-inside-shelter-for-illegal-alien-children-separated-from-parents/ PHOTOS: Inside Shelter for Illegal Alien Children Separated from Parents]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Nolte, John (June 20, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/06/20/4-reasons-why-separating-border-children-is-the-only-humane-choice/ Nolte: Four Reasons Why Separating Border Children Is the Only Humane Choice]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
+
*Huennekens, Preston (February 17, 2019). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2019/feb/17/migrants-get-health-care-clothing-kindness-and-thr/ The facts about detention of families]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved February 18, 2019.
+
*Spiering, Charlie (April 9, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2019/04/09/donald-trump-barack-obama-built-cages-children-crossing-border/ Donald Trump: Barack Obama ‘Built the Cages’ for Children Crossing the Border]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 9, 2019.
+
*Price, Bob (July 2, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/border/2019/07/02/selective-outrage-from-democrats-ignores-reality-of-obama-era-migrant-detentions/ Selective Outrage from Democrats Ignores Reality of Obama-Era Migrant Detentions]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved July 2, 2019.
+
*Parke, Caleb (July 3, 2019). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/immigration-border-aoc-pastor-lying Pastors stand ground on conditions of border facility after AOC claps back]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved July 3, 2019.
+
*Kan, Janita (July 3, 2019). [https://www.theepochtimes.com/i-did-not-find-deplorable-conditions-hispanic-pastor-disputes-ocasio-cortezs-claims-at-border-facility_2988419.html ‘I Did Not Find Deplorable Conditions’: Hispanic Pastor Disputes Ocasio-Cortez’s Claims at Border Facility]. ''The Epoch Times''. Retrieved July 3, 2019.
+
*Madden, Nate (July 3, 2019). [https://www.conservativereview.com/news/watch-aoc-called-christian-pastors-wild-claims-americas-border-facilities/ WATCH: AOC called out by Christian pastors for her wild claims about America’s border facilities]. ''Conservative Review''. Retrieved July 3, 2019.
+
*Bohon, Dave (July 5, 2019). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/immigration/item/32788-hispanic-pastor-contradicts-leftist-claims-of-deplorable-conditions-at-immigration-facility Hispanic Pastor Contradicts Leftist Claims of Deplorable Conditions at Immigration Facility]. ''The New American''. Retrieved July 5, 2019.
+
*Chasmar, Jessica (July 11, 2019). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2019/jul/11/trump-rips-democrats-for-obama-era-kids-in-cages-p/ Trump rips Democrats for Obama-era 'kids in cages' photo: 'Very embarrassing']. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved July 11, 2019.
+
*[https://www.breitbart.com/border/2019/07/15/migrants-treated-with-dignity-in-texas-says-guatemalan-consulate/ Migrants Treated with Dignity in Texas, Says Guatemalan Consulate]. ''Breitbart News''. July 15, 2019. Retrieved July 15, 2019.
+
*Jenkins, Griff (July 26, 2019). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/california-immigration-facility-conditions-contradict-dems Exclusive tour of California immigration facility contradicts claims of inhumane conditions, overcrowding]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved July 26, 2019.
+
*Homan, Tom (July 26, 2019). [https://www.foxnews.com/opinion/tom-homan-ice-detention-facilities-democrats-nazi-concentration-camps-illegal-immigrants Tom Homan: ICE detention facilities -- The left is working hard to keep critical information from you]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved July 26, 2019.
+
*Mass, Warren (July 29, 2019). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/immigration/item/32968-major-news-media-gives-ice-detention-facility-positive-report Major News Media Gives ICE Detention Facility Positive Report]. ''The New American''. Retrieved July 29, 2019.</ref> [[Immigration and Customs Enforcement]] helped combat the opioid crisis by cracking down on illegal opioid importation,<ref>Piccolo, Jason (November 30, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/opinion/op-eds/under-fire-from-liberals-and-hollywood-ice-is-busy-fighting-the-opioid-crisis Under fire from liberals and Hollywood, ICE is busy fighting the opioid crisis]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved November 30, 2018.</ref> and the Trump Administration successfully cracked down on [[MS-13]].<ref>Norman, Greg (December 31, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/us/ms-13-crackdown-nearly-halts-violent-gangs-spree-of-murders-in-new-york-stronghold-data-shows MS-13 crackdown severely reduces gang's violent criminal activity in New York stronghold]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved December 31, 2018.</ref> In the first two years of Trump's presidency, ICE arrested nearly 300,000 criminal illegal aliens.<ref>Binder, John (February 5, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2019/02/05/fact-check-yes-nearly-300k-criminal-illegal-aliens-arrested-over-two-years/ Fact Check: Yes, Nearly 300K Criminal Illegal Aliens Arrested Over Two Years]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved February 6, 2019.</ref>
+
 
+
The Trump Administration took several actions in 2018 resulting in reduced legal immigration and asylum.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Hauslohner, Abigail; Ba Tran, Andrew (July 2, 2018). [https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/how-trump-is-changing-the-face-of-legal-immigration/2018/07/02/477c78b2-65da-11e8-99d2-0d678ec08c2f_story.html How Trump is changing the face of legal immigration]. ''The Washington Post''. Retrieved July 2, 2018.
+
*Munro, Neil (July 2, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/2018-elections/2018/07/02/washpost-trump-trims-obama-legal-immigration-surge/ WashPost: Trump Trims Obama’s Legal Immigration Surge]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
+
*Platoff, Emma; Ura, Alexa; McCullough, Jolie; Cameron, Darla (July 10, 2018). [https://www.texastribune.org/2018/07/10/migrant-families-separated-border-crisis-asylum-seekers-donald-trump/ While migrant families seek shelter from violence, Trump administration narrows path to asylum]. ''The Texas Tribune''. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
+
*Wheeler, Lydia (July 22, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/398116-trump-ramps-up-scrutiny-of-legal-immigrants Trump ramps up scrutiny of legal immigrants]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
+
*Barros, Aline (August 1, 2018). [https://www.voanews.com/a/trump-administration-whittles-away-legal-immigration-attorneys-say/4509835.html Trump Administration Pares Legal Immigration, Attorneys Say]. ''Voice of America''. Retrieved August 6, 2018.
+
*Seib, Gerald F. (August 13, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/a-clampdown-slowing-legal-not-just-illegal-immigration-1534168660 A Clampdown Slowing Legal, Not Just Illegal, Immigration]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved August 13, 2018.
+
*[https://www.numbersusa.com/news/asylum-denials-hit-record-high-fy2018 Asylum Denials Hit Record High in FY2018]. ''NumbersUSA''. December 4, 2018. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
+
*Hesson, Ted (December 22, 2018). [https://www.politico.com/story/2018/12/22/trumps-crackdown-hits-legal-immigrants-1039810 Trump’s crackdown hits legal immigrants]. ''Politico''. Retrieved December 23, 2018.
+
*Barros, Aline (January 1, 2019). [https://www.voanews.com/a/trump-asylum-rules/4723301.html How Trump Changed Asylum Rules in 2018]. ''Voice of America''. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
+
The Trump Administration received some help from the Mexican government in this area:
+
*Munro, Neil (November 15, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/border/2018/11/15/mexico-aids-trump-border-reforms-by-metering-caravan-migrants/ Mexican Government Aids Trump Border Reforms by ‘Metering’ Caravan Asylum-Seekers]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Munro, Neil (August 7, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/08/07/jeff-sessions-wins-dramatic-drop-migrant-asylum/ ACLU Sues as Jeff Sessions Wins ‘Dramatic’ Drop in Migrant Asylum]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved August 8, 2018.
+
*Chokey, Aric (December 6, 2018). [https://www.sun-sentinel.com/news/florida/fl-ne-south-florida-asylum-denials-spike-amid-trump-20181204-story.html Asylum denials surge to 18-year high in Florida as Trump cracks down on refugees]. ''South Florida Sun Sentinel''. Retrieved December 7, 2018.</ref><ref name="WhelanWSJ2018"/> The [[United States Citizenship and Immigration Services|USCIS]], in particular, made several reforms to allow it to enforce U.S. immigration law,<ref name="USCISchanges">Multiple references:
+
*Munro, Neil (July 16, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/07/16/critics-say-dhs-reforms-are-creating-new-enforcement-agency/ Immigration Lawyers Freak as DHS Allows Agents to Enforce Long-Ignored Laws]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved July 16, 2018.
+
*Kates, Graham (July 19, 2018). [https://www.cbsnews.com/news/changes-to-federal-policies-pave-way-for-sudden-visa-denials-deportation/ Changes to federal policies pave way for sudden visa denials, deportation]. ''CBS News''. Retrieved July 20, 2018.
+
*Vongkiatkajorn, Kanyakrit (July 17, 2018). [https://www.motherjones.com/politics/2018/07/the-trump-administration-is-working-to-deport-more-legal-immigrants/ The Trump Administration Is Working to Deport More Legal Immigrants]. ''Mother Jones''. Retrieved July 18, 2018.
+
*Kight, Stef W. (July 21, 2018). [https://www.axios.com/donald-trump-administration-immigration-visas-85372710-9e32-4c2f-bd24-28fc60226936.html Between the lines: Visas harder to obtain amid immigration crackdown]. ''Axios''. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
+
*[https://www.uscis.gov/TOP%20TEN%20WAYS%20USCIS%20is%20Improving%20the%20Integrity%20of%20the%20Immigration%20System TOP TEN WAYS USCIS is Improving the Integrity of the Immigration System]. ''U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services''. March 14, 2019. Retrieved April 9, 2019.
+
*[https://www.uscis.gov/sites/default/files/USCIS/OPA_BAHA_Accomplishments_Infographic.pdf 2nd Anniversary – Buy American and Hire American Accomplishments]. ''U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services''. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
+
Specifically regarding USCIS Lee Francis Cissna:
+
*Hesson, Ted (September 20, 2018). [https://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2018/09/20/uscis-director-lee-francis-cissna-profile-220141 The Man Behind Trump’s ‘Invisible Wall’]. ''Politico Magazine''. Retrieved September 20, 2018.
+
*Vaughan, Jessica M. (September 24, 2018). [https://cis.org/Vaughan/Truth-about-Cissnas-Invisible-Wall The Truth about Cissna's 'Invisible Wall']. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved January 16, 2019.
+
*Munro, Neil (April 8, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2019/04/08/donald-trumps-enemies-friends-praise-embattled-uscis-chief/ Donald Trump’s Enemies, Friends Praise Embattled USCIS Chief]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 8, 2019.
+
*Arthur, Andrew R. (April 8, 2019). [https://cis.org/Arthur/Trumps-Frustration-Border-Grows Trump’s Frustration with the Border Grows]. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved April 8, 2019.
+
*Munro, Neil (April 10, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2019/04/10/immigration-agency-director-fights-to-keep-job-amid-migrant-rush/ Immigration Agency Director Fights to Keep Job Amid Migrant Rush]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 10, 2019.</ref> and it increased efforts to denaturalize immigrants who committed fraud to receive citizenship.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Vogel, Anita (January 4, 2019). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/trump-administration-revoking-citizenship-for-application-fraudsters Trump administration revoking citizenship for application fraudsters]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved January 4, 2019.
+
*Wessler, Seth Freed (December 19, 2018). [https://www.nytimes.com/2018/12/19/magazine/naturalized-citizenship-immigration-trump.html Is Denaturalization the Next Front in the Trump Administration’s War on Immigration?]. ''The New York Times Magazine''. Retrieved January 4, 2019.</ref> The administration also pursued a stricter visa policy,<ref name="HireAmericans2018"/> resulting in the number of H-1B visa applications for Fiscal Year 2018 to fall for the first time in five years.<ref>Jan, Tracy (March 21, 2018). [https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2018/03/21/the-wall-does-not-exist-yet-but-trump-has-already-erected-new-barriers-for-foreign-workers/ The wall does not exist yet, but Trump has already erected new barriers for foreign workers]. ''The Washington Post''. Retrieved March 23, 2018.<br>See also:
+
*Atkinson, Khorri (April 1, 2018). [https://www.axios.com/trump-administration-policies-highly-skilled-workers-05f03b96-87e6-4fc1-b3bc-bbdc4b769e61.html Some Trump policies make life harder for highly-skilled foreigners]. ''Axios''. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
+
*Kight, Stef W. (June 30, 2018). [https://www.axios.com/h-1b-h1b-visa-tech-industry-immigration-donald-trump-administration-c349f59a-d06c-4d10-a711-733990e80387.html What we're reading: The H-1B loses some shine under Trump]. ''Axios''. Retrieved June 30, 2018.
+
*Thadani, Trisha (June 22, 2018). [https://www.sfchronicle.com/business/article/The-H-1B-visa-in-the-age-of-Trump-A-golden-13015356.php The H-1B visa: A golden ticket loses its luster]. ''San Francisco Chronicle''. Retrieved June 30, 2018.</ref>
+
 
+
==Legislation signed, 2018==
+
*January 10, 2017—President Trump signed the Interdict Act into law, which provided $9 million for [[Customs and Border Protection]] so it could buy equipment to help it stop the flow of fentanyl and other opioids through the country's borders.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Boyer, Dave (January 10, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/jan/10/trump-signs-interdict-act-help-border-patrol-detec/ Trump signs law to gives border patrol better tools to stop smuggling of fentanyl]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved January 11, 2018.
+
*Korte, Gregory; Jackson, David (January 10, 2018). [https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2018/01/10/combat-drug-smuggling-trump-signs-bill-provide-9-million-opioid-sensors/1022548001/ To combat drug smuggling, Trump signs bill to provide $9 million for opioid sensors]. ''USA Today''. Retrieved January 11, 2018.
+
*Downs, Ray (January 10, 2018). [https://www.upi.com/Trump-signs-bipartisan-bill-to-stop-importation-of-synthetic-opioids/9561515642395/ Trump signs bipartisan bill to stop importation of synthetic opioids]. ''UPI''. Retrieved January 11, 2018.
+
*Birr, Steve (January 11, 2018). [https://dailycaller.com/2018/01/11/trump-signs-bill-unleashing-9-million-for-border-agents-fighting-the-flow-of-fentanyl/ Trump Signs Bill Unleashing $9 Million For Border Agents Fighting The Flow Of Fentanyl]. ''The Daily Caller''. Retrieved January 11, 2018.
+
*Roubein, Rachel (January 10, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/368413-trump-signs-bipartisan-bill-to-combat-synthetic-opioids Trump signs bipartisan bill to combat synthetic opioids]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved January 11, 2018.</ref> Later, on October 24, 2018, President Trump signed the STOP Act into law as part of a major bill to combat the opioids crisis, which improved cooperation between the CBP and the [[United States Postal Service]] to crack down on illegal fentanyl imports.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Howell, Tom (October 24, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/oct/24/trump-signs-sweeping-opioids-bill/ Trump signs sweeping opioids bill, says effort will make 'big dent' in deadly crisis]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved October 25, 2018.
+
*Abutaleb, Yasmeen (October 24, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trump-opioids/trump-enacts-anti-opioid-abuse-package-in-rare-bipartisan-step-idUSKCN1MY195 Trump enacts anti-opioid abuse package in rare bipartisan step]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved October 25, 2018.
+
*Fritze, John; Jackson, David (October 24, 2018). [https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2018/10/24/donald-trump-opioids-bill-includes-changes-trafficking-treatment/1752329002/ What's included in the opioids bill signed by President Trump]. ''USA Today''. Retrieved October 25, 2018.
+
*Kellum, Holly (October 24, 2018). [https://www.theepochtimes.com/trump-signs-6b-package-of-bipartisan-opioid-bills_2698267.html Trump Signs $6 Billion Package of Bipartisan Opioid Bills]. ''The Epoch Times''. Retrieved October 25, 2018.
+
*Damron, Aryssa (October 24, 2018). [https://freebeacon.com/politics/trump-signs-sweeping-bipartisan-opioid-bill-law-combat-drug-crisis/ Trump Signs Sweeping Bipartisan Opioid Bill Into Law to ‘Combat Drug Crisis’]. ''The Washington Free Beacon''. Retrieved October 25, 2018.
+
*Hellmann, Jessie (October 24, 2018). [https://thehill.com/policy/healthcare/412991-trump-signs-sweeping-bill-aimed-at-tackling-opioid-crisis Trump signs sweeping bill aimed at tackling opioid crisis]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved October 25, 2018.
+
*Hein, Alexandria (October 24, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/health/trump-signs-bipartisan-opioid-bill-aimed-at-curbing-national-crisis Trump signs bipartisan opioid bill aimed at curbing national crisis]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved October 25, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Ridge, Tom (October 24, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/oct/24/why-the-synthetics-trafficking-and-overdose-preven/ Fighting opioids in the mail]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved October 25, 2018.</ref>
+
*March 23, 2018—Despite doing significantly less to advance his conservative immigration agenda than hoped, the omnibus bill that President Trump signed<ref name="OmnibusSigned2018"/> did spend nearly $1.6 billion on border security, including money for building new sections of the border barrier, repairing existing sections, and building secondary fencing.<ref name="2018OmnibusWall"/>
+
 
+
==Executive actions, 2018==
+
 
+
===Legal immigration and asylum===
+
The Trump Administration took several actions related to legal immigration:
+
 
+
*January 17, 2018—The DHS announced it would ban people from Haiti, Belize, and Samoa from applying for H-2A and H-2B visas, which temporarily allow foreign workers for agricultural and non-agricultural seasonal work.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Torbati, Yeganeh (January 17, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-haiti/trump-administration-bars-haitians-from-u-s-visas-for-low-skilled-work-idUSKBN1F702O Trump administration bars Haitians from U.S. visas for low-skilled work]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
+
*Gamboa, Suzanne (January 17, 2018). [https://www.nbcnews.com/news/world/trump-admin-moves-bar-haitians-agricultural-seasonal-worker-visas-n838581 Trump admin. moves to bar Haitians from agricultural, seasonal worker visas]. ''NBC News''. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
+
*Bowden, John (January 17, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/369482-haitians-barred-from-applying-for-visas-for-low-skilled-work-in-us Haitians barred from applying for visas for low-skilled work in U.S.]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
+
*[https://www.voanews.com/a/haiti-belize-samoa-temporary-us-work-visas/4213623.html Haiti, Belize, Samoa No Longer Eligible for Temporary US Work Visas]. ''Voice of America''. January 18, 2018. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
+
*Binder, John (January 18, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/01/18/report-haitian-nationals-banned-from-entering-u-s-on-low-skilled-work-visas-following-high-overstay-rates/ Report: Haitian Nationals Banned From Entering U.S. on Low-Skilled Work Visas Following High Overstay Rates]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 20, 2018.</ref>
+
*January 29, 2018—After a 90-day review initiated by an executive order President Trump signed on October 24, 2018, the DHS fully resumed refugee admissions from 11 "high risk" countries but with strengthened vetting procedures.<ref name="Jan2018vetting">Multiple references:
+
*Mason, Ian (January 29, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/01/29/dhs-announces-new-risk-based-refugee-resettlement-procedures/ DHS Announces New ‘Risk-Based’ Refugee Resettlement Procedures]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 30, 2018.
+
*Pappas, Alex; Gibson, Jake (January 29, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/01/29/dhs-rolls-out-enhanced-security-measures-for-refugees-from-11-high-risk-countries.html DHS rolls out enhanced security measures for refugees from 11 high-risk countries]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved January 30, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (January 29, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/jan/29/trump-admin-re-starts-refugee-program/ Trump administration restarts refugee program for 11 high-risk countries]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved January 30, 2018.
+
*Macchi, Victoria (January 29, 2018). [https://www.voanews.com/a/refugees-from-11-countries-to-face-extra-screening-before-entering-says-us-official/4230703.html US: Refugees From 11 Countries Will Face Extra Screening]. ''Voice of America''. Retrieved January 30, 2018.
+
*Torbati, Yeganeh (January 29, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-refugees/u-s-to-resume-refugee-admissions-from-11-high-risk-countries-idUSKBN1FI27F U.S. to resume refugee admissions from 11 'high-risk' countries]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved January 30, 2018.
+
*Meckler, Laura (January 29, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/u-s-to-resume-admitting-refugees-from-11-countries-1517266118 U.S. to Resume Admitting Refugees From 11 Countries]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved January 30, 2018.
+
*Syeed, Nafeesa (January 29, 2018). [https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-01-29/trump-administration-brings-tougher-rules-on-refugee-admissions Trump Administration Toughens Admission for Refugees]. ''Bloomberg''. Retrieved February 27, 2018.
+
*Miroff, Nick (January 29, 2018). [https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/us-lifts-ban-on-refugees-from-high-risk-nations-but-pledges-tougher-scrutiny/2018/01/29/1c8a33f4-051a-11e8-8777-2a059f168dd2_story.html U.S. lifts ban on refugees from ‘high-risk’ nations but pledges tougher scrutiny]. ''The Washington Post''. Retrieved January 30, 2018.</ref>
+
*January 31, 2018—The [[USCIS]] announced it would change its asylum application policy and review newer applications first in order to reduce a "crisis-level backlog" more quickly and to protect against "fraud and abuse" in the process. In changing the policy, the USCIS reversed an Obama Administration decision to prioritize older applications.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Delk, Josh (January 31, 2018). [https://thehill.com/blogs/blog-briefing-room/371679-uscis-to-prioritize-new-asylum-applications-over-past-filings US to prioritize new asylum applications over past filings]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved February 3, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (January 31, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/jan/31/us-asylum-system-facing-rampant-fraud-and-abuse/ U.S. asylum system facing rampant ‘fraud and abuse’ from illegals]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved February 3, 2018.
+
*Torbati, Yeganeh (January 31, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-asylum/u-s-immigration-agency-to-review-newest-asylum-cases-first-in-bid-to-deter-fraud-idUSKBN1FK2Y5 U.S. immigration agency to review newest asylum cases first in bid to deter fraud]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved February 3, 2018.
+
*Aguilar, Julián (February 2, 2018). [https://www.texastribune.org/2018/02/02/change-asylum-processing-aimed-stamp-out-fraud-officials-claim/ Immigrant rights groups say federal policy change will dissuade some asylum seekers]. ''The Texas Tribune''. Retrieved February 3, 2018.
+
*Taxin, Amy (January 31, 2018). [https://www.apnews.com/21416b9a0ea6448a91f0bea5fa104f18 US will target asylum backlog by reviewing newer cases first]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved February 3, 2018.</ref>
+
*February 6, 2018—President Trump signed a memorandum ordering the creation of a National Vetting Center in order to better screen foreigners entering the U.S.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*[https://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/02/06/trump-establishes-national-vetting-center-to-screen-immigrants-others-seeking-to-enter-us.html Trump establishes National Vetting Center to screen immigrants, others seeking to enter US]. ''Fox News''. February 6, 2018. Retrieved February 7, 2018.
+
*[https://www.voanews.com/a/trump-establishes-vetting-center-for-homeland-security-/4242376.html Trump Establishes 'Vetting Center' for Homeland Security]. ''Voice of America'' (from the ''Associated Press''). February 6, 2018. Retrieved February 7, 2018.
+
*Korte, Gregory (February 6, 2018). [https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2018/02/06/trump-stands-up-national-vetting-center-investigate-new-immigrants/311916002/ Trump stands up National Vetting Center to investigate new immigrants]. ''USA Today''. Retrieved February 7, 2018.
+
*Sink, Justin (February 6, 2018). [https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-02-07/trump-orders-national-vetting-center-to-meet-campaign-pledge Trump Orders ‘National Vetting Center’ to Meet Campaign Pledge]. ''Bloomberg''. Retrieved February 7, 2018.</ref>
+
*The State Department moved to close dozens of refugee resettlement offices throughout the country because of U.S. refugee resettlement program had been shrunk.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Rosenberg, Mica (February 14, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-refugees-exclusive/exclusive-dozens-of-refugee-resettlement-offices-to-close-as-trump-downsizes-program-idUSKCN1FY1EJ Exclusive: Dozens of refugee resettlement offices to close as Trump downsizes program]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
+
*Binder, John (February 16, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/02/16/report-more-than-20-refugee-resettlement-offices-to-close-nationwide/ Report: More Than 20 Refugee Resettlement Offices to Close Nationwide]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
+
*Samuels, Brett (February 14, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/373768-refugee-resettlement-agencies-preparing-to-close-dozens-of-us-offices Refugee resettlement agencies preparing to close US offices: report]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
+
*Basu, Zachary (February 15, 2018). [https://www.axios.com/state-department-to-shutter-dozens-of-refugee-offices-1518721531-3c4043a5-acf2-4aaa-b803-6b3ddad50483.html State Department to shutter dozens of refugee resettlement offices]. ''Axios''. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
+
*Alvarez, Priscilla (September 9, 2018). [https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2018/09/refugee-admissions-trump/569641/ America’s System for Resettling Refugees Is Collapsing]. ''The Atlantic''. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
+
*Rosenberg, Mica (May 22, 2018). [https://www.csmonitor.com/USA/2018/0522/With-fewer-incoming-refugees-US-resettlement-centers-dwindle With fewer incoming refugees, US resettlement centers dwindle]. ''The Christian Science Monitor'' (from ''Reuters''). Retrieved November 13, 2018.
+
Data later in the year on refugee office closures:
+
*Winfield Cunningham, Paige (December 19, 2018). [https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/powerpost/paloma/the-health-202/2018/12/19/the-health-202-the-trump-administration-s-refugee-policy-is-dismantling-the-infrastructures-that-cares-for-them/5c193e8a1b326b2d6629d4e3/ The Health 202: The Trump administration's refugee policy is dismantling the infrastructure that cares for them]. ''The Washington Post''. Retrieved December 26, 2018.</ref> This came after the department ordered refugee resettlement agencies to close their offices in late 2017.<ref name="RefugeeOffices2017">Multiple references:
+
*Torbati, Yeganeh; Rosenberg, Mica (December 21, 2017). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-refugees-exclusive/exclusive-state-department-tells-refugee-agencies-to-downsize-u-s-operations-idUSKBN1EF2S5 Exclusive: State Department tells refugee agencies to downsize U.S. operations]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
+
*Re, Gregg (December 22, 2017). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/trump-admin-orders-sharp-drawdown-of-us-refugee-resettlement-report Trump admin orders sharp drawdown of US refugee resettlement: report]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
+
*Manchester, Julia (December 21, 2017). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/366089-state-dept-cutting-resettlement-offices-for-refugees-entering-us State Dept. to scale back US operations for refugee resettlement: report]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
+
See also:
+
Macchi, Victoria (April 27, 2017). [https://www.voanews.com/a/donald-trump-cuts-us-refugee-program-lead-to-hundreds-of-layoffs/3826785.html Trump's Cuts to US Refugee Program Lead to 300-plus Layoffs]. ''Voice of America''. Retrieved November 13, 2018.</ref>
+
*February 2018—The USCIS changed its mission statement to put its priorities in line with President Trump's [[conservative]] immigration agenda.<ref name="USCISmission"/> Among other changes, it removed the phrase "nation of immigrants" and emphasized lawful immigration and putting American citizens first.<ref name="USCISmission">Multiple references:
+
*Munro, Neil (February 22, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/02/22/immigration-agency-puts-americans-first/ Immigration Agency Flips Policy, Puts Americans and Assimilation First]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved February 23, 2018.
+
*Pickrell, Ryan (February 22, 2018). [https://dailycaller.com/2018/02/22/uscis-mission-statement/ US Citizenship and Immigration Services Decides To Drop ‘Nation Of Immigrants’ From Mission Statement]. ''The Daily Caller''. Retrieved February 23, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (February 22, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/feb/22/us-citizenship-and-immigration-services-drops-nati/ Immigration agency drops ‘nation of immigrants’ from mission]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved February 23, 2018.
+
*[https://www.voanews.com/a/citizenship-agency-stops-calling-us-nation-immigrants/4267981.html Citizenship Agency Stops Calling US 'Nation of Immigrants']. ''Voice of America''. February 23, 2018. Retrieved February 23, 2018.
+
*Mikelionis, Lukas (February 23, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/02/23/fed-agency-now-serves-americans-not-nation-immigrants-report.html Fed agency now serves 'Americans,' not 'nation of immigrants': report]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved February 23, 2018.
+
*Gonzales, Richard (February 22, 2018). [https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2018/02/22/588097749/america-no-longer-a-nation-of-immigrants-uscis-says America No Longer A 'Nation Of Immigrants,' USCIS Says]. ''NPR''. Retrieved February 23, 2018.
+
*Hjelmgaard, Kim; Gomez, Alan (February 23, 2018). [https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2018/02/23/america-no-longer-nation-immigrants-uscis-says/366207002/ America is no longer a 'nation of immigrants']. ''USA Today''. Retrieved February 23, 2018.
+
*Greenwood, Max (February 22, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/375112-us-immigration-agency-to-remove-reference-to-us-as-nation-of Immigration agency removing 'nation of immigrants' from mission statement]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved April 18, 2019.
+
*Ali, Safia Samee (February 22, 2018). [https://www.nbcnews.com/politics/immigration/u-s-citizenship-immigration-services-drops-nation-immigrants-mission-statement-n850501 U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services drops 'nation of immigrants' from mission statement]. ''NBC News''. Retrieved April 18, 2019.
+
*[https://www.apnews.com/04f2be45bfaa4dff8b690b4ffab78b8b Immigration agency rewrites mission statement]. ''Associated Press''. February 22, 2018. Retrieved April 18, 2019.
+
See also:
+
*Arthur, Andrew R. (February 23, 2018). [https://cis.org/Arthur/USCIS-Changes-Its-Mission-Statement USCIS Changes Its Mission Statement]. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved April 18, 2019.
+
*Spagat, Elliot (February 23, 2018). [https://apnews.com/6b9e8968857a4381afbadd45758e255f US visa boss insists mission statement isn’t anti-immigrant]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved April 18, 2019.
+
*Keller, Megan (August 15, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/news/401954-immigration-agency-chief-defends-striking-nation-of-immigrants-from-mission Immigration agency chief defends striking 'nation of immigrants' from mission statement]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
+
*Giaritelli, Anna (August 15, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/uscis-took-nation-of-immigrants-out-of-mission-statement-because-it-wasnt-created-to-serve-them-director-says USCIS took 'nation of immigrants' out of mission statement because it wasn't created to serve them, director says]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved April 18, 2019.</ref>
+
*February 22, 2018—The USCIS issued a policy memo instituting additional restrictions on H-1B visas to prevent abuse and protect American workers.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Bhattacharya, Ananya (February 23, 2018). [https://qz.com/1214137/usciss-h-1b-visa-rule-trump-administration-has-just-made-it-even-harder-for-indian-techies-to-get-visas/ The Trump administration has just made the H-1B visa-approval process even harder]. ''Quartz''. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
+
*O'Brien, Sara Ashley (February 23, 2018). [https://money.cnn.com/2018/02/23/technology/h1b-visa-abuse/index.html Trump administration cracks down H-1B visa abuse]. ''CNN''. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
+
*Sanchez, Tatiana (February 23, 2018). [https://www.mercurynews.com/2018/02/23/trump-administration-announces-more-h-1b-restrictions/ Trump administration announces more H-1B restrictions]. ''The Mercury News''. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
+
*Gonzales, Richard (February 23, 2018). [https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2018/02/23/588469561/trump-administration-restricts-h-1b-worker-visas-coveted-by-high-tech Trump Administration Restricts H-1B Worker Visas Coveted By High Tech]. ''NPR''. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
+
*PTI (February 24, 2018). [http://www.thehindu.com/news/international/new-h-1b-policy-memo-is-to-protect-workers-us-agency/article22846619.ece New H-1B policy memo is to protect workers: U.S. agency]. ''The Hindu''. Retrieved March 21, 2018.</ref>
+
*March 20, 2018—The USCIS announced it would temporarily suspend a program that allows for expedited approvals of H-1B visas, with the expectation that the suspension would last until September 10.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Thadani, Trisha (March 20, 2018). [https://www.sfchronicle.com/business/article/Immigration-agency-to-suspend-fast-processing-for-12768452.php Immigration agency to suspend fast processing for some H-1B visas]. ''San Francisco Chronicle''. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
+
*Bhattacharya, Ananya (March 21, 2018). [https://qz.com/1234029/h-1b-visas-trump-administration-suspends-premium-processing-putting-indian-it-on-edge/ Trump administration targets H-1B visas—again]. ''Quartz''. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
+
*Kight, Stef W. (March 20, 2018). [https://www.axios.com/uscis-suspends-fast-processing-program-for-h-1b-visas-62a5c2fe-44eb-4a7b-ac6b-ed42cf6ae56c.html USCIS suspends fast processing for some H-1B visas]. ''Axios''. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
+
*Read, Forrest G. (March 21, 2018). [https://www.natlawreview.com/article/uscis-suspends-premium-processing-service-cap-subject-h-1b-cases USCIS Suspends Premium Processing Service for Cap-Subject H-1B Cases]. ''The National Law Review''. Retrieved March 21, 2018.</ref>
+
*March 27, 2018—President Trump announced he would end a Deferred Enforcement Departure program for [[Liberia]]ns, a program protecting them from deportation and which had been in effect since 1999.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Munro, Neil (March 28, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/03/28/trump-ends-temporary-amnesty-for-nearly-1k-liberian-nationals/ Trump Ends Temporary Amnesty for Nearly 1K Liberian Nationals]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved March 28, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (March 27, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/mar/27/trump-cancels-special-amnesty-liberians/ Trump cancels special amnesty for Liberians]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved March 27, 2018.
+
*[https://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/03/27/trump-to-end-deportation-protection-for-liberians.html Trump to end deportation protection for Liberians]. ''Fox News'' (from the ''Associated Press''). Retrieved March 27, 2018.
+
*Walsh, Eric (March 27, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-liberia/trump-to-end-special-status-for-liberian-immigrants-in-u-s-idUSKBN1H32XA Trump to end special status for Liberian immigrants in U.S.] ''Reuters''. Retrieved March 27, 2018.
+
*Gomez, Alan (March 27, 2018). [https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2018/03/27/trump-ends-deportation-protections-4-000-liberians/464198002/ Trump ends deportation protections for Liberians]. ''USA Today''. Retrieved March 27, 2018.</ref>
+
*By May 2018, the Trump Administration had announced it would end the "Temporary Protected Status" program for over 300,000 immigrants, with only 7,000 immigrants from four countries still having no announced end date.<ref>Bernal, Rafael (May 11, 2018). [https://thehill.com/latino/387365-trump-close-to-extinguishing-tps-program-for-immigrants Trump close to wiping out TPS program for immigrants]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved May 11, 2018.</ref> In 2018, it announced it would end the program for [[El Salvador]],<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Gómez, Serafin (January 8, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/01/08/trump-administration-to-end-special-protections-for-salvadoran-immigrants.html Trump administration ends special status for Salvadoran immigrants]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
+
*Munro, Neil (January 8, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/01/08/trump-ends-temporary-protected-status-200000-el-salvadorans/ Trump Ends Temporary Protected Status For 200,000 El Salvadorans]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (January 8, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/jan/8/dhs-ends-special-status-200000-salvadorans/ DHS announces end to special status for 200,000 Salvadorans]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
+
*Bernal, Refael (January 8, 2018). [https://thehill.com/latino/367892-report-trump-to-end-immigration-protection-for-200000-salvadorans Trump officials end immigration protection for 260K Salvadorans]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
+
*Macchi, Victoria (January 9, 2018). [https://www.voanews.com/a/reports-us-to-expel-some-200-thousand-salvadorian-immigrants-/4198069.html US to End Temporary Protection from Deportation for Salvadorans]. ''Voice of America''. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
+
*Caldwell, Alicia A.; Meckler, Laura (January 8, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/u-s-to-end-protections-for-some-salvadoran-immigrants-1515426261 U.S. to End Protections for Some Salvadoran Immigrants]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Schallhorn, Kaitlyn (January 8, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/01/08/trump-administration-ends-tps-for-el-salvador-immigrants-what-are-these-temporary-protections.html Trump administration ends TPS for El Salvador immigrants: What are these temporary protections?] ''Fox News''. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
+
*Bernal, Rafael (August 31, 2018). [https://thehill.com/latino/404632-trump-administration-extends-work-permits-for-salvadorans Trump officials extend work permits for Salvadorans]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved August 31, 2018.</ref> [[Nepal]],<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Bernal, Rafael (April 26, 2018). [https://thehill.com/policy/international/385038-dhs-ends-protected-status-for-nepal DHS ends protected status for Nepal]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
+
*Johnson, Akilah (April 26, 2018). [https://www.bostonglobe.com/metro/2018/04/26/tps-terminated-for-nepal-ending-protections-for-about-nepali/R5eo5qNld7cxepLii23viJ/story.html Nepali immigrants lose their protected status]. ''The Boston Globe''. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
+
*Spagat, Elliot; Colvin, Jill (April 26, 2018). [https://www.apnews.com/789fb21af4554eebb78613df17c9e1f5/US-to-end-special-protections-for-9,000-Nepalese-immigrants US to end special protections for 9,000 Nepalese immigrants]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved August 26, 2018.</ref> and [[Honduras]].<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Binder, John (May 4, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/05/04/trump-ends-temporary-amnesty-50k-honduran-nationals/ Trump Ends Temporary Amnesty for 50K Honduran Nationals]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
+
*Caldwell, Alicia A. (May 4, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/trump-administration-ends-program-for-honduran-immigrants-1525465964 Trump Administration Ends Program for Honduran Immigrants]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
+
*Rosenberg, Mica; Palencia, Gustavo (May 4, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-honduras/trump-administration-moves-to-expel-some-57000-hondurans-idUSKBN1I52DW Trump administration moves to expel some 57,000 Hondurans]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
+
*Giaritelli, Anna (May 4, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/the-trump-administration-officially-ends-temporary-protected-status-for-hondurans The Trump administration officially ends temporary protected status for Hondurans]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved August 26, 2018.</ref>
+
*May 11, 2018—The USCIS issued a memorandum establishing stricter rules on visa overstays for student and exchange visas in order to crack down on visa overstays.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Munro, Neil (May 14, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/05/14/dhs-shuts-loophole-deter-illegal-immigrant-students-workers/ DHS Shuts Big Loophole to Deter Illegal-Immigrant Students, Workers]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
+
*Bowden, John (May 11, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/387354-trump-administration-set-to-tighten-oversight-of-student-exchange Trump administration set to tighten oversight of student, exchange visas]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
+
*Meckler, Laura (May 11, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/trump-administration-seeks-to-tighten-student-exchange-visa-oversight-1526068718 Trump Administration Seeks to Tighten Student, Exchange Visa Oversight]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
+
*Brokaw, Sommer (May 12, 2018). [https://www.upi.com/Trump-administration-cracks-down-on-students-overstaying-visas/1561526134239/ New U.S. policy cracks down on students overstaying visas]. ''UPI''. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
+
*Raj, Yashwant (May 12, 2018). [https://www.hindustantimes.com/world-news/trump-administration-targets-foreign-students-overstaying-visa-period/story-U1dJnsbUcvMxEboRCfH28N.html Trump administration targets foreign students overstaying visa period]. ''Hindustan Times''. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
+
*[https://www.numbersusa.com/news/trump-administration-cracks-down-student-visa-overstays Trump Administration Cracks Down on Student Visa Overstays]. ''NumbersUSA''. May 14, 2018. Retrieved May 14, 2018.</ref><ref name="KirbyUSAworkers2018">Kirby, Brendan (May 12, 2018). [https://www.lifezette.com/polizette/feds-announce-new-efforts-to-protect-american-workers/ Feds Announce New Efforts to Protect American Workers]. ''LifeZette''. Retrieved May 14, 2018.</ref>
+
*May 25, 2018—The DHS began the process of undoing an Obama-era program intended to attract foreign entrepreneurs – the International Entrepreneur Program – as it did not protect American workers and was an example of executive branch overreach.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Dinan, Stephen (May 25, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/may/25/dhs-cancel-foreign-investor-immigration-program/ DHS to cancel Obama-era foreign investor immigration program]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved May 25, 2018.
+
*Torbati, Yeganeh (May 25, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-entrepreneurs/u-s-proposes-scrapping-program-aimed-at-attracting-foreign-entrepreneurs-idUSKCN1IQ2SX U.S. proposes scrapping program aimed at attracting foreign entrepreneurs]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved May 25, 2018.
+
*Wise, Justin (May 25, 2018). [https://thehill.com/policy/international/389453-homeland-security-proposes-halting-rule-that-allows-international Homeland Security proposes halting 'startup visas' for foreign entrepreneurs]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved May 25, 2018.
+
*Bedard, Paul (May 29, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/washington-secrets/trump-kills-obama-loophole-for-illegal-immigrant-entrepreneurs Trump kills Obama loophole for illegal immigrant ‘entrepreneurs’]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved May 29, 2018.
+
*Cohen, Julia (May 25, 2018). [https://dailycaller.com/2018/05/25/homeland-security-obama-start-up-visa-rule/ DHS Proposes To Remove Obama’s ‘Start-Up’ Visa Rule]. ''The Daily Caller''. Retrieved May 25, 2018.</ref>
+
*May 2018—For the first time in many years, the USCIS completed more immigration cases in a month than it took in.<ref>Dinan, Stephen (June 13, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/jun/13/us-clears-more-asylum-cases-it-receives-may/ Backdoor to illegal immigration closing: U.S. clears more asylum cases than it receives in May]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved June 14, 2018.</ref>
+
*June 11, 2018—Attorney General Sessions limited the criteria for gaining automatic asylum status by overruling several Board of Immigration Appeals decisions that expanded the criteria for people because of general hardships rather than simply facing direct and serious persecution.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Mason, Ian (June 11, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/06/11/jeff-sessions-tightens-the-screws-on-bogus-asylum-seekers/ AG Jeff Sessions Resets Obama’s Asylum Expansion]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved June 11, 2018.
+
*Re, Gregg (June 11, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/06/11/sessions-limits-asylum-claims-citing-federal-law-widespread-fraud-unacceptable-backlog-cases.html Sessions limits asylum claims, citing federal law, widespread fraud, 'unacceptable' backlog of cases]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved June 11, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (June 11, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/jun/11/sessions-vows-action-cut-bogus-asylum-cases/ Jeff Sessions sets higher bar for asylum claims]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved June 11, 2018.
+
*Caldwell, Alicia A. (June 11, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/sessions-rules-immigrant-victims-of-domestic-violence-cant-always-seek-asylum-1528754063 Sessions Rules Immigrant Victims of Domestic Violence Can’t Always Win Asylum]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved June 11, 2018.
+
*Levinson, Reade; Lynch, Sarah N. (June 11, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-asylum/u-s-attorney-general-curbs-asylum-for-immigrant-victims-of-violence-idUSKBN1J7246 U.S. attorney general curbs asylum for immigrant victims of violence]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved June 11, 2018.
+
*Thomsen, Jacqueline (June 11, 2018). [https://thehill.com/latino/391684-trump-admin-to-stop-granting-asylum-to-victims-of-gang-violence-domestic-abuse Trump admin to stop granting asylum to victims of gang violence, domestic abuse]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved June 11, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Levinson, Reade; Cooke, Kristina (June 12, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-asylum/thousands-of-u-s-asylum-claims-in-doubt-after-sessions-decision-idUSKBN1J82RZ Thousands of U.S. asylum claims in doubt after Sessions' decision]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved June 12, 2018.
+
*Munro, Neil (June 11, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/2018-elections/2018/06/11/progressives-enraged-ag-sessions-reform-asylum-law/ Progressives Enraged by AG Sessions’ Reform of Asylum Law]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved June 12, 2018.
+
*Rappaport, Nolan (June 15, 2018). [https://thehill.com/opinion/immigration/392409-sessions-domestic-abuse-decision-didnt-change-asylum-law-just-applied-it Domestic abuse decision doesn't change asylum law, just applies it correctly]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved June 17, 2018.
+
*Ulloa, Jazmine (July 30, 2018). [https://www.latimes.com/politics/la-na-pol-asylum-statistics-20180730-story.html Immigration judges turning down more asylum seekers, as Trump administration presses for crackdown]. ''Los Angeles Times''. Retrieved August 2, 2018.
+
*Munro, Neil (August 12, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/08/11/nytimes-jeff-sessions-sends-home-record-number-asylum-seekers/ NY Times: Jeff Sessions Sends Home ‘Record’ Number of Asylum-Seekers]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved August 12, 2018.</ref> On July 11, 2018, the USCIS issued a guidance memo implementing Sessions's decision, and it went even further than Sessions in limiting the criteria for asylum.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Dinan, Stephen (July 12, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/jul/11/us-citizenship-and-immigration-services-new-rules-/ Feds' new rules could stop asylum surge]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
+
*Bowden, John (July 12, 2018). [https://thehill.com/latino/396645-trump-implementing-new-policy-to-turn-away-many-more-asylum-seekers-at-border-report Trump implementing new policy to turn away more asylum seekers at border]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
+
*Munro, Neil (July 11, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/07/11/sessions-reforms-border-asylum-rules-to-exclude-gang-violence-claims/ AG Sessions Reforms Asylum Rules to Exclude Gang-Violence, Abuse Claims]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
+
*Johnson, Kevin; Gomez, Alan (July 12, 2018). [https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2018/07/12/trump-administration-announces-tougher-asylum-rules-immigrants/780634002/ Trump administration activates new asylum crackdown; potentially valid claims could be denied]. ''USA Today''. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
+
*McCullough, Jolie; Aguilar, Julián (July 12, 2018). [https://www.texastribune.org/2018/07/12/migrants-asylum-tougher-guidelines/ There are new, tougher guidelines for migrants seeking asylum in the United States]. ''The Texas Tribune''. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
+
*Morrissey, Kate (July 12, 2018). [https://www.sandiegouniontribune.com/news/immigration/sd-me-asylum-policy-20180712-story.html New guidance for asylum officers could send thousands back from the border]. ''The San Diego Union-Tribune''. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
+
*Caralle, Katelyn (July 12, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/policy/defense-national-security/asylum-seekers-refugees-will-be-turned-away-before-they-can-plead-their-case-under-new-border-policy Asylum seekers, refugees will be turned away before they can plead their case under new border policy]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
+
*[https://www.numbersusa.com/news/dhs-issues-guidance-strengthen-credible-fear-standard DHS Issues Guidance to Strengthen Credible Fear Standard]. ''NumbersUSA''. July 11, 2018. Retrieved July 13, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Munro, Neil (July 13, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/2018-elections/2018/07/13/ag-sessions-asylum-reform-is-despicable-say-progressives/ AG Sessions’ Asylum Reform is Despicable, Say Progressives]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved July 13, 2018.
+
*Munro, Neil (July 17, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/economics/2018/07/17/ag-sessions-asylum-reform-is-blocking-many-migrants-say-lawyers/ AG Sessions’ Asylum Reform is Blocking Many Migrants, Say Lawyers]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved July 18, 2018.
+
*Weissert, Will; Schmall, Emily (July 16, 2018). [https://www.apnews.com/a7c571cce7f94880816f2bb0e434ae80/'Credible-fear'-for-US-asylum-harder-to-prove-under-Trump ‘Credible fear’ for US asylum harder to prove under Trump]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved July 18, 2018.</ref>
+
*The USCIS announced it was creating a new office to track down individuals who lied on their applications in order to receive U.S. citizenship so that the USCIS could lawfully denaturalize them.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Greenwood, Max (June 13, 2018). [https://thehill.com/policy/national-security/392034-uscis-will-seek-to-revoke-citizenship-of-naturalized-americans-for New DHS office to revoke citizenship of naturalized Americans who lie on applications]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved June 15, 2018.
+
*Giaritelli, Anna (June 13, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/homeland-security-will-strip-citizenship-from-naturalized-americans-who-lied-on-their-applications Homeland Security will strip citizenship from naturalized Americans who lied on their applications]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved June 15, 2018.
+
*Racke, Will (June 14, 2018). [https://www.dailysignal.com/2018/06/14/immigration-agency-assigns-group-to-track-down-citizenship-cheaters/ Immigration Agency Assigns Group to Track Down Citizenship Cheaters]. ''The Daily Signal''. Retrieved June 15, 2018.
+
*Miroff, Nick (June 13, 2018). [https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/scanning-immigrants-old-fingerprints-us-threatens-to-strip-thousands-of-citizenship/2018/06/13/2230d8a2-6f2e-11e8-afd5-778aca903bbe_story.html Scanning immigrants’ old fingerprints, U.S. threatens to strip thousands of citizenship]. ''The Washington Post''. Retrieved June 15, 2018.
+
*Taxin, Amy (June 11, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/jun/11/us-citizenship-and-immigration-services-launches-o/ U.S. launching office to identify citizenship cheaters]. ''The Washington Times'' (from the ''Associated Press''). Retrieved June 15, 2018.
+
*[https://www.voanews.com/a/us-citizenship-cheaters/4434883.html US Vows to Find, Punish Citizenship Cheaters]. ''Voice of America'' (from the ''Associated Press''). Retrieved June 15, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Munro, Neil (July 6, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/immigration/2018/07/06/mass-migration-advocates-fan-fear-trump-implements-obama-anti-fraud-plan/ Left Freaks Out at Obama-Era Plan to Fix Immigration Fraud: ‘Sadism, Racism, Brutality’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved July 7, 2018.</ref>
+
*June 28, 2018—The USCIS updated its guidance policy to expand its power to begin deportation proceedings for people using fake documents or who illegally used government benefits.<ref name="USCISchanges"/><ref>Multiple references:
+
*Dinan, Stephen (July 5, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/jul/5/dhs-expands-power-initiate-deportations/ Trump administration expands government's deportation powers]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved July 7, 2018.
+
*Racke, Will (July 6, 2018). [https://www.westernjournal.com/ct/trump-administration-issues-order-clearing-way-more-deportations/ Trump Administration Issues Order Clearing the Way for More Deportations]. ''The Western Journal'' (from ''The Daily Caller News Foundation''). Retrieved July 7, 2018.
+
*[https://www.numbersusa.com/news/uscis-extends-conditions-initiating-removal USCIS Extends Conditions for Initiating Removal]. ''NumbersUSA''. July 6, 2018. Retrieved July 7, 2018.
+
*Ahmad, Hassan (July 7, 2018). [https://qz.com/1323136/a-uscis-immigration-policy-change-threatens-non-citizens-with-deportation-if-they-lose-status/ A quiet change in US policy threatens immigrants who apply for a change in status]. ''Quartz''. Retrieved July 7, 2018.
+
*Reca, Peter A. (July 18, 2018). [https://www.natlawreview.com/article/new-uscis-policy-guidance-emphasizes-initiating-removal-deportation-cases New USCIS Policy Guidance Emphasizes Initiating Removal, Deportation Cases]. ''The National Law Review''. Retrieved July 21, 2018.</ref>
+
*July 3, 2018—The DOJ rescinded two guidance documents related to immigration, one of them giving work protections to refugees and another stating that employers should not implement "citizen only" hiring policies.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Thomsen, Jacqueline (July 3, 2018). [https://thehill.com/regulation/international/395440-sessions-rescinds-guidance-on-refugees-asylum-seekers-right-to-work Sessions rescinds DOJ guidance on refugees, asylum seekers' right to work]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved July 5, 2018.
+
*Mordock, Jeff (July 3, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/jul/3/justice-department-rescinds-24-obama-era-regulatio/ DOJ rescinds 24 Obama-era regulations]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved July 5, 2018.
+
*Jarrett, Laura (July 3, 2018). [https://www.cnn.com/2018/07/03/politics/jeff-sessions-immigration-guidance/index.html Sessions withdraws past resource guides related to immigration]. ''CNN''. Retrieved July 5, 2018.
+
*Sommerfeldt, Chris (July 3, 2018). [http://www.nydailynews.com/news/politics/ny-news-sessions-refugees-asylum-right-to-work-20180703-story.html Attorney General Jeff Sessions rescinds guidance safeguarding the right of refugees, asylum seekers to work in the U.S.] ''New York Daily News''. Retrieved July 5, 2018.
+
*[https://www.oann.com/attorney-general-jeff-sessions-rescinds-obama-era-immigration-guidelines/ Attorney General Jeff Sessions Rescinds Obama-Era Immigration Guidelines]. ''One America News Network''. July 4, 2018. Retrieved July 5, 2018.</ref>
+
*July 2018—The USCIS created an Office of Investigations to ensure that foreign agents do not penetrate the agency and to guard against employee misconduct.<ref>Dinan, Stephen (July 9, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/jul/9/uscis-creates-new-investigative-office-police-misc/ U.S. citizenship agency creates new unit to block foreign agents, police misconduct]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved July 11, 2018.<br>Early reports of the new office, before it was finalized or formally announced:
+
*Moroff, Nick (March 16, 2018). [https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/us-immigration-agency-to-more-closely-monitor-caseworkers-documents-show/2018/03/15/c8289c0c-2881-11e8-874b-d517e912f125_story.html U.S. Immigration agency to more closely monitor caseworkers, documents show]. ''The Washington Post''. Retrieved July 11, 2018.
+
*Bernal, Rafael (March 16, 2018). [https://thehill.com/latino/378827-federal-immigration-agency-creating-new-division-to-police-caseworkers-report Federal immigration agency denies report that it's a creating new division to police caseworkers]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved July 11, 2018.</ref>
+
*July 13, 2018—The USCIS issued a guidance allowing it to deny incomplete visa applications without needing to issue a Request for Evidence, replacing a 2013 Obama Administration policy.<ref name="USCISchanges"/><ref>Multiple references:
+
*McCormick, Emily (July 18, 2018). [https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-07-18/foreign-tech-workers-face-higher-hurdles-in-visa-applications Foreign Tech Workers Face Higher Hurdles in Visa Applications]. ''Bloomberg''. Retrieved July 18, 2018.
+
*O'Brien, Sara (July 17, 2018). [https://www.cnn.com/2018/07/16/politics/visa-policy-changes/index.html Visa policy change will make it easier for Trump administration to deny applications]. ''CNN''. Retrieved July 18, 2018.
+
*[https://www.numbersusa.com/news/uscis-issues-guidance-allowing-adjudicators-deny-incomplete-visa-applications USCIS Issues Guidance Allowing Adjudicators to Deny Incomplete Visa Applications]. ''NumbersUSA''. July 18, 2018. Retrieved July 18, 2018.
+
*Manna, Melissa (July 18, 2018). [https://www.natlawreview.com/article/uscis-adjudicators-given-go-ahead-to-deny-cases-without-first-issuing-request USCIS Adjudicators Given the Go-Ahead to Deny Cases Without First Issuing a Request for Evidence]. ''The National Law Review''. Retrieved July 18, 2018.</ref>
+
*July 31, 2018—The DOJ and the Labor Department announced a joint agreement to work together to crack down on companies violating U.S. law by favoring the hiring of foreign workers over U.S. citizens.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Thomsen, Jacqueline (July 31, 2018). [https://thehill.com/regulation/labor/399690-doj-labor-dept-to-target-employers-that-discriminate-against-americans-by DOJ, Labor Dept to target employers that 'discriminate' against Americans by hiring foreign workers]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved July 31, 2018.
+
*Binder, John (August 1, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/08/01/jeff-sessions-expands-crackdown-on-businesses-hiring-foreign-workers-over-qualified-americans/ AG Sessions Targets Corporate Job-Discrimination Against Americans]. ''Breitbart News''. August 1, 2018.
+
*[https://www.numbersusa.com/news/doj-dol-crack-down-employers-discriminate-against-american-workers DOJ & DOL to Crack Down on Employers That Discriminate Against American Workers]. ''NumbersUSA''. August 1, 2018. Retrieved August 1, 2018.</ref>
+
*August 28, 2018—The USCIS announced it would extend and expand its suspension of premium processing for the H-1B visa program, effectively tightening the program.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Munro, Neil (August 29, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/immigration/2018/08/29/dhs-tightens-curbs-h-1b-program/ DHS Tightens Curbs on H-1B Program]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved August 30, 2018.
+
*Álvarez, Johanna A. (August 30, 2018). [https://www.miamiherald.com/news/local/immigration/article217572240.html Immigrants seeking a faster way to get a working visa will have to wait some more]. ''Miami Herald''. Retrieved August 30, 2018.
+
*Cappellari, Caterina (August 30, 2018). [https://www.natlawreview.com/article/uscis-extends-and-expands-suspension-premium-processing-h-1b-petitions USCIS Extends and Expands Suspension of Premium Processing for H-1B Petitions]. ''The National Law Review''. Retrieved August 30, 2018.
+
*[https://www.bloombergquint.com/law-and-policy/2018/08/29/us-extends-suspension-of-premium-processing-for-h-1b-visas#gs.PDxVi50 U.S. Extends Suspension Of Premium Processing For H-1B Visas]. ''BloombergQuint'' (from ''PTI''). August 29, 2018. Retrieved August 30, 2018.</ref>
+
*September 17, 2018—The Trump Administration announced it would reduce the refugee cap for Fiscal Year 2019 to 30,000, the lowest cap since the [[Refugee Act of 1980]] was enacted.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Shaw, Adam (September 18, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/trump-administration-cuts-refugee-admissions-to-30000 Trump administration cuts refugee admissions to 30,000]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved October 6, 2018.
+
*Binder, John (September 17, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/09/17/trump-enacts-largest-reduction-to-u-s-refugee-inflow-in-nearly-four-decades/ Trump Enacts Largest Reduction to U.S. Refugee Inflow in Nearly Four Decades]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved October 6, 2018.
+
*Morton, Victor (September 17, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/sep/17/mike-pompeo-us-cut-refugee-admissions-one-third-fi/ Mike Pompeo: U.S. to cut refugee admissions by one-third]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved October 6, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (September 17, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/sep/17/refugee-admissions-cut-30000-fiscal-2019/ A needed pause: Trump administration caps refugee admissions at record-low 30,000]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved October 6, 2018.
+
*Donati, Jessica (September 17, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/u-s-to-cap-refugee-admissions-at-30-000-in-2019-pompeo-says-1537222609 U.S. to Cap Refugee Admissions at 30,000 in 2019, Pompeo Says]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved October 6, 2018.
+
*Wroughton, Lesley (September 17, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-pompeo/u-s-to-sharply-cut-cap-on-refugees-to-30000-for-2019-idUSKCN1LX2HS U.S. to sharply limit refugee flows to 30,000 in 2019]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved October 6, 2018.
+
*Chalfant, Morgan (September 17, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/407100-trump-administration-to-cut-refugee-admissions-to-30k-for-2019 Trump administration to cut refugee admissions to 30K for 2019]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved October 6, 2018.
+
*Gehrke, Joel (September 17, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/policy/defense-national-security/trump-administration-lowers-refugee-cap-to-30-000-for-2019 Trump administration lowers refugee cap to 30,000 for 2019]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved October 6, 2018.
+
See also
+
*[https://www.voanews.com/a/white-house-lowest-refugee-cap-ever/4050757.html White House Officially Issues Lowest Refugee Cap Ever]. ''Voice of America''. September 29, 2018. Retrieved October 6, 2018.
+
*Rush, Nayla (September 18, 2018). [https://cis.org/Rush/Lower-Refugee-Resettlement-Ceiling-Probable-Higher-Admissions-FY-2019 A Lower Refugee Resettlement Ceiling but Probable Higher Admissions for FY 2019]. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved October 6, 2018.</ref> On October 4, 2018, President Trump signed a memorandum making the decision official.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*[https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2018-11-01/pdf/2018-24135.pdf Presidential Determination No. 2019–01 of October 4, 2018 -- Presidential Determination on Refugee Admissions for Fiscal Year 2019]. ''Federal Register''. November 1, 2018. Retrieved November 1, 2018.
+
*Macchi, Victoria (October 4, 2018). [https://www.voanews.com/a/us-sets-refugee-admissions-at-historic-low/4600218.html US Sets Refugee Admissions at Historic Low]. ''Voice of America''. Retrieved October 6, 2018.</ref>
+
*September 22, 2018—The DHS announced it would enact a rule to enforce U.S. law requiring that immigrants to the U.S. must not be an undue burden to the country, with the agency making it harder for legal immigrants to enter the country or stay in it if they use or are expected to use welfare programs.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Munro, Neil (September 22, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/09/22/trump-reform-denies-green-cards-to-people-who-expect-taxpayer-aid/ Trump Reform Denies Green Cards To People Who Expect Taxpayer Aid]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved September 22, 2018.
+
*Casiano, Louis (September 23, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/09/23/dhs-plan-would-push-immigrants-to-show-can-support-themselves-nielsen-says.html DHS plan would push immigrants to 'show they can support themselves,' Nielsen says]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved September 23, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (September 22, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/sep/22/kirstjen-nielsen-approves-welfare-limits-immigrant/ DHS proposes limits on welfare payments to immigrants]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved September 23, 2018.
+
*Armour, Stephanie; Caldwell, Alicia A. (September 23, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/trump-administration-targets-immigrants-on-public-assistance-1537660585 Trump Administration Targets Immigrants on Public Assistance]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved September 24, 2018.
+
*Rodrigo, Chris Mills (September 22, 2018). [https://thehill.com/policy/407939-dhs-proposes-new-rule-to-ensure-immigrant-self-sufficiency Trump seeks to restrict green cards from those on food, housing assistance]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved September 23, 2018.
+
*Torbati, Yeganeh (September 22, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-benefits/trump-administration-moves-to-restrict-immigrants-who-use-public-benefits-idUSKCN1M20YP Trump administration moves to restrict immigrants who use public benefits]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved September 23, 2018.
+
*Gehrke, Joel (September 22, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/trump-administration-moves-to-restrict-visas-citizenship-for-immigrants-on-welfare Trump administration moves to restrict visas, citizenship for immigrants on welfare]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved September 23, 2018.
+
*Giaritelli, Anna (September 23, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/trump-administration-formally-proposes-plan-to-limit-legal-immigration-to-those-not-dependent-on-public-benefits Trump administration formally proposes plan to limit legal immigration to those not dependent on public benefits]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved September 23, 2018.
+
*Racke, Will (September 23, 2018). [https://dailycaller.com/2018/09/23/trump-green-cards-welfare-users-public-charge/ Trump Administration will Restrict Green Cards for Foreign Nationals On Public Aid]. ''The Daily Caller''. Retrieved April 18, 2019.
+
See also:
+
*Vaughan, Jessica M. (September 27, 2018). [https://cis.org/Vaughan/Proposed-Public-Charge-Rule-Few-Will-Be-Barred-Billions-Will-Be-Saved Proposed Public Charge Rule: Few Will Be Barred, Billions Will Be Saved]. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved April 18, 2019.
+
*Kight, Stef W. (September 26, 2018). [https://www.axios.com/immigrants-denied-visas-green-cards-social-programs-trump-57ac56aa-0572-435c-9a1c-21c7893b998e.html Trump's welfare crackdown targets immigrants]. ''Axios''. Retrieved September 26, 2018.
+
*Binder, John (September 23, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/09/23/ban-resettling-welfare-dependent-foreign-nationals-cut-visa-lottery/ Ban on Resettling Welfare-Dependent Foreign Nationals to Cut ‘Visa Lottery’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved September 23, 2018.
+
*Munro, Neil (September 26, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/09/26/trump-rule-rejects-migrants-who-cannot-speak-english/ Trump Rule Rejects Migrants Who Cannot Speak English]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved September 26, 2018.
+
*Binder, John (September 25, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/09/25/ban-on-welfare-dependent-foreign-nationals-may-shift-legal-immigration-toward-europe-japan/ Ban on Welfare-Dependent Foreign Nationals May Shift Legal Immigration Toward Europe, Japan]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved September 26, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (December 11, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/dec/10/immigrants-must-prove-they-arent-public-burden-und/ Trump foes scrambling to derail 'cruel' rule requiring immigrants to show they aren't public burden]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
+
*Montoya-Galvez, Camilo (May 22, 2019). [https://www.cbsnews.com/news/immigrants-are-avoiding-food-medical-benefits-because-of-chilling-effect-of-proposed-trump-rule/ Immigrants are avoiding food, medical benefits because of proposed Trump rule]. ''CBS News''. Retrieved May 22, 2019.</ref>
+
*November 13, 2018—The U.S. voted against a UN General Assembly resolution praising the UNHCR and endorsing the Global Compact for Refugees – the latter of which the U.S. announced it would withdraw from – because it conflicted with American "sovereign interests."<ref name="RefugeeCompact2018"/> That resolution had previously been approved by consensus in the 60 years of its existence before the Trump Administration requested a vote on the matter, and the U.S. was the only country to vote against the resolution.<ref name="RefugeeCompact2018">Multiple references:
+
*Nichols, Michelle (November 13, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-un-refugees/us-alone-in-opposing-un-refugee-text-over-sovereignty-concerns-idUSKCN1NI2VB U.S. alone in opposing U.N. refugee text over sovereignty concerns]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
+
*Cockburn, Harry (November 14, 2018). [https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/us-politics/us-votes-against-un-refugee-agency-unhcr-resolution-trump-immigration-asylum-mexico-border-a8633226.html US only country in the world to vote against work of UN refugee agency]. ''The Independent''. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
+
*Rush, Nayla (December 4, 2018). [https://cis.org/Report/Avoiding-Quicksand-Global-Compact-Refugees Avoiding the Quicksand of the Global Compact on Refugees]. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Rush, Nayla (December 9, 2018). [https://www.cis.org/Rush/Growing-Skepticism-Final-Vote-Nears-UNs-Global-Compact-Migration Growing Skepticism as Final Vote Nears on UN's Global Compact for Migration]. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
+
*Kueppers-McKinnon, Anja (December 12, 2018). [https://p.dw.com/p/39gDw Can the US be persuaded to support the UN refugee pact?] ''Deutsche Welle''. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
+
Articles about the Global Compact on Refugees before the Trump Administration announced it would withdraw:
+
*Rush, Nayla (September 25, 2018). [https://cis.org/Rush/US-Continues-Back-UN-Refugee-Compact-Contradicts-Administration-Goals U.S. Continues to Back UN Refugee Compact that Contradicts Administration Goals]. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
+
*Rush, Nayle (December 14, 2017). [https://cis.org/Rush/US-Still-Part-Global-Compact-Refugees US Is Still Part of the 'Global Compact on Refugees']. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
+
*Rush Nayla (October 26, 2018). [https://cis.org/Rush/Global-Compact-Refugees-New-Model-International-Lawmaking The Global Compact on Refugees: A New Model for International Lawmaking]. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved December 13, 2018.</ref> On December 17, 2018, the United States voted against the Global Compact on Refugees, being joined only by [[Hungary]].<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Nichols, Michelle (December 17, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-un/u-s-isolated-at-u-n-over-its-concerns-about-abortion-refugees-idUSKBN1OG25Q U.S. isolated at U.N. over its concerns about abortion, refugees]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved December 26, 2018.
+
*Brown, Lauretta (December 17, 2018). [https://townhall.com/tipsheet/laurettabrown/2018/12/17/us-hungary-take-a-stand-against-the-promotion-of-the-abortion-at-the-united-nations-n2537619 US Takes a Stand Against Global Compact on Refugees, Promotion of Abortion at the United Nations]. ''Townhall''. Retrieved December 26, 2018.
+
*Klein, Joseph A. (December 19, 2018). [https://canadafreepress.com/article/u.s.-rightly-rejects-un-global-compact-on-refugees U.S. Rightly Rejects UN Global Compact on Refugees]. ''Canada Free Press''. Retrieved December 26, 2018.
+
*Osborne, Samuel (December 18, 2018). [https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/us-politics/un-refugees-resolution-us-vote-trump-general-assembly-hungary-unhcr-abortion-a8688311.html Only one country out of 186 backs US in United Nations vote against agreement to support refugees]. ''The Independent''. Retrieved December 26, 2018.
+
*Lederer, Edith M. (December 17, 2018). [https://www.apnews.com/4fd4c127e8da4801b6bb3f8d5f184404 UN approves compact to support world’s refugees; US objects]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved December 26, 2018.
+
*[https://www.foxnews.com/world/un-approves-compact-to-support-worlds-refugees-us-objects UN approves compact to support world's refugees, US objects]. ''Fox News'' (from the ''Associated Press''). December 17, 2018. Retrieved December 26, 2018.
+
*Besheer, Margaret (December 17, 2018). [https://www.voanews.com/a/un-states-adopt-global-compact-on-refugees/4704673.html UN States Adopt Global Compact on Refugees]. ''Voice of America''. Retrieved December 26, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Rush, Nayla (December 17, 2018). [https://cis.org/Rush/Global-Compact-Refugees-Adopted-Today Global Compact for Refugees Adopted Today]. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved December 26, 2018.
+
*Rush, Nayla (December 20, 2018). [https://www.cis.org/Rush/Historic-Victory-UN-Global-Compacts-Migration-and-Refugees-Adopted-Week A Historic Victory for the UN: Global Compacts on Migration and Refugees Adopted This Week]. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved December 26, 2018.
+
*Cadman, Dan (December 26, 2018). [https://cis.org/Cadman/Reflections-Adoption-UN-Compacts-Migration-and-Refugees Reflections on Adoption of the U.N. Compacts on Migration and Refugees]. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved December 26, 2018.</ref>
+
*November 30, 2018—The USCIS formally proposed changes to the H-1B visa program to promote merit-based immigration, with the proposal favoring migrant workers with advanced degrees and changing how companies apply for the visas.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Dinan, Stephen (November 30, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/nov/30/dhs-shift-guest-worker-program-reward-higher-skill/ DHS to shift guest-worker program to reward higher-skilled foreigners]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved December 9, 2018.
+
*Castañeda, Leonardo (December 6, 2018). [https://www.mercurynews.com/2018/12/06/h-1b-rule-change-unveiled-proposal-to-benefit-advanced-degree-holders/ H-1B rule change unveiled: Proposal to benefit advanced degree holders]. ''The Mercury News''. Retrieved December 9, 2018.
+
*Russell, Melia (November 30, 2018). [https://www.sfchronicle.com/business/article/H-1B-shift-may-favor-tech-companies-13434868.php H-1B visa shift may favor tech companies]. ''San Francisco Chronicle''. Retrieved December 9, 2018.
+
*[https://www.voanews.com/a/new-h-1b-visa-rules-tilt-toward-holders-of-advanced-degrees-/4682338.html New H-1B Visa Rules Tilt Toward Holders of Advanced Degrees]. ''Voice of America''. November 30, 2018. Retrieved December 9, 2018.
+
*Ashley O'Brien, Sara (November 30, 2018). [https://www.cnn.com/2018/11/30/tech/dhs-h1b-merit-proposal/index.html Trump administration proposes changes to popular H-1B program]. ''CNN''. Retrieved December 9, 2018.</ref> While some conservatives approved of the changes,<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Street, Chriss (December 5, 2018). [https://www.americanthinker.com/blog/2018/12/trumps_hire_american.html Trump's 'Hire American']. ''American Thinker''. Retrieved December 9, 2018.
+
*Mitchell, R. (November 30, 2018). [https://www.conservativedailynews.com/2018/11/homeland-security-proposes-merit-based-rule-for-visa-program/ Homeland Security Proposes Merit-Based Rule for Visa Program]. ''Conservative Daily News''. Retrieved December 9, 2018.</ref> other conservatives strongly criticized them.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*North, David (December 4, 2018). [https://www.cis.org/North/DHSs-Proposed-New-Rules-H1B-Are-Bonanza-Employers DHS's Proposed New Rules for H-1B Are a Bonanza for Employers]. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved December 9, 2018.
+
*Miano, John (December 4, 2018). [https://www.cis.org/Miano/New-H1B-Regulations-Do-Nothing-US-Workers New H-1B Regulations Do Nothing for U.S. Workers]. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved December 9, 2018.</ref>
+
*The Trump Administration continued its opposition to the [[globalist]] [[Global Compact on Migration]] in 2018, voting against it during UN votes on December 10<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Giaritelli, Anna (December 10, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/un-moves-ahead-on-migration-pact-without-trump UN moves ahead on migration pact without Trump]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
+
*Laessing, Ulf; Rinke, Andreas (December 10, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-europe-migrants-un-pact/u-n-members-adopt-global-migration-pact-moroccan-foreign-minister-idUSKBN1O90YS U.N. members adopt global migration pact rejected by U.S. and others]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
+
*El Masaiti, Amira; Keaten, Jamey (December 10, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/world/nearly-85-percent-of-un-nations-back-migration-deal-not-us Nearly 85 percent of UN nations back migration deal; not US]. ''Fox News'' (from the ''Associated Press''). Retrieved December 13, 2018.
+
*Kent, Simon (December 10, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/12/10/divided-un-to-adopt-global-migration-pact/ Global Governance Advances: Divided UN to Adopt Migration Pact]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
+
*Freibuger, Calvin (December 12, 2018). [https://www.lifesitenews.com/news/trudeau-signs-un-migration-pact-despite-language-about-restricting-intolera Vatican, 164 nations back UN migration pact despite call to restrict ‘intolerant’ media]. ''LifeSiteNews''. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
+
*Cumming-Bruce, Nick (December 10, 2018). [https://www.nytimes.com/2018/12/10/world/europe/un-migration-deal-morocco.html U.N. Approves Sweeping Deal on Migration, but Without U.S. Support]. ''The New York Times''. Retrieved December 13, 2018.</ref> and 19.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Besheer, Margaret (December 19, 2018). [https://www.voanews.com/a/un-general-assembly-endorses-global-migration-compact-/4708046.html US Speaks Against Now-Approved Global Migration Compact]. ''Voice of America''. Retrieved December 27, 2018.
+
*[https://www.rferl.org/a/un-endorses-migration-pact-opposed-by-u-s-four-others/29666720.html UN Endorses Migration Pact Opposed By U.S., Four Others]. ''Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty''. Retrieved December 27, 2018.
+
*[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-migrants-un/u-n-formally-approves-global-migration-pact-opposed-by-u-s-others-idUSKCN1OI26H U.N. formally approves global migration pact opposed by U.S., others]. ''Reuters''. December 19, 2018. Retrieved December 27, 2018.
+
*[https://www.timesofisrael.com/un-ratifies-migrant-pact-israel-and-us-among-five-to-vote-against/ UN ratifies migrant pact; Israel and US among five to vote against]. ''The Times of Israel''. December 19, 2018. Retrieved December 27, 2018.
+
*[https://www.france24.com/en/20181219-un-general-assembly-global-migration-pact-usa-israel UN ratifies global migration pact opposed by US]. ''France 24''. December 19, 2018. Retrieved December 27, 2018.</ref> Additionally, numerous other countries followed the Trump Administration's lead in opposing the migration compact.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Shaw, Adam (November 23, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/us-leading-the-charge-against-uns-migration-agenda US leading the charge in pushing back against UN’s migration agenda]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved November 23, 2018.
+
*Lane, Oliver JJ (November 22, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/europe/2018/11/22/world-follows-trumps-lead-nations-abandon-legal-framework-building-un-migration-pact/ World Follows Trump’s Lead: Nations Abandon Legal ‘Framework’ Building UN Migration Pact]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 23, 2018.
+
*Newman, Alex (December 5, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/world-news/europe/item/30830-global-rebellion-against-un-mass-migration-pact-spreads Global Rebellion Against UN Mass-migration Pact Spreads]. ''The New American''. Retrieved December 5, 2018.
+
*Pop, Valentina (December 8, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/u-n-pact-on-migration-sows-dissent-1544281200 U.N. Pact on Migration Sows Dissent]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved December 8, 2018.
+
*Boylan, Dan (November 14, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/nov/14/us-fight-against-un-migration-pact-finds-allies/ U.S. gains allies in fight against U.N. agreement on migration]. ''The Washington Tims''. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
+
*Boylan, Dan (December 5, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/dec/5/bulgaria-slovakia-wont-join-us-rejecting-un-migrat/ Bulgaria, Slovakia join U.S. in rejecting U.N. migration pact]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
+
*Noack, Rick (December 4, 2018). [https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2018/12/04/why-so-many-nations-are-suddenly-following-trump-out-un-migration-pact/ Why so many nations are suddenly following Trump out of the proposed U.N. migration pact]. ''The Washington Post''. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
+
*Friedman, Victoria (December 25, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/europe/2018/12/25/patriotic-countries-rejected-un-global-governance-of-migration-2018/ Patriotic Countries That Rejected the UN’s Global Governance of Migration in 2018]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved February 23, 2019.
+
*Shaw, Adam (July 19, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/world/hungary-joins-us-in-withdrawing-from-un-global-migration-agreement Hungary joins US in withdrawing from UN global migration agreement]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved April 16, 2019.
+
Earlier in the year:
+
*Jasper, William F. (October 23, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/immigration/item/30429-trump-hungary-s-orban-to-stand-alone-against-signing-dangerous-un-migration-compact Trump, Hungary’s Orban to Stand Alone Against Signing Dangerous UN Migration Compact?] ''The New American''. Retrieved December 5, 2018.
+
UN member states – but not the U.S. and the countries that joined it – voted to adopt the agreement on December 10, 2018:
+
See also:
+
*Rush, Nayla (December 4, 2018). [https://www.cis.org/Report/Avoiding-Quicksand-Global-Compact-Refugees Avoiding the Quicksand of the Global Compact on Refugees]. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
+
*Lowe, Tina (December 11, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/opinion/the-us-dodged-a-bullet-in-forgoing-the-un-migration-pact The US dodged a bullet in forgoing the UN migration pact]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
+
*Tobin, Jonathan S. (December 12, 2018). [https://www.nationalreview.com/2018/12/united-nations-global-migration-pact-erosion-of-sovereignty/ Global Migration Pact: The U.N.’s Attempt to Erode Sovereignty]. ''National Review''. Retrieved December 13, 2018.</ref>
+
*In 2018, the State Department denied over 37,000 visa applications because of President Trump's [[travel ban]].<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Binder, John (February 27, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2019/02/27/travel-ban-ends-nearly-all-immigration-from-terrorist-sanctioned-countries/ Travel Ban Ends Nearly All Immigration from Terrorist-Sanctioned Countries]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
+
*Torbati, Yeganeh (February 26, 2019). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-ban/us-denied-tens-of-thousands-more-visas-in-2018-due-to-travel-ban-data-idUSKCN1QF2KF U.S. denied tens of thousands more visas in 2018 due to travel ban: data]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
+
*Burke, Michael (February 26, 2019). [https://thehill.com/policy/international/431678-us-denied-tens-of-thousands-more-visas-in-2018-due-to-travel-ban-data US denied tens of thousands of visas in 2018 due to travel ban: data]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
+
*[https://www.theepochtimes.com/state-department-denies-tens-of-thousands-of-visas-in-2018-due-to-trumps-travel-ban_2816717.html US Denied Tens of Thousands of Visas in 2018 Due to Trump’s Travel Ban]. ''The Epoch Times'' (from ''Reuters''). February 26, 2019. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
+
*Cohen, Zachary; Hansler, Jennifer (February 26, 2019). [https://www.cnn.com/2019/02/26/politics/state-department-travel-ban-visas/index.html State Department rejects more than 37,000 visas under Trump's travel ban]. ''CNN''. Retrieved February 27, 2019.</ref>
+
*The number of H-1B visa approvals fell 10% in 2018.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Russell, Melia (June 5, 2019). [https://www.sfchronicle.com/business/article/No-one-is-safe-H-1B-visa-approvals-plunged-13940004.php?psid=9vzI2 No one ‘is safe’: H-1B visa approvals plunged 10% last year, feds say]. ''San Francisco Chronicle''. Retrieved June 12, 2019.
+
*[https://www.ndtv.com/world-news/ten-per-cent-fall-in-h-1b-visa-approvals-in-2018-says-issuing-authority-in-us-2048089 10% Fall In H-1B Visa Approvals In 2018, Says Issuing Authority In US]. ''NDTV'' (from the ''Press Trust of India''). June 5, 2019. Retrieved June 5, 2019.
+
*[https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/10-drop-in-h-1b-visa-approvals-in-2018-us-authorities/articleshow/69658771.cms 10% drop in H-1B visa approvals in 2018: US authorities]. ''The Times of India'' (from ''PTI''). June 5, 2019. Retrieved June 12, 2019.
+
*[https://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/10-per-cent-drop-in-h1b-visa-approvals-in-2018-us-authorities-119060500111_1.html Impact of Trump's H1-B crackdown: 10% drop in visa approvals in 2018]. ''Business Standard'' (from ''PTI''). June 5, 2019. Retrieved June 12, 2019.
+
See also:
+
*Bhattacharya, Ananya (April 8, 2019). [https://qz.com/india/1588609/donald-trump-may-have-killed-the-h-1b-visa-euphoria/ The mad rush for H-1B visa seems to be dying down]. ''Quartz''. Retrieved June 12, 2019.</ref>
+
 
+
====Refugee admissions====
+
Refugee admission levels to the U.S. in 2018 remained low. In the first two weeks of 2018, 201 refugees entered the country, the lowest number in over a decade.<ref>Leahy, Michael Patrick (January 17, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/01/16/refugee-admissions-fall-to-new-low-during-first-two-weeks-of-january/ Refugee Admissions Fall to New Low During First Two Weeks of January]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 17, 2018.</ref> By early February 2018, the number of refugees entering the U.S. thus far in FY 2018 fell to a 15-year low.<ref>Leahy, Michael Patrick (February 6, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/02/06/four-months-into-fy-2018-refugee-admissions-plunge-to-lowest-level-in-15-years/ Four Months into FY 2018, Refugee Admissions Plunge to Lowest Level in 15 Years]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved February 6, 2018.</ref> The proportion of Muslim refugees also remained low,<ref name="FewerMuslimsFY18">Macchi, Victoria (January 26, 2018). [https://www.voanews.com/a/us-taking-fewer-muslim-refugees/4226939.html US Taking Fewer Muslim Refugees]. ''Voice of America''. Retrieved January 28, 2018.</ref> and by May 2018, Christian refugees outnumbered Muslim refugees 3–1.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Bedard, Paul (May 4, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/washington-secrets/trump-refugee-policy-favors-christians-over-muslims-3-1 Trump refugee policy favors Christians over Muslims, 3-1]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved May 4, 2018.
+
*Connor, Phillip; Krogstad, Jens Manuel (May 3, 2018). [https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2018/05/03/the-number-of-refugees-admitted-to-the-u-s-has-fallen-especially-among-muslims/ The number of refugees admitted to the U.S. has fallen, especially among Muslims]. ''Pew Research Center''. Retrieved May 4, 2018.</ref> Refugee organizations in the U.S. saw significantly less revenue and downsized their operations.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Leahy, Michael Patrick (March 2, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/03/02/federally-funded-non-profits-whine-about-decline-in-refugee-admissions-and-revenues/ Federally Funded Non-Profits Whine About Decline in Refugee Admissions and Revenues]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved March 4, 2018.
+
*Jenkins, Jack; Miller, Emily McFarlan (March 3, 2018). [https://www.houstonchronicle.com/news/houston-texas/houston/article/Refugee-groups-fight-Trump-travel-ban-and-for-12725724.php Refugee groups fight Trump travel ban - and for their own survival]. ''Houston Chronicle'' (from ''Religion News Service''). Retrieved March 4, 2018.</ref> By March 2018, the number of refugee admissions was on track to achieving a record low number for Fiscal Year 2018, including being on track to reduce admissions 77% compared to the Obama Administration.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Dinan, Stephen (March 27, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/mar/26/donald-trump-on-pace-for-record-low-number-of-refu/ Trump on pace for record low number of refugees]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved March 27, 2018.
+
*Leahy, Michael Patrick (April 3, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/04/03/halfway-through-fy-2018-only-10548-refugees-have-been-admitted-to-u-s/ Halfway Through FY 2018, Only 10,548 Refugees Have Been Admitted to U.S.]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 3, 2018.
+
*Bedard, Paul (March 21, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/washington-secrets/trump-cutting-obama-era-refugee-admissions-77 Trump cutting Obama-era refugee admissions 77%]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved March 27, 2018.
+
*Samuels, Brett (April 21, 2018). [https://thehill.com/blogs/blog-briefing-room/384276-us-set-to-admit-fewest-refugees-in-decades-report US set to admit fewest refugees in decades: report]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved April 21, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Kirby, Brendan (March 27, 2018). [https://www.lifezette.com/polizette/refugee-advocates-bash-trump-for-resettlement-decline/ Refugee Advocates Bash Trump for Resettlement Decline]. ''LifeZette''. Retrieved March 27, 2018.</ref> This trend continued in the following months.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Leahy, Michael Patrick (May 4, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/05/04/trump-on-pace-to-admit-less-than-21000-refugees-this-year-only-1639-arrived-in-april/ Trump on Pace to Admit Less Than 21,000 Refugees in 2018, Only 1,639 Arrived in April]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved May 4, 2018.
+
*Leahy, Michael Patrick (June 5, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/06/05/2142-refugees-admitted-into-the-u-s-in-may/ 2,142 Refugees Admitted into the U.S. in May]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved June 6, 2018.
+
*Leahy, Michael Patrick (July 1, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/07/01/updated-total-1898-refugees-admitted-into-the-u-s-in-june/ Updated Total: 1,898 Refugees Admitted into the U.S. in June]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved July 1, 2018.
+
*Leahy, Michael Patrick (August 6, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/08/06/1984-july-refugee-admissions-put-u-s-on-pace-for-record-low-this-year/ 1,984 July Refugee Admissions Put U.S. on Pace for Record Low this Year]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved August 6, 2018.
+
*Racke, Will (August 24, 2018). [https://dailycaller.com/2018/08/24/trump-refugee-admissions-vetting/ Report: Trump Admitting Fewer than Half of Refugees Allowed Because of Enhanced Vetting]. ''The Daily Caller''. Retrieved September 3, 2018.
+
*Leahy, Michael Patrick (September 3, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/09/03/less-than-20000-refugees-resettled-in-u-s-with-one-month-left-in-fiscal-year/ Less Than 20,000 Refugees Resettled in U.S. with One Month Left in Fiscal Year]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved September 3, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Torbati, Yeganeh; Mohammed, Omar (September 12, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-refugees-specialrepor/slamming-the-door-how-trump-transformed-u-s-refugee-program-idUSKCN1LS1H8 Special Report: Slamming the door - How Trump transformed U.S. refugee program]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved September 12, 2018.
+
*Meckler, Laura (April 11, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/syrian-refugees-entering-the-u-s-is-down-to-trickle-1523485878 Syrian Refugees Entering the U.S. Is Down to Trickle]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved November 13, 2018.</ref> By late June 2018, 68% of all refugees admitted to the U.S. were Christian, a 16-year high,<ref>Macchi, Victoria (June 29, 2018). [https://www.voanews.com/a/us-accepts-record-high-number-christian-refugees/4460670.html US Accepts Record-High Percentage of Christian Refugees]. ''Voice of America''. Retrieved July 5, 2018.</ref> and that number reached nearly 71% by September 2018.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Binder, John (September 18, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/09/18/trump-boosts-christian-share-of-refugees-up-to-71-percent/ Trump Boosts Christian Share of Refugees Up to 71 Percent]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved September 19, 2018.
+
*Kight, Stef W. (September 18, 2018). [https://www.axios.com/christians-muslims-refugees-us-trump-america-religion-d04ad19d-c4f8-44dc-89a5-bae79760741b.html Non-Christian refugees shut out of Trump's America]. ''Axios''. Retrieved September 18, 2018.</ref> In Fiscal Year 2018, the number of refugee admissions into the U.S. fell to the lowest level in the 38 years since the [[Refugee Act of 1980]] was signed,<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Leahy, Michael Patrick (October 2, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/10/02/refugee-admissions-lowest-in-history-of-program/ Refugee Admissions in First Fiscal Year of Trump Administration Lowest in History of Program]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved October 3, 2018.
+
*Lanard, Noah (October 2, 2018). [https://www.motherjones.com/politics/2018/10/the-trump-administration-set-a-record-low-limit-for-refugee-admissions-it-let-in-half-that-number/ The Trump Administration Set a Record-Low Limit for Refugee Admissions. It Let In Half That Number.] ''Mother Jones''. Retrieved October 3, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Rush, Nayla (October 1, 2018). [https://cis.org/Rush/Refugee-Resettlement-Admissions-FY-2018 Refugee Resettlement Admissions in FY 2018]. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
+
*Morris, Allie (October 8, 2018). [https://www.expressnews.com/news/local/politics/article/Refugee-resettlement-in-U-S-hits-40-year-low-13290715.php Refugee resettlement in U.S. hits 40-year low. Texas has most, with 1,700.] ''San Antonio Express-News''. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
+
*George, Susannah; Long, Colleen (October 9, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/us/trump-refugee-policy-leaves-thousands-stranded-outside-us Trump refugee policy leaves thousands stranded outside US]. ''Fox News'' (from the ''Associated Press''). Retrieved October 9, 2018.
+
*Amos, Deborah (December 27, 2018). [https://www.npr.org/2018/12/27/680308538/2018-was-a-year-of-drastic-cuts-to-u-s-refugee-admissions 2018 Was A Year Of Drastic Cuts To U.S. Refugee Admissions]. ''NPR''. Retrieved June 18, 2019.</ref> and Trump reduced refugee admissions 75% in 2018 compared to the Obama Administration in 2016.<ref>Binder, John (December 31, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/12/31/trump-refugee-totals-2018/ Trump Cuts Obama’s Refugee Inflow by More than 75 Percent in 2018]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved December 31, 2018.<br>See also:
+
*Amos, Deborah (December 27, 2018). [https://www.npr.org/2018/12/27/680308538/2018-was-a-year-of-drastic-cuts-to-u-s-refugee-admissions 2018 Was A Year Of Drastic Cuts To U.S. Refugee Admissions]. ''NPR''. Retrieved December 31, 2018.
+
*Bedard, Paul (March 28, 2019). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/washington-secrets/trump-keeps-promise-to-cut-refugees-down-73-since-obama-lowest-in-4-decades Trump keeps promise to cut refugees, down 73 percent since Obama, lowest in 4 decades]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved March 28, 2019.</ref> The U.S. ended its status as the most common destination for refugees.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Binder, John (June 18, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2019/06/18/u-s-no-longer-top-refugee-spot-for-worlds-migrants-thanks-to-trump/ U.S. No Longer Top Refugee Spot for World’s Migrants Thanks to Trump]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved June 18, 2019.
+
*Connor, Phillip; Krogstad, Jens Manuel (July 5, 2018). [https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2018/07/05/for-the-first-time-u-s-resettles-fewer-refugees-than-the-rest-of-the-world/ For the first time, U.S. resettles fewer refugees than the rest of the world]. ''Pew Research Center''. Retrieved June 18, 2019.
+
*Radford, Jynnah; Connor, Phillip (June 19, 2019). [https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2019/06/19/canada-now-leads-the-world-in-refugee-resettlement-surpassing-the-u-s/ Canada now leads the world in refugee resettlement, surpassing the U.S.] ''Pew Research Center''. Retrieved June 19, 2019.
+
*Pitofsky, Marina (June 20, 2019). [https://thehill.com/blogs/blog-briefing-room/news/449582-canada-resettled-more-refugees-than-us-last-year-in-first-since Canada resettles more refugees than US for first time since 1980]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved June 20, 2019.
+
*Kight, Stef W.; Ayesh, Rashaan (June 19, 2019). [https://www.axios.com/canada-accepts-more-refugees-than-the-us-for-first-time-since-1980-6a66f10a-b5d0-44d1-9070-cd6dda9863d5.html Canada accepts more refugees than the U.S. for first time since 1980]. ''Axios''. Retrieved June 19, 2019.
+
See also:
+
*Rush, Nayla (March 14, 2019). [https://cis.org/Rush/US-Resettled-More-Refugees-Any-Other-Nation-2017-and-2018 U.S. Resettled More Refugees than Any Other Nation in 2017 and 2018]. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved March 14, 2019.</ref>
+
 
+
===Illegal immigration===
+
[[File:Donald Trump border visit March 2018.jpg|thumb|250px|President Trump visits the U.S. southern border, March 2018]]
+
The Trump Administration took several actions related to illegal immigration enforcement:
+
 
+
*ICE continued cracking down on illegal immigration and oversaw several notable crackdowns. On January 10, 2018, ICE arrested 21 illegal immigrants after auditing 98 7-Eleven stores in 17 states, in what was then reported as the largest crackdown on an employer in the Trump era.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Dedaj, Paulina (January 10, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/us/2018/01/10/7-eleven-immigration-raids-net-21-arrests-nearly-100-stores-targeted.html 7-Eleven immigration raids net 21 arrests; nearly 100 stores targeted]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved January 10, 2018.
+
*Munro, Neil (January 10, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/01/10/dhs-checks-100-7eleven-stores-for-immigration-fraud/ DHS Checks 100 7-Eleven Stores for Immigration Fraud]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 10, 2018.
+
*[https://www.voanews.com/a/seven-eleven-probe-opens-new-front-on-immigration/4202099.html 7-Eleven Probe Opens New Front on Immigration]. ''Voice of America'' (from the ''Associated Press''). Retrieved January 10, 2018.
+
*Siemaszko, Corky (January 10, 2018). [https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/immigration-agents-raid-7-eleven-stores-nationwide-arrest-21-people-n836531 Immigration agents raid 7-Eleven stores nationwide, arrest 21 people in biggest crackdown of Trump era]. ''NBC News''. Retrieved January 10, 2018.
+
*Spagat, Elliot (January 10, 2018). [https://www.apnews.com/cb0ef682ea534ff0b5d31e7c054a079e Immigration agents descend on 7-Eleven stores in 17 states]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved January 10, 2018.
+
*Samuels, Brett (January 10, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/news/368341-feds-raid-7-eleven-stores-in-immigration-bust Feds raid 7-Eleven stores in immigration bust]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved January 10, 2018.
+
*Mass, Warren (January 11, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/immigration/item/27942-ice-raids-7-eleven-stores-arrests-21-workers-9-managers ICE Raids 7-Eleven Stores; Arrests 21 Workers, 9 Managers]. ''The New American''. Retrieved January 11, 2018.</ref> In late January 2018, ICE audited 77 businesses in northern California, the largest localized raid since the beginning of Trump's presidency.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Brown, Benjamin (February 2, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/us/2018/02/02/ice-raid-hits-77-businesses-in-northern-california.html ICE raid hits 77 businesses in Northern California]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved February 2, 2018.
+
*Moons, Michelle (February 2, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/california/2018/02/02/ice-immigration-agents-audit-77-businesses-seeking-illegal-workers-to-protect-american-workers/ ICE Audits 77 Northern California Businesses, Seeking Illegal Workers]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved February 2, 2018.</ref> In a week in February 2018, ICE arrested 212 illegals and audited 122 businesses in [[Los Angeles]] in order to enforce federal laws banning the hiring of illegals.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*[https://www.foxnews.com/us/2018/02/16/ice-sweep-leads-to-dozens-arrests-in-l.html ICE sweep leads to dozens of arrests in L.A.]. ''Fox News''. February 16, 2018. Retrieved February 16, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (February 16, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/feb/16/ice-arrests-212-illegals-la-sweep/ ICE arrests 212 illegals, targets 122 businesses in LA sweep]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved February 16, 2018.
+
*Moons, Michelle (February 17, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/02/17/212-ice-immigration-arrests-in-l-a-195-repeat-offenders-more-than-half-serious-or-violent-criminals/ 212 ICE Immigration Arrests in L.A.: 195 Repeat Offenders, More Than Half Serious or Violent Criminals]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved February 17, 2018.
+
*[https://www.voanews.com/a/united-states-agents-arrest-two-hundred-twelve-california-immigration-raids/4259217.html US Agents Arrest 212 in California Immigration Raids]. ''Voice of America''. Retrieved February 17, 2018.
+
*Giaritelli, Anna (February 16, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/ice-nabs-195-criminal-illegal-immigrants-during-workplace-inspections-in-los-angeles/article/2649313 ICE nabs 195 criminal illegal immigrants during workplace inspections in Los Angeles]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved February 16, 2018.
+
*Elmahrek, Adam (February 1, 2018). [https://www.latimes.com/local/lanow/la-me-ln-ice-audits-20180216-story.html ICE steps up enforcement at businesses in California, targeting employers and workers]. ''Los Angeles Times''. Retrieved February 16, 2018.</ref> Later in February, ICE arrested 232 people in a four-day raid in California's Bay Area.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Darrah, Nicole (March 1, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/03/01/ice-arrests-232-people-in-four-day-raid-californias-bay-area.html ICE arrests 232 people in four-day raid of California's Bay Area]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved March 1, 2018.
+
*Nazarian, Adelle (March 2, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/california/2018/03/02/ice-nets-232-in-norcal-raid-as-white-house-blasts-oakland-mayor/ ICE Nets 232 in NorCal Raid as White House Blasts Oakland Mayor]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
+
*Bowden, John (March 1, 2018). [https://thehill.com/latino/376389-ice-arrests-more-than-200-people-in-4-day-california-raid ICE arrests more than 200 people in 4-day California raid]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved March 1, 2018.
+
*Spagat, Elliot (March 1, 2018). [https://apnews.com/a2d89b184c3c4be9a4d3a760c0194966/232-people-arrested-during-immigration-sweep-in-California 232 people arrested during immigration sweep in California]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved March 1, 2018.
+
*Shaw, Adam (March 3, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/03/03/violent-criminals-among-illegal-immigrants-caught-in-california-raid-derailed-by-dem-mayor.html Violent criminals among illegal immigrants caught in California raid derailed by Dem mayor]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved March 3, 2018.
+
An earlier announcement by ICE:
+
*Darrah, Nicole (February 27, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/02/27/ice-arrests-more-than-150-people-in-bay-area-following-democratic-mayors-warning.html ICE arrests more than 150 people in Bay Area following Democratic mayor's warning]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved February 27, 2018.
+
*Pollak, Joel B. (February 27, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/02/27/ice-arrests-150-illegal-aliens-california-blasts-oakland-mayor/ ICE Arrests 150 Illegal Aliens in California, Blasts Oakland Mayor Libby Schaaf]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved February 27, 2018.
+
*Sanchez, Luis (February 27, 2018). [https://thehill.com/latino/375950-more-than-150-arrested-in-latest-california-immigration-raids More than 150 arrested in latest California immigration raids]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved February 27, 2018.
+
Due to a warning made by the mayor of Oakland, ICE stated it did not arrest as many illegals as it hoped to:
+
*Shaw, Adam (March 6, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/03/06/illegal-immigrants-with-sex-robbery-convictions-among-those-who-evaded-capture-after-dem-mayors-warning.html Illegal immigrants with sex, robbery convictions among those who evaded capture after Dem mayor's warning]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved March 6, 2018.
+
*Rodriguez, Katherine (February 28, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/california/2018/02/28/ice-official-800-illegal-aliens-avoided-arrest-due-to-oakland-mayors-warning/ ICE Official: 800 Illegal Aliens Avoided Arrest Due to Oakland Mayor’s Warning]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved March 1, 2018.
+
*Mass, Warren (March 1, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/immigration/item/28396-ice-director-condemns-oakland-mayor-s-reckless-warning-about-impending-raids ICE Director Condemns Oakland Mayor’s “Reckless” Warning About Impending Raids]. ''The New American''. Retrieved March 1, 2018.
+
*Rodriguez, Olga R. (February 28, 2018). [https://apnews.com/a1257e4cdc5640d78a52c5bc16fb7a6e Immigration head blames Oakland mayor for 800 missed arrests]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved March 1, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Darrah, Nicole (March 13, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/us/2018/03/13/ice-spokesman-quits-disputes-claims-800-eluded-arrest.html San Francisco ICE spokesman quits amid dispute over illegal immigrants evading arrest]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved March 14, 2018.
+
*Moons, Michelle (March 15, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/california/2018/03/15/ice-spox-quits-on-claim-of-misleading-message/ ICE Spox Quits, Claims ‘800 Illegals’ Was Misleading Message]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved March 15, 2018.</ref> In late February 2018, U.S. authorities sentenced an illegal immigrant for paying smugglers to bring a relative into the U.S., described as "one of the first cases" of such a case taken by the government.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Dinan, Stephen (March 12, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/mar/12/illegal-immigrants-prosecuted-enticing-relatives-u/ Feds prosecuting illegal immigrants for enticing relatives to U.S.]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved March 17, 2018.
+
*[https://www.justice.gov/usao-mdfl/pr/undocumented-guatemalan-sentenced-paying-smugglers-bring-unaccompanied-minor-guatemala Undocumented Guatemalan Sentenced For Paying Smugglers To Bring Unaccompanied Minor From Guatemala To The United States]. ''Department of Justice''. February 23, 2018. Retrieved March 17, 2018.</ref> On April 5, 2018, ICE arrested 97 people at a meat processing plant in [[Tennessee]].<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Dedaj, Paulina (April 6, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/us/2018/04/06/ice-arrests-97-suspected-illegal-immigrants-at-tennessee-meat-processing-plant.html ICE arrests 97 suspected illegal immigrants at Tennessee meat processing plant]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
+
*Munro, Neil (April 6, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/04/06/bank-tip-exposes-illegal-workers-meatpacker/ Bank Tip Exposes Illegal Workers at Meatpacker]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
+
*Racke, Will (April 7, 2018). [https://dailycaller.com/2018/04/07/ice-raids-tennessee-slaughterhouse-for-hiring-illegal-immigrants-in-tax-evasion-scheme/ ICE Raids Tennessee Slaughterhouse For Hiring Illegal Immigrants In Tax Evasion Scheme]. ''The Daily Caller''. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
+
*Sacchetti, Maria (April 6, 2018). [https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/immigration/ice-raids-meatpacking-plant-in-rural-tennessee-more-than-95-immigrants-arrested/2018/04/06/4955a79a-39a6-11e8-8fd2-49fe3c675a89_story.html ICE raids meatpacking plant in rural Tennessee; 97 immigrants arrested]. ''The Washington Post''. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Binder, John (September 19, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/09/19/slaughterhouse-illegal-aliens-employing/ Illegal Aliens Arrested in Slaughterhouse ICE Raid to be Deported, Owner Faces Jail Time]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved September 20, 2018.</ref> Later in April 2018, ICE arrested 225 illegals in a six-day operation in New York.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Mikelionis, Lukas (April 18, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/us/2018/04/18/ice-arrests-225-in-ny-immigration-raids-many-with-criminal-records.html ICE arrests 225 in NY immigration raids, many with criminal records]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved April 18, 2018.
+
*Munro, Neil (April 18, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/04/18/feds-detain-225-migrants-new-york-sanctuary-city/ Feds Detain 225 Migrants in New York’s ‘Sanctuary City’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 18, 2018.</ref> In a five-state operation in the Midwest in May 2018, ICE arrested 78 illegals,<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Miles, Frank (May 17, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/us/2018/05/17/ice-arrests-78-in-five-state-immigration-sweep-in-midwest.html ICE arrests 78 in five-state immigration sweep in Midwest]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved May 17, 2018.
+
*Huston, Warner Todd (May 18, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/05/18/five-state-ice-sweep-nabs-78-illegals-in-the-midwest/ Report: Five-State ICE Sweep Nabs 78 Illegals in the Midwest]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved May 18, 2018.</ref> and in a six-day operation in the Chicago area later that month, ICE arrested 156 criminal aliens.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Dinan, Stephen (May 29, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/may/29/ice-sweep-nabs-156-deportation-chicago/ ICE sweep nabs 156 for deportation in Chicago]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved June 3, 2018.
+
*Huennekens, Preston (May 29, 2018). [https://cis.org/Huennekens/Chicago-ICE-Operation-Nets-156 Chicago ICE Operation Nets 156]. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved June 3, 2018.</ref> On June 5, 2018, ICE agents arrested 114 suspected illegal immigrants at a lawn and garden business in Ohio,<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Gearty, Robert (June 5, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/us/2018/06/05/ice-raids-ohio-lawn-and-garden-business-arrests-114.html ICE raids Ohio lawn and garden business, arrests 114]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved June 5, 2018.
+
*Binder, John (June 5, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/06/05/nearly-115-illegal-alien-workers-arrested-at-ohio-landscaping-business-by-trumps-ice-agency/ Nearly 115 Illegal Alien Workers Arrested at Ohio Landscaping Business by Trump’s ICE Agency]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved June 5, 2018.
+
*Mass, Warren (June 7, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/immigration/item/29232-ice-agents-raid-ohio-company-and-arrest-114-workers-suspected-of-being-in-county-illegally ICE Agents Raid Ohio Company and Arrest 114 Workers Suspected of Being in Country Illegally]. ''The New American''. Retrieved June 7, 2018.
+
*Wise, Justin (June 5, 2018). [https://thehill.com/latino/390750-immigration-agents-arrest-more-than-100-at-ohio-landscaping-company Immigration agents arrest more than 100 at Ohio landscaping company]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved June 5, 2018.
+
*Datoc, Christian (June 6, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/ice-agents-pull-off-one-of-the-largest-raids-in-the-last-decade-arrest-114-at-ohio-gardening-centers ICE agents pull off one of the largest raids in the last decade, arrest 114 at Ohio gardening centers]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved June 6, 2018.
+
*Minchillo, John; Spagat, Elliott (June 5, 2018). [https://www.apnews.com/07256633165d48c2aa28af3366008ae3/Immigration-agents-arrest-114-at-Ohio-landscaper Immigration agents arrest 114 at Ohio landscaper]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved June 5, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Heisig, Eric (June 5, 2018). [https://www.cleveland.com/court-justice/index.ssf/2018/06/trump_administrations_crackdow.html ICE's increased enforcement brings Trump's immigration policies to northern Ohio]. ''Cleveland.com''. Retrieved June 5, 2018.
+
*[https://www.usatoday.com/picture-gallery/news/nation/2018/06/05/immigration-agents-arrest-114-in-ohio-landscaping-company-sting/35711859/ Immigration agents arrest 114 in Ohio landscaping company sting]. ''USA Today''. June 5, 2018. Retrieved June 5, 2018.</ref> and later that month it arrested 146 suspected illegals at a large meat supplier in the state in what ICE reported was the largest workplace raid in at least ten years.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Dwyer, Colin (June 20, 2018). [https://www.npr.org/2018/06/20/621810030/ice-carries-out-its-largest-immigration-raid-in-recent-history-arresting-146 ICE Carries Out Its Largest Immigration Raid In Recent History, Arresting 146]. ''NPR''. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
+
*Phillips, Kristine (June 20, 2018). [https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/post-nation/wp/2018/06/20/ice-arrests-nearly-150-meat-plant-workers-in-latest-immigration-raid-in-ohio/ ICE arrests nearly 150 meat plant workers in latest immigration raid in Ohio]. ''The Washington Post''. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
+
*Madden, Justin (June 20, 2018). [https://www.cleveland.com/metro/index.ssf/2018/06/ice_arrested_146_workers_at_oh.html ICE arrested 146 workers at Ohio's Fresh Mark meat plant]. ''Cleveland.com''. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
+
*Kavilanz, Parija (June 20, 2018). [https://www.cnn.com/2018/06/19/us/ice-raid-meat-supplier-fresh-mark/index.html ICE arrests more than 100 workers in raid on Ohio meat supplier]. ''CNN''. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
+
*Folley, Aris (June 20, 2018). [https://thehill.com/blogs/blog-briefing-room/news/393230-ice-arrests-100-in-ohio-raid ICE arrests 100 in Ohio raid]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Tuggle, Zach; Balmert, Jessie; Thompson, Chrissie (June 20, 2018). [https://www.cincinnati.com/story/news/2018/06/20/ice-ohio-arrests-100-during-undocumented-immigrant-raid-meat-packing-plants/716953002/ ICE raid: Parents of young children released after 146 immigrants arrested at Ohio plants]. ''The Cincinnati Enquirer''. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
+
*Binder, John (September 3, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/09/03/146-illegal-aliens-arrested-in-ohio-meatpacking-raid-13-used-fake-ids/ 146 Illegal Aliens Arrested in Ohio Meatpacking Raid, 13 Used Fake IDs]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved September 3, 2018.</ref> In June 2018, ICE arrested 91 criminal aliens in a five-day operation in New Jersey.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Fedschun, Travis (June 12, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/us/2018/06/12/ms-13-gang-members-among-91-arrests-during-5-day-sweep-in-new-jersey-ice-says.html MS-13 gang members among 91 arrests during 5-day sweep in New Jersey, ICE says]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved June 13, 2018.
+
*Jongsma, Joshua (June 11, 2018). [https://www.northjersey.com/story/news/new-jersey/2018/06/11/ice-makes-91-arrests-during-five-day-span-new-jersey/693090002/ ICE makes 91 arrests during five-day span in New Jersey]. ''NorthJersey.com''. Retrieved June 13, 2018.
+
*Cohen, Noah (June 11, 2018). [http://www.nj.com/essex/index.ssf/2018/06/killer_gang_members_rapists_among_91_arrested_in_5-day_sweep_across_nj_ice_says.html Killer, gang members, rapists among 91 arrested in 5-day sweep across N.J., ICE says]. ''NJ.com''. Retrieved June 13, 2018.</ref> In July 2018, ICE arrested 132 illegals, including a high-ranking MS-13 member, in the [[Washington, D.C.]], area.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Dinan, Stephen (July 24, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/jul/24/ice-sweep-nets-132-illegal-immigrants-dc-area/ ICE sweep nets 132 illegal immigrants in D.C. area]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved July 25, 2018.
+
*Brest, Mike (July 25, 2018). [https://dailycaller.com/2018/07/25/ice-illegal-ms13/ ICE Captures 132 Illegal Immigrants, Including a High-Ranking MS-13 Member, in DC Area Roundup]. ''The Daily Caller''. Retrieved July 25, 2018.
+
*Phillips, Jack (July 25, 2018). [https://www.theepochtimes.com/ice-arrests-132-people-in-washington-dc-virginia_2603993.html ICE Arrests 132 People in Washington DC, Virginia]. ''The Epoch Times''. Retrieved July 25, 2018.</ref> In August 2018, ICE raided several businesses in Nebraska and Minnesota and arrested 147 people, both illegal migrants and business managers, the latter for knowingly hiring the illegals and mistreating them.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Miles, Frank (August 8, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/us/2018/08/08/midwest-ice-raids-targeted-businesses-that-hired-mistreated-illegal-immigrants-officials-say.html Midwest ICE raids targeted businesses that hired, mistreated illegal immigrants, officials say]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved August 9, 2018.
+
*Munro, Neil (August 9, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/08/09/ice-cracks-illegal-alien-smuggling-nebraska-missouri/ ICE Smashes Illegal-Alien Smuggling Ring in Nebraska, Missouri]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved August 9, 2018.
+
*Thomsen, Jacqueline (August 8, 2018). [https://thehill.com/latino/401023-ice-raids-a-dozen-businesses-in-nebraska-and-minnesota-in-vast-tax-fraud-investigation ICE raids a dozen businesses in Nebraska, Minnesota in vast tax fraud investigation]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved August 9, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (August 9, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/aug/9/ice-nets-133-illegal-immigrants-worker-scam/ ICE nets 133 illegal immigrants in alleged worker exploitation scam]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved August 9, 2018.
+
*Racke, Will (August 8, 2018). [https://dailycaller.com/2018/08/08/ice-worksite-raid-minnesota-nebraska/ Feds Conduct Massive Worksite Raid in Two States, Arrest Business Owners for Employing Illegal Aliens]. ''The Daily Caller''. Retrieved August 9, 2018.
+
*Beck, Margery A. (August 9, 2018). [https://www.apnews.com/f2332b8cec5a4fb69ac82ef5e53e0331/Immigration-raids-in-Nebraska,-Minnesota-target-businesses Immigration raids in Nebraska, Minnesota target businesses]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved August 9, 2018.</ref> Later in August, ICE raided a Texas factory and arrested 160 illegals employed there.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Munro, Neil (August 29, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/08/29/ice-raids-texas-factory-detains-160-illegal-migrants/ ICE Raids Texas Factory, Detains 160 Illegal Migrants]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved August 29, 2018.
+
*Gaydos, Ryan (August 29, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/us/2018/08/29/ice-raid-at-texas-company-nets-more-than-100-illegal-immigrant-arrests-officials-say.html ICE raid at Texas company nets more than 100 illegal immigrant arrests, officials say]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved August 29, 2018.
+
*Mass, Warren (August 30, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/immigration/item/29919-160-suspected-illegals-detained-after-texas-ice-raid 160 Suspected Illegals Detained After Texas ICE Raid]. ''The New American''. Retrieved August 30, 2018.
+
*Wise, Justin (August 29, 2018). [https://thehill.com/latino/404113-immigration-agents-detain-over-100-undocumented-workers-in-texas-raid Immigration agents detain more than 100 undocumented workers in Texas raid]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved August 29, 2018.
+
*Phillips, Jack (August 29, 2018). [https://www.theepochtimes.com/ice-arrests-160-illegal-workers-at-texas-plant_2636101.html ICE Arrests 160 Illegal Workers at Texas Plant]. ''The Epoch Times''. Retrieved September 6, 2018.
+
*Romero, Dennis; Cusumano, Anthony (August 28, 2018). [https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/more-150-arrested-massive-ice-raid-texas-n904581 More than 150 arrested in massive ICE raid in Texas]. ''NBC News''. Retrieved August 29, 2018.
+
*Smith, Mark; Whitely, Jason (August 29, 2018). [https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation-now/2018/08/29/ice-agents-detain-160-undocumented-workers-texas-raid/1133735002/ Immigration agents raid Texas business, detain 160 undocumented workers in surprise raid]. ''USA Today'' (from ''WFAA-TV''). Retrieved August 29, 2018.
+
*Stokes, Prescotte III (August 28, 2018). [https://www.star-telegram.com/news/local/community/dallas/article217472740.html ICE raids Texas company for alleged illegal hiring: ‘We’re watching and we’re coming’]. ''Fort Worth Star-Telegram''. Retrieved August 29, 2018.</ref> In September 2018, ICE arrested 98 criminal aliens in North Texas and Oklahoma,<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Darrah, Nicole (September 26, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/us/2018/09/26/ice-arrests-98-people-in-texas-and-oklahoma-for-immigrant-violations-other-crimes.html ICE arrests 98 people in Texas and Oklahoma for 'immigrant violations,' other crimes]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved September 27, 2018.
+
*Manna, Nichole (September 26, 2018). [https://www.star-telegram.com/news/local/community/fort-worth/article219052490.html ICE operation leads to arrests of almost 100 people in North Texas, Oklahoma]. ''Fort Worth Star-Telegram''. Retrieved September 27, 2018.
+
*Cardona, Claire Z. (September 26, 2018). [https://www.dallasnews.com/news/crime/2018/09/26/98-people-arrested-including-49-north-texas-immigration-operation 98 people arrested, including 49 in North Texas, in immigration bust]. ''The Dallas Morning News''. Retrieved September 27, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Young, Stephen (September 27, 2018). [https://www.dallasobserver.com/news/north-texas-ice-raid-nets-98-arrests-11187461 North Texas ICE Raid Highlights Differences in Trump, Obama Immigration Enforcement]. ''Dallas Observer''. Retrieved September 27, 2018.</ref> and roughly the same time, it arrested 150 in the Los Angeles-area<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Binder, John (September 28, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/california/2018/09/28/sanctuary-state-ice-arrests-150-criminal-previously-deported-illegal-aliens-across-california/ Sanctuary State: ICE Arrests 150 Criminal, Previously Deported Illegal Aliens Across California]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved September 29, 2018.
+
*Mejia, Brittny (September 26, 2018). [https://www.latimes.com/local/lanow/la-me-ln-ice-arrests-20180926-story.html ICE arrests 150 immigrants in latest Los Angeles-area operation]. ''Los Angeles Times''. Retrieved September 27, 2018.
+
*[https://www.mercurynews.com/2018/09/27/150-immigrants-arrested-in-southern-california-operation/ ICE arrests 150 people in L.A.-area immigration operation]. ''The Mercury News'' (from the ''Associated Press''). September 27, 2018. Retrieved September 27, 2018.</ref> 83 in Wisconsin,<ref>Multiple references:
+
*[http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/nationworld/midwest/ct-wisconsin-ice-arrests-20180926-story.html 83 arrested by ICE in 14 Wisconsin counties over four days]. ''Chicago Tribune'' (from the ''Associated Press''). September 26, 2018. Retrieved September 27, 2018.
+
*Rickert, Chris (September 26, 2018). [https://madison.com/wsj/news/local/govt-and-politics/ice-says-arrested-in-wisconsin-including-in-dane-county/article_e9d2ba3c-ce93-5cfc-805b-c4d247089378.html ICE says 83 arrested in Wisconsin, including 20 in Dane County]. ''Wisconsin State Journal''. Retrieved September 27, 2018.
+
*Garza, Jesse (September 25, 2018). [https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/2018/09/25/ice-says-83-arrested-state-immigration-raids/1426415002/ ICE says 83 arrested in state immigration raids]. ''Milwaukee Journal Sentinel''. Retrieved September 27, 2018.</ref> 40 in New England,<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Binder, John (September 28, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/09/28/ice-arrests-40-illegal-aliens-in-new-england-including-guatemalan-accused-of-strangling-pregnant-woman/ ICE Arrests 40 Illegal Aliens in New England, Including Guatemalan Accused of Strangling Pregnant Woman]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved September 29, 2018.
+
*Szaniszlo, Marie (September 29, 2018). [http://www.bostonherald.com/news/local_coverage/2018/09/ice_sweep_nets_40_including_8_deportees_who_returned_illegally ICE sweep nets 40, including 8 deportees who returned illegally]. ''Boston Herald''. Retrieved September 29, 2018.</ref> and 102 in Nevada.<ref>Huang, Mandy (September 29, 2018). [https://www.theepochtimes.com/ice-arrests-102-criminal-aliens-in-6-days-in-nevada_2674445.html ICE Arrests 102 Criminal Aliens in 6 Days in Nevada]. ''The Epoch Times''. Retrieved May 7, 2019.</ref> On December 7, 2018, ICE announced it had arrested 58 illegal aliens, many of them having criminals records, in New England,<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Binder, John (December 6, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/12/06/50-illegal-alien-drug-traffickers-3-wanted-for-murder-arrested-in-boston-ice-raid/ 50 Illegal Alien Drug Traffickers, 3 Wanted for Murder, Arrested in Boston ICE Raid]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
+
*McDonald, Danny (December 7, 2018). [https://www.bostonglobe.com/metro/2018/12/06/arrested-new-england-immigration-sweep/nGx9F3N7ERoQPSmFYLgmqK/story.html 58 arrested in New England immigration sweep]. ''The Boston Globe''. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
+
*Dorman, Sam (December 7, 2018). [https://ijr.com/ice-arrests-53-prior-felony-convictions/ ICE Arrests 58 in New England Operation — Shocking Number Had Serious Prior Felony Convictions]. ''Independent Journal Review''. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
+
*[https://www.courant.com/news/connecticut/hc-news-new-england-ice-arrests-20181207-story.html Nearly 60 detained in New England immigration raids]. ''Hartford Courant'' (from the ''Associated Press''). December 7, 2018. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
+
*Reardon, Sophie (December 6, 2018). [https://www.nbcboston.com/news/local/Report-ICE-50-Illegal-Immigrants-in-Raids-502103041.html ICE Detains More Than 50 Undocumented Immigrants in Raids Across New England]. ''NBC10 Boston''. Retrieved December 7, 2018.</ref> and it also arrested 105 illegal migrants in New Jersey.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Binder, John (December 9, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/12/09/105-criminal-illegal-aliens-including-child-sex-offenders-arrested-in-raid/ 105 Criminal Illegal Aliens, Including Child Sex Offenders, Arrested in Raid]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved December 9, 2018.
+
*Gualtieri, Allison Elyse (December 8, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/ice-arrests-105-in-new-jersey ICE arrests 105 in New Jersey]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved December 8, 2018.
+
*Alvarado, Monsy (December 7, 2018). [https://www.northjersey.com/story/news/new-jersey/2018/12/07/ice-arrests-105-five-day-immigration-sweep/2243410002/ ICE arrests 105 immigrants in the latest large-scale operation in New Jersey]. ''North Jersey Record''. Retrieved December 8, 2018.
+
*Dorman, Sam (December 8, 2018). [https://ijr.com/ice-arrests-105-new-jersey-sanctuary-rules/ ICE Arrests More Than 100 as NJ Announces New Rules Limiting Cooperation With Immigration Enforcement]. ''Independent Journal Review''. Retrieved December 8, 2018.
+
*Schow, Ashe (December 8, 2018). [https://www.dailywire.com/news/39188/massive-ice-bust-illegal-aliens-nabs-child-abusers-ashe-schow MASSIVE ICE Bust Of Illegal Aliens Nabs Child Abusers, MS-13 Member, Internationally Wanted Criminals]. ''The Daily Wire''. Retrieved December 8, 2018.
+
*Heyboer, Kelly (December 7, 2018). [https://www.nj.com/expo/news/erry-2018/12/5f3ad66ea92643/ice-arrests-105-people-in-mass.html ICE arrests 105 people in massive N.J. sweep, including some wanted by Interpol]. ''NJ.com''. Retrieved December 8, 2018.</ref> In early December 2018, ICE arrested 63 criminal aliens in Iowa, Minnesota, Nebraska, South Dakota, and North Dakota.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Kirkwood, R. Cort (December 27, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/immigration/item/31036-ice-removes-two-more-mexicans-wanted-for-killings-early-december-raid-nets-63 ICE Removes Two More Mexicans Wanted For Killings, Early December Raid Nets 63]. ''The New American''. Retrieved December 27, 2018.
+
*Mitchell R. (December 20, 2018). [https://www.conservativedailynews.com/2018/12/ice-arrests-63-criminal-aliens-in-4-day-midwest-enforcement-surge/ ICE arrests 63 criminal aliens in 4-day Midwest enforcement surge]. ''Conservative Daily News''. Retrieved December 27, 2018.</ref>
+
**By May 2018, the DHS under President Trump had doubled the number of businesses it had searched for breaking immigration hiring laws, and it had almost quadrupled the number of arrests made.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Dinan, Stephen (May 14, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/may/14/dhs-doubles-focus-businesses-illegal-immigrants/ DHS doubles focus on businesses that hire illegal immigrants]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
+
*Munro, Neil (May 14, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/2018-elections/2018/05/14/trump-ice-agency-doubles-workplace-immigration-enforcement/ Trump’s ICE Agency Doubles Workplace Immigration Enforcement]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
+
*Meckler, Laura (May 14, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/workplace-inspections-increase-in-pursuit-of-undocumented-hirings-1526336685 Workplace Inspections Increase in Pursuit of Illegal Hirings]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved May 15, 2018.
+
*Spagat, Elliot (May 14, 2018). [https://www.apnews.com/4f6ebb97fd294c898d81737882816f22/Immigration-crackdown-shifts-to-employers-as-audits-surge Immigration crackdown shifts to employers as audits surge]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved May 15, 2018.
+
*Gonzales, Richard (May 14, 2018). [https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2018/05/14/611154085/trump-administration-doubles-worksite-investigations-to-combat-illegal-immigrati Trump Administration Doubles Worksite Investigations To Combat Illegal Immigration]. ''NPR''. Retrieved May 15, 2018.
+
*Pentchoukov, Ivan (May 14, 2018). [https://www.theepochtimes.com/worksite-arrests-of-illegal-aliens-up-354-percent-from-2017_2524056.html Worksite Arrests of Illegal Aliens Up 354 Percent From 2017]. ''The Epoch Times''. Retrieved May 15, 2018.
+
*Giaritelli, Anna (May 14, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/feds-expand-investigations-into-companies-that-may-be-hiring-immigrants-without-work-papers Feds expand investigations into companies that may be hiring immigrants without work papers]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved May 15, 2018.</ref> By July 2018, ICE's workplace enforcement had increased even more.<ref>Munro, Neil (July 24, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/07/24/dhs-massively-expands-enforcement-against-illegals-employers/ DHS Massively Expands Enforcement Against Illegals’ Employers]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved July 24, 2018.</ref> In Fiscal Year 2018, ICE workplace enforcement increased significantly from the previous year, with illegal worker arrests increasing 640%.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Binder, John (December 13, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/12/13/trump-increases-arrests-of-illegal-alien-hires-by-640-percent/ Trump Increases Arrests of Illegal Alien Hires by 640 Percent]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved December 14, 2018.
+
*Giaritelli, Anna (December 11, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/ice-arrests-of-illegal-workers-employers-up-700-percent-in-2018 ICE arrests of illegal workers, employers up 700 percent in 2018]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved December 14, 2018.
+
*Macchi, Victoria (December 12, 2018). [https://www.voanews.com/a/us-ramps-up-worksite-arrests-of-undocumented-immigrants/4698124.html US Ramps Up Worksite Arrests of Undocumented Immigrants]. ''Voice of America''. Retrieved December 14, 2018.
+
*Gomez, Alan (December 11, 2018). [https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2018/12/11/donald-trump-targeted-more-worksites-undocumented-immigrants-immigration-and-customs-enforcement/2263656002/ Feds targeting more worksites crack down on undocumented workers – but not their employers]. ''USA Today''. Retrieved December 14, 2018.
+
*Mindock, Clark (December 12, 2018). [https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/us-politics/ice-immigration-workplace-migrants-undocumented-immigrants-raids-trump-obama-2018-a8678746.html US workplace immigration raids surge 400% in 2018]. ''The Independent''. Retrieved December 14, 2018.
+
*Owen, Tess (December 13, 2018). [https://news.vice.com/en_us/article/a3maa5/ice-arrests-at-workplaces-skyrocketed-640-this-year ICE arrests at workplaces skyrocketed 640% this year]. ''Vice News''. Retrieved December 14, 2018.
+
*Neuberger, Mark J. (December 17, 2018). [https://www.natlawreview.com/article/more-employers-were-iced-fiscal-year-2018 More Employers Were “ICED” in Fiscal Year 2018]. ''The National Law Review''. Retrieved December 27, 2018.
+
*[https://www.numbersusa.com/news/worksite-enforcement-surged-fy18 Worksite Enforcement Surged in FY18]. ''NumbersUSA''. December 12, 2018. Retrieved December 27, 2018.</ref> This increased enforcement benefited American workers.<ref>Binder, John (September 3, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/09/03/labor-day-evaluating-the-benefits-of-ice-raids-for-american-workers/ Labor Day: Evaluating the Benefits of ICE Raids for American Workers]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved September 3, 2018.</ref>
+
**By May 2018, the number of illegals arrested who had not broken any other U.S. law had risen compared to the last two years of the Obama Administration.<ref name="WiderNet2018"/><ref>Multiple references:
+
*Bowden, John (May 18, 2018). [https://thehill.com/latino/388280-ice-arrests-of-immigrants-with-no-criminal-convictions-higher-year-over-year-report ICE arrests of immigrants with no criminal convictions rises: report]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved May 19, 2018.
+
*Gomez, Alan (May 17, 2018). [https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2018/05/17/ice-arresting-more-non-criminal-undocumented-immigrants/620361002/ ICE arresting more non-criminal undocumented immigrants]. ''USA Today''. Retrieved May 19, 2018.
+
However, See also:
+
*Bedard, Paul (June 7, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/washington-secrets/9-of-10-illegal-immigrants-arrested-have-criminal-record 9 of 10 illegal immigrants arrested have criminal record]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved June 7, 2018.</ref> In the first nine months of 2018, the number of such illegals arrested increased 66% compared to the previous year.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Sedensky, Matt (September 20, 2018). [https://www.apnews.com/8969468fb8b2485a87ff1ff448397ba0/Trump's-immigrant-roundups-increasingly-net-noncriminals Trump’s immigrant roundups increasingly net noncriminals]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved September 23, 2018.
+
*Munro, Neil (September 28, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/09/28/trump-ice-enforcement-spikes-in-2018/ Report: Trump’s ICE Spikes Deportations in 2018]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved September 28, 2018.</ref>
+
**The Trump Administration took steps to reverse the Obama Administration's downplaying of illegal migrant fraud, as illustrated when it announced it had charged over 20 illegals with ID fraud.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Dinan, Stephen (July 26, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/jul/26/feds-bust-illegal-immigrants-id-fraud/ Feds bust illegal immigrants on ID fraud]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved July 26, 2018.
+
*Rodriguez, Katherine (July 27, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/07/26/doj-21-illegal-aliens-suspected-of-identity-theft-benefit-fraud/ DOJ: 21 Illegal Aliens Suspected of Identity Theft, Benefit Fraud]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved July 27, 2018.
+
*Cramer, Michael (July 26, 2018). [https://www.bostonglobe.com/metro/2018/07/26/sessions-announces-federal-sweep-two-dozen-foreign-nationals-for-fraud/GOclOWIN0BeQbBzLg9RRbN/story.html  Sessions says immigration sweep caught 25 foreigners in Mass. charged with identity fraud]. ''The Boston Globe''. Retrieved July 26, 2018.
+
*Clark, Dartunorro (July 26, 2018). [https://www.nbcnews.com/politics/white-house/feds-arrest-undocumented-immigrants-who-stole-identities-hurricane-hit-puerto-n894896 Sessions: Undocumented identity thieves scammed Puerto Ricans to get gov't benefits]. ''NBC News''. Retrieved July 26, 2018.</ref>
+
**Notably, the Trump Administration secured the deportation of the last known Nazi collaborator in the U.S., fourteen years after a court ordered the individual to be deported, and amidst stronger lobbying by the Trump Administration for Germany to take him back.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Spiering, Charlie (August 21, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/08/21/donald-trump-deports-95-year-old-former-nazi-guard/ Donald Trump Deports 95-Year-Old Former Nazi Guard]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved August 21, 2018.
+
*Pancevski, Bojan; Ballhaus, Rebecca (Augsut 21, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/u-s-deports-its-last-known-nazi-suspect-1534860405 U.S. Deports Its Last Known Nazi Suspect]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved August 21, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (August 21, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/aug/21/jakiw-palij-95-year-old-nazi-who-lived-us-deported/ Trump deports Nazi, persuades Germany to live up to 'moral obligation']. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved August 21, 2018.
+
*Huggler, Justin (August 21, 2018). [https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2018/08/21/us-deports-last-nazi-war-crimes-suspect-germany-13-year-stand/ US deports last Nazi war crimes suspect to Germany after 13-year stand-off]. ''The Telegraph''. Retrieved August 21, 2018.
+
*Sisal, Michael R.; Rising, David; Herschaft, Randy (August 21, 2018). [https://www.apnews.com/0eac6bce76dc4877a989d53b274a785f/US-deports-former-Nazi-camp-guard,-95,-to-Germany US deports 95-year-old ex-Nazi guard to Germany]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved August 21, 2018.
+
*O'Brien, Brendan; Barkin, Noah (August 21, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-nazi/u-s-deports-accused-former-nazi-guard-to-germany-idUSKCN1L60SV U.S. deports accused former Nazi guard to Germany]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved August 21, 2018.
+
*Saavedra, Ryan (August 21, 2018). [https://www.dailywire.com/news/34782/trumps-ice-deports-nazi-war-criminal-who-stayed-ryan-saavedra Trump's ICE Deports NAZI War Criminal Who Stayed Under Obama]. ''The Daily Wire''. Retrieved October 28, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Spiering, Charlie (August 21, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/08/21/richard-grenell-donald-trump-made-nazi-deportation-a-priority/ Richard Grenell: Donald Trump Made Nazi Deportation a Priority]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved August 21, 2018.
+
*Brown, Benjamin; Fedschun, Travis (August 21, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/08/21/nazi-labor-camp-guard-caught-by-ice-deported-to-germany-white-house-says.html Nazi labor camp guard caught by ICE, deported to Germany, completing 'difficult task,' Grenell says]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved August 21, 2018.
+
*Karnitschnig, Matthew (August 21, 2018). [https://www.politico.eu/article/angela-merkel-bows-to-donald-trump-over-nazi-guard-jakiw-palij/ Merkel bows to Trump demand on Nazi guard]. ''Politico''. Retrieved August 22, 2018.</ref>
+
**Between October 2017 and June 2018, ICE arrests rose 17% and deportations rose 9%.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Bure, Michael (September 6, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/405405-ice-arrests-of-noncriminal-immigrants-continue-to-surge ICE arrests and removals continue to surge under Trump]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved September 6, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (September 6, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/sep/6/deportations-9-percent-2018/ Deportations up 9 percent in 2018; still below Obama peak years]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved September 6, 2018.</ref> However, the proportion of "community arrests" of illegals, compared to total ICE arrests, was at a lower rate than under the Obama Administration.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Bedard, Paul (September 27, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/washington-secrets/just-25-ice-arrests-from-community-raids-far-below-obamas-roundups Just 25% ICE arrests from community raids, far below Obama’s roundups]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved September 27, 2018.
+
*Arthur, Andrew R. (September 26, 2018). [https://www.cis.org/Arthur/New-TRAC-Report-Shows-Where-ICE-Arrests-Occur New TRAC Report Shows Where ICE Arrests Occur]. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved September 27, 2018.</ref> In August 2018, the Border Patrol launched Operating Blazing Sands to crack down on human smuggling on the border with Mexico.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Mass, Warren (September 27, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/immigration/item/30188-border-patrol-cracks-down-on-human-smuggling-across-southwest-border Border Patrol Cracks Down on Human Smuggling Across Southwest Border]. ''The New American''. Retrieved October 1, 2018.
+
*Morrissey, Kate (September 24, 2018). [https://www.sandiegouniontribune.com/news/immigration/sd-me-blazing-sands-20180924-story.html Border Patrol launches Operation Blazing Sands in California desert]. ''The San Diego Union-Tribune''. Retrieved October 1, 2018.
+
*Summers, Marivic Cabural (August 28, 2018). [https://usaherald.com/border-patrol-agenst-arrested-u-s-citizens-human-smuggling/ Border Patrol Agents Arrested U.S. Citizens on Charges of Human Smuggling]. ''USA Herald''. Retrieved October 1, 2018.</ref> In Fiscal Year 2018, the number of deportation orders rose five percent from the previous year.<ref name="RecordDeportations"/> By late 2018, ICE was holding a record number migrants in detention,<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Daugherty, Owen (November 12, 2018). [https://thehill.com/latino/416257-ice-has-record-number-of-people-detained-report ICE has record number of people in custody: report]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved November 17, 2018.
+
*Kight, Stef W. (November 12, 2018). [https://www.axios.com/ice-immigration-detention-numbers-17d41cce-7d7a-48ff-b1df-9404837f110a.html ICE is holding a record number of immigrants in detention]. ''Axios''. Retrieved November 17, 2018.
+
*Sands, Geneva (November 12, 2018). [https://www.cnn.com/2018/11/12/politics/ice-detention/index.html This year saw the most people in immigration detention since 2001]. ''CNN''. Retrieved November 17, 2018.
+
*Birnbaum, Emily (November 20, 2018). [https://thehill.com/latino/417572-us-detaining-highest-number-of-migrants-in-17-years-report US detaining highest number of migrants in 17 years: report]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved November 20, 2018.</ref> and the HHS had a record number of illegal minors in custody.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Kopan, Tal (November 16, 2018). [https://www.sfchronicle.com/nation/article/More-than-14-000-immigrant-children-are-in-U-S-13399510.php More than 14,000 immigrant children are in U.S. custody, an all-time high]. ''San Francisco Chronicle''. Retrieved November 17, 2018.
+
*Axelrod, Tal (November 16, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/417210-number-of-immigrant-children-in-us-custody-reaches-all-time-high Number of migrant children in US custody hits record high]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved November 17, 2018.
+
*Baynes, Chris (November 17, 2018). [https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/us-politics/record-high-immigrant-children-us-government-custody-ice-background-checks-a8638771.html Record high of 14,000 immigrant children in US custody as potential carers ‘deterred by fears of retribution’]. ''The Independent''. Retrieved November 17, 2018.</ref> In the first nine months of 2018, migrant deportations by ICE increased 14%, though levels were still lower than Obama Administration numbers, and arrests reached the highest level since 2014.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Binder, John (December 14, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/12/14/ice-deports-quarter-of-a-million-illegal-aliens-6k-gang-members-in-2018/ ICE Deports Quarter of a Million Illegal Aliens, 6K Gang Members in 2018]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved December 14, 2018.
+
*Binder, John (December 14, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/12/14/trump-hikes-arrests-of-illegal-aliens-to-highest-level-in-four-years/ Trump Hikes Arrests of Illegal Aliens to Highest Level in Four Years]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved December 14, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (December 14, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/dec/14/deportations-backlog-ice-fugitives-also-grows/ Deportations up, but backlog of ICE fugitives also grows]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved December 14, 2018.
+
*Giaritelli, Anna (December 14, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/ice-deportations-under-trump-are-up-but-nowhere-near-obama-levels ICE deportations under Trump are up but nowhere near Obama levels]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved December 14, 2018.
+
*Hughes, Clyde (December 14, 2018). [https://www.upi.com/Top_News/US/2018/12/14/ICE-report-Deportations-up-14-percent-in-first-9-months-of-2018/6481544811653/ ICE report: Deportations up 14 percent in first 9 months of 2018]. ''UPI''. Retrieved December 14, 2018.
+
*Nixon, Ron (December 14, 2018). [https://www.nytimes.com/2018/12/14/us/politics/illegal-immigrant-arrests-deportations-rise.html Immigration Arrests and Deportations Are Rising, I.C.E. Data Show]. ''The New York Times''. Retrieved December 14, 2018.
+
*Torbati, Yeganeh (December 14, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-arrests/ice-arrests-of-immigrants-in-us-illegally-highest-since-2014-agency-idUSKBN1OD2AB ICE arrests of immigrants in U.S. illegally highest since 2014: agency]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved December 14, 2018.
+
*Kirkwood, R. Cort (December 17, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/immigration/item/30940-ice-cbp-remove-thousands-of-murderers-dope-dealers-and-sex-fiends-in-fiscal-2018 ICE, CBP Remove Thousands of Murderers, Dope Dealers, and Sex Fiends in Fiscal 2018]. ''The New American''. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
+
Overall ICE enforcement in 2018:
+
*Ombok, Otiemo B. (December 20, 2018). [https://www.natlawreview.com/article/enforcement-activity-surges-fy-2018-ice-reports Enforcement Activity Surges in FY 2018, ICE Reports]. ''The National Law Review''. Retrieved December 27, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Giaritelli, Anna (December 14, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/ice-arrested-more-than-80-000-illegal-immigrants-in-2018-with-dui-charges-convictions ICE arrested more than 80,000 illegal immigrants in 2018 with DUI charges, convictions]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved December 14, 2018.
+
*Binder, John (December 16, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/12/16/ice-arrests-6-5k-convicted-murderer-sex-offender-illegal-aliens-year/ ICE Arrests 6.5K Convicted Murderer, Sex Offender Illegal Aliens This Year]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved December 17, 2018.
+
*Kirkwood, R. Cort (December 24, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/immigration/item/31009-christmas-gift-from-ice-more-murderers-deported Christmas Gift From ICE: More Murderers Deported]. ''The New American''. Retrieved December 25, 2018.
+
*Giaritelli, Anna (December 20, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/ice-arrests-of-gang-members-dropped-in-2018 ICE arrests of gang members dropped in 2018]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved December 27, 2018.</ref> In the last three months of 2018, deportations again had increased but were still lower than under the Obama Administration.<ref>Radnofsky, Louise (March 21, 2019). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/u-s-deportations-rise-but-remain-below-peak-in-obama-era-11553198656 U.S. Deportations Rise, but Remain Below Peak in Obama Era]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved March 21, 2019.</ref>
+
*January 17, 2018—ICE and 17 Florida sheriffs announced a deal allowing the sheriffs to detain illegal immigrants for 48 hours beyond their release date to give ICE extra time to gain custody of them.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*[https://www.foxnews.com/us/2018/01/19/florida-sheriff-departments-strike-deal-with-federal-officials-to-detain-illegal-immigrants.html Florida sheriff departments strike deal with federal officials to detain illegal immigrants]. ''Fox News''. January 19, 2018. Retrieved January 19, 2018.
+
*Caldwell, Alicia A. (January 18, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/florida-deal-to-detain-illegal-immigrants-gains-sheriffs-support-1516309673 Florida Deal to Detain Illegal Immigrants Gains Sheriffs’ Support]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved January 19, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (January 19, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/jan/17/ice-strikes-deal-florida-sheriffs-hold-illegal-imm/ ICE strikes deal with Florida sheriffs to hold illegal immigrants]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved January 19, 2018.
+
*Sheets, Tess (January 17, 2018). [https://www.tcpalm.com/story/news/local/florida/2018/01/17/federal-immigration-officials-florida-law-enforcement-officials-meeting-discuss-improving-publics-sa/1038017001/ ICE arranges for 'housing agreement' so it can retrieve criminals living in country illegally]. ''TCPalm''. Retrieved January 19, 2018.</ref>
+
*March 5, 2018—Attorney General Sessions reversed a 2014 decision created by the Board of Immigration Appeals that had given asylum-seekers the right to a hearing even if their cases had been determined deficient.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Munro, Neil (March 9, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/03/09/ag-sessions-helping-immigration-courts-end-catch-and-release/ AG Sessions Helping Immigration Courts End ‘Catch-and-Release’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved March 9, 2018.
+
*Arthur, Andrew R. (March 6, 2018). [https://cis.org/Arthur/Attorney-General-Moves-Streamline-Immigration-Adjudications Attorney General Moves to Streamline Immigration Adjudications]. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved March 8, 2018.
+
*Kight, Stef W. (March 7, 2018). [https://www.axios.com/ag-sessions-vacates-precedent-of-asylum-0a52e9a4-44a4-4087-a198-77c5ab92a37c.html Sessions eliminates right to hearing for certain asylum seekers]. ''Axios''. Retrieved March 8, 2018.
+
*Olivo, Antonio (March 7, 2018). [https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/social-issues/advocates-sessions-decision-to-toss-rule-on-asylum-hearings-endangers-thousands/2018/03/07/24b63b24-2214-11e8-94da-ebf9d112159c_story.html Advocates say Sessions’s decision to toss rule on asylum hearings endangers thousands]. ''The Washington Post''. Retrieved March 8, 2018.
+
*Campoy, Ana (March 7, 2018). [https://qz.com/1223294/jeff-sessions-is-quietly-remaking-the-us-immigration-system/ Jeff Sessions is quietly remaking the US immigration system]. ''Quartz''. Retrieved March 8, 2018.</ref>
+
*March 29, 2018—The Trump Administration announced it had ended an Obama-era policy that had required immigration officials to release many pregnant illegal immigrant women from custody, instead making the decision on a case-by-case basis.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Dinan, Stephen (March 29, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/mar/29/dhs-expands-detention-pregnant-illegals/ DHS expands detention of pregnant illegals]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved March 29, 2018.
+
*Levine, Dan (March 29, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-women/u-s-ends-presumed-freedom-for-pregnant-immigrants-idUSKBN1H52VK U.S. ends presumed freedom for pregnant immigrants]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved March 29, 2018.
+
*Gomez, Alan (March 29, 2018). [https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2018/03/29/ice-hold-more-pregnant-women-immigration-detention/469907002/ ICE to hold more pregnant women in immigration detention]. ''USA Today''. Retrieved March 29, 2018.
+
*Giaritelli, Anna; Justice, Tristan (March 29, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/ice-to-repeal-pregnant-detainee-release-policy ICE will no longer automatically release pregnant detainees from immigration custody]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved March 29, 2018.
+
*Bernal, Rafael (March 29, 2018). [https://thehill.com/latino/380827-ice-will-detain-pregnant-women-ending-previous-policy ICE will detain pregnant women, ending previous policy]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved March 29, 2018.</ref>
+
*It was reported in March 2018 that the Trump Administration had "sharply" reduced the number of administrative closures in deportation cases which allow illegals to stay in the U.S.<ref>Levinson, Reade (March 29, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-court-exclusive/exclusive-under-trump-prosecutors-fight-reprieves-for-people-facing-deportation-idUSKBN1H5187 Exclusive: Under Trump, prosecutors fight reprieves for people facing deportation]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved March 29, 2018.</ref>
+
*March 30, 2018—The DOJ issued a memo instituting an annual quota of 700 processed cases on immigration judges, which would go into effect on October 1, 2018.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Munro, Neil (April 3, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/04/03/jeff-sessions-reforms-immigration-courts/ AG Jeff Sessions Reforms Immigration Courts to End ‘Catch and Release’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
+
*Meckler, Laura (April 2, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/immigration-judges-face-new-quotas-in-bid-to-speed-deportations-1522696158 New Quotas for Immigration Judges as Trump Administration Seeks Faster Deportations]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
+
*Miles, Frank (April 2, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/04/02/trump-justice-department-sets-up-quotas-on-immigration-judges-to-speed-up-deportations.html Trump Justice Department sets up quotas on immigration judges to speed up deportations]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
+
*Farivar, Masood; Schwartz, Ken (April 2, 2018). [https://www.voanews.com/a/justice-department-quota-immigration-judges-wall-street-journal/4329821.html US Justice Department Introduces Quota for Immigration Judges to Clear Cases]. ''Voice of America''. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
+
*Downs, Ray (April 2, 2018). [https://www.upi.com/Justice-Dept-to-require-judges-meet-annual-quota-in-immigration-cases/7331522716469/ Justice Dept. to require judges meet annual 'quota' in immigration cases]. ''UPI''. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
+
*Rose, Joel (April 3, 2018). [https://www.npr.org/2018/04/03/599158232/justice-department-rolls-out-quotas-for-immigration-judges Justice Department Rolls Out Quotas For Immigration Judges]. ''NPR''. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
+
*[https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-43623919 US immigration judges told to process 700 cases a year]. ''BBC News''. April 3, 2018. Retrieved April 6, 2018.</ref>
+
*April 6, 2018—Attorney General Sessions issued a memo ordering federal prosecutors working near the U.S.–Mexico border to adopt a "zero tolerance policy" toward illegals, prosecuting every case that the DHS refers to the DOJ rather than selectively prosecuting, as well as prosecuting illegals "to the extent practicable."<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Shaw, Adam (April 6, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/04/06/justice-department-announces-zero-tolerance-policy-on-illegal-border-crossings.html Justice Department announces 'zero-tolerance' policy on illegal border crossings]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (April 6, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/apr/6/feds-announce-zero-tolerance-illegal-immigration/ Feds announce ‘zero tolerance’ policy for illegal immigration]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
+
*Mason, Ian (April 6, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/04/06/zero-tolerance-jeff-sessions-issues-new-memo-forbidding-leniency-at-the-border/ ‘Zero Tolerance’ for Illegals, Says Jeff Sessions]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
+
*Price, Bob (April 7, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/texas/2018/04/07/sessions-zero-tolerance-illegal-border-crossings/ Sessions: Zero Tolerance for Illegal Border Crossings]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 9, 2018.
+
*Wheeler, Lydia; Bernal, Rafael (April 6, 2018). [https://thehill.com/regulation/administration/381991-sessions-orders-zero-tolerance-policy-at-southwest-border Sessions orders 'zero tolerance' policy at Southwest border]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
+
*Farivar, Masood (April 6, 2018). [https://www.voanews.com/a/jeff-sessions-zero-tolerance-policy-illegal-entry-us/4336134.html Sessions Announces ‘Zero-Tolerance’ Policy on Illegal Border Crossings]. ''Voice of America''. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
+
*Lehman, Charles Fain (April 6, 2018). [https://freebeacon.com/issues/sessions-announces-zero-tolerance-illegal-border-crossing/ Sessions Announces ‘Zero Tolerance’ for Illegal Border Crossing]. ''The Washington Free Beacon''. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
+
*Aguilar, Julián (April 6, 2018). [https://www.texastribune.org/2018/04/06/feds-order-border-prosecutors-adopt-zero-tolerance-policy-immigration/ Federal government tells border prosecutors to adopt "zero-tolerance" policy on immigration]. ''The Texas Tribune''. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
+
Despite this order, some media sources reported that the "zero tolerance" policy was reportedly not as effective as hoped:
+
*Dinan, Stephen (May 13, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/may/13/trumps-illegal-immigrant-zero-tolerance-border-pol/ Trump’s ‘zero tolerance’ border policy stumbles]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
+
*Price, Bob (May 15, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/texas/2018/05/15/sessions-doj-declining-prosecute-illegal-crossers-says-border-patrol-council/ Sessions’ DOJ Declining to Prosecute Illegal Crossers, Says Border Patrol Council]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved May 16, 2018.
+
Other media outlets reported that the order greatly expanded the number of prosecuted illegals:
+
*Price, Bob (May 21, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/texas/2018/05/21/report-illegal-border-crossers-fill-south-texas-courts/ Report: Illegal Border Crossers Fill South Texas Courts]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved May 21, 2018.
+
*Lehman, Charles Fain (June 5, 2018). [https://freebeacon.com/issues/feds-prosecuting-border-crossers-analysis-shows/ Feds Prosecuting More Border Crossers, Analysis Shows]. ''The Washington Free Beacon''. Retrieved June 5, 2018.
+
*Racke, Will (June 4, 2018). [https://dailycaller.com/2018/06/04/prosecution-border-illegal-immigrants/ Prosecutions of Illegal Border Jumpers Surged in April After Sessions Issued ‘Zero Tolerance’ Order]. ''The Daily Caller''. Retrieved June 5, 2018.
+
*Echenique, Martín (June 5, 2018). [https://www.citylab.com/equity/2018/06/watch-immigrant-prosecutions-spike-to-their-highest-level-under-trump/562046/ Watch Immigrant Prosecutions Spike to Their Highest Level Under Trump]. ''CityLab''. Retrieved June 5, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Lynch, Sarah N.; Rosenberg, Mica (April 6, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration/u-s-attorney-general-renews-calls-to-prosecute-first-time-border-crossers-idUSKCN1HD2VM U.S. attorney general renews calls to prosecute first-time border crossers]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
+
*Binder, John (June 20, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/06/20/report-trumps-zero-tolerance-policy-deterring-foreign-nationals-from-entering-u-s-illegally/ Report: Trump’s ‘Zero Tolerance Policy’ Deterring Foreign Nationals from Entering U.S. Illegally]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
+
*Schallhorn, Kaitlyn (June 19, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/06/19/what-trumps-zero-tolerance-immigration-policy-means-for-children-separated-from-families-at-border.html What Trump's 'zero-tolerance' immigration policy means for children separated from families at border]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved June 27, 2018.
+
*Smith, Lamar (June 20, 2019). [https://www.usatoday.com/story/opinion/2019/06/20/president-trump-zero-tolerance-immigration-policy-is-not-anti-immigrant-column/1434667001/ President Trump's 'zero tolerance' immigration policy isn't anti-immigrant]. ''USA Today''. Retrieved June 21, 2019.</ref> On May 7, 2018, AG Sessions announced that the DOJ, along with the DHS, would implement the "zero tolerance" policy and prosecute every illegal for entering the country,<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Uria, Daniel (May 7, 2018). [https://www.upi.com/Sessions-100-percent-who-enter-US-illegally-will-be-prosecuted/7611525712880/ Sessions: '100 percent' who enter U.S. illegally will be prosecuted]. ''UPI''. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (May 7, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/may/7/dhs-push-criminal-charges-against-all-border-jumpe/ DHS to push for criminal charges against all border jumpers]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
+
*Samuels, Brett (May 7, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/386634-sessions-illegal-border-crossers-will-be-prosecuted-families-may-be Sessions unveils 'zero tolerance' policy at southern border]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
+
*Munro, Neil (May 8, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/2018-elections/2018/05/08/jeff-sessions-shuts-catch-and-release-loophole/ AG Jeff Sessions Shuts Catch and Release Loophole]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
+
*Kight, Stef W. (May 7, 2018). [https://www.axios.com/immigration-policy-separate-families-crossing-border-15db97b1-124b-4ff3-b3a7-378b6bb65ddf.html New policy could separate families who illegally cross the border]. ''Axios''. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
+
DHS Secretary Nielsen defended the policy shortly afterward in front of Congress:
+
*Mora, Edwin (May 9, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/national-security/2018/05/09/dhs-urges-central-american-migrants-seek-refuge-mexico/ DHS Urges Central American Migrants to Seek Refuge in Mexico]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
+
*Mecler, Laura; Caldwell, Alicia A. (May 8, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/new-policy-of-separating-immigrant-families-draws-criticism-1525822082 New Policy of Separating Immigrant Families Draws Criticism]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Giaritelli, Anna (May 7, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/jeff-sessions-we-will-not-be-stampeded-by-illegal-immigrants Jeff Sessions: 'We will not be stampeded' by illegal immigrants]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
+
*Munro, Neil (May 11, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/immigration/2018/05/04/dhs-promises-zero-tolerance-for-migrants/ DHS Promises ‘Zero Tolerance’ for Migrants]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
+
*[https://www.cnsnews.com/news/article/cnsnewscom-staff/attorney-general-session-if-you-cross-southwest-border-unlawfully-then Attorney General Sessions: ‘If You Cross the Southwest Border Unlawfully, Then We Will Prosecute You’]. ''CNS News''. June 11, 2018. Retrieved June 11, 2018.</ref> along with prosecuting illegals bringing their children with human smuggling.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Horwitz, Sari; Sacchetti, Maria (May 7, 2018). [https://www.texastribune.org/2018/05/07/us-attorney-general-jeff-sessions-vows-prosecute-all-illegal-border-cr/ Attorney General Jeff Sessions vows to prosecute all illegal border crossers and separate children from their parents]. ''The Texas Tribune''. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
+
*Chamberlain, Samuel (May 7, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/05/07/sessions-says-all-illegal-border-crossers-will-be-prosecuted-children-may-be-separated-from-parents.html Sessions says all illegal border crossers will be prosecuted; children may be separated from parents]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
+
*Mass, Warren (May 8, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/immigration/item/29007-sessions-warns-illegal-borders-crossers-not-to-smuggle-children-who-may-be-separated-from-them Sessions Warns Illegal Borders Crossers Not to Smuggle Children, Who May Be Separated From Them]. ''The New American''. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
+
*McEntee, Jennifer; Rosenberg, Mica (May 7, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-children/u-s-cements-plans-to-separate-families-crossing-border-illegally-idUSKBN1I82AB U.S. says it will separate families crossing border illegally]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
+
*Meckler, Laura; Caldwell, Alicia A. (May 7, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/trump-administration-to-step-up-prosecution-of-border-crossing-parents-1525708761 Stiffened U.S. Approach to Illegal Border Crossings Will Separate Families]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved May 11, 2018.</ref> Due to the large increase in illegal immigrant detainees, the Trump Administration decided to temporarily move 1,600 of them to federal prisons in June 2018.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Munro, Neil (June 7, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/border/2018/06/07/ag-sessions-adds-1600-cells-for-border-zero-tolerance-policies/ AG Sessions Adds 1,600 Cells for Border ‘Zero Tolerance’ Policies]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved June 9, 2018.
+
*Lynch, Sarah N.; Cooke, Kristina (June 7, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-prisons-exclusive/exclusive-u-s-immigration-authorities-sending-1600-detainees-to-federal-prisons-idUSKCN1J32W1 Exclusive: U.S. sending 1,600 immigration detainees to federal prisons]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved June 9, 2018.
+
*Gomez, Alan (June 7, 2018). [https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2018/06/07/ice-send-1-600-immigration-violators-federal-prisons/683086002/ ICE to send 1,600 immigration violators to federal prisons]. ''USA Today''. Retrieved June 9, 2018.
+
*Greenwood, Max (June 7, 2018). [https://thehill.com/policy/national-security/391268-ice-to-transfer-1600-detainees-to-federal-prisons ICE to transfer 1,600 detainees to federal prisons]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved June 9, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Parke, Caleb (June 9, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/us/2018/06/09/1000-illegal-immigrants-bused-to-california-federal-prison-for-detention.html 1,000 illegal immigrants bused to California federal prison for detention]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved June 9, 2018.
+
*Reinhard, Beth (June 8, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/federal-prison-population-expected-to-grow-under-trump-1496953721 Federal Prison Population Expected to Grow Under Trump]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved June 9, 2018.</ref> Illegal border crossings fell 18% in June 2018, something which the DHS attributed to the zero-tolerance policy acting as a deterrent.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Pappas, Alex (July 5, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/07/05/dhs-touts-drop-in-border-crossings-amid-zero-tolerance-push.html DHS touts drop in border crossings amid ‘zero tolerance’ push]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved July 5, 2018.
+
*Price, Bob (July 5, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/texas/2018/07/05/illegal-border-crosser-arrests-down-18-percent-amid-zero-tolerance/ Illegal Border Crosser Arrests Down 18 Percent amid ‘Zero Tolerance’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved July 5, 2018.
+
*Giaritelli, Anna (July 5, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/dhs-zero-tolerance-policy-large-drop-border-apprehensions DHS: Zero tolerance policy led to a large drop in illegal border traffic]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved July 5, 2018.
+
*Aguilar, Julián (July 5, 2018). [https://www.texastribune.org/2018/07/05/border-apprehensions-texas-zero-tolerance-trump-sessions/ Federal officials cite "zero tolerance" after border apprehensions dip nearly 20 percent in June]. ''The Texas Tribune''. Retrieved July 5, 2018.
+
*Lehman, Charles Fain (July 5, 2018). [https://freebeacon.com/issues/number-southwestern-border-crossers-drop-june/ Number of Southwestern Border Crossers Drops in June]. ''The Washington Free Beacon''. Retrieved July 5, 2018.
+
*Bernal, Refael (July 5, 2018). [https://thehill.com/latino/395643-southwest-border-crossings-drop-in-june Southwest border crossings drop in June]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved July 5, 2018.
+
Despite this, illegal migration by migrant families remained at high levels:
+
*Dinan, Stephen (July 8, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/jul/8/zero-tolerance-policy-fails-stop-migrant-family-su/ Zero-tolerance policy fails to stop surge of illegal immigrant families]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved July 8, 2018.
+
Unofficial reports of the drop in illegal border crossings:
+
*Dinan, Stephen (July 2, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/jul/2/illegal-immigration-dropped-trump-zero-tolerance/ Illegal immigration dropped as Trump's zero tolerance policy kicked in]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved July 2, 2018.
+
*Mass, Warren (July 2, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/immigration/item/29432-number-of-arrests-made-by-border-patrol-during-june-falls-substantially Number of Arrests Made by Border Patrol During June Falls Substantially]. ''The New American''. Retrieved July 2, 2018.
+
*Spagat, Elliot (July 1, 2018). [https://www.apnews.com/4681fa213ff44ec584db6ea3bbe3cc81/APNewsBreak:-Border-Patrol-arrests-drop-sharply-in-June APNewsBreak: Border Patrol arrests drop sharply in June]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved July 2, 2018.
+
*Giaritelli, Anna (July 1, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/border-arrests-between-ports-of-entry-dropped-by-6-000-in-june-report Border arrests between ports of entry dropped by 6,000 in June: Report]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved July 2, 2018.
+
July 2018 numbers:
+
*Price, Bob (August 8, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/texas/2018/08/08/illegal-border-crossings-drop-for-second-month-following-zero-tolerance/ Illegal Border Crossings Drop for Second Month Following ‘Zero Tolerance’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved August 9, 2018.
+
*Caldwell, Alicia A. (August 8, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/arrests-at-the-u-s-border-fell-in-july-amid-changes-in-immigration-policy-1533736800 Arrests at U.S. Border Fell in July Amid Changes in Immigration Policy]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved August 9, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (August 8, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/aug/8/illegal-immigration-border-dropped-7-percent-july-/ 'Zero tolerance' crackdown fails to stop illegal immigrant families from pouring across the border]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved August 9, 2018.</ref>
+
*April 6, 2018—President Trump signed a memorandum ordering the government to end the policy of "[[catch-and-release]]" when enforcing immigration law.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Dinan, Stephen (April 6, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/apr/6/trump-signs-memo-vowing-end-to-catch-and-release-o/ Trump signs memo vowing end to ‘catch-and-release’ of illegal immigrants]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
+
*Binder, John (April 8, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/04/08/trump-orders-end-to-catch-and-release-of-illegal-aliens-after-expanding-program-last-month/ Trump Orders End to ‘Catch and Release’ of Illegal Aliens After Expanding Program Last Month]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 8, 2018.
+
*Byrnes, Jesse (April 6, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/382054-trump-signs-memo-ordering-end-to-catch-and-release-practices Trump signs memo ordering end to 'catch and release' practices]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
+
*Correll, Diana Stancy (April 6, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/trump-takes-step-towards-ending-catch-and-release-immigration-policy Trump takes step toward ending 'catch and release' immigration policy]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved April 9, 2018.
+
*[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-trump-memo/trump-signs-memo-ending-catch-and-release-immigration-policy-idUSKCN1HD31Q Trump signs memo ending 'catch and release' immigration policy]. ''Reuters''. April 6, 2018. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
+
*Davis, Julie Hirschfeld (April 6, 2016). [https://www.nytimes.com/2018/04/06/us/politics/trump-immigration-policy.html Trump Signs Memo Ordering End to ‘Catch and Release’ Immigration Policy]. ''The New York Times''. Retrieved April 7, 2018.</ref>
+
*By April 2018, the number of illegals winning deportation cases had fallen back to levels that existed before the Obama Administration's left-wing immigration policies were implemented.<ref>Munro, Neil (April 6, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/2018-elections/2018/04/06/ag-sessions-returns-deportation-orders-pre-obama-levels/ AG Jeff Sessions Returns Deportation Orders to Pre-Obama Levels]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 6, 2018.</ref>
+
*April 18, 2018—The Trump Administration, acting under an executive order that President Trump had earlier signed, imposed sanctions on a Syrian organization for attempting to illegally smuggle hundreds of people through the U.S. southern border.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Rubenfeld, Samuel (April 18, 2018). [https://blogs.wsj.com/riskandcompliance/2018/04/18/u-s-accuses-syrian-network-of-trafficking-people-to-border/ U.S. Accuses Syrian Network of Trafficking People to Border]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved April 21, 2018.
+
*[https://www.theepochtimes.com/syrian-sanctioned-for-smuggling-people-to-us-border_2498264.html Syrian Sanctioned for Smuggling People to US Border]. ''The Epoch Times''. April 18, 2018. Retrieved April 21, 2018.
+
*[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-syria-humantrafficking/syrian-sanctioned-for-smuggling-people-to-u-s-border-treasury-idUSKBN1HP2KA Syrian sanctioned for smuggling people to U.S. border: Treasury]. ''Reuters''. April 18, 2018. Retrieved April 21, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (April 18, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/apr/18/feds-expose-network-smuggled-immigrants-syria/ Feds expose network that smuggled illegal immigrants from Syria to U.S.] ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved April 21, 2018.
+
*[https://www.nytimes.com/reuters/2018/04/18/world/middleeast/18reuters-usa-syria-humantrafficking.html Syrian Sanctioned for Smuggling People to U.S. Border: Treasury]. ''The New York Times'' (from ''Reuters''). April 18, 2018. Retrieved April 21, 2018.
+
*[https://www.breitbart.com/news/us-cracks-down-on-syrian-human-trafficking-gang/ US cracks down on Syrian ‘human trafficking gang’]. ''Breitbart News''. April 18, 2018. Retrieved April 21, 2018.</ref>
+
*May 2, 2018—The DOJ sent 35 assistant U.S. attorneys and 18 immigration judges to the border to help process asylum claims quickly.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Mason, Ian (May 2, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/05/02/ag-sessions-sends-more-judges-prosecutors-the-border/ AG Sessions Sends 18 Judges, 35 Prosecutors to the Border]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
+
*Chamberlain, Samuel; Lajeunesse, William (May 2, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/05/02/sessions-sends-more-immigration-judges-prosecutors-to-border-tells-caravan-people-should-wait-their-turn.html Sessions sends more immigration judges, prosecutors to border; tells caravan: 'People should wait their turn']. ''Fox News''. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
+
*Bernal, Rafael (May 2, 2018). [https://thehill.com/latino/385904-sessions-sends-judges-attorneys-to-border-to-deal-with-caravan Sessions sends judges, attorneys to border to deal with ‘caravan’]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (May 2, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/may/2/doj-35-lawyers-18-judges-border-stop-caravan/ DOJ sends 35 lawyers, 18 judges to border to stop illegal immigrant caravan]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
+
*[https://www.voanews.com/a/us-immigration-cases/4375504.html US Adds Prosecutors, Judges for Immigration Cases on Border]. ''Voice of America'' (from the ''Associated Press''). Retrieved May 11, 2018.</ref>
+
*May 11, 2018—The DOJ and the USCIS jointly announced they would expand their cooperation to enforce laws preventing companies from illegally favoring immigrant workers over Americans.<ref name="KirbyUSAworkers2018"/><ref>Multiple references:
+
*Giaritelli, Anna (May 11, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/justice-department-dhs-team-up-to-stop-us-companies-from-favoring-foreign-workers-exclusive Justice Department, DHS team up to stop US companies from favoring foreign workers: Exclusive]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
+
*Mordock, Jeff (May 11, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/may/11/doj-dhs-partner-stop-us-companies-favoring-foreign/ DOJ, DHS partner to stop U.S. companies from favoring foreign workers over U.S. workers]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
+
*McFarland, Susan (May 11, 2018). [https://www.upi.com/Justice-Dept-UCIS-partner-to-protect-American-workers/2111526056514/ Justice Dept., UCIS partner to protect American workers]. ''UPI''. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
+
*Lehman, Charles Fain (May 12, 2018). [https://freebeacon.com/issues/doj-uscis-team-stop-employers-illegally-hiring-immigrants/ DOJ, USCIS, Team Up to Stop Employers Illegally Hiring Immigrants]. ''The Washington Free Beacon''. Retrieved May 14, 2018.</ref>
+
*May 17, 2018—Attorney General Sessions issued a directive ending the Obama-era practice of "administrative closures", which allowed immigration judges to unilaterally drop immigration cases and let illegals indefinitely remain in the country.<ref name="WiderNet2018"/><ref>Multiple references:
+
*Mason, Ian (May 18, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/05/18/jeff-sessions-curtails-immigration-judges-authority-to-let-illegal-aliens-walk-free/ Jeff Sessions Curtails Immigration Judges’ Authority to Let Illegal Aliens Walk Free]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved May 18, 2018.
+
*Mass, Warren (May 21, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/immigration/item/29100-sessions-issues-directive-banning-immigration-judges-from-indefinitely-suspending-cases Sessions Issues Directive Banning Immigration Judges From Indefinitely Suspending Cases]. ''The New American''. Retrieved May 21, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (May 17, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/may/17/jeff-sessions-ends-obama-era-de-facto-court-amnest/ Jeff Sessions ends Obama-era ‘de facto’ court amnesty for illegal immigrants]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved May 18, 2018.
+
*Bowden, John (May 17, 2018). [https://thehill.com/latino/388270-sessions-curbs-authority-of-immigration-judges-with-policy-change Sessions curbs authority of immigration judges with policy change]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved May 18, 2018.
+
*Rosenberg, Mica (May 17, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration/u-s-ends-practice-that-gave-some-immigrants-reprieves-from-deportation-idUSKCN1IJ00N U.S. ends practice that gave some immigrants reprieves from deportation]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved May 18, 2018.
+
*Benner, Katie (May 17, 2018). [https://www.nytimes.com/2018/05/17/us/politics/sessions-immigration-judges.html Justice Dept. Restricts a Common Tactic of Immigration Judges]. ''The New York Times''. Retrieved May 18, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Munro, Neil (August 22, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/08/22/dhs-ending-giant-administrative-closure-amnesty/ DHS Ending Giant ‘Administrative Closure’ Amnesty]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved August 24, 2018.
+
*O'Reilly, Andrew (August 20, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/08/20/ice-lawyers-looking-to-reopen-thousands-closed-deportation-cases.html ICE lawyers looking to reopen thousands of closed deportation cases]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved August 20, 2018.
+
*Ulloa, Jazmine (August 17, 2018). [https://www.latimes.com/politics/la-na-pol-sessions-deportation-cases-20180817-story.html Federal immigration lawyers have asked to reactivate thousands of closed deportation cases]. ''Los Angeles Times''. Retrieved August 18, 2018.
+
*Keller, Megan (August 16, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/402120-ice-is-seeking-to-restart-deportation-cases-for-people-arrested-or ICE seeking to restart deportation cases for immigrants arrested or convicted of a crime: report]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved August 18, 2018.
+
*[https://www.numbersusa.com/news/report-ice-reopening-deportation-cases-suspended-under-obamaReport: ICE Reopening Deportation Cases Suspended Under Obama]. ''NumbersUSA''. August 16, 2018. Retrieved August 18, 2018.</ref>
+
*June 2018—The Trump Administration implemented a policy requiring fingerprinting and immigration checks of parents claiming illegal migrant children apprehended by immigration authorities.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Munro, Neil (September 13, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/09/13/trump-deputies-narrow-federal-child-smuggling-policy/ Trump Deputies Cut Federal Support to Child-Smuggling Networks]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved September 15, 2018.
+
*Torbati, Yeganeh (May 29, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-children/trump-administration-will-fingerprint-child-migrants-parents-idUSKCN1IU2VF Trump administration will fingerprint child migrants' parents]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved September 15, 2018.
+
*Ordoñez, Franco (June 8, 2018). [https://www.mcclatchydc.com/news/politics-government/white-house/article212845719.html Trump administration to fingerprint parents who claim custody of unaccompanied migrant kids]. ''McClatchyDC''. Retrieved September 15, 2018.
+
*Ainsley, Julia (May 29, 2018). [https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/trump-admin-parents-must-be-fingerprinted-get-back-migrant-kids-n878256 Trump admin: Parents must be fingerprinted to get back migrant kids]. ''NBC News''. Retrieved September 15, 2018.
+
*Hesson, Ted (June 19, 2018). [https://www.politico.com/story/2018/06/19/fingerprints-separated-families-border-children-636478 New fingerprint checks could exacerbate shelter crunch for migrant kids]. ''Politico''. Retrieved September 15, 2018.
+
*Salomon, Gisela; Torrens, Claudia (September 22, 2018). [https://www.apnews.com/34fd80809446482a81785cb77b4144ca/Parents-face-tougher-rules-to-get-immigrant-children-back Parents face tougher rules to get immigrant children back]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved September 25, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Anapol, Avery (September 20, 2018). [https://thehill.com/latino/407669-ice-arrested-dozens-of-immigrants-who-tried-to-sponsor-undocumented-migrant-children ICE arrested dozens of immigrants who tried to sponsor undocumented migrant children]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved September 20, 2018.
+
*Binder, John (September 24, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/09/24/migrant-children-5x-government-shelters/ Trump Reforms Cut Back Migrant Youth-to-Illegal Alien Relative Pipeline]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved September 25, 2018.
+
*Munro, Neil (October 1, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/10/01/trump-shrinks-uac-smuggling-routes/ Trump Shuts ‘UAC’ Child-Smuggling Routes]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved October 1, 2018.
+
*Piccolo, Jason (October 15, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/opinion/op-eds/finally-the-government-has-taken-steps-to-stop-releasing-unaccompanied-minors-to-criminals-and-traffickers Finally, the government has taken steps to stop releasing unaccompanied minors to criminals and traffickers]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved October 15, 2018.
+
*Munro, Neil (December 10, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/economy/2018/12/10/ice-shrinks-obamas-uac-delivery-route-by-arresting-more-illegals/ ICE Shrinks Obama’s ‘UAC’ Delivery Route by Arresting More Illegals]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved December 12, 2018.</ref>
+
*June 20, 2018—While President Trump caved to the Left and the mainstream media by signing an executive order to prevent the separation of illegal migrant families while being detained, the order kept the administration's "zero tolerance" enforcement policy in place,<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Spiering, Charlie (June 20, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/06/20/donald-trump-signs-executive-order-to-stop-separating-families/ Donald Trump Signs Executive Order to Stop Separating Families]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
+
*Munro, Neil (June 20, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/immigration/2018/06/20/trump-migration-eo-prosecute-challenge-flores-loophole/ Trump’s Migration E.O: Prosecute Migrants and Challenge ‘Flores’ Loophole]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
+
*Roberts, John; O'Reilly, Andrew (June 20, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/06/20/trump-signs-executive-order-to-stop-family-separations-at-border.html Trump signs executive order to stop family separations at border]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
+
*Radnofsky, Louise; Hughes, Siobhan; Gurman, Sadie (June 20, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/donald-trump-pledges-to-order-end-of-immigrant-family-separations-1529511546 Trump Retreats After Fury Over Border Separations]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen; Boyer, Dave (June 20, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/jun/20/trump-says-sign-something-stop-family-separation/ Trump executive order ends family separations, locks in zero-tolerance policy]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
+
*Mass, Warren (June 22, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/immigration/item/29347-trump-executive-order-maintains-immigration-law-enforcement-aims-to-keep-alien-families-together Trump Executive Order Maintains Immigration Law Enforcement — Aims to Keep Alien Families Together]. ''The New American''. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
+
The zero-tolerance policy remained in effect despite some reports stating otherwise:
+
*Mason, Ian (June 21, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/06/21/wapo-issues-correction-after-doj-counters-claim-of-zero-tolerance-demise/ WaPo Issues Correction After DOJ Counters Claim of ‘Zero Tolerance’ Demise]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
+
Shortly afterward, the DHS released its plan for reuniting the illegal minors with their illegal immigrant parents:
+
*Mass, Warren (June 26, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/immigration/item/29391-homeland-security-unveils-plan-to-reunite-children-of-illegal-aliens-with-families Homeland Security Unveils Plan to Reunite Children of Illegal Aliens With Families]. ''The New American''. Retrieved June 27, 2018.
+
*Samuels, Brett (June 24, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/393827-dhs-unveils-plan-to-reunite-immigrant-families DHS unveils plan to reunite immigrant families]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved June 27, 2018.
+
*Wang, Bayan; Náñez, Dianna M. (June 24, 2018). [https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2018/06/24/trump-administration-releases-plan-reunite-migrant-families/728810002/ Trump administration releases plan to reunite migrant children with parents]. ''USA Today''. Retrieved June 27, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Klukowski, Ken (June 22, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/06/22/klukowski-trump-executive-order-ending-family-separation-legal-congress-must-act/ Klukowski: Trump Executive Order Ending Family Separation Is Legal; Now Congress Must Act]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
+
*Pollak, Joel B. (June 20, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/06/20/pollak-executive-order-on-illegal-alien-families-is-the-ultimate-cave/ Pollak: Trump’s Executive Order on Illegal Alien Families Is a Risky Retreat]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
+
*Pollak, Joel B. (June 21, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/06/21/blue-state-blues-its-wall-or-nothing-now/ Blue State Blues: It’s Wall or Nothing, Now]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved June 21, 2018.
+
*Byas, Steve (June 20, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/immigration/item/29325-republicans-respond-to-national-furor-on-border-separations Republicans Respond to National Furor on Border Separations]. ''The New American''. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
+
*Llorente, Elizabeth (June 18, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/years-of-backlash-obama-policy-on-illegal-immigrants-children-was-also-slammed-by-critics Years of backlash: Obama policy on illegal immigrants' children was also slammed by critics]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved February 26, 2019.</ref> and it directed the Justice Department to challenge a 2015 court settlement that required the federal government to release illegal migrants with children.<ref>Dinan, Stephen (June 20, 2015). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/jun/20/donald-trump-orders-jeff-sessions-challenge-flores/ Trump orders Sessions to challenge the 'Flores' family-immigration policy in court]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved June 20, 2018.<br>See also:
+
*Mason, Ian (June 21, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/06/21/doj-asks-court-to-let-them-keep-border-crossing-families-together/ DOJ Asks Court to Let Them Keep Border Crossing Families Together]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved June 21, 2018.
+
*Dedaj, Paulina (June 21, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/06/21/department-justice-files-flores-agreement-modification-to-fall-in-line-with-trump-executive-order.html Department of Justice files Flores Agreement modification to fall in line with Trump executive order]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved June 21, 2018.
+
*[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-court/trump-seeks-to-ease-limits-on-child-immigrant-detentions-idUSKBN1JH2XF Trump seeks to ease limits on child immigrant detentions]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved June 21, 2018.
+
*Manchester, Julia (June 21, 2018). [https://thehill.com/regulation/administration/393515-doj-files-request-to-modify-the-flores-agreement DOJ files request to modify Flores settlement]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved June 21, 2018.</ref> In a court filing on June 29, 2018, the DOJ announced a new policy where it would seek to detain illegal migrant families indefinitely,<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Dinan, Stephen (June 29, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/jun/29/justice-dept-announces-new-family-detention-policy/ Justice Dept. announces new family detention policy for illegal immigrants]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved June 30, 2018.
+
*[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-court/u-s-government-says-it-will-detain-migrant-children-with-parents-idUSKBN1JQ028 U.S. government says it will detain migrant children with parents]. ''Reuters''. June 29, 2018. Retrieved June 30, 2018.
+
*Korte, Gregory; Gomez, Alan (June 29, 2018). [https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2018/06/29/trump-administration-says-no-limits-custody-migrant-families/747706002/ Trump administration argues it can detain migrant children and parents together without time limits]. ''USA Today''. Retrieved June 30, 2018.
+
*Barrett, Devlin (June 29, 2018). [https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/trump-administration-plans-to-detain-migrant-families-for-months/2018/06/29/f9ffecb6-7bf7-11e8-93cc-6d3beccdd7a3_story.html Trump administration may seek to detain migrant families longer than previously allowed]. ''The Washington Post''. Retrieved June 30, 2018.
+
*Bowden, John (June 29, 2018). [https://thehill.com/latino/394938-trump-admin-likely-to-detain-migrant-families-for-months-during-immigration Trump admin likely to detain migrant families for months during immigration proceedings: report]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved June 30, 2018.
+
*[https://www.voanews.com/a/justice-department-rulings-allow-long-term-detention-of-families/4461269.html Justice Department: Rulings Allow Long-Term Detention of Families]. ''Voice of America''. June 30, 2018. Retrieved June 30, 2018.
+
*Brokaw, Sommer (June 30, 2018). [https://www.upi.com/Top_News/US/2018/06/30/DoJ-Migrant-children-can-be-detained-for-more-than-20-days/7371530369897/ DoJ: Migrant children can be detained for more than 20 days]. ''UPI''. Retrieved June 30, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Munro, Neil (July 19, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/07/19/dhs-nielsen-asks-deported-migrants-not-leave-children/ DHS Nielsen Tells Migrants They Cannot Leave Their Children in the U.S.]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved July 20, 2018.</ref> and on September 6, 2018, the DHS and HHS proposed a rule to allow them to detain illegal migrant families long-term.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Munro, Neil (September 7, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/2018-elections/2018/09/06/feds-releases-plan-to-close-obamas-flores-catch-and-release-loophole/ Trump Deputies Release Rule Closing Obama’s ‘Flores’ Catch-and-Release Loophole]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved September 7, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (September 6, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/sep/6/dhs-proposes-new-rules-treatment-illegal-immigrant/ Homeland Security announces new rules to detain illegal immigrant families]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved September 6, 2018.
+
*Caldwell, Alicia A. (September 6, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/trump-administration-wants-to-detain-migrant-children-longer-1536252660 Trump Administration Wants to Detain Migrant Children Longer]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved September 6, 2018.
+
*Weixel, Nathaniel (September 6, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/405342-trump-administration-moves-to-end-limits-on-detaining-migrant Trump administration moves to end limits on detaining migrant children]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved September 6, 2018.
+
*Torbati, Yeganeh (September 6, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/uk-usa-immigration/trump-administration-seeks-to-end-agreement-on-child-migrant-detention-idUSKCN1LM27D Trump administration seeks to end agreement on child migrant detention]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved September 6, 2018.
+
*Lehman, Charles Fain (September 6, 2018). [https://freebeacon.com/issues/trump-admin-announces-new-rule-detain-children-parents/ Trump Admin. Announces New Rule to Detain Children with Parents]. ''The Washington Free Beacon''. Retrieved September 6, 2018.
+
*Dickerson, Caitlin (September 6, 2018). [https://www.nytimes.com/2018/09/06/us/trump-flores-settlement-regulations.html Trump Administration Moves to Sidestep Restrictions on Detaining Migrant Children]. ''The New York Times''. Retrieved September 6, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Rappaport, Nolan (September 14, 2018). [https://thehill.com/opinion/immigration/406656-trump-moves-to-detain-immigrant-children-with-their-parents Trump moves to detain immigrant children with their parents]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved September 14, 2018.</ref>
+
*June 20, 2018—The Department of Defense accepted a DOJ request to send 21 of its attorneys to the southern border to help with illegal immigration cases.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Thayer, Rose L. (June 21, 2018). [https://www.stripes.com/news/us/military-sending-21-attorneys-to-help-prosecute-border-cases-1.534070 Military sending 21 attorneys to help prosecute border cases]. ''Stars and Stripes''. Retrieved June 25, 2018.
+
*Britzky, Haley (June 20, 2018). [https://www.axios.com/mattis-approves-doj-request-active-duty-military-lawyers-be-sent-to-border-3ae208ba-0b71-41c2-a06f-0cbf482c9f3c.html Mattis approves request to send military lawyers to southern border]. ''Axios''. Retrieved June 25, 2018.
+
*Samuels, Brett (June 20, 2018). [https://thehill.com/blogs/blog-briefing-room/393390-doj-requests-military-lawyers-to-help-prosecute-immigration-crimes DOJ requests military lawyers to help prosecute immigration crimes: report]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved June 25, 2018.
+
*Racke, Will (June 21, 2018). [https://dailycaller.com/2018/06/21/pentagon-sending-military-lawyers-to-border/ Pentagon Sending Military Lawyers to Border to Prosecute Illegal Immigration Cases]. ''The Daily Caller''. Retrieved June 25, 2018.
+
*Johnson, Alex; Kube, Courtney (June 20, 2018). [https://www.nbcnews.com/storyline/immigration-border-crisis/pentagon-sending-military-lawyers-border-help-prosecute-immigration-cases-n885216 Pentagon sending military lawyers to border to help prosecute immigration cases]. ''NBC News''. Retrieved June 25, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Cahn, Dianna; Thayer, Rose (June 22, 2018). [https://www.stripes.com/news/senators-urge-pentagon-to-rethink-sending-military-lawyers-to-be-immigration-prosecutors-1.534307 Senators urge Pentagon to rethink sending military lawyers to be immigration prosecutors]. ''Stars and Stripes''. Retrieved June 25, 2018.</ref>
+
*July 10, 2018—The Trump Administration enacted visa sanctions on [[Myanmar]] and [[Laos]] for refusing to accept their citizens being deported from the U.S.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Binder, John (July 10, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/07/10/trump-admin-slaps-visa-sanctions-on-burma-laos-for-refusing-to-take-back-deportees/ Trump Admin Slaps Visa Sanctions on Burma, Laos for Refusing to Take Back Deportees]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved July 11, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (July 10, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/jul/10/feds-slap-sanctions-burma-laos-refusing-deportatio/ Feds slap sanctions on Myanmar, Laos for refusing deportations]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved July 11, 2018.
+
*Giaritelli, Anna (July 10, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/us-suspends-visas-from-myanmar-laos-following-refusal-to-take-back-deported-citizens US suspends visas from Myanmar, Laos following refusal to take back deported citizens]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved July 11, 2018.
+
*Racke, Will (July 10, 2018). [https://dailycaller.com/2018/07/10/trump-countries-visa-sanctions/ Trump Hits Two More Countries with Visa Sanctions for Refusing to Take Back Deportees]. ''The Daily Caller''. Retrieved July 11, 2018.
+
*[https://www.voanews.com/a/us-puts-visa-restrictions-on-myanmar-laos/4476694.html US Puts Visa Restrictions on Myanmar, Laos]. ''Voice of America''. July 11, 2018. Retrieved July 11, 2018.
+
*Barron, Laignee (July 11, 2018). [http://time.com/5335281/us-visa-sanctions-myanmar-laos/ U.S. Imposes Visa Sanctions on Myanmar and Laos Over Their Refusal to Accept Deportees]. ''Time''. Retrieved July 11, 2018.</ref> By the end of 2018, the Trump Administration had made much progress in reducing the number of countries unwilling to take back deportees from the U.S., with the number of outright uncooperative countries falling from 23 to 9 between 2015 and 2018, and the number of "at-risk" countries falling from 62 to 24.<ref>Dinan, Stephen (January 2, 2019). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2019/jan/2/donald-trumps-crackdown-deportation-deadbeat-count/ Trump makes 'historic progress' in crackdown on deportation deadbeats]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved January 3, 2019.<br>See also:
+
*Barros, Aline (March 3, 2018). [https://www.voanews.com/a/trump-administration-multiple-deportation-pacts/4279219.html Trump Administration Strikes Multiple Deportation Deals; What's in Them?] ''Voice of America''. Retrieved January 3, 2019.</ref>
+
*July 2018—The DOJ instructed its U.S. attorneys to use the term "illegal alien" rather than "undocumented" as it is the most accurate term under U.S. immigration law.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Munro, Neil (July 25, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/07/25/ag-sessions-deports-obamas-undocumented-immigrant-code/ AG Sessions Deports Obama’s ‘Undocumented Immigrant’ Code]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved July 25, 2018.
+
*Morton, Victor (July 24, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/jul/24/justice-department-prefers-illegal-alien-not-undoc/ Justice Dept. reportedly tells attorneys 'illegal alien' is correct term, not 'undocumented']. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved July 25, 2018.
+
*Samuels, Brett (July 25, 2018). [https://thehill.com/latino/398734-doj-tells-attorneys-to-use-illegal-alien-instead-of-undocumented-report DOJ tells U.S. attorneys to use ‘illegal alien’ instead of ‘undocumented’: report]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved July 25, 2018.
+
*Campoy, Ana (July 25, 2018). [https://qz.com/1336110/its-illegal-aliens-not-undocumented-immigrants-says-the-us-department-of-justice/ US officials must now say “illegal aliens,” not “undocumented immigrants”]. ''Quartz''. Retrieved July 25, 2018.
+
*Kopan, Tal (July 24, 2018). [https://www.cnn.com/2018/07/24/politics/justice-department-illegal-aliens-undocumented/index.html Justice Department: Use 'illegal aliens,' not 'undocumented']. ''CNN''. Retrieved July 25, 2018.
+
*[https://www.lifezette.com/2018/07/no-more-undocumented-justice-dept-says-correct-term-is-illegal-alien/ No More ‘Undocumented’ — Justice Dept. Says Correct Term Is ‘Illegal Alien’]. ''LifeZette''. July 24, 2018. Retrieved July 25, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Pavlich, Katie (July 26, 2018). [https://townhall.com/tipsheet/katiepavlich/2018/07/26/cnn-shocked-doj-would-instruct-lawyers-to-use-illegal-alien-n2503557 Media Shocked DOJ Would Instruct Lawyers to Use Term ‘Illegal Alien’]. ''Townhall''. Retrieved July 26, 2018.</ref>
+
*August 16, 2018—Attorney General Sessions issued an order to speed up the deportation process, requiring immigration judges not to postpone deportation cases unless there is "good cause shown."<ref>Multiple references:
+
*[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-sessions/u-s-attorney-general-issues-order-to-speed-up-immigrant-deportations-idUSKBN1L2021 U.S. attorney general issues order to speed up immigrant deportations]. ''Reuters''. August 16, 2018. Retrieved August 18, 2018.
+
*[https://www.voanews.com/a/attorney-general-sessions-order-speed-immigration-cases/4532505.html Attorney General Sessions’ Order to Speed Immigration Cases]. ''Voice of America'' (from ''Reuters''). August 16, 2018. Retrieved August 18, 2018.
+
*[https://www.oann.com/ag-jeff-sessions-issues-order-to-help-speed-up-deportation-process/ AG Jeff Sessions Issues Order To Help Speed Up Deportation Process]. ''One America News Network''. August 17, 2018. Retrieved August 18, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*[https://video.foxnews.com/v/5823438654001/?#sp=show-clips Jeff Sessions issues order to speed up deportations]. ''Fox News Video''. August 17, 2018. Retrieved August 18, 2018.</ref>
+
*September 19, 2018—Attorney General Sessions placed new limits on the ability of immigration judges to dismiss deportation cases.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Bowden, John (September 20, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/407560-sessions-limits-ability-of-judges-to-dismiss-deportation-cases Sessions limits ability of judges to dismiss deportation cases]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved September 21, 2018.
+
*Cooke, Kristina; Levinson, Reade (September 19, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-sessions/sessions-limits-u-s-judges-ability-to-dismiss-deportation-cases-idUSKCN1LZ2TG Sessions limits U.S. judges' ability to dismiss deportation cases]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved September 21, 2018.
+
*[https://www.numbersusa.com/news/attorney-general-restricts-judges-discretion-terminate-deportation-cases Attorney General Restricts Judges' Discretion to Terminate Deportation Cases]. ''NumbersUSA''. September 21, 2018. Retrieved September 21, 2018.
+
*Kopan, Tal (September 19, 2018). [https://www.cnn.com/2018/09/19/politics/sessions-immigration-courts-judges-asylum/index.html Jeff Sessions moves to further tighten immigration courts as Trump attacks him]. ''CNN''. Retrieved September 21, 2018.</ref>
+
*November 8–9, 2018—The DOJ and DHS jointly published a rule prohibiting asylum for migrants who illegally crossed the U.S.–Mexico border.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Chamberlain, Samuel (November 8, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/illegal-border-crossers-now-ineligible-for-asylum-white-house-says Illegal border crossers now ineligible for asylum, White House says]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
+
*Munro, Neil (November 8, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/economy/2018/11/08/administration-will-deny-full-asylum-benefits-to-illegal-border-crossers/ Officials Change Asylum Rules to Ensure Quick Deportation of Economic Migrants]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (November 8, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/nov/8/feds-announce-new-policy-limit-asylum-claims/ Feds announce new policy to limit asylum claims ahead of caravan]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
+
*Fabian, Jordan (November 8, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/415800-trump-moves-to-restrict-asylum-claims-at-border Trump moves to restrict asylum claims at border]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
+
*Torbati, Yeganeh; Cooke, Kristina (November 8, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-asylum/trump-administration-moves-to-curb-migrants-asylum-claims-idUSKCN1ND35K Trump administration moves to curb migrants' asylum claims]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
+
*Cohen, Kelly (November 8, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/trump-administration-moves-to-restrict-ability-of-border-crossers-to-claim-asylum Trump administration sets up stiffer rules for migrants claiming asylum]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
+
*Caldwell, Alicia A. (November 8, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/trump-to-issue-new-rules-for-asylum-seekers-1541715802 Trump to Issue New Rules for Asylum Seekers]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
+
*Gomez, Alan (November 8, 2018). [https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2018/11/08/trump-administration-suspend-asylum-people-who-cross-border-illegally/1933051002/ Trump administration to suspend asylum for people who cross border illegally]. ''USA Today''. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
+
The policy's provisions combating the smuggling of illegal minors into the U.S.:
+
*Munro, Neil (November 14, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/immigration/2018/11/14/trumps-border-rules-curb-children-youths-trafficking/ Trump’s Border Policy Seeks to Curb Trafficking of Children and Youths]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Bannister, Craig (November 8, 2018). [https://www.cnsnews.com/news/article/craig-bannister/trump-executive-order-bar-illegal-aliens-invoking-asylum-when-caught Trump Executive Order to Bar Illegal Aliens from Invoking ‘Asylum’ When Caught]. ''CNS News''. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
+
*Kirkwood, R. Cort (December 9, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/immigration/item/30598-leftist-lawyers-will-sue-to-stop-trump-s-asylum-changes Leftist Lawyers Will Sue To Stop Trump’s Asylum Changes]. ''The New American''. Retrieved December 25, 2018.</ref> The following day, President Trump signed a proclamation putting those new rules into effect.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*[https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2018-11-15/pdf/2018-25117.pdf Proclamation 9822 of November 9, 2018 -- Addressing Mass Migration Through the Southern Border of the United States]. ''Federal Register''. November 15, 2018. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
+
*Munro, Neil (November 9, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/border/2018/11/09/trump-posts-proclamation-barring-illegal-migrants-from-full-asylum/ Donald Trump Posts Proclamation Barring Illegal Migrants from Full Asylum]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
+
*[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-asylum/trump-limits-asylum-from-mexico-border-caravans-head-north-idUSKCN1NE1PV Trump limits asylum from Mexico border, caravans head north]. ''Reuters''. November 9, 2018. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
+
*Fabian, Jordan (November 9, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/415890-trump-says-he-has-signed-proclamation-curbing-asylum Trump has signed proclamation curbing asylum]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
+
*Shear, Michael D.; Sullivan, Eileen (November 9, 2018). [https://www.nytimes.com/2018/11/09/us/politics/trump-asylum-seekers-executive-order.html Trump Suspends Some Asylum Rights, Calling Illegal Immigration ‘a Crisis’]. ''The New York Times''. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*[https://www.voanews.com/a/q-a-trump-s-new-immigration-ban/4652311.html Q&A: Trump's New Immigration Ban]. ''Voice of America'' (from the ''Associated Press''). November 9, 2018. Retrieved November 9, 2018.</ref> The federal government subsequently moved to "harden" ports of entry, reducing the number of migrants allowed in to make asylum claims.<ref name="WhelanWSJ2018">Whelan, Robbie (November 19, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/u-s-slashes-migrant-border-crossings-1542657365 U.S. Slashes Migrant Border Crossings]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved November 20, 2018.</ref>
+
*November 19, 2018—The DHS announced it had temporarily shut down the busiest land border crossing along the southern border because of reports the migrant caravan was planning on ramming through that entry point.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Dinan, Stephen (November 19, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/nov/19/caravan-forces-short-term-shutdown-us-border/ Caravan forces short-term shutdown on U.S. border as DHS boosts security]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved November 19, 2018.
+
*Diaz, Lizbeth (November 19, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-caravan/u-s-briefly-shutters-border-crossing-to-brace-for-migrants-idUSKCN1NO2FA U.S. briefly shutters border crossing to brace for migrants]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved November 19, 2018.
+
*Birnbaum, Emily (November 19, 2018). [https://thehill.com/policy/defense/417399-us-customs-stops-traffic-into-country-at-key-border-point-of-entry US Customs stops traffic into country at key border point of entry]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved November 19, 2018.
+
*Giaritelli, Anna (November 19, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/us-shuts-down-busiest-border-crossing-between-mexico-california US shuts down busiest border crossing between Mexico, California]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved November 19, 2018.
+
The DHS's explanation:
+
*Giaritelli, Anna (November 19, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/border-security-beefed-up-in-san-diego-after-reports-caravan-migrants-planned-to-run-through-traffic-lanes-dhs Border security beefed up in San Diego after reports caravan migrants planned to run through traffic lanes: DHS]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved November 19, 2018.
+
*Burke, Michael (November 19, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/417474-dhs-chief-large-group-of-migrants-planned-to-rush-border DHS chief: Traffic lanes shut near San Diego after migrants planned to rush border]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved November 19, 2018.
+
The CBP temporarily closed the same port of entry on November 25, 2018, after the caravan migrants actually attempted to force themselves across the border:
+
*Samuels, Brett (November 25, 2018). [https://thehill.com/latino/418157-us-customs-closes-major-point-of-entry-along-southern-border US Customs closes major point of entry along southern border]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved November 25, 2018.
+
*Kinosian, Sarah; Partlow, Joshua (November 25, 2018). [https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/the_americas/us-closes-major-crossing-as-caravan-migrants-mass-at-border-in-mexico/2018/11/25/f94aabe0-f0ea-11e8-99c2-cfca6fcf610c_story.html U.S. closes major crossing as caravan migrants mass at border in Mexico]. ''The Washington Post''. Retrieved November 25, 2018.
+
*Fry, Wendy; Winkley, Lyndsay; Freeman, Mike (November 25, 2018). [https://www.sandiegouniontribune.com/news/border-baja-california/sd-me-border-closer-20181125-story.html U.S.-Mexico border reopens after clash with migrants prompts five-hour closure]. ''The San Diego Union-Tribune''. Retrieved November 25, 2018.
+
*Montes, Juan; Pérez, Santiago; Whelan, Robbie (November 25, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/migrants-rushing-u-s-border-dispersed-by-tear-gas-1543184935 Migrants Rushing U.S. Border Dispersed By Tear Gas]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved November 25, 2018.
+
*Diaz, Lizbeth (November 25, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration/u-s-fires-tear-gas-into-mexico-to-repel-migrants-closes-border-gate-for-several-hours-idUSKCN1NU0YS U.S. fires tear gas into Mexico to repel migrants, closes border gate for several hours]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved November 25, 2018.
+
*Bredemeier, Ken (November 25, 2018). [https://www.voanews.com/a/trump-implores-mexico-central-america-to-block-migrants/4673019.html US Closes Entry Point as Migrants Rush Southern Border]. ''Voice of America''. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
+
*[https://www.voanews.com/a/us-mexico-asylum/4673743.html US Reopens Entry Point After Group of Migrants Rushed Border]. ''Voice of America''. November 25, 2018. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Price, Bob (November 19, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/border/2018/11/19/border-patrol-agents-from-texas-pulled-to-assist-with-caravan-in-san-diego/ Border Patrol Agents from Texas Pulled to Assist with Caravan in San Diego]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 19, 2018.
+
*Norman, Greg (November 19, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/us/migrant-caravan-may-be-in-tijuana-for-the-long-haul-while-u-s-shuts-down-san-diego-area-crossing Migrant caravan at US border is harboring more than 500 criminals, Homeland Security claims]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved November 19, 2018.
+
*Munro, Neil (November 19, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/economy/2018/11/19/aclu-sues-break-donald-trumps-asylum-border-reform/ ACLU Asks Judge to Break Donald Trump’s Border Reform]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 19, 2018.
+
*Binder, John (November 25, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/11/25/caravan-migrants-complain-u-s-border-enforcement-trump-treats-us-like-garbage-let-us-cross/ Caravan Migrants at Border: ‘Let Us Cross,’ Trump ‘Treats Us Like Garbage’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 25, 2018.
+
*Kirkwood, R. Cort (November 26, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/immigration/item/30736-migrants-attack-u-s-border-cops-trump-firm-no-entry Migrants Attack U.S. Border Cops; Trump Firm: No Entry]. ''The New American''. Retrieved November 26, 2018.
+
*Betz, Bradford (November 27, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/kirstjen-nielsen-denounces-rumors-and-misinformation-about-migrants-clash-with-authorities-at-border Nielsen denounces 'misinformation’ about clashes at border]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (November 27, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/nov/27/san-diego-chief-patrol-agent-stands-by-using-tear-/ San Diego chief patrol agent stands by using tear gas on migrants]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
+
*Kirkwood, R. Cort (November 27, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/immigration/item/30756-leftist-border-narrative-fails-border-cops-confirm-migrant-attack Leftist Border Narrative Fails; Border Cops Confirm Migrant Attack]. ''The New American''. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
+
Regarding the U.S.'s use of tear gas to defend its agents:
+
*Munro, Neil (November 25, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/immigration/2018/11/25/progressives-vent-as-tear-gas-is-used-to-stop-migrants-border/ Progressives Vent as Tear Gas Is Used to Stop Migrants at the Border]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 26, 2018.
+
*Munro, Neil (November 26, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/border/2018/11/26/violent-migrant-border-incident-exact-replay-of-when-obama-used-tear-gas-at-border/ Violent Migrant Border Incident Exact Replay of When Obama Used Tear Gas at Border]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 26, 2018.
+
*Pappas, Alex (November 26, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/obama-agents-pepper-sprayed-migrants-history-challenges-caravan-response-outrage Obama agents pepper-sprayed migrants: History challenges caravan response outrage]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved November 26, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (November 26, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/nov/26/obama-administration-used-tear-gas-border-once-mon/ Tear gas used once a month at border under Obama]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved November 26, 2018.
+
*Price, Bob (November 27, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/border/2018/11/27/obama-used-tear-gas-at-least-80-times-at-border/ Obama Used Tear Gas At Least 80 Times at Border]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
+
*Pappas, Alex (November 27, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/border-agents-routinely-used-tear-gas-during-obama-administration-dhs-data-shows Border agents routinely used tear gas during Obama administration, DHS data shows]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
+
*Kirkwood, R. Cort (November 28, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/immigration/item/30768-anti-trump-narrative-collapses-obama-gassed-pepper-sprayed-illegals-more-than-500-times Anti-Trump Narrative Collapses: Obama Gassed, Pepper Sprayed Illegals More Than 500 Times]. ''The New American''. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
+
*Flood, Brian (November 30, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/entertainment/mainstream-media-hyperventilates-over-tear-gas-under-trump-but-largely-ignored-it-during-obama-era Mainstream media hyperventilates over tear gas under Trump, but largely ignored it during Obama era]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved November 30, 2018.
+
*Burke, Michael (March 5, 2019). [https://thehill.com/homenews/news/432609-border-agents-using-firearms-less-often-report Border agents using firearms less often: report]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved March 5, 2019.
+
President Trump's reaction:
+
*Kirkwood, R. Cort (November 23, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/immigration/item/30716-migrants-plan-stampede-trump-says-he-ll-close-the-border Migrants Plan Stampede; Trump Says He’ll Close the Border]. ''The New American''. Retrieved November 23, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (November 26, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/nov/26/trump-defends-use-tear-gas-border-jumpers/ Trump defends use of tear gas on border jumpers: 'Some very tough people']. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved November 26, 2018.
+
*Re, Gregg (November 26, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/trump-tear-gas-was-necessary-to-repel-migrants-who-rushed-port-of-entry Trump: Tear gas was necessary to repel migrants who rushed toward port of entry]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved November 26, 2018.
+
*Spiering, Charlie (November 26, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/11/26/donald-trump-we-had-to-use-tear-gas-on-tough-people-at-the-border/ Donald Trump: We ‘Had to Use’ Tear Gas on ‘Tough People’ at the Border]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 26, 2018.
+
*Burke, Michael (November 26, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/418359-trump-defends-use-of-tear-gas-at-the-border Trump defends use of tear gas at the border]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved November 26, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (November 26, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/nov/26/tear-gas-used-migrant-caravan-was-very-minor-form-/ Trump decries migrant caravan 'grabbers,' says tear gas used was 'very minor form']. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved November 26, 2018.
+
*Re, Gregg (November 26, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/trump-grabber-migrants-use-children-as-human-shields Trump: 'Grabber' migrants used children as human shields at border]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved November 26, 2018.
+
*Spiering, Charlie (November 26, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/11/26/donald-trump-warns-of-migrant-grabbers-of-children-at-the-border/ Donald Trump Warns of Migrant ‘Grabbers’ of Children at the Border]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 26, 2018.
+
Notably, U.S. immigration authorities had to use tear gas again on January 1, 2019, to defend the border:
+
*Kirkwood, R. Cort (January 3, 2019). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/immigration/item/31084-border-agents-repelled-new-year-s-migrant-invasion Border Agents Repelled New Year’s Migrant Invasion]. ''The New American''. Retrieved January 3, 2019.
+
*Llorente, Elizabeth (January 1, 2019). [https://www.foxnews.com/world/authorities-use-tear-gas-to-stop-migrants-at-southern-border Authorities use tear gas to stop migrants at southern border]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (January 1, 2019). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2019/jan/1/border-patrol-agents-repel-migrant-caravan-violent/ 'Violent mob' repelled in attempt to storm U.S. border in San Diego]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
+
*Starr, Penny (January 2, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2019/01/02/border-patrol-violent-mob-attacked-agents-attempted-to-push-minors-over-barbed-wire/ Border Patrol: ‘Violent Mob’ Attacked Agents, Attempted to Push Minors Over Barbed-Wire]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
+
*[https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2019/jan/1/us-fires-tear-gas-stop-migrants-breaching-tijuana-/ U.S. fires tear gas to stop migrants from breaching border]. ''The Washington Times'' (from the ''Associated Press''). January 1, 2019. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
+
*[https://www.breitbart.com/border/2019/01/01/feds-fire-tear-gas-at-caravan-migrants-during-new-years-border-breach/ Feds Fire Tear Gas at Caravan Migrants During New Year’s Border Breach]. ''Breitbart News'' (from the ''Associated Press''). January 1, 2019. Retrieved January 1, 2019.</ref>
+
*November 20, 2018—Chief of Staff [[John F. Kelly]] signed a memo authorizing U.S. troops on the southern border to perform some law enforcement duties, including lethal force, if necessary to protect Border Patrol agents.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Wong, Kristina (November 21, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/11/21/trump-mattis-broaden-border-activities/ Trump Gives Jim Mattis Authority to Broaden Troop Border Activities]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 21, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen; Miller, S.A. (November 21, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/nov/21/border-troops-authorized-use-force/ Border troops authorized to use force, detain illegal immigrants: Report]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved November 21, 2018.
+
*Bernal, Rafael (November 21, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/417827-white-house-authorizes-use-of-force-for-troops-stationed-at-border White House authorizes use of force for troops stationed at border]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved November 21, 2018.
+
*Ali, Idrees (November 21, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-caravan-military/white-house-gives-mattis-expanded-powers-for-u-s-troops-on-border-idUSKCN1NQ2NJ White House gives Mattis expanded powers for U.S. troops on border]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved November 21, 2018.
+
*Giaritelli, Anna (November 21, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/white-house-gives-border-troops-permission-to-use-force-ahead-of-caravan-arrival White House gives border troops permission to use force ahead of caravan arrival]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved November 21, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Axelrod, Tal (November 22, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/417985-trump-border-troops-authorized-to-use-force-if-they-have-to Trump: Border troops authorized to use lethal force ‘if they have to’]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved November 22, 2018.
+
*Burns, Robert (November 21, 2018). [https://apnews.com/4bda56332972408ea0b47095c9ff3109 Mattis says he has extra authority to use military on border]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved November 23, 2018.
+
*Morgan, Wesley (November 21, 2018). [https://www.politico.com/story/2018/11/21/mattis-white-house-border-mission-987163 Mattis: New White House directive doesn't change border mission]. ''Politico''. Retrieved November 21, 2018.
+
*Burke, Ryan (December 2, 2018). [https://thehill.com/opinion/immigration/418933-trump-chooses-words-carefully-regarding-border-for-a-reason Trump chooses words carefully regarding border — for a reason]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved December 2, 2018.</ref>
+
*November 28, 2018—The DOJ revealed it would send 33 [[Drug Enforcement Administration]] agents and 10 U.S. Marshals Service officials to the southern border in California.<ref>Gibson, Jake (November 28, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/doj-sending-agents-to-southern-border DOJ sending agents to southern border]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved November 30, 2018.<br>See also:
+
*Miroff, Nick (November 30, 2018). [https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/dhs-asks-pentagon-to-extend-the-militarys-mexico-border-deployment-through-at-least-january/2018/11/30/2951904c-f4ba-11e8-80d0-f7e1948d55f4_story.html DHS asks Pentagon to extend the military’s Mexico border deployment through at least January]. ''The Washington Post''. Retrieved November 30, 2018.</ref>
+
*December 20, 2018—The DHS announced it had reached an agreement with Mexico to return asylum-seekers who illegally crossed the U.S. southern border back to Mexico at least until their claims are processed, something done to help end the practice of "catch-and-release."<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Shaw, Adam (December 20, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/dhs-secretary-nielsen-announces-deal-with-mexico-to-overhaul-asylum-process-combat-catch-and-release Nielsen announces deal with Mexico to overhaul asylum process, combat 'catch and release']. ''Fox News''. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
+
*Binder, John (December 20, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/12/20/dhs-to-return-illegal-aliens-to-mexico-in-effort-to-end-catch-and-release/ DHS to Return Illegal Aliens to Mexico in Effort to End ‘Catch and Release’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (December 20, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/dec/20/dhs-make-asylum-seekers-wait-mexico-attempt-end-ca/ DHS to make asylum-seekers wait in Mexico in attempt to end 'catch-and-release']. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
+
*Jamerson, Joshua; Montes, Juan (December 20, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/migrants-entering-u-s-illegally-to-be-returned-to-mexico-for-proceedings-11545324934 ‘Catch and Return’: U.S. to Send Some Migrants to Mexico to Await Proceedings]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
+
*Bernal, Rafael (December 20, 2018). [https://thehill.com/latino/422267-dhs-to-make-migrants-wait-in-mexico-while-asylum-claims-processed DHS to make migrants wait in Mexico while asylum claims processed]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
+
*Long, Colleen; Stevenson, Mark (December 20, 2018). [https://apnews.com/c1baf6c05f4944c4a5b92553604a14ab US says asylum-seeking migrants to wait in Mexico]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
+
*Mass, Waren (December 24, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/immigration/item/31012-dhs-secretary-migrants-must-await-immigration-court-decision-in-mexico DHS Secretary: Migrants Must Await Immigration Court Decision in Mexico]. ''The New American''. Retrieved December 25, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Alvarez, Marko; Stevenson, Mark (December 21, 2018). [https://www.apnews.com/020ad07a12614b658876dda9157115f4 Mexico appears willing but unready to hold US refugees]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved December 27, 2018.</ref> The Trump Administration began implementing the policy at the San Ysidro port of entry on January 25, 2019,<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Munro, Neil (January 25, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/immigration/2019/01/24/u-s-will-start-returning-asylum-seekers-to-mexico-on-friday/ U.S. Will Start Returning Asylum Seekers to Mexico on Friday]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
+
*Suarez Sang, Lucia I. (January 25, 2019). [https://www.foxnews.com/us/asylum-seekers-at-southern-border-to-be-sent-back-to-mexico-us-officials-say Asylum seekers at southern border to be sent back to Mexico, US officials say]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
+
*Caldwell, Alicia A. (January 24, 2019). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/u-s-to-start-sending-some-asylum-seekers-back-to-mexico-11548362672 U.S. to Start Returning Some Asylum Seekers to Mexico]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
+
*Kirkwood, R. Cort (January 25, 2019). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/immigration/item/31301-call-it-operation-big-boot-trump-admin-announces-migrant-deportation Call It Operation Big Boot: Trump Admin Announces “Migrant” Deportation]. ''The New American''. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
+
*Spagat, Elliot (January 24, 2019). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2019/jan/24/trump-administration-force-asylum-seekers-wait-mex/ Trump administration to force asylum seekers to wait in Mexico as soon as Friday, U.S. official says]. ''The Washington Times'' (from the ''Associated Press''). Retrieved January 25, 2019.
+
*Daniel, Frank Jack; Rosenberg, Mica (January 24, 2019). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-mexico-exclusive/exclusive-u-s-to-begin-returning-asylum-seekers-to-mexico-on-friday-official-idUSKCN1PI2VV U.S. to start returning asylum seekers to Mexico on Friday]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
+
*[https://www.voanews.com/a/official-asylum-seekers-to-wait-in-mexico-starting-friday-/4758326.html Asylum Seekers to Wait in Mexico Starting Friday]. ''Voice of America'' (from the ''Associated Press''). January 25, 2019. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
+
*Ainsley, Julia (January 24, 2019). [https://www.nbcnews.com/politics/immigration/dhs-plans-begin-turning-asylum-seekers-back-mexico-await-court-n962401 DHS plans to begin turning asylum-seekers back to Mexico to await court dates]. ''NBC News''. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
+
*Giaritelli, Anna (January 24, 2019). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/border-officers-in-san-diego-to-begin-forcing-asylum-applicants-to-wait-in-mexico Border officers in San Diego to begin forcing asylum applicants to wait in Mexico]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
+
See also:
+
*Munro, Neil (January 24, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2019/01/24/pro-migration-groups-slam-trump-for-ending-catch-and-release/ Pro-Migration Groups Slam Trump for Ending Catch-and-Release]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
+
*Spagat, Elliot (January 25, 2019). [https://www.apnews.com/9187f518ba3740758bb23681a6c22b63 Asylum seekers worry new US policy will mean more waiting]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
+
*Giaritelli, Anna (January 24, 2019). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/no-work-permits-for-migrants-in-mexico-promise-missing-in-new-trump-administration-document No work permits for migrants in Mexico? Promise missing in new Trump administration document]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved January 25, 2019.</ref> though the Mexican government publicly opposed the policy.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Montes, Juan (January 25, 2019). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/mexico-to-receive-some-migrants-from-the-u-s-11548458143 Mexico to Receive Some Migrants From the U.S.]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
+
*[https://www.voanews.com/a/mexico-will-not-accept-return-of-at-risk-us-asylum-seekers/4756630.html Mexico Will Not Accept Return of At-risk US Asylum Seekers]. ''Voice of America'' (from ''Reuters''). January 23, 2019. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
+
*Averbuch, Maya (January 25, 2019). [https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/the_americas/mexico-rebukes--but-accepts--unilateral-us-move-to-return-asylum-seekers-pending-hearing/2019/01/25/52062470-202b-11e9-a759-2b8541bbbe20_story.html Mexico rebukes — but accepts — ‘unilateral’ U.S. move to return asylum seekers pending hearing]. ''The Washington Post''. Retrieved January 25, 2019.</ref>
+
 
+
===Border security===
+
[[File:Donald Trump, wall prototypes.jpg|thumb|250px|President Trump visits [[border wall]] prototypes along the U.S. southern border, March 2018]]
+
The Trump Administration continued strengthening and expanding border security on the southern border:
+
 
+
*April 4, 2018—President Trump signed an order deploying [[National Guard]] soldiers in order to secure the border and assist border patrol agents.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Shaw, Adam (April 4, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/04/04/trump-signs-proclamation-sending-national-guard-to-mexico-border-immediately.html Trump signs proclamation sending National Guard to Mexico border immediately]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (April 4, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/apr/4/trump-sign-order-deploying-national-guard-border/ Trump orders troops to border in push for security]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
+
*Samuels, Brett (April 4, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/381728-trump-signs-off-on-memo-to-send-national-guard-to-southern-border Trump signs off on memo to send National Guard to southern border]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
+
The deployment was announced prior to actual signing:
+
*Munro, Neil (April 3, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/2018-elections/2018/04/03/ttrump-to-mobilize-national-guard-to-help-secure-the-border/ Trump to Mobilize National Guard to Help Secure the Border]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
+
*Mass, Warren (April 4, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/immigration/item/28666-president-trump-said-he-will-send-military-to-secure-our-southern-border President Trump Said He Will Send Military to Secure Our Southern Border]. ''The New American''. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
+
*[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-trump-military/trump-says-will-use-military-to-protect-u-s-border-idUSKCN1HA25B Trump says will use military to protect U.S. border]. ''Reuters''. April 3, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
+
*Moons, Michelle (April 4, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/04/04/president-trump-sending-national-guard-troops-border/ President Trump to Send National Guard to U.S.-Mexico Border]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
+
*Meckler, Laura; Lubold, Gordon; Caldwell, Alicia A. (April 4, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/trump-to-sign-proclamation-sending-national-guard-troops-to-border-regions-1522871401 Trump Administration Unveils Plans to Send National Guard Troops, Build Base Walls Near U.S.-Mexico Border]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
+
The National Guard's intended role in the deployment:
+
*Lajeunesse, William (April 5, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/us/2018/04/05/national-guard-will-only-play-supporting-role-to-agents-at-border.html National Guard will only play supporting role to agents at the border]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (April 16, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/apr/16/national-guard-armed-border-banned-enforcement/ National Guard could be armed at border — but troops banned from enforcing laws]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
+
President Trump's action was not unprecedented, as Presidents Bush II and Obama also deployed the National Guard to the border during their terms:
+
*Earl, Jennifer (April 3, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/04/03/trump-would-not-be-first-president-to-send-national-guard-soldiers-to-us-mexico-border.html Trump would not be first president to send National Guard soldiers to US-Mexico border]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
+
*Cummings, William (April 5, 2018). [https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/onpolitics/2018/04/05/history-troop-deployments-mexico-us-border/491317002/ Trump is not the first president to deploy the National Guard to the U.S.-Mexico border]. ''USA Today''. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
+
*Spagat, Elliot (April 6, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/us/2018/04/06/guards-last-border-deployments-offer-clues-to-future.html Guard's last border deployments offer clues to the future]. ''Fox News'' (from the ''Associated Press''). Retrieved April 7, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Moons, Michelle (April 6, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/04/06/trump-administration-will-send-as-many-national-guard-members-as-it-takes-to-secure-the-southern-border/ Trump Administration Will Send ‘As Many’ National Guard Members ‘As It Takes’ to Secure the Southern Border]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 7, 2018.</ref> The Department of Defense quickly took steps to deploy National Guard troops,<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Pappas, Alex (April 5, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/04/05/pentagon-establishes-247-operation-after-trump-orders-military-to-mexico-border.html Pentagon establishes 24/7 operation after Trump orders military to Mexico border]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
+
*Wong, Kristina (April 5, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/04/05/pentagon-stands-border-security-cell-support-trumps/ Pentagon Stands Up Border Security Cell to Implement Trump’s National Guard Plan]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 7, 2018.</ref> and Secretary of Defense [[James Mattis]] signed an order on April 6, 2018, to approve funding for up to 4,000 troops.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Mitchell, Ellen (April 6, 2018). [https://thehill.com/policy/defense/382066-mattis-approves-sending-4000-national-guard-troops-to-border Mattis approves sending 4,000 National Guard troops to border]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
+
*Kube, Courtney; Ainsley, Julia (April 6, 2018). [https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/national-guard-troops-headed-border-friday-night-officials-say-n863526 Mattis OKs up to 4,000 National Guard troops for border]. ''NBC News''. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
+
*Weber, Paul J.; Merchant, Nomaan (April 7, 2018). [https://www.military.com/daily-news/2018/04/06/arizona-texas-send-400-troops-border-after-trumps-call.html Mattis Approves 4,000 Guard Troops for Mexican Border]. ''Military.com'' (from the ''Associated Press''). Retrieved April 7, 2018.
+
*[https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2018/apr/07/us-mexico-border-national-guard-pentagon-spending-approved Pentagon approves 4,000 national guard troops for US-Mexico border]. ''The Guardian'' (from the ''Associated Press''). April 7, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
+
*Chamberlain, Ken (April 7, 2018). [https://www.armytimes.com/news/your-army/2018/04/07/national-guard-troops-head-to-the-border-paid-for-by-the-pentagon/ National Guard troops head to the border, paid for by the Pentagon]. ''ArmyTimes''. Retrieved April 7, 2018.</ref> By May 9, 2018, the CBP announced that because of the National Guard troops it had apprehended 1,600 additional illegals and turned back an additional 451.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Betz, Bradford (May 10, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/us/2018/05/10/national-guard-making-impact-at-us-mexico-line-customs-and-border-protection-agency-says.html National Guard making impact at US-Mexico line, Customs and Border Protection agency says]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved May 13, 2018.
+
*Mass, Warren (May 10, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/immigration/item/29031-national-guard-supports-border-patrol-s-apprehension-of-1-600-illegal-migrants National Guard Supports Border Patrol’s Apprehension of 1,600 Illegal Migrants]. ''The New American''. Retrieved May 13, 2018.
+
*Price, Bob (May 10, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/texas/2018/05/10/national-guard-helps-turn-back-450-migrants-along-u-s-border-say-feds/ National Guard Helps Turn Back 450 Migrants Along U.S. Border, Say Feds]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved May 13, 2018.
+
*Giaritelli, Anna (May 9, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/border-deployment-leads-to-arrest-of-1-600-more-illegal-immigrants Border deployment leads to arrest of 1,600 more illegal immigrants]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved May 13, 2018.
+
*Perez, Chris (May 9, 2018). [https://nypost.com/2018/05/09/national-guard-troops-have-reportedly-caught-1500-people-at-the-border/ National Guard troops have reportedly caught 1,600 people at the border]. ''New York Post''. Retrieved May 13, 2018.
+
More on the National Guard's work:
+
*Sonne, Paul (February 17, 2019). [https://www.stripes.com/news/us/stocking-shelves-and-clearing-brush-national-guardsmen-serve-on-border-amid-political-heat-1.569035 Stocking shelves and clearing brush, National Guardsmen serve on border amid political heat]. ''Stars and Stripes'' (from ''The Washington Post''). Retrieved February 18, 2019.</ref> The Pentagon announced on August 31, 2018, that Secretary Mattis had authorized up to 4,000 National Guard troops to remain at the border through September 2019.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Racke, Will (August 31, 2018). [https://dailycaller.com/2018/08/31/mattis-national-guard-troops-border/ Mattis Authorizes National Guard Troops to Stay on the Border for Another Year]. ''The Daily Caller''. Retrieved September 4, 2018.
+
*Mitchell, Ellen (August 31, 2018). [https://thehill.com/policy/defense/404618-mattis-extends-troop-border-deployment-through-september-2019 Mattis extends troop border deployment through September 2019]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved September 4, 2018.
+
*Tritten, Travis J. (August 31, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/policy/defense-national-security/jim-mattis-extends-troop-presence-on-the-mexico-border-well-into-next-year Jim Mattis extends troop presence on the Mexico border well into next year]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved September 4, 2018.
+
*Thayer, Rose L. (August 31, 2018). [https://www.stripes.com/news/us/national-guard-troops-to-stay-on-border-for-another-year-1.545308 National Guard troops to stay on border for another year]. ''Stars and Stripes''. Retrieved September 4, 2018.</ref>
+
*May 7, 2018—The Interior Department sent its law enforcement officers to help the DHS in securing the southern border with Mexico.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Starr, Penny (May 8, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/05/08/interior-deploys-officers-to-help-secure-u-s-border-with-mexico/ Interior Deploys Officers to Help Secure U.S. Border with Mexico]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
+
*Green, Miranda (May 7, 2018). [https://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/386570-interior-is-sending-officers-to-assist-patrolling-the-us-mexico Interior sending officers to assist patrolling the US, Mexico border]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
+
*Carranza, Rafael (May 10, 2018). [https://www.azcentral.com/story/news/politics/border-issues/2018/05/10/interior-secretary-ryan-zinke-sending-u-s-park-police-officers-arizona-texas-borders/593046002/ Report: Interior secretary sending park officers to help Border Patrol in Arizona, Texas]. ''The Arizona Republic''. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
+
After only a few days, the deployment already had tangible results:
+
*Starr, Penny (May 16, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/05/16/doi-officers-first-48-hours-on-border-net-13-arrests-illegal-firearm-seized/ DOI Officers’ First 48 Hours on Border Nets 13 Arrests, Illegal Firearm Seized]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved May 17, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (May 16, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/may/16/border-police-surge-arrests-13-illegals-recovers-g/ Border police surge arrests 13 illegals, recovers gun on federal lands]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved May 17, 2018.
+
*Green, Miranda (May 16, 2018). [https://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/388049-interior-officers-arrested-13-people-in-new-border-surge Interior: Officers arrested 13 people in new border surge]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved May 17, 2018.
+
The federal government massively increased arrests on federal border lands as a result of the Interior Department's action:
+
*Green, Miranda (November 9, 2018). [https://thehill.com/policy/national-security/415943-interior-dept-apprehended-4000-immigrants-at-us-border-in-6-months Interior Dept. apprehends 4,000 immigrants at US border in 6 months]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
+
*Siciliano, John (November 9, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/policy/energy/ryan-zinke-ups-response-to-caravan-after-arrests-surge-by-4-000-percent Ryan Zinke ups response to caravan after arrests surge by 4,000 percent]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
+
*Bastasch, Michael (November 9, 2018). [https://dailycaller.com/2018/11/09/illegal-alien-arrests-interior-department/ Illegal Alien Arrests Jump 4,000 Percent on Federal Border Lands]. ''The Daily Caller''. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
+
*Bedard, Paul (November 9, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/washington-secrets/4-000-surge-in-arrests-of-illegal-immigrants-in-u-s-parks-along-border '4,000% surge' in arrests of illegal immigrants in U.S. parks along border]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
+
One year later, the department had doubled the number of its officers deployed to the border:
+
*Green, Miranda (May 15, 2019). [https://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/443727-interiors-border-surge-puts-more-officers-in-unfamiliar-role Interior's border surge puts more officers in unfamiliar role]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved May 15, 2019.
+
See also:
+
*Green, Miranda (June 3, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/house/390257-zinke-cites-environmental-disaster-in-sending-park-police-to-border Zinke cites ‘environmental disaster’ in sending park police to border]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved June 3, 2018.
+
*Starr, Penny (May 28, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/05/28/exclusive-zinke-calls-for-border-wall-a-nation-without-borders-cant-exist/ Exclusive — Zinke Calls for Border Wall: ‘A Nation Without Borders Can’t Exist’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved June 3, 2018.</ref>
+
*October 26, 2018—Defense Secretary Mattis approved a request from the DHS to send an unspecified number of active-duty soldiers to the border with Mexico to help U.S. Border Patrol, something done as [[2018 Migrant caravan|a large migrant caravan]] approached the U.S.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Tomlinson, Lucas (October 26, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/mattis-approves-request-for-more-troops-to-southern-border-amid-migrant-caravans-march Mattis approves request for more troops to southern border, amid migrant caravan’s march]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved October 26, 2018.
+
*Wong, Kristina (October 26, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/immigration/2018/10/26/mattis-more-troops-southwestern-border/ Mattis Signs Order to Send More U.S. Troops to Southwestern Border]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved October 27, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (October 26, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/oct/26/dod-approves-troops-border/ DoD approves troops for border; won't be involved in front-line policing]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved October 26, 2018.
+
*Youssef, Nancy A.; Salama, Vivian (October 26, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/mattis-approves-sending-more-troop-to-mexican-border-1540566532 Defense Secretary Approves Sending More Troops to Mexican Border]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved October 26, 2018.
+
*Stewart, Phil (October 26, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-trump/mattis-approves-u-s-troops-for-border-with-mexico-idUSKCN1N029H Mattis approves U.S. troops at border with Mexico]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved October 26, 2018.
+
*Axelrod, Tal (October 26, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/413333-mattis-approves-plans-to-send-troops-to-border-report Mattis approves plans to send troops to border]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved October 26, 2018.
+
*Dickstein, Corey (October 26, 2018). [https://www.stripes.com/news/us/mattis-approves-deployment-of-untold-number-of-troops-to-us-mexico-border-1.553726 Mattis approves deployment of untold number of troops to US-Mexico border]. ''Stars and Stripes''. Retrieved October 26, 2018.
+
*Burns, Robert; Colvin, Jill (October 26, 2018). [https://www.military.com/daily-news/2018/10/26/mattis-approves-request-military-help-southern-border.html Mattis Approves Request for Military Help at Southern Border]. ''Military.com'' (from the ''Associated Press''). Retrieved October 26, 2018.
+
The operation was originally called "Faithful Patriot," but the Pentagon eventually dropped that name:
+
*Youssef, Nancy A. (November 7, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/pentagon-dropping-use-of-faithful-patriot-as-name-for-border-deployment-1541605581 Pentagon Dropping Use of ‘Faithful Patriot’ as Name for Border Deployment]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
+
*Mitchell, Ellen (November 7, 2018). [https://thehill.com/policy/defense/415552-pentagon-drops-operation-faithful-patriot-as-name-of-military-mission-at Pentagon drops 'Operation Faithful Patriot' as name of military mission at border]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
+
*[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-pentagon/pentagon-drops-faithful-patriot-moniker-for-mexico-border-mission-idUSKCN1NC2D9 Pentagon drops 'Faithful Patriot' moniker for Mexico border mission]. ''Reuters''. November 7, 2018. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
+
*Giaritelli, Anna; Tritten, Travis J. (November 7, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/the-pentagon-will-no-longer-call-its-border-troop-deployment-operation-faithful-patriot The Pentagon will no longer call its border troop deployment 'Operation Faithful Patriot']. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
+
*Baldor, Lolita C. (November 7, 2019). [https://apnews.com/49405a7705cf46c3a2fabf1720a9d511 Pentagon quietly drops mentions of border mission’s name]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved February 3, 2019.
+
*Birnbaum, Emily (November 14, 2018). [https://thehill.com/policy/defense/416673-mattis-explains-border-mission-dropped-name-to-avoid-using-military-terms Mattis explains border mission dropped name to avoid using military terms]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Dinan, Stephen; Muñoz, Carlo (October 25, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/oct/25/pentagon-deploy-more-troops-us-mexico-border/ Trump deploys active-duty troops as part of promise for 'very secure border']. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved October 26, 2018.
+
*Baldor, Lolita C. (October 28, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/oct/28/james-mattis-says-military-moving-equipment-us-mex/ Mattis: Military moving equipment to border ahead of migrant caravan]. ''The Washington Times'' (from the ''Associated Press''). Retrieved October 28, 2018.
+
*Re, Gregg (October 28, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/us-military-deploying-resources-to-border-as-caravan-approaches-mattis-says US military deploying resources to border as caravan approaches, Mattis says]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved October 28, 2018.
+
*Tata, Anthony J. (November 24, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/opinion/trump-was-right-to-send-troops-to-our-border-presidents-of-both-parties-have-done-it Trump was right to send troops to our border – Presidents of both parties have done it]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved November 24, 2018.</ref> On October 29, 2018, the Pentagon announced it would initially deploy about 5,200 troops to the border,<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Tomlinson, Lucas (October 29, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/5000-troops-deploying-to-us-mexico-border-in-response-to-migrant-caravan Some 5,200 US troops deploying to southern border in response to migrant caravan]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved October 29, 2018.
+
*Wong, Kristina (October 29, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/10/29/pentagon-deploying-over-5200-troops-to-southwestern-border-to-stop-migrant-caravans/ Pentagon Deploying Over 5,200 Troops to Southwestern Border to Stop Migrant Caravans]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved October 29, 2018.
+
*Kirkwood, R. Cort (October 29, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/politics/item/30489-5-200-troops-heading-to-border-with-concertina-wire-barriers 5,200 Troops Heading to Border With Concertina Wire, Barriers]. ''The New American''. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (October 29, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/oct/29/5200-active-duty-troops-headed-border/ 5,200 active-duty troops deployed to border ahead of migrant caravan]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved October 29, 2018.
+
*Youssef, Nancy A.; Caldwell, Alicia A. (October 29, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/military-to-deploy-5-000-troops-to-southern-border-u-s-officials-say-1540820650 Trump to Deploy 5,200 Troops to Southern Border]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved October 29, 2018.
+
*Stewart, Phil; Torbati, Yeganeh (October 29, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-trump/trump-sends-5200-troops-to-mexico-border-as-caravan-advances-idUSKCN1N31VG Trump sends 5,200 troops to Mexico border as caravan advances]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
+
*Mitchell, Ellen (October 29, 2018). [https://thehill.com/policy/defense/413720-pentagon-sending-5200-troops-to-border Pentagon sending 5,200 troops to border]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved October 29, 2018.
+
*Cuthbertson, Charlotte (October 29, 2018). [https://www.theepochtimes.com/military-deploys-5200-troops-to-fortify-border_2702509.html Military Deploys 5,200 Troops to Fortify Border]. ''The Epoch Times''. Retrieved October 29, 2018.
+
*Gomez, Alan; Jansen, Bart (October 29, 2018). [https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2018/10/29/migrant-caravan-troops-border/1805864002/ Pentagon to deploy 5,200 active duty troops to U.S.-Mexico border to halt migrant caravan]. ''USA Today''. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
+
*Schwartz, Ken (October 29, 2018). [https://www.voanews.com/a/pentagon-us-troops-headed-to-border-with-mexico/4634245.html Pentagon: 5,200 US Troops Headed to Border with Mexico]. ''Voice of America''. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
+
U.S. military officials stated that they expected the total number of deployed soldiers to eventually exceed 5,200:
+
*Tomlinson, Lucas (October 30, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/more-us-troops-deploying-to-southern-border-to-prohibit-migrant-caravan-from-entering-america-military-says More US troops will deploy to Mexico border on top of 5,200 already sent, top US general in North America says]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
+
*Youssef, Nancy A. (October 30, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/u-s-border-deployment-could-exceed-5-200-soldiers-1540931503 U.S. Deployment of Soldiers to Exceed Initial Estimate on Mexican Border]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
+
*Mitchell, Ellen (October 30, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/413941-pentagon-there-will-be-additional-force-beyond-5200-troops-sent-to Pentagon: 'There will be additional force' beyond 5,200 troops sent to border]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
+
*Stewart, Phil (October 30, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-border/u-s-general-says-troop-numbers-at-mexican-border-to-rise-further-idUSKCN1N42XD U.S. general says troop numbers at Mexican border to rise further]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
+
*Wong, Kristina (October 30, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/border/2018/10/30/u-s-general-migrant-caravan-different-from-what-weve-seen-in-the-past/ U.S. General: Migrant Caravan ‘Different from What We’ve Seen in the Past’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved October 31, 2018.
+
*McIntyre, Jamie; Tritten, Travis J. (October 30, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/5-200-troops-to-the-southern-border-just-a-start-says-us-commander 5,200 troops to the southern border ‘just the start,’ says US commander]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
+
The Pentagon later stated the number of troops would be raised to about 8,000:
+
*Youssef, Nancy A. (November 5, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/more-than-4-800-troops-are-at-the-border-u-s-says-1541432248 Border Troop Deployment Rises Again, to Nearly 8,000]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved November 6, 2018.
+
*Widakuswara, Patsy; Seldin, Jeff (November 2, 2018). [https://www.voanews.com/a/trump-vows-crackdown-on-asylum-seekers-sometime-next-week/4639728.html More Than 8,000 US Troops Deployed to Southern Border]. ''Voice of America''. Retrieved November 6, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Chamberlain, Samuel (October 31, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/mattis-when-asked-if-troop-deployment-to-border-is-a-stunt-we-dont-do-stunts Mattis, when asked if troop deployment to border is a stunt: 'We don't do stunts']. ''Fox News''. Retrieved October 31, 2018.
+
*Mitchell, Ellen (October 31, 2018). [https://thehill.com/policy/defense/414123-mattis-on-border-troops-we-dont-do-stunts Mattis on border troops: 'We don't do stunts']. ''The Hill''. Retrieved October 31, 2018.
+
*Stewart, Phil (November 14, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-mattis/mattis-defends-mexico-border-deployment-in-first-troop-visit-idUSKCN1NJ2HG Mattis defends Mexico border deployment in first troop visit]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
+
*Griffin, Jennifer; Tomlinson, Lucas (November 14, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/us/defense-secretary-mattis-visits-military-troops-deployed-to-border Defense Secretary Mattis visits military troops deployed to border]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
+
*Martinez, Luis (November 14, 2018). [https://abcnews.go.com/Politics/mattis-defends-militarys-border-support-mission-visiting-troops/story?id=59191508 Mattis defends military's border support mission while visiting troops in Texas]. ''ABC News''. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
+
*Copp, Tara (November 14, 2018). [https://www.militarytimes.com/news/your-military/2018/11/14/mattis-troops-to-stop-using-the-term-secure-at-border-locations/ Mattis: Troops to stop using the term ‘secure’ at border locations]. ''Military Times''. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
+
*Mitchell, Ellen (November 14, 2018). [https://thehill.com/policy/defense/416822-mattis-likens-border-deployment-to-1916-effort-to-counter-pancho-villa Mattis defends border deployment, likens it to 1916 effort against Pancho Villa]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
+
*Wong, Kristina (November 14, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/immigration/2018/11/14/mattis-troops-southwest-border-security-national-security/ Mattis Visits Troops at Southwest Border: ‘Border Security Is Part of National Security’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 15, 2018.</ref> and U.S. troops began deployment shortly afterward.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Muñoz, Carlo (October 31, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/oct/31/us-commanders-announce-units-deploying-southern-bo/ U.S. commanders announce units deploying to southern border]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved October 31, 2018.
+
*Miles, Frank (November 1, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/us/operation-faithful-patriot-1st-100-us-troops-arrive-to-serve-at-border-defense-official-says Operation Faithful Patriot: 1st 100 US troops arrive to serve at border, defense official says]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved November 1, 2018.
+
*Wong, Kristina (November 2, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/11/02/marines-headed-southwestern-border-ahead-migrant-caravan/ Marines Headed to Southwest Border Ahead of Migrant Caravan]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 2, 2018.
+
*Youssef, Nancy A.; Caldwell, Alicia A. (November 2, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/troops-deploy-to-parts-of-border-where-migrant-caravans-are-deemed-most-likely-to-go-1541160003 Troops Deploy to Parts of Border Where Migrant Caravans Are Deemed Most Likely to Go]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved November 2, 2018.
+
*Ortiz, Ildefonso; Darby, Brandon (November 3, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/border/2018/11/03/photos-u-s-military-troops-gear-up-at-international-bridges-ahead-of-migrant-caravan/ PHOTOS: U.S. Military Troops Reinforce International Bridge Ahead of Migrant Caravan]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 3, 2018.</ref> The soldiers immediately went to work securing the border and put up several miles of razor wire on existing border barriers.<ref name="TroopsBarbedWire">Multiple references:
+
*Darrah, Nicole (November 4, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/us/us-troops-seen-setting-up-barbed-wire-near-mexico-border US troops seen setting up barbed wire near Mexico border]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved November 4, 2018.
+
*Keller, Megan (November 4, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/414786-us-troops-lay-barbed-wire-along-texas-side-of-border-report US troops lay barbed wire along Texas side of border]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved November 4, 2018.
+
*Phillips, Jack (November 4, 2018). [https://www.theepochtimes.com/us-army-troops-lay-down-barb-wire-along-texas-border-ahead-of-caravan_2707812.html US Army Troops Lay Down Barbed Wire Along Texas Border Ahead of Caravan]. ''The Epoch Times''. Retrieved November 4, 2018.
+
*Caldwell, Alicia A. (November 6, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/u-s-troops-first-order-at-the-border-laying-razor-wire-1541509201 U.S. Troops’ First Order at the Border: Laying Razor Wire]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved November 6, 2018.
+
*Kirkwood, R. Cort (November 6, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/immigration/item/30564-migrant-caravan-dwindles-as-barbed-wire-goes-up “Migrant Caravan” Dwindles As Barbed Wire Goes Up]. ''The New American''. Retrieved November 6, 2018.
+
*Connelly, Eileen AJ (November 3, 2018). [https://nypost.com/2018/11/03/us-troops-lay-down-barbed-wire-along-border-ahead-of-caravan/ US troops lay down barbed wire along border ahead of caravan]. ''New York Post''. Retrieved November 4, 2018.
+
*Wong, Kristina (November 8, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/11/08/marines-southwest-border/ U.S. Marines to Begin Reinforcing Southwest Ports of Entry on Thursday]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
+
*Verza, Maria (November 13, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/nov/13/us-hardening-tijuana-border-crossing-ahead-migrant/ U.S. begins 'hardening' Tijuana border crossing ahead of migrant caravan]. ''The Washington Times'' (from the ''Associated Press''). Retrieved November 14, 2018.
+
*Diaz, Lizbeth (November 13, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-caravan/u-s-lays-barbed-wire-at-border-as-migrant-caravan-draws-closer-idUSKCN1NI2LH U.S. lays barbed wire at border as migrant caravan draws closer]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (November 14, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/nov/14/dhs-deploys-razor-wire-kick-illegals-border-fence/ Razor wire now covers border wall where 'vanguard' of migrant caravan taunted U.S.] ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
+
*Giaritelli, Anna (November 16, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/5-800-troops-in-3-states-preparing-for-migrant-caravan 5,800 troops in 3 states preparing for migrant caravan]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
+
*Bedard, Paul (November 19, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/washington-secrets/troops-land-at-border-lay-razor-wire-ready-tent-cities-anger-narco-gangs Troops land at border, lay razor wire, ready tent cities, anger narco gangs]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved November 19, 2018.
+
*Watson, Julie (November 16, 2018). [https://www.apnews.com/7b0f01de3a8342a0869717e897e96b75 Migrants won’t see armed US soldiers on border]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved November 19, 2018.
+
Some of the results of the deployment:
+
*Miles, Frank (November 21, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/us/razor-wire-to-keep-out-migrant-caravan-most-visible-result-of-210m-military-deployment Razor wire to keep out migrant caravan is most visible result of $210M military deployment]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved November 21, 2018.
+
*Montoya Bryan, Susan (November 21, 2018). [https://www.militarytimes.com/news/pentagon-congress/2018/11/22/razor-wire-is-most-visible-result-of-210m-deployment/ Razor wire is most visible result of $210M troop deployment to the US-Mexico border]. ''Military Times'' (from the ''Associated Press''). Retrieved November 21, 2018.
+
*Binder, John (November 21, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/11/21/less-20-miles-border-reinforced-razor-wire-caravan-heads-u-s/ Fewer than 20 Miles of Border Have Been Reinforced with Razor Wire as Caravan Heads to U.S.] ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 21, 2018.
+
*Lim, Naomi (November 19, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/trump-tweets-photo-of-wire-fence-at-us-border-no-climbers-anymore-under-our-administration Trump tweets photo of wire fence at US border: 'No climbers anymore under our Administration!'] ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved November 19, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Burns, Robert; Baldor, Lolita C. (November 2, 2018). [https://www.apnews.com/7e35aadd6f65499badb005a650ecdc06 A look at the troops being sent to US-Mexico border]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved November 19, 2018.</ref> On December 4, 2018, Defense Secretary Mattis approved a DHS request to extend troop employment until January 31, 2019, from the original end date of December 15, 2018.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Dedaj, Paulina; Tomlinson, Lucas (December 4, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/us/mattis-orders-us-troops-to-stay-on-southern-border-through-christmas Mattis orders US troops to stay on southern border through Christmas]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved December 5, 2018.
+
*Wong, Kristina (December 5, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/12/05/mattis-approves-extending-border-deployment-next-year/ Mattis Approves Extending Border Deployment Through Next Year]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved December 5, 2018.
+
*Keller, Megan (December 4, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/419721-mattis-approves-extension-of-militarys-border-security-mission Mattis OKs extension of military's border mission through end of January]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved December 5, 2018.
+
*Brook, Tom Vanden; Gomez, Alan (December 4, 2018). [https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/elections/2018/12/04/military-troops-remain-border-through-january-says-pentagon/2207713002/ Military troops to remain at border through January, says Defense Secretary James Mattis]. ''USA Today''. Retrieved December 5, 2018.
+
*Macias, Amanda (December 4, 2018). [https://www.cnbc.com/2018/12/04/pentagon-extends-active-duty-troop-deployment-to-the-southwest-border.html Pentagon extends active-duty troop deployment to the southwest border until the end of January]. ''CNBC''. Retrieved December 5, 2018.
+
*Cooper, Helene (December 4, 2018). [https://www.nytimes.com/2018/12/04/us/politics/us-mexico-border-troops.html Troops to Remain at Border Through Next Year]. ''The New York Times''. Retrieved December 5, 2018.
+
*Cloud, David S. (December 4, 2018). [https://www.latimes.com/nation/la-na-pol-troops-border-20181204-20181203-dlg6yksd5bbwjdl7iheirbgn4i-story.html Pentagon extends U.S. troop deployment at Mexican border through January]. ''Los Angeles Times''. Retrieved December 5, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Giaritelli, Anna (December 5, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/us-reconfigures-border-troops-in-response-to-shifting-caravan-routes US reconfigures border troops in response to shifting caravan routes]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved December 5, 2018.</ref>
+
*Among other border security improvements,<ref>Multiple references:
+
*[https://www.voanews.com/a/border-agency-clarifies-building-location-of-border-wall/4325138.html Border Agency Clarifies Building, Location of Border Wall]. ''Voice of America''. March 30, 2018. Retrieved August 11, 2018.
+
*Sanchez, Luis (March 31, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/381097-border-control-clarifies-that-replacement-fence-is-part-of-trumps US border control: 'Construction of the border wall is underway']. ''The Hill''. Retrieved August 11, 2018.
+
*Lima, Cristiano (March 30, 2018). [https://www.politico.com/story/2018/03/30/trump-border-wall-mexico-492767 Trump administration reveals Phase One of the border wall]. ''Politico''. Retrieved August 11, 2018.
+
*Geraghty, Jim (June 29, 2018). [https://www.nationalreview.com/2018/06/us-mexico-border-wall-being-built-slowly/ The Wall Is Being Built! (Slowly.)] ''National Review''. Retrieved March 23, 2019.
+
*[https://www.azcentral.com/story/news/politics/border-issues/2018/11/05/what-trumps-border-wall-progress/1898283002/ Is Trump's border wall being built? Here are the facts]. ''The Arizona Republic''. November 5, 2018. Retrieved March 23, 2019.
+
*Wagner, Dennis (December 13, 2018). [https://www.azcentral.com/story/news/politics/border-issues/2018/12/13/trump-administration-adds-no-new-border-wall-proclaims-victory/2290703002/ Trump administration says 'walls work.' Here's what a full view of the border shows]. ''The Arizona Republic''. Retrieved December 26, 2018.
+
*Lu, Denise (February 12, 2019). [https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/01/05/us/border-wall.html The Border Wall: What Has Trump Built So Far?] ''The New York Times''. Retrieved February 12, 2019.
+
*Radnofsky, Louise (February 14, 2019). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/the-border-wall-mile-by-mile-11550152535 Border Barriers, Mile by Mile]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
+
See also:
+
*Dinan, Stephen (March 30, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/mar/30/trump-wall-would-stretch-1000-miles-border/ Trump wall would stretch 1,000 miles on border]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved August 11, 2018.
+
*Rivera, Madeleine (November 16, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/us/landowners-in-rio-grande-valley-sound-off-on-border-wall As border wall goes up in Texas, some local landowners put up a fight, others welcome it]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved November 21, 2018.</ref> the Trump Administration constructed 20 miles of new and improved fencing in New Mexico.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Dinan, Stephen (April 9, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/apr/9/dhs-build-20-mile-wall-along-border-new-mexico/ DHS to build 20-mile wall along border in New Mexico]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved August 11, 2018.
+
*Aguilar, Julián (April 9, 2018). [https://www.texastribune.org/2018/04/09/el-paso-border-patrol-sector-kicks-construction-trumps-wall-texas-bord/ El Paso Border Patrol sector kicks off construction of Trump's wall on border]. ''The Texas Tribune''. Retrieved August 11, 2018.
+
*Lajeunesse, William (April 9, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/us/2018/04/09/ground-broken-on-high-priority-stretch-trumps-border-wall-in-new-mexico.html Ground broken on high-priority stretch of Trump's border wall in New Mexico]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved August 11, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*[https://www.voanews.com/a/feds-replace-us-border-barriers-new-mexico/4219759.html Feds Move to Replace US Border Barriers in New Mexico]. ''Voice of America'' (from the ''Associated Press''). January 22, 2018. Retrieved August 11, 2018.
+
*Contreras, Russell (January 22, 2018). [https://www.apnews.com/0a031bb85aba4e038bdb8277f79b76d4/Feds-move-to-replace-US-border-barriers-in-New-Mexico Feds move to replace US border barriers in New Mexico]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved August 11, 2018.
+
*Scarry, Eddie (February 20, 2019). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/opinion/the-new-wall-in-new-mexico-is-real-and-its-20-miles-long The new 'wall' in New Mexico is real, and it's 20 miles long]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved March 23, 2019.
+
*Hay, Andrew; Cowan, Richard (March 15, 2019). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-wall-insight/trump-wall-in-desolate-stretch-of-new-mexico-has-some-asking-why-here-idUSKCN1QW1GR Trump 'wall' in desolate stretch of New Mexico has some asking: Why here?] ''Reuters''. Retrieved March 15, 2019.</ref> The DHS also constructed 2.25 miles of improved fencing and border infrastructure at Calexico, California,<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Giaritelli, Anna (February 21, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/dhs-starts-construction-on-30-foot-replacement-wall-in-calexico-calif/article/2649674 DHS starts construction on 30-foot replacement wall in Calexico, Calif.] ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved August 11, 2018.
+
*Morrissey, Kate (February 26, 2018). [https://www.latimes.com/local/lanow/la-me-border-fence-20180226-story.html Border Patrol is building border barrier in Calexico; is it a fence, or a Trump 'wall'?] ''Los Angeles Times''. Retrieved August 11, 2018.
+
The project was completed in October 2018:
+
*Morrissey, Kate (October 10, 2018). [https://www.sandiegouniontribune.com/news/immigration/sd-me-border-wall-20181010-story.html With border wall funding still in question, construction finishes on Calexico barrier]. ''The San Diego Union-Tribune''. Retrieved October 11, 2018.
+
DHS Secretary Nielsen visited the fencing to commemorate its completion:
+
*Giaritelli, Anna (October 26, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/dhs-unveils-trumps-first-completed-border-wall-project-walls-work DHS unveils Trump's first completed border wall project: 'Walls work']. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved October 26, 2018.
+
*Casiano, Louis (October 27, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/section-of-trumps-border-wall-unveiled-in-california-as-caravan-advances-north-through-mexico Section of Trump's border wall unveiled in California as caravan advances north through Mexico]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved October 27, 2018.
+
*Morrissey, Kate (October 26, 2018). [https://www.sandiegouniontribune.com/news/immigration/sd-me-nielsen-visit-calexico-border-20181026-story.html Nielsen promises more construction at Calexico border]. ''The San Diego Union-Tribune''. Retrieved October 26, 2018.
+
*Chappell, Bill (October 26, 2018). [https://www.npr.org/2018/10/26/661042336/homeland-security-secretary-nielsen-visits-new-border-wall-in-california Homeland Security Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen Visits New Border Wall In California]. ''NPR''. Retrieved October 26, 2018.
+
*Timm, Jane C. (October 26, 2018). [https://www.nbcnews.com/politics/donald-trump/dhs-chief-marks-first-section-trump-s-border-wall-it-n924941 DHS chief marks first section of Trump's border wall. (But it kinda looks like a fence.)]. ''NBC News''. Retrieved October 26, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Binder, John (March 28, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/03/28/trump-celebrates-replacement-border-fence-as-start-of-our-southern-border-wall/ Trump Celebrates Replacement Border Fence as ‘Start of Our Southern Border WALL’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved August 11, 2018.
+
*Chamberlain, Samuel (March 28, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/03/28/trump-shares-photos-border-wall-construction-on-twitter.html Trump shares photos of border wall construction on Twitter]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved August 11, 2018.</ref> as well as 14 miles in [[San Diego]].<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Zwirz, Elizabeth (June 1, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/us/2018/06/01/construction-on-san-diego-section-us-border-wall-begins-cbp-says.html Construction on San Diego section of US border wall begins, CBP says]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved August 11, 2018.
+
*Bowden, John (June 2, 2018). [https://thehill.com/latino/390380-construction-begins-on-san-diego-border-wall-with-anti-climbing-plate Construction begins on San Diego border wall with ‘anti-climbing plate’]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved August 11, 2018.
+
*Datoc, Christian (June 2, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/customs-and-border-protection-announces-construction-on-new-portion-of-the-wall-in-san-diego-with-anti-climbing-tech Customs and Border Protection announces construction on new portion of the wall in San Diego with 'anti-climbing' tech]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved August 11, 2018.
+
*Morrissey, Kate (June 1, 2018). [https://www.sandiegouniontribune.com/news/immigration/sd-me-border-wall-20180601-story.html Border construction begins in San Diego]. ''The San Diego Union-Tribune''. Retrieved August 11, 2018.
+
*Linge, Mary Kay (June 2, 2018). [https://nypost.com/2018/06/02/trumps-border-wall-breaks-ground-in-san-diego/ Trump’s border wall breaks ground in San Diego]. ''New York Post''. Retrieved June 30, 2019.</ref> The Rio Grande Valley also saw improved border security measures,<ref>Merchant, Nomaan; Mone, John L. (April 14, 2018). [https://www.apnews.com/84d400ba53b14bbab1a26cb424e348f7/On-the-lower-Rio-Grande,-a-glimpse-at-the-border-Trump-wants On the lower Rio Grande, a glimpse at the border Trump wants]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved August 11, 2018.</ref> and the DHS waived environmental regulations in 2018 to expedite the construction of about 17 miles of wall in the area.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Price, Bob (October 10, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/texas/2018/10/10/expedited-border-wall-construction-in-south-texas-announced-by-trump-admin/ Expedited Border Wall Construction in South Texas Announced by Trump Admin]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved October 11, 2018.
+
*Giaritelli, Anna (October 11, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/dhs-orders-border-agency-to-bypass-environmental-rules-to-start-18-mile-border-wall-in-texas DHS orders border agency to bypass environmental rules to start 18-mile border wall in Texas]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved October 11, 2018.
+
*Hennessy-Fiske, Molly (October 10, 2018). [https://www.latimes.com/nation/la-na-border-wall-environment-20181010-story.html Trump administration waives environmental laws to build border wall]. ''Los Angeles Times''. Retrieved October 11, 2018.
+
*Aguilar, Julián (October 10, 2018). [https://www.texastribune.org/2018/10/10/feds-disclose-plans-new-section-border-wall-texas/ Trump administration discloses plans for construction of new border barrier in Texas]. ''The Texas Tribune''. Retrieved October 11, 2018.
+
*Merchant, Nomaan (October 10, 2018). [https://www.apnews.com/5bff9754ff674158aca6fb4e7635cf1f Homeland Security issues another Texas border wall waiver]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved October 11, 2018.
+
*Collier, Kiah (October 9, 2018). [https://www.texastribune.org/2018/10/09/homeland-security-moves-plug-gaps-south-texas-border-fence/ Homeland Security moves to plug gaps in Bush-era border fence]. ''The Texas Tribune''. Retrieved November 4, 2018.</ref> In September 2018, the CBP began construction of an improved four-mile border barrier in [[El Paso]].<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Price, Bob (September 23, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/texas/2018/09/23/border-wall-construction-begins-in-el-paso-texas/ Border Wall Construction Begins in El Paso, Texas]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved September 23, 2018.
+
*Murphy, James (September 24, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/immigration/item/30157-construction-set-to-begin-on-a-four-mile-stretch-of-trump-s-border-wall Construction Set to Begin on a Four-mile Stretch of Trump’s Border Wall]. ''The New American''. Retrieved September 24, 2018.
+
*Martinez, Aaron; Sanchez, Sara; Mekelburg, Madlin (September 20, 2018). [https://www.elpasotimes.com/story/news/immigration/2018/09/20/construction-trump-border-wall-begin-el-paso-border-patrol/1366414002/ Border Patrol: Trump border wall construction to begin in El Paso]. ''El Paso Times''. Retrieved September 23, 2018.
+
*Folley, Aris (September 22, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/407938-parts-of-border-wall-to-begin-construction Parts of border wall to begin construction]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved September 23, 2018.
+
*Aguilar, Julián (September 21, 2018). [https://www.texastribune.org/2018/09/21/border-wall-texas-mexico-trump-el-paso/ Federal officials unveil plans for four-mile, 18-foot-tall wall on Texas-Mexico border]. ''The Texas Tribune''. Retrieved September 23, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Price, Bob (September 29, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/texas/2018/09/29/watch-border-wall-construction-underway-in-el-paso/ WATCH: Border Wall Construction Underway in El Paso]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved September 29, 2018.
+
*Lambie, Mark R. (September 26, 2018). [https://www.elpasotimes.com/story/news/2018/09/26/trump-border-wall-construction-underway-downtown-el-paso-texas/1437573002/ Trump border wall construction underway in Chihuahuita in Downtown El Paso]. ''El Paso Times''. Retrieved September 28, 2018.
+
*Folley, Aris (September 28, 2018). [https://thehill.com/blogs/blog-briefing-room/news/409044-construction-for-trumps-border-wall-is-underway-in-texas Video shows border wall construction underway in Texas]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved September 28, 2018.</ref> The CBP also began preparations for a six-mile border wall construction project in Texas scheduled to begin in February 2019,<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Zwirz, Elizabeth (November 3, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/us/145m-border-wall-project-in-texas-awarded-customs-and-border-protection-says $145M Texas border wall project awarded, Customs and Border Protection says]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved November 4, 2018.
+
*Price, Bob (November 3, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/border/2018/11/03/border-wall-construction-to-begin-at-texas-border/ Border Wall Construction to Begin in Texas]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 4, 2018.
+
*Alvarado, Beatriz (November 2, 2018). [https://www.caller.com/story/news/texasregion/2018/11/02/construction-trumps-border-wall-begin-february/1861864002/ Construction of President Donald Trump's border wall to begin in February]. ''Corpus Christi Caller Times''. Retrieved November 4, 2018.
+
*[https://www.apnews.com/22a4c194acbe4f1684eb526ce0402cf1 Texas contractor scores $145 million border wall contract]. ''Associated Press''. November 2, 2018. Retrieved November 4, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Scarry, Eddie (February 12, 2019). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/opinion/its-true-trump-really-did-start-building-more-wall-in-texas It's true, Trump really did start building more wall in Texas]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved February 12, 2019.</ref> an eight-mile construction project in Texas scheduled to begin at the same time,<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Price, Bob (November 14, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/border/2018/11/14/feds-ink-second-contract-for-border-walls-in-south-texas/ Feds Ink Second Contract for Border Walls in South Texas]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
+
*[https://www.voanews.com/a/us-awards-second-border-wall-contract-in-texas/4658775.html US Awards Second Border Wall Contract in Texas]. ''Voice of America'' (from the ''Associated Press''). November 14, 2018. Retrieved November 15, 2018.</ref> and a 32-mile wall replacement project in Arizona to start in April 2019.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Giaritelli, Anna (November 16, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/trump-administration-greenlights-324m-border-wall-in-arizona Trump administration greenlights $324M border wall in Arizona]. ''Fox News'' (from the ''Washington Examiner''). Retrieved November 21, 2018.
+
*Carranza, Rafael (November 15, 2018). [https://www.azcentral.com/story/news/politics/border-issues/2018/11/15/324-million-contract-awarded-replace-border-fencing-near-yuma-lukeville-barnard-construction/2013752002/ $324 million contract awarded to replace border fencing near Yuma and Lukeville]. ''Arizona Republic''. Retrieved November 21, 2018.
+
*Trevizo, Perla (November 15, 2018). [https://tucson.com/news/local/montana-firm-wins-m-contract-to-replace-fencing-on-arizona/article_0e64a689-d185-5f64-a134-6cb3979a1291.html Montana firm wins $172M contract to replace fencing on Arizona-Mexico border]. ''Arizona Daily Star''. Retrieved November 21, 2018.</ref> Despite these measures, some conservatives noted that the fencing used in these construction projects was similar to the fencing used during the Obama Administration.<ref>Binder, John (April 10, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/04/10/trumps-new-border-wall-resembles-fence-constructed-under-obama-that-illegal-aliens-recently-hopped-over/ Trump’s New Border ‘Wall’ Resembles Fence Obama Constructed That Illegal Aliens Recently Hopped Over]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved August 11, 2018.<br>See also:
+
*Binder, John (December 12, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/12/12/exclusive-dhs-spox-30-foot-bollard-fence-is-part-of-trumps-promised-wall/ Exclusive–DHS Spox: 30-Foot Bollard Fence Is Part of Trump’s Promised Wall]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
+
*Spiering, Charlie (December 14, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/12/14/stephen-miller-defends-beautiful-30-foot-rock-solid-bollard-steel-wall/ Stephen Miller Defends ‘Beautiful 30-Foot Rock Solid Bollard Steel’ Wall]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved December 14, 2018.
+
*Munro, Neil (December 18, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/12/18/donald-trump-big-beautiful-wall-is-steel-slats/ Donald Trump: Big Beautiful Wall Is ‘Steel Slats’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
+
*Zwirz, Elizabeth (December 18, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/trump-brags-about-artistically-designed-steel-slats-of-proposed-border-wall Trump brags about 'artistically designed steel slats' of proposed border wall]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved December 19, 2018.</ref>
+
 
+
===Miscellaneous===
+
The Trump Administration took several miscellaneous immigration-related actions:
+
 
+
*February 1, 2018—It was reported that the DOJ had effectively shut down its Office for Access to Justice, which was created in 2010 under [[Eric Holder]] and which funded several left-wing [[open borders]] organizations.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Mason, Ian (February 2, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/02/02/report-obama-civil-rights-warriors-distraught-as-doj-shutters-eric-holders-project-that-funded-open-borders-groups/ Report: Obama’s Civil Rights Warriors Distraught as DOJ Shutters Project That Funded Open-Borders Groups]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved February 7, 2018.
+
*Carter, Brandon (February 1, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/371895-justice-dept-sidelines-office-dedicated-to-expanding-legal-aid-to Justice Dept sidelines office dedicated to expanding legal aid to poor citizens: report]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved February 7, 2018.
+
*Benner, Katie (February 1, 2018). [https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/01/us/politics/office-of-access-to-justice-department-closed.html Justice Dept. Office to Make Legal Aid More Accessible Is Quietly Closed]. ''The New York Times''. Retrieved February 7, 2018.</ref>
+
*March 26, 2018—The Commerce Department announced it would re-add a question to the [[U.S. Census Bureau|U.S. Census]] asking U.S. residents if they are U.S. citizens.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Binder, John (March 26, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/03/26/big-victory-for-president-trump-commerce-department-puts-u-s-citizenship-question-back-on-census/ ‘Big Victory for President Trump:’ Commerce Department Puts U.S. Citizenship Question Back on Census]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved March 27, 2018.
+
*[https://www.voanews.com/a/us-to-add-citizenship-question-to-2020-census/4318791.html US to Add Citizenship Question to 2020 Census]. ''Voice of America''. March 27, 2018. Retrieved March 27, 2018.
+
*O'Brien, Brendan (March 26, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-census/u-s-to-add-citizenship-question-in-2020-census-commerce-dept-idUSKBN1H308B U.S. to add citizenship question in 2020 Census: Commerce Dept]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved March 27, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (March 26, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/mar/26/trump-administration-add-citizenship-question-2020/ Trump administration to add citizenship question to 2020 census]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved March 27, 2018.
+
*Anapol, Avery; Samuels, Brett (March 26, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/380387-2020-census-to-include-citizenship-question 2020 census to include citizenship question]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved March 27, 2018.</ref>
+
*April 2018—The DOJ announced that at the end of the month it would end temporarily end a program that provides legal services to immigrants and illegal immigrants in immigration courts.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Solis, Dianne (April 11, 2018). [https://www.dallasnews.com/news/immigration/2018/04/11/sessions-halts-program-gives-immigrants-free-legal-advice AG Jeff Sessions halts free legal assistance program for detained immigrants]. ''The Dallas Morning News''. Retrieved April 12, 2018.
+
*Sacchetti, Maria (April 10, 2018). [https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/immigration/justice-dept-to-halt-legal-advice-program-for-immigrants-in-detention/2018/04/10/40b668aa-3cfc-11e8-974f-aacd97698cef_story.html Justice Dept. to halt legal-advice program for immigrants in detention]. ''The Washington Post''. Retrieved April 12, 2018.
+
*Munro, Neil (April 10, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/04/10/report-ag-sessions-freezes-legal-program-for-illegal-migrants/ Report: AG Sessions Freezes Aid Program for Illegal Migrants]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 12, 2018.
+
*[https://www.voanews.com/a/legal-advice-ending-immigration-detention-us/4342927.html Legal Advice Ending for Immigrants in Detention in US]. ''Voice of America''. April 11, 2018. Retrieved April 12, 2018.
+
*Landler, Mark; Wong, Edward (December 13, 2018). [https://www.nytimes.com/2018/12/13/us/politics/john-bolton-africa-china.html Bolton Outlines a Strategy for Africa That's Really About Countering China]. ''The New York Times''. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
+
*Kight, Stef W. (April 10, 2018). [https://www.axios.com/doj-ends-program-that-gives-legal-advice-to-immigrants-h1b523406136-014e903c-e227-4664-84f4-245c32229d89.html DOJ temporarily ends legal service program for immigrants]. ''Axios''. Retrieved April 12, 2018.
+
*Romo, Vanessa (April 12, 2018). [https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2018/04/12/601642556/justice-department-will-pause-a-legal-advice-program-for-detained-immigrants Justice Department Will Pause A Legal Advice Program For Detained Immigrants]. ''NPR''. Retrieved April 12, 2018.</ref>
+
 
+
==Appointments, 2018==
+
*March 2018—President Trump appointed Andrew Veprek, a White House aide described as having strong pro-American immigration views, as a deputy assistant secretary at the Bureau of Population, Refugees and Migration.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Toosi, Nahal (March 8, 2018). [https://www.politico.com/story/2018/03/08/andrew-veprek-state-department-refugee-admissions-448210 Refugee skeptic lands top State Department refugee job]. ''Politico''. Retrieved March 8, 2018.
+
*Manchester, Julia (March 8, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/377494-refugee-hardliner-appointed-to-top-state-department-refugee-post Refugee hardliner appointed to top State Department refugee post: report]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved March 8, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Breland, Ali (June 30, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/394969-trump-appointee-blasts-united-nations-document-condemning-racism Trump appointee blasts United Nations document condemning racism]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved June 30, 2018.</ref>
+
*July 2018—President Trump appointed John Zadrozny, a White House aid opposed to mass migration, to serve on the State Department's Policy Planning Staff where he would influence matters related to the department's migration policies.<ref>Gramer, Robbie (July 26, 2018). [https://foreignpolicy.com/2018/07/26/refugee-skeptic-to-assume-key-role-on-migration-issues-at-state-department-trump-bureau-population-refugees-migration-immigration-policy-planning-staff-domestic-policy-council/ Refugee Skeptic to Assume Key Role on Migration Issues at State Department]. ''Foreign Policy''. Retrieved July 29, 2018.</ref>
+
 
+
==Other achievements, 2018==
+
[[File:Donald Trump Angel Families.jpg|thumb|250px|President Trump speaking with Angel Families, June 2018]]
+
While the following achievements were not official United States government policy actions by the Trump Administration, they were closely related to the Trump Administration and its policies:
+
 
+
*It was reported in April 2018 that compared to Fiscal Year 2016, the number of visas granted to foreign visitors fell by 13%, with significant decreases in both Muslin and non-Muslim countries.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Toosi, Nahal; Hesson, Ted; Frostenson, Sarah (April 3, 2018). [https://www.politico.com/interactives/2018/trump-travel-ban-visas-decline/ Foreign visas plunge under Trump]. ''Politico''. Retrieved April 3, 2018.
+
*Sanchez, Luis (April 3, 2018). [https://thehill.com/policy/international/381402-us-is-granting-fewer-visitor-visas-report US granting fewer visitor visas: report]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved April 3, 2018.</ref> The number of H-1B visa applications also fell in 2018, for the second year in a row, though levels were still relatively high.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Baron, Ethan (April 13, 2018). [https://www.mercurynews.com/2018/04/12/h-1b-applications-fall-for-second-year-in-a-row/ H-1B applications fall for second year in a row]. ''The Mercury News''. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
+
*Thadani, Trisha (April 12, 2018). [https://www.sfchronicle.com/business/article/H-1B-application-numbers-fall-for-second-year-in-12829795.php H-1B application numbers fall for second year in a row]. ''San Francisco Chronicle''. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
+
*Kight, Stef W. (April 12, 2018). [https://www.axios.com/fewer-h-1b-petitions-filed-this-year-than-last-year-1523573530-6e26333d-34f7-4044-bd8c-c0d900dabe0b.html Fewer H-1B petitions filed this year than last year]. ''Axios''. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
+
*O'Brien, Sara Ashley (April 12, 2018). [https://money.cnn.com/2018/04/12/technology/h-1b-visa-applications-2018/index.html H-1B visa applications are down again]. ''CNN''. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Bhattacharya, Ananya (April 12, 2018). [https://qz.com/1251621/all-of-this-years-h-1b-visas-have-already-been-taken/ All of this year’s H-1B visas have already been taken]. ''Quartz''. Retrieved April 14, 2018.</ref> Because of the Trump Administration's visa policies, American businesses made a stronger effort hire to American college graduates rather than foreigners.<ref name="HireAmericans2018">Multiple references:
+
*Munro, Neil (August 4, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/08/03/trump-immigration-reforms-boost-college-grads/ Trump’s Immigration Reforms Are Boosting U.S. College-Grads]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved August 4, 2018.
+
*Chadha, Janaki; Gee, Kelsey (August 1, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/u-s-workers-only-companies-hesitate-to-hire-foreign-m-b-a-students-1533124800 ‘U.S. Workers Only’: Companies Hesitate to Hire Foreign M.B.A. Students]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved August 4, 2018.
+
*Svab, Petr (August 5, 2018). [https://www.theepochtimes.com/trump-visa-policy-helps-american-tech-workers_2615228.html Trump’s H-1B Visa Policy Helps American Tech Workers]. ''The Epoch Times''. Retrieved August 5, 2018.</ref>
+
*The number of legal immigrants in the U.S. for less than five years who used [[SNAP]] food stamps fell around 10% in 2018, after the number consistently rose for the previous ten years.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Binder, John (November 21, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/11/21/food-stamp-usage-immigrants-drops-10-percent-immigration-controls/ Food Stamp Usage by Immigrants Drops 10 Percent amid Immigration Controls]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 21, 2018.
+
*Ebbs, Stephanie (November 21, 2018). [https://abcnews.go.com/Politics/food-banks-impact-trumps-immigration-policies/story?id=59292130 Food banks see impact of Trump’s immigration policies]. ''ABC News''. Retrieved November 21, 2018.
+
*Bottemiller Evich, Helena (November 14, 2018). [https://www.politico.com/story/2018/11/14/immigrant-families-dropping-out-food-stamps-966256 Immigrant families appear to be dropping out of food stamps]. ''Politico''. Retrieved November 21, 2018.
+
*Honig, Esther (November 21, 2018). [https://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2018/11/21/669302683/fewer-immigrant-families-are-signing-up-for-federal-food-assistance Fewer Immigrant Families Are Signing Up For Federal Food Assistance]. ''NPR'' (from ''Harvest Public Media''). Retrieved November 21, 2018.</ref>
+
*Because of the Trump Administration's migration policies, which resulted in fewer migrant workers, farm owners raised their workers' wages and bought machinery to do some of the work.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Munro, Neil (November 20, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/economy/2018/11/20/donald-trumps-migration-policy-boosts-farm-productivity-wages/ Donald Trump’s Migration Policy Boosts Farm Productivity, Wages]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 21, 2018.
+
*Jordan, Miriam (November 20, 2018). [https://www.nytimes.com/2018/11/20/us/farmworkers-immigrant-labor-robots.html As Immigrant Farmworkers Become More Scarce, Robots Replace Humans]. ''The New York Times''. Retrieved November 21, 2018.</ref> President Trump's immigration policies were also cited as the reason for an increase in construction job opportunities for women.<ref>Binder, John (May 22, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/05/22/trumps-immigration-crackdown-opening-construction-jobs-for-women/ Trump’s Immigration Crackdown Opening Construction Jobs for Women]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved September 9, 2018.</ref>
+
*The surge in illegal immigration to Canada that was attributed to President Trump and his policies continued into 2018,<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Paperny, Anna Mehler (March 19, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-trump-effect-canada-immigration/collateral-damage-how-trump-threw-canadas-refugee-system-into-turmoil-idUSKBN1GV0WQ Collateral damage: How Trump threw Canada's refugee system into turmoil]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
+
*Ernst, Douglas (May 2, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/may/2/justin-trudeau-pins-canadas-illegal-immigration-pr/ Trudeau pins Canada’s illegal-immigration woes on Trump administration]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved May 3, 2018.
+
*Binder, John (August 6, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/08/06/report-illegal-aliens-self-deporting-to-canada-due-to-trumps-crackdown/ Report: Illegal Aliens Self Deporting to Canada Due to Trump’s Crackdown]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved August 6, 2018.
+
*Craig, Tim (August 3, 2018). [https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/national/wp/2018/08/03/feature/undocumented-immigrants-are-fleeing-trumps-america-and-these-americans-are-easing-their-journey-to-canada/ Easing the journey north]. ''The Washington Post''. Retrieved August 6, 2018.
+
*Cook, Benson (August 16, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/world/2018/08/16/canada-struggling-with-illegal-border-crisis-its-own-ahead-crucial-elections.html Canada struggling with illegal border 'crisis' of its own ahead of crucial elections]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved August 16, 2018.
+
*Mehler Paperny, Anna (November 16, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-canada-immigration-refugees/canada-set-to-get-most-refugee-claims-in-nearly-three-decades-idUSKCN1NL2II Canada set to get most refugee claims in nearly three decades]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved Novemebr 16, 2018.
+
*[https://www.breitbart.com/europe/2019/05/18/canada-asylum-avalanche-as-claims-triple-over-two-years/ Canada: Asylum Avalanche as Claims Triple over Two Years]. ''Breitbart News'' (from ''AFP''). May 18, 2019. Retrieved May 18, 2019.
+
The surge was so great that the Canadian government took steps to end it:
+
*Paperny, Anna Mehler (May 22, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-canada-immigration-border/canada-granting-refugee-status-to-fewer-illegal-border-crossers-idUSKCN1IN1CO Canada granting refugee status to fewer illegal border crossers]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved May 22, 2018.
+
*Gomez, Alan (June 8, 2018). [https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2018/06/08/canada-warns-immigrants-u-s-heading-north-border/683297002/ Canada warns immigrants in U.S. about heading north of the border]. ''USA Today''. Retrieved June 8, 2018.
+
*Leach, Katie (June 8, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/canada-is-looking-to-crack-down-on-illegal-immigration-at-its-southern-border Canada is looking to crack down on illegal immigration at its southern border]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved June 8, 2018.
+
*Murphy, James (July 24, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/world-news/north-america/item/29621-canada-s-immigration-troubles-and-justin-trudeau-s-tepid-response Canada’s Immigration Troubles and Justin Trudeau’s Tepid Response]. ''The New American''. Retrieved July 24, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Gillies, Rob (March 21, 2017). [https://www.apnews.com/36e5e9dc9a7b454f8c78ee8cca76e8de/Immigrants-increasingly-flowing-across-US-border-into-Canada Immigrants increasingly flowing across US border into Canada]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved July 17, 2018.
+
*Wise, Justin (August 6, 2018). [https://thehill.com/latino/400524-people-caught-illegally-crossing-northern-border-rises-by-142-percent People caught illegally crossing Canadian border rises by 142 percent]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved August 6, 2018.</ref> and the country's Immigration and Refugee Board was "overwhelmed" by the number of migrants entering the country.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Xenakis, John J. (March 20, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/national-security/2018/03/20/20-mar-18-world-view-canada-immigration-and-refugee-board-overwhelmed-by-migrants-crossing-border-from-us/ World View: Canada’s Immigration and Refugee Board Overwhelmed by Migrants Crossing Border from U.S.] ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved May 1, 2018.
+
*Levitz, Stephanie (February 20, 2018). [http://nationalpost.com/news/politics/over-burdened-refugee-tribunal-ditches-legislated-timelines-for-hearings Overwhelmed refugee tribunal gives up on regulated timeframe for asylum hearings]. ''National Post'' (from ''The Canadian Press''). Retrieved May 1, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Rodriguez, Katherine (April 30, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/04/30/canada-wants-u-s-enforce-immigration-laws-keep-refugees/ Canada Wants U.S. to Enforce Its Immigration Laws to Keep Refugees Out]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved May 1, 2018.
+
*Ross, Selena (April 28, 2018). [https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/the_americas/nigerians-are-walking-into-canada-prompting-request-for-us-to-take-action/2018/04/27/f9357a0c-45b6-11e8-b2dc-b0a403e4720a_story.html Nigerians are walking into Canada, prompting request for U.S. to take action]. ''The Washington Post''. Retrieved May 1, 2018.
+
*Wright, Teresa (April 30, 2018). [https://www.theglobeandmail.com/canada/article-canadian-american-officials-working-to-stop-nigerians-from-using-us/ Canadian, American officials working to stop Nigerians from using U.S. visas as ticket to Canada]. ''The Globe and Mail'' (from ''The Canadian Press''). Retrieved May 1, 2018.</ref> On July 18, 2018, Prime Minister [[Justin Trudeau]] even appointed a minister in charge of border security to combat the problem.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Paperny, Anna Mehler (July 18, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-canada-immigration-border/canadas-trudeau-facing-criticism-appoints-border-security-minister-idUSKBN1K82DJ Canada's Trudeau, facing criticism, appoints border security minister]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved July 18, 2018.
+
*Caplan, Joshua (July 18, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/national-security/2018/07/18/justin-trudeau-border-minister-asylum-seekers/ Justin Trudeau Appoints Border Minister to Handle Wave of Asylum Seekers]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved July 19, 2018.</ref>
+
*President Trump used numerous opportunities to advocate for pro-American immigration policies. For example, in his 2018 [[State of the Union Address]], Trump took a strong stance on immigration.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Holland, Steve; Mason, Jeff (January 30, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trump/trump-pushes-hardline-immigration-policies-even-as-he-urges-unity-idUSKBN1FJ1DV Trump pushes hardline immigration policies even as he urges unity]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved January 31, 2018.
+
*Stanage, Niall (January 31, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/the-memo/371735-the-memo-trump-sticks-to-his-guns-on-immigration-agenda The Memo: Trump sticks to his guns on immigration agenda]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved January 31, 2018.</ref> He criticized the [[open borders]] policies of previous presidential administrations,<ref>Binder, John (January 30, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/live/state-union-fact-check-analysis-livewire/trump-assails-open-borders-sotu-address/ Trump Assails Open Borders in SOTU Address]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 31, 2018.</ref> stated that "Americans are dreamers, too",<ref>Pollak, Joel B. (January 30, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/01/30/trump-state-union-americans-dreamers/ Trump on Immigration in State of the Union: ‘Americans Are Dreamers, Too’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 31, 2018.</ref> and called for a merit-based immigration system.<ref>Binder, John (January 30, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/live/state-union-fact-check-analysis-livewire/trump-sotu-address-time-merit-based-legal-immigration/ Trump in SOTU Address: ‘It Is Time’ for Merit-Based Legal Immigration]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 31, 2018.</ref> He also called for action against [[MS-13]]<ref>Binder, John (January 30, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/live/state-union-fact-check-analysis-livewire/trump-sotu-address-congress-must-close-deadly-loopholes-allowed-ms-13-gang-proliferate/ Trump in SOTU Address: Congress Must Close ‘Deadly Loopholes’ That Allowed MS-13 Gang to Proliferate]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 31, 2018.</ref> and honored the parents of the gang's victims.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Singman, Brooke (January 30, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/01/30/trump-honors-parents-ms-13-victims-america-is-grieving-for.html Trump honors parents of MS-13 victims: 'America is grieving for you']. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 31, 2018.
+
*Arter, Melanie (January 30, 2018). [https://www.cnsnews.com/news/article/melanie-arter/trump-uses-sotu-address-honor-parents-teens-killed-ms-13 Trump Uses SOTU to Honor Parents of Teenage Girls Killed by MS-13]. ''CNS News''. Retrieved January 31, 2018.
+
*Athey, Amber (January 30, 2018). [https://dailycaller.com/2018/01/30/trump-sotu-ms13-victims/ Trump Honors Teens Slain By MS-13]. ''The Daily Caller''. Retrieved January 31, 2018.
+
*[https://www.cbsnews.com/news/state-of-the-union-trump-parents-ms-13-gang-victim-everyone-in-america-is-grieving-for-you/ State of the Union: Trump addresses parents of gang victims]. ''CBS News''. Retrieved January 31, 2018.
+
Some of President Trump's guests showcased the policies he supported:
+
*Spiering, Charlie (January 30, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/01/30/donald-trump-turns-to-heroic-americans-to-demonstrate-strong-state-of-the-union/ Donald Trump Turns to Heroic Americans to Demonstrate Strong State of the Union]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 31, 2018.
+
*Miller, S.A. (January 30, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/jan/30/donald-trumps-guests-sotu-highlight-tax-cuts-patri/ Trump’s guests for SOTU highlight tax cuts, patriotism, fight against illegal immigrant crime]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved January 31, 2018.</ref> Later, on April 5, 2018, President Trump deliberately went off-script at a tax-reform event to give a strong speech opposing illegal immigration.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Spiering, Charlie (April 5, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/04/05/donald-trump-tosses-script-at-tax-reform-event-to-talk-illegal-immigration/ Donald Trump Tosses Script at Tax Reform Event to Talk Illegal Immigration]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
+
*Binder, John (April 6, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/04/06/trump-blasts-u-s-anchor-baby-policy-youre-violating-something-very-sacred-youre-violating-a-border/ Trump Blasts U.S. Anchor Baby Policy: ‘You’re Violating Something Very Sacred, You’re Violating a Border’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
+
*Singman, Brooke (April 5, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/04/05/trump-rails-against-illegal-immigration-says-women-are-raped-at-levels-nobody-has-ever-seen-before-on-journey-to-us.html Trump rails against illegal immigration, says 'women are raped at levels nobody has ever seen before' on journey to US]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
+
*Antle III, W. James (April 6, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/white-house/trump-tosses-the-boring-republican-script-to-rally-his-base Trump tosses the 'boring' Republican script to rally his base]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
+
*Enjeti, Saagar (April 5, 2018). [https://dailycaller.com/2018/04/05/trump-throws-out-script-video/ Trump Throws Out ‘Boring’ Tax Reform Script, Takes Wild Turn On Immigration Instead]. ''The Daily Caller''. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
+
*DeSoto, Randy (April 5, 2018). [https://www.westernjournal.com/watch-trump-tosses-boring-speech-over-shoulder-ad-libs-instead/ Watch: Trump Tosses ‘Boring’ Speech Over Shoulder, Ad-Libs Instead]. ''Western Journalism''. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
+
*[https://www.c-span.org/video/?443444-1/president-trump-holds-roundtable-tax-reform President Trump Roundtable on Tax Reform]. ''C-SPAN''. April 5, 2018. Retrieved April 6, 2018.</ref> In April 2018, President Trump explicitly refused to apologize for his statements on immigration that he made during his 2016 campaign.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Moons, Michelle (May 1, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/05/01/trump-refuses-apologize-travel-order-wouldnt-make-ten-cents-worth-difference/ Trump Refuses to Apologize for Travel Order: ‘Wouldn’t Make Ten Cents’ Worth of Difference’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved May 1, 2018.
+
*Miller, S.A.; Dinan, Stephen (April 30, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/apr/30/trump-no-apology-travel-ban-muslim-comments/ Trump: No apology for travel ban Muslim comments]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved April 30, 2018.
+
*Samuels, Brett (April 30, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/385524-trump-no-reason-to-apologize-for-comments-about-immigrants-during Trump: 'No reason' to apologize for comments about immigrants during campaign]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved April 30, 2018.
+
*Korte, Gregory (April 30, 2018). [https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2018/04/30/trump-wont-apologize-immigration-comments-wouldnt-make-10-cents-worth-difference/565712002/ Trump won't apologize for Muslim comments: 'It wouldn't make 10 cents worth of difference']. ''USA Today''. Retrieved April 30, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Morrongiello, Gabby (April 30, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/white-house/trump-demands-changes-to-obsolete-immigration-laws-as-migrant-caravan-arrives-at-us-border Trump demands changes to ‘obsolete’ immigration laws as migrant caravan arrives at US border]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved April 30, 2018.</ref> He made strong immigration statements at a May 2018 [[National Rifle Association]] speech,<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Dinan, Stephen (May 4, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/may/4/trump-vote-out-democrats-who-back-sanctuary-cities/ Trump: Vote out Democrats who back sanctuary cities]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved May 4, 2018.
+
*Sykes, Michael (May 4, 2018). [https://www.axios.com/trump-kicks-of-nra-speech-with-endorsements-to-abbott-cruz-9da3d07e-6b8c-439a-ab31-1decffd52ff4.html Trump says countries are "sending their worst" immigrants to U.S.]. ''Axios''. Retrieved May 4, 2018.
+
*Bump, Philip (May 4, 2018). [https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/politics/wp/2018/05/04/trump-says-immigration-laws-were-written-by-people-who-could-not-love-our-country/ Trump says immigration laws were written by people who ‘could not love our country’]. ''The Washington Post''. Retrieved May 4, 2018.</ref> and that same month he refused to back down when the Left and the media condemned him for calling MS-13 members "animals."<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Spiering, Charlie (May 17, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/05/17/donald-trump-on-ms-13-i-refer-to-them-as-animals-and-i-always-will/ Donald Trump on MS-13: ‘I Refer to Them as Animals and I Always Will’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
+
*Persons, Sally (May 18, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/may/18/donald-trump-stands-by-calling-ms-13-animals/ Trump stands by calling MS-13 'animals']. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
+
*Miller, S.A.; Dinan, Stephen (May 17, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/may/17/trump-doubles-down-animals-scolds-press/ Trump doubles down on 'animals,' scolds press: 'You know I'm referring to the MS-13 gangs']. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Spiering, Charlie (June 18, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/05/17/nine-times-president-donald-trump-has-referred-to-ms-13-gang-members-as-animals/ Nine Times President Donald Trump Has Referred to MS-13 Gang Members as ‘Animals’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
+
*Hashmi, Siraj (May 16, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/opinion/it-was-ms-13-trump-called-animals-not-undocumented-immigrants It was MS-13 Trump called 'animals,' not undocumented immigrants]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved June 26, 2019.
+
*Adams, Becket (July 12, 2019). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/opinion/reminder-trump-never-called-all-immigrants-animals Reminder: Trump never called all immigrants ‘animals’]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved July 12, 2019.
+
*Nicholas, Peter (May 16, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/trump-says-mexico-does-nothing-for-us-1526516094 Trump Says Mexico ‘Does Nothing for Us’]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved June 18, 2018.</ref> On June 18, 2018, President Trump made other strong immigration statements, criticizing Europe's open border policies,<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Caralle, Katelyn (June 18, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/policy/defense-national-security/trump-says-he-doesnt-want-europes-migrant-crisis-to-happen-in-the-us Trump says he doesn't want Europe's migrant crisis to happen in the US]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
+
*Sanchez, Luis (June 18, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/392747-trump-says-german-people-are-turning-against-their-government-because Trump: German people are 'turning against' their government because of migration]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
+
*Deacon, Liam (June 19, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/london/2018/06/19/violently-changed-culture-trump-germans-turning-merkel-and-open-borders/ ‘Violently Changed Culture’: Trump Says Germans ‘Turning’ on Merkel and Open Borders]. ''Breitbart News''. RetrievedJune 19, 2018.
+
*Spiering, Charlie (June 18, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/06/18/donald-trump-current-immigration-laws-the-worlds-worst/ Donald Trump Urges Democrats to Help Fix ‘World’s Worst’ Immigration Laws]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Simcox, Robin (June 18, 2018). [https://www.dailysignal.com/2018/06/18/trump-is-more-right-than-wrong-about-migrant-crime-in-germany/ Trump Is More Right Than Wrong About Migrant Crime in Germany]. ''The Daily Signal''. Retrieved June 18, 2018.</ref> and he stated that under his presidency the U.S. "will not be a migrant camp and it will not be a refugee holding facility."<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Spiering, Charlie (June 18, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/06/18/donald-trump-the-united-states-will-not-be-a-migrant-camp-not-on-my-watch/ Donald Trump: The United States Will Not Be a Migrant Camp — ‘Not on My Watch’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (June 18, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/jun/18/trump-us-wont-become-migrant-camp/ Trump: U.S. won't become a 'migrant camp']. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
+
*Fabian, Jordan (June 18, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/392788-trump-defends-immigration-policy-us-will-not-be-a-migrant-camp Trump defends family separation policy: US 'will not be a migrant camp']. ''The Hill''. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
+
*Herman, Steve (June 18, 2018). [https://www.voanews.com/a/us-homeland-security-chief-defends-family-separations-at-border/4443803.html Trump: US 'Will Not Be a Migrant Camp']. ''Voice of America''. Retrieved June 18, 2018.</ref> In July 2018, he again criticized Europe's migration policies, saying they were changing the continent for the worse and taking away its culture.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Mikelionis, Lukas (July 13, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/07/13/trump-says-immigration-into-europe-has-changed-fabric-continent.html Trump says immigration into Europe has 'changed the fabric' of the continent]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved July 13, 2018.
+
*Hale, Virginia (July 13, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/london/2018/07/13/very-sad-trump-warns-mass-migration-means-britain-europe-losing-its-culture/ ‘Very Sad’: Trump Warns Mass Migration Means Britain, Europe ‘Losing Its Culture’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved July 13, 2018.
+
*Greenwood, Max (July 12, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/396803-trump-europe-is-losing-its-culture-because-of-immigration Trump: Europe is 'losing its culture' because of immigration]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved July 13, 2018.
+
*Friedman, Victoria (July 13, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/london/2018/07/13/immigration-very-bad-europe-change-culture-brexit-immigration/ Trump: Brexit Happened Because of ‘Very Bad’ Immigration]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved July 13, 2018.
+
*Samuels, Brett (July 13, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/396854-trump-europe-better-watch-themselves-on-immigration-laws Trump: Europe 'better watch themselves' on immigration]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved July 13, 2018.
+
*Morefield, Scott (July 13, 2018). [https://dailycaller.com/2018/07/12/trump-immigration-changed-fabric-europe/ President Trump Laments Loss of European Culture, Says Immigration Has 'Changed The Fabric Of Europe']. ''The Daily Caller''. Retrieved July 15, 2018.
+
*Wagner, John (July 13, 2018). [https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/trump-immigration-is-changing-the-culture-of-europe-and-its-leaders-better-watch-themselves/2018/07/13/afb5d9a6-868b-11e8-8f6c-46cb43e3f306_story.html Trump: Immigration is ‘changing the culture’ of Europe and its leaders ‘better watch themselves’]. ''The Washington Post''. Retrieved July 15, 2018.
+
*Montgomery, Jack (July 15, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/london/2018/07/15/trump-quadruples-down-on-sad-impact-of-mass-migration-on-euro-cities-like-london-and-paris-praises-hungary/ Trump QUADRUPLES Down on ‘Sad’ Impact of Mass Migration on Euro Cities Like London and Paris, Praises Hungary]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved July 15, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Montgomery, Jack (July 13, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/london/2018/07/13/trump-crushes-khan-london-mayor-terrible-job-terrorism-crime/ Trump Crushes Khan: London Mayor Has Done ‘Terrible Job’ on Terrorism, Crime]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved July 13, 2018.</ref> Trump criticized Europe's migration policies again in October 2018.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Spiering, Charlie (October 24, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/10/24/united-states-europe-immigration-donald-trump-9560962/ Donald Trump: United States Should Learn from Europe’s Immigration Mess]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved October 24, 2018.
+
*Miller, S.A. (October 24, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/oct/24/donald-trump-warns-illegal-immigration-onslaught-t/ Trump warns illegal immigration onslaught threatens repeat of Europe's refugee crisis]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved October 24, 2018.
+
*Burke, Michael (October 24, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/412882-trump-europe-a-total-mess-because-of-illegal-immigration Trump: Europe a ‘total mess’ because of illegal immigration]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved October 24, 2018.
+
*Yilek, Caitlin (October 24, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/trump-europe-a-total-mess-due-to-illegal-immigration Trump: Europe a ‘total mess’ due to illegal immigration]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved October 24, 2018.</ref> He made other strong statements criticizing the media<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Spiering, Charlie (June 19, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/06/19/donald-trump-fake-news-media-helping-smugglers-and-traffickers/ Donald Trump: ‘Fake News Media’ Helping Smugglers and Traffickers]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
+
*Fabian, Jordan (June 19, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/393027-trump-blames-fake-news-media-for-aiding-smugglers-human-traffickers Trump blames 'fake news' media for aiding smugglers, human traffickers]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved June 20, 2018.</ref> and Democrats<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Duke, Selwyn (June 20, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/immigration/item/29326-trump-tells-truth-dems-want-to-infest-our-country-with-illegals-for-votes Trump Tells Truth: Dems Want to “Infest Our Country” With Illegals for Votes]. ''The New American''. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
+
*Seipel, Brooke (June 19, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/392977-trump-dems-want-illegal-immigrants-to-infest-our-country Trump: Dems want illegal immigrants to 'infest our country']. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved June 20, 2018.</ref> in the following days. He also called for the ability to immediately send illegal immigrants back to their home countries.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Miles, Frank (June 24, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/06/24/trump-wants-these-people-who-invade-our-country-sent-right-back.html Trump wants 'these people' who 'invade our Country' sent right back]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved June 24, 2018.
+
*Caplan, Joshua (June 24, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/06/24/trump-no-judge-court-for-illegals/ President Trump Demands No ‘Judges or Court’ for Illegal Border Crossers]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved June 24, 2018.
+
*Chiacu, Doina; Lynch, Sarah N. (June 24, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-trump/trump-says-illegal-immigrants-should-be-deported-with-no-judges-or-court-cases-idUSKBN1JK0OL Trump says illegal immigrants should be deported with 'no judges or court cases']. ''Reuters''. Retrieved June 24, 2018.
+
*Spiering, Charlie (June 25, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/06/25/donald-trump-send-illegal-immigrant-children-back-to-their-home-countries/ Donald Trump: Send Illegal Immigrant Children Back to Their Home Countries]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved June 25, 2018.
+
*Mass, Warren (June 25, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/immigration/item/29377-trump-says-illegal-aliens-should-be-deported-without-judges-or-court-cases Trump Says Illegal Aliens Should Be Deported Without Judges or Court Cases]. ''The New American''. Retrieved June 25, 2018.
+
*Zwirz, Elizabeth (June 30, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/06/30/trump-calls-us-immigration-laws-dumbest-anywhere-in-world.html Trump calls US immigration laws 'the dumbest anywhere in the world']. ''Fox News''. Retrieved June 30, 2018.
+
*Greenwood, Max (June 30, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/395013-trump-doubles-down-amid-immigration-protests-those-who-enter Trump doubles down amid protests: Illegal border crossers must be deported 'immediately']. ''The Hill''. Retrieved June 30, 2018.</ref> He also described the [[2018 Migrant caravan]] as an "invasion"<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Fabian, Jordan (October 29, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/413624-trump-calls-migrant-caravan-an-invasion Trump: Migrant caravan 'is an invasion']. ''The Hill''. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
+
*Spiering, Charlie (October 29, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/10/29/donald-trump-warns-caravan-migrants-military-waiting-you/ Donald Trump Warns Caravan Migrants: ‘Our Military Is Waiting for You’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
+
*Enjeti, Saagar (October 29, 2018). [https://dailycaller.com/2018/10/29/trump-warns-invading-caravan-military-waiting/ Trump Warms 'Invading' Caravan the Military is Waiting for Them]. ''The Daily Caller''. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
+
See also:
+
*Kirkwood, R. Cort (December 14, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/print-magazine/item/30854-trumps-right-its-an-invasion Trump’s Right: It’s an Invasion]. ''The New American''. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
+
*[https://dailycaller.com/2018/11/27/trump-migrant-invasion-video/ The Fake 'Invasion' is Here and It's Very, Very Real]. ''The Daily Caller''. November 27, 2018. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
+
*Brewer, Jan (November 5, 2018). [https://thehill.com/opinion/immigration/415027-trump-is-right-on-the-national-security-threat-from-caravans Trump is right on the national security threat from caravans]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved March 14, 2019.</ref> and questioned why they waved the flags of their home countries if they wanted asylum in the U.S.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Spiering, Charlie (March 14, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/11/17/donald-trump-caravan-migrants-i-hat-country-why-waving-flags/ Donald Trump on Caravan Migrants: If They Hate Their Country, Why Are They Waving Their Flags?] ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
+
*Yilek, Caitlin (November 26, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/trump-questions-why-migrants-wave-home-country-flags-if-they-want-asylum-in-us Trump questions why migrants wave home country flags if they want asylum in US]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved March 14, 2019.</ref> President Trump called for putting U.S. borders and citizens first, before those of other countries.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Spiering, Charlie (November 26, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/11/26/donald-trump-time-to-defend-our-borders-not-those-of-foreign-nations/ Donald Trump: Time to Defend Our Borders, Not Those of Foreign Nations]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
+
*Arter, Melanie (December 7, 2018). [https://www.cnsnews.com/news/article/melanie-arter/trump-politicians-should-protect-us-citizens-not-criminal-aliens Trump: Politicians Should Protect U.S. Citizens, ‘Not Criminal Aliens’]. ''CNS News''. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
+
See also:
+
*Moons, Michelle (December 22, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/12/22/president-fights-for-funding-i-won-an-election-on-strong-borders/ President Fights for Funding: I Won an Election on ‘Strong Borders’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved March 14, 2019.</ref> He also defended ICE when it came under attack from the Left,<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Spiering, Charlie (June 30, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/06/30/donald-trump-defends-ice-from-radical-left/ Donald Trump Defends ICE from Radical Left]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved June 30, 2018.
+
*Shaw, Adam (June 30, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/06/30/trump-slaps-down-democrats-abolish-ice-push-it-will-never-happen.html Trump predicts electoral doom for Democrats with ‘abolish ICE’ push: ‘They’re going to get beaten so badly’]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved June 30, 2018.
+
*Boyer, Dave (June 30, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/jun/30/trump-slams-democrats-push-abolish-ice/ Trump slams Democrats' push to abolish ICE]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved June 30, 2018.
+
*Anapol, Avery (June 30, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/394950-trump-blasts-dem-push-to-abolish-ice-zero-chance Trump blasts Dem push to abolish ICE: 'Zero chance']. ''The Hill''. Retrieved June 30, 2018.
+
*Morrongiello, Gabby (July 3, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/white-house/were-not-abandoning-ice-trump-defends-immigration-agents-amid-democratic-criticism 'We're not abandoning ICE': Trump defends immigration agents amid Democratic criticism]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
+
*Mason, Ian (July 5, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/07/05/trump-slams-open-borders-dems-at-mt-rally-we-protect-ice/ Trump Slams ‘Open Borders’ Dems at MT Rally: ‘We Protect ICE’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved July 6, 2018.
+
*Shaw, Adam (July 28, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/07/28/trump-cites-911-to-back-ice-against-democratic-calls-to-abolish-agency.html Trump cites 9/11 to back ICE against Democratic calls to abolish agency]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved July 28, 2018.
+
*Starr, Penny (July 30, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/07/30/trump-to-ice-heroes-we-love-you-always-will-stand-with-you/ Trump to ICE ‘Heroes’: ‘We Love You,’ ‘Always Will Stand with You’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved July 30, 2018.</ref> and on August 20, 2018, he released an open letter defending ICE and held a White House ceremony honoring the agency and its members.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Llorente, Elizabeth (August 20, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/08/20/in-white-house-tribute-trump-hails-ice-border-agents-as-patriots-and-heroes.html In White House tribute, Trump hails ICE, border agents as patriots and heroes]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved August 20, 2018.
+
*Spiering, Charlie (August 20, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/08/20/donald-trump-ice-haters-have-no-guts-just-big-loud-mouths/ Donald Trump: ICE Haters Have ‘No Guts’ Just ‘Big Loud Mouths’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved August 20, 2018.
+
*Wise, Justin (August 20, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/402697-trump-calls-for-public-officials-to-praise-ice-border-patrol Trump calls for public officials to praise ICE, Border Patrol agents]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved August 20, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (August 20, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/aug/20/trump-bloodshed-suffering-abolish-ice-movement/ Trump warns of 'terror, bloodshed and suffering' in Abolish ICE movement]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved August 20, 2018.
+
*Fritze, John; Jackson, David (August 20, 2018). [https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2018/08/20/trump-backs-ice-open-letter-calls-local-cooperation/1042715002/ President Trump attacks critics of border agents, warns of 'bloodshed and suffering']. ''USA Today''. Retrieved August 20, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Binder, John (August 20, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/08/20/watch-trump-refocuses-midterm-elections-on-immigration-blue-wave-means-crime-open-borders/ Watch: Trump Refocuses Midterm Elections on Immigration, ‘Blue Wave Means Crime, Open Borders’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved August 20, 2018.
+
*Spiering, Charlie (August 21, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/08/21/donald-trump-democrat-blue-wave-election-means-crime-and-open-borders/ Donald Trump: Democrat ‘Blue Wave’ Election ‘Means Crime and Open Borders’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved August 21, 2018.</ref> On November 1, 2018, President Trump gave a strong speech vowing to crack down on asylum abuse and illegal immigration.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Munro, Neil (November 1, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/border/2018/11/01/donald-trump-vows-tent-cities-to-end-migrants-catch-and-release/ Donald Trump Vows Tent Cities To End Migrants’ Catch-and-Release]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 1, 2018.
+
*Re, Gregg (November 1, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/trump-caravan-remarks-at-the-white-house Trump announces plan to deny asylum-seekers who don't show up at ports of entry, in latest major immigration policy shift]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved November 1, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (November 1, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/nov/1/donald-trump-curtail-asylum-border-build-tent-citi/ Trump to curtail asylum at border, build tent cities to hold migrants]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved November 1, 2018.
+
*Salama, Vivian (November 1, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/trump-says-u-s-will-stop-releasing-apprehended-migrants-prior-to-their-hearings-1541104631 Trump Says U.S. Will Stop Releasing Apprehended Migrants Prior to Their Hearings]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved November 1, 2018.
+
*Mason, Jeff; Rampton, Roberta (November 1, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration/trump-promises-immigration-crackdown-ahead-of-u-s-elections-idUSKCN1N65CU Trump promises immigration crackdown ahead of U.S. elections]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved November 1, 2018.
+
*Fabian, Jordan (November 1, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/414406-trump-keeps-spotlight-on-immigration-but-punts-on-asylum-changes Trump keeps spotlight on immigration, but punts on asylum changes]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved November 1, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Spiering, Charlie (November 1, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/11/01/donald-trump-military-should-fight-back-at-caravan-migrants-throwing-rocks/ Donald Trump: Military Should Fight Back at Caravan Migrants Throwing Rocks]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 1, 2018.
+
*Munro, Neil (November 2, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/11/02/trump-border-plan-will-help-americans-block-drugs/ Trump: Border Plan Will Help American Employees and Block Drugs]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 2, 2018.</ref> Despite these strong statements, President Trump sometimes made weak statements on immigration, such as appearing to endorse letting in more foreign guest workers.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Spiering, Charlie (April 28, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/04/28/donald-trump-to-farmers-were-going-to-let-in-migrant-guest-workers/ Donald Trump to Farmers: We’re Going to Let in Migrant Guest Workers]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 28, 2018.
+
*Binder, John (April 28, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/04/28/president-trump-pushes-for-more-foreign-guest-workers-h2-bs-migrant-farm-workers-at-michigan-rally/ President Trump Pushes for More Foreign Guest Workers, H2-Bs, Migrant Farm Workers at Michigan Rally]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 28, 2018.
+
Another statement, made early the following year:
+
*Munro, Neil (January 8, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/economy/2019/01/08/donald-trump-zig-zags-on-2020-strategy-higher-wages-or-more-imported-workers/ Donald Trump Zig-Zags on ‘Hire American’ Promise]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 10, 2019.</ref>
+
*President Trump continued advocating for the American victims of illegal alien crime, pointing them out during a campaign rally in June 2018<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Moons, Michelle (June 20, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/06/20/trump-rallies-crowd-media-doesnt-want-to-talk-to-the-angel-moms/ Trump Rallies Crowd: Media Doesn’t ‘Want to Talk to the Angel Moms’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
+
*Boyer, Dave (June 20, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/jun/20/trump-rips-media-ignoring-americans-permanently-se/ Trump rips media for ignoring Americans 'permanently separated' from loved ones by illegals' crimes]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved June 21, 2018.</ref> and holding an event for them a few days later,<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Singman, Brooke (June 22, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/06/22/trump-rips-media-for-ignoring-angel-families-permanently-separated-by-illegal-immigrant-crime.html Trump rips media for ignoring Angel Families 'permanently separated' by illegal immigrant crime]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved June 23, 2018.
+
*Boyer, Dave (June 22, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/jun/22/trump-meet-families-loved-ones-killed-illegals/ Trump hosts 'Angel Families' to highlight crime by illegal immigrants]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved June 23, 2018.
+
*Zanona, Melanie (June 22, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/393696-trump-rips-media-for-not-covering-permanent-separations-by Trump rips media for not covering 'permanent separations' by undocumented immigrants]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved June 23, 2018.
+
*Morrongiello, Gabby (June 22, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/white-house/trump-victims-of-illegal-immigrant-criminals-stress-permanent-separation-with-loved-ones Trump, victims of illegal immigrant criminals stress 'permanent separation' with loved ones]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved June 23, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Moons, Michelle (June 22, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/06/22/angel-dad-at-white-house-calls-for-media-integrity-in-reporting-on-illegal-alien-crime-victims/ Angel Dad at White House Calls for Media Integrity in Reporting on Illegal Alien Crime Victims]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved June 23, 2018.
+
*Caplan, Joshua (June 22, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/06/22/angel-mom-mary-ann-mendoza-media-behind-cover-up-of-illegal-alien-crime/ Angel Mom Mary Ann Mendoza: Establishment Media Covering Up Illegal Alien Crime]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved June 23, 2018.</ref> among other examples.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Moons, Michelle (August 21, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/08/21/trump-references-mollie-tibbetts-at-rally-immigration-laws-a-disgrace-get-more-republicans/ Trump References Mollie Tibbetts at Rally: Immigration Laws a Disgrace, ‘Get More Republicans’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved August 21, 2018.
+
*Samuels, Brett (August 21, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/402947-trump-cites-death-of-iowa-college-student-in-appeal-for-stronger Trump cites death of Iowa college student in appeal for stronger immigration laws]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved August 21, 2018.
+
*Morrongiello, Gabby (August 21, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/white-house/trump-weighs-in-on-mollie-tibbetts-murder-shouldve-never-happened Trump weighs in on Mollie Tibbett's murder: 'Should've never happened']. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved August 23, 2018.
+
*Samuels, Brett (August 23, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/403214-trump-mollie-tibbetts-killed-by-a-horrible-person-who-came-in-from Trump: Mollie Tibbetts ‘killed by a horrible person who came in from Mexico’]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved August 23, 2018.
+
*Lee, Tony (August 24, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-journalism/2018/08/24/trump-on-tibbetts-coverage-msm-lost-interest-when-they-found-out-illegal-alien-charged-with-murder/ Trump on Tibbetts Coverage: MSM Lost Interest When They Found Out Illegal Alien Charged with Murder]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved August 24, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Pappas, Alex (September 7, 2019). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/angel-families-trump-aides-rally-against-illegal-immigrant-crime 'Angel Families', Trump aides rally against illegal immigrant crime]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved January 20, 2019.</ref>
+
*President Trump had shifted the GOP toward espousing pro-American immigration policies.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Munro, Neil (May 15, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/immigration/2018/05/15/atlantic-trump-immigration-polices-reshaping-the-gop/ Atlantic: Trump’s Immigration Polices Reshaping the GOP]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved May 16, 2018.
+
*Miller, S.A. (May 13, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/may/13/donald-trump-breaks-conservative-policies-reshapes/ Trump reshaping GOP by breaking away from traditional conservative policies]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
+
*Sullivan, Sean; O'Keefe, Ed (January 19, 2018). [https://www.washingtonpost.com/powerpost/in-spending-fight-republicans-embrace-trumps-hard-line-stand-on-immigration/2018/01/19/9397be3a-fd3b-11e7-a46b-a3614530bd87_story.html In spending fight, Republicans embrace Trump’s hard-line stand on immigration]. ''The Washington Post''. Retrieved May 16, 2018.</ref>
+
*The number of deaths by migrants attempting to illegally cross the border into the U.S. declined in the first two years of Trump's presidency.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Price, Bob (July 20, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/border/2019/07/20/migrant-death-rate-under-trump-20-percent-lower-than-obama-years/ Migrant Death Rate Under Trump 20 Percent Lower than Obama Years]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved July 20, 2019.
+
*McKay, Hollie (July 19, 2019). [https://www.foxnews.com/us/border-deaths-declined-trump-first-two-years Border deaths declined in Trump’s first two years in office, data shows]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved July 19, 2019.
+
*Tremoglie, Christopher (July 18, 2019). [https://www.nationalreview.com/corner/in-trumps-first-two-years-border-deaths-declined/ In Trump’s First Two Years, Border Deaths Declined]. ''National Review''. Retrieved July 19, 2019.
+
*Widener, Laura (June 27, 2019). [https://americanmilitarynews.com/2019/06/us-mexico-border-deaths-lower-under-trump-than-obama-data-shows/ US-Mexico border deaths lower per year under Trump than Obama, data shows]. ''American Military News''. Retrieved July 19, 2019.</ref>
+
 
+
==Failures, 2018==
+
Many of these failures and setbacks to the MAGA agenda, if not all of them, were caused by Congress or officials in the Trump Administration, rather than President Trump himself:
+
 
+
*March 23, 2018—The omnibus spending bill that President Trump reluctantly signed<ref name="OmnibusSigned2018">Multiple references:
+
*Spiering, Charlie (March 23, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/03/23/donald-trump-signs-bloated-1-3-trillion-omnibus-bill-military-funding/ Donald Trump Signs Bloated $1.3 Trillion Omnibus Bill, Cites Military Funding]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
+
*Shaw, Adam (March 23, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/03/23/trump-mulls-veto-1-3-trillion-spending-bill-over-lack-border-wall-daca.html Trump signs $1.3 trillion spending bill, despite earlier threat to veto]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
+
*Miller, S.A. (March 23, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/mar/23/trump-sign-13t-spending-bill-vows-never-again/ Trump signs $1.3 trillion spending bill but vows ‘never again’]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
+
*Peterson, Kristina; Meckler, Laura (March 23, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/donald-trump-signs-spending-bill-after-threatening-to-veto-it-1521810580 Donald Trump Signs Spending Bill After Threatening to Veto It]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved April 16, 2018.</ref> had several measures that ignored and even hurt his conservative immigration agenda.<ref>Sherfinski, David; Dinan, Stephen (March 21, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/mar/21/congress-nears-deal-13-trillion-spending-bill/ Trump’s immigration initiatives ignored in $1.3 trillion spending bill]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved April 16, 2018.<br>See also:
+
*[https://www.voanews.com/a/conservatives-trump-immigration-agenda/4314253.html Conservatives: Trump’s Immigration Agenda Fares Badly in Spending Bill]. ''Voice of America''. March 23, 2018. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
+
*Binder, John (March 22, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/03/22/antithesis-of-american-interests-immigration-reformers-blast-gop-omnibus-as-betrayal-to-u-s-workers/ ‘Antithesis of American Interests:’ Immigration Reformers Blast GOP Omnibus as ‘Betrayal’ to U.S. Workers]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 21, 2018.</ref><ref name="WTdetentionbeds"/> For example, the [[H-2B visa]] program was expanded, making it easier for employers to hire foreign workers rather than American citizens.<ref>Munro, Neil (March 21, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/2018-elections/2018/03/21/gop-leaders-expand-h-2b-visa-worker-program/ GOP Leaders Expand H-2B Visa-Worker Program]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 16, 2018.<br>See also:
+
*Huennekens, Preston; Griffith, Bryan (April 2, 2018). [https://cis.org/Report/Maps-Impact-H2B-Guest-Workers-2017 Maps: Impact of H-2B Guest Workers in 2017]. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved April 18, 2018.
+
*Huennekens, Preston (December 31, 2018). [https://cis.org/Report/Impact-H2B-Guestworkers-2018 Impact of H-2B Guestworkers in 2018]. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved January 16, 2019.</ref> Additionally, the bill funded the hiring of only 65 new ICE agents as opposed to the 1,000 that President Trump requested.<ref>Binder, John (March 23, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/03/23/spending-bill-does-not-fund-1000-new-deportation-agents-trump-requested/ Spending Bill Does Not Fund 1,000 New Deportation Agents Trump Requested]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 16, 2018.</ref><ref>Katz, Eric (March 26, 2018). [https://www.govexec.com/management/2018/03/congress-rejects-trumps-bid-more-immigration-enforcement-and-border-patrol-agents/146978/ Congress Rejects Trump’s Bid for More Immigration Enforcement and Border Patrol Agents]. ''Government Executive''. Retrieved April 16, 2018.</ref> It also allowed for increasing the practice of "catch-and-release" by eliminating 250 detention center beds despite President Trump's call to massively increase that number.<ref name="WTdetentionbeds">Dinan, Stephen (March 21, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/mar/21/spending-bill-forces-homeland-security-cut-detenti/ Spending bill forces DHS to cut detention beds for illegal immigrants]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved April 16, 2018.</ref><ref>Binder, John (March 23, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/03/23/omnibus-spending-bill-allows-more-illegal-aliens-to-be-released-into-u-s-through-catch-and-release/ Omnibus Spending Bill Allows More Illegal Aliens to Be Released into U.S. Through ‘Catch and Release’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 16, 2018.</ref> The bill also did little to achieve President Trump's promise to build a wall on the Southern border.<ref>Binder, John (April 16, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/03/25/despite-trumps-claims-1-6b-border-fencing/ Despite Trump’s Claims, Much Cannot Be Done with $1.6B for Border Fencing]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 16, 2018.</ref> In addition to providing significantly less money than it asked for,<ref name="2018OmnibusWall">Multiple references:
+
*Aguilar, Julián (March 23, 2018). [https://www.texastribune.org/2018/03/23/donald-trump-border-wall-16-million-funding-restrictions-attached/ How Donald Trump's border wall fared in the $1.3 trillion spending bill he just signed]. ''The Texas Tribune''. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
+
*Meckler; Laura; Peterson, Kristina (March 21, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/spending-bill-would-add-border-barrier-funding-but-short-of-trumps-demands-1521650081 Spending Bill Would Add Border Barrier Funding, But Short of Trump’s Demands]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
+
*Shaw, Adam (March 22, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/03/22/funding-for-border-wall-in-spending-bill-divides-conservatives-and-establishment-republicans.html Funding for border wall in spending bill divides conservatives and establishment Republicans]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
+
*Spiering, Charlie (March 23, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/03/23/donald-trump-says-1-6-billion-funding-fencing-start-wall/ Donald Trump Says $1.6 Billion Omnibus Funding for Fencing ‘Does Start the Wall’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
+
*Munro, Neil (April 16, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/03/21/democrats-gop-leaders-block-trump-border-wall-again/ Democrats and GOP Leaders Defund Trump’s Border Wall, Again]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 16, 2018.</ref> the bill included a clause specifically prohibiting the Trump Administration from using any of its wall prototype designs for the wall,<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Binder, John (March 23, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/03/23/spending-bill-trump-banned-from-building-border-wall-with-prototypes-he-toured-in-san-diego/ Spending Bill: Trump Banned from Building Border Wall with Prototypes He Toured in San Diego]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
+
*Spiering, Charlie (March 22, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/03/22/omnibus-bill-includes-specific-clause-barring-funding-donald-trump-wall/ Omnibus Bill Includes Specific Clause Barring Funding for Donald Trump ‘Wall’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
+
*Jones, Susan (March 22, 2018). [https://www.cnsnews.com/news/article/susan-jones/omnibus-specifically-prevents-trumps-promised-wall-money-be-spent-fencing Omnibus Specifically Prevents New Border Wall Designs; Money to Be Spent on ‘Fencing,’ ‘Levees’]. ''CNS News''. Retrieved April 16, 2018.</ref> among some other restrictions.<ref name="2018OmnibusWall"/>
+
*It was reported in April 2018 that since the beginning of Trump's presidency in January 2017, the Trump Administration released about 100,000 illegal immigrants that it caught crossing the nation's southern border, which it did because of "[[catch-and-release]]" laws that had been previously passed by Congress.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Munro, Neil (April 13, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/immigration/2018/04/13/washpost-100000-migrants-caught-released-under-trump/ WashPost: 100,000 Migrants Caught, Released Under Trump]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
+
*Sacchetti, Maria (April 13, 2018). [https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/immigration/despite-vow-to-end-catch-and-release-trump-has-freed-100000-who-illegally-crossed-the-border/2018/04/13/839c778e-3754-11e8-acd5-35eac230e514_story.html Despite vow to end ‘catch and release,’ Trump has freed 100,000 who illegally crossed the border]. ''The Washington Post''. Retrieved April 14, 2018.</ref>
+
*June 25, 2018—The [[Customs and Border Protection]] agency announced that despite the Administration's zero-tolerance policy officially remaining in effect, because of President Trump's executive order to end the separation of illegal alien minors from their parents, it had to suspend prosecutions for illegal alien parents.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Munro, Neil (June 25, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/2018-elections/2018/06/25/white-house-sets-temporary-end-zero-tolerance-migrants-family-migration/ White House Sets ‘Temporary’ End to Zero-Tolerance of Migrants Bringing Children]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved June 26, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (June 25, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/jun/25/border-protection-halts-prosecution-referrals/ White House says DHS 'out of resources' to prosecute families]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved June 25, 2018.
+
*Caldwell, Alicia A.; Balhaus, Rebecca (June 25, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/trump-calls-again-for-replacing-immigration-system-1529953925 Families at Border Aren’t Being Prosecuted, Official Says]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved June 25, 2018.
+
*Torbati, Yeganeh; Shepardson, David (June 25, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration/illegal-immigrant-parents-not-facing-u-s-prosecution-for-now-idUSKBN1JL1DS Illegal immigrant parents not facing U.S. prosecution for now]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved June 25, 2018.
+
*Miroff, Nick (June 25, 2018). [https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/with-prosecutions-of-parents-suspended-status-quo-returns-at-the-border/2018/06/25/d1fee390-78b2-11e8-8df3-007495a78738_story.html With prosecutions of parents suspended, status quo returns at the border]. ''The Washington Post''. Retrieved June 25, 2018.
+
*Nixon, Ron; Green, Erica L.; Shear, Michael D. (June 25, 2018). [https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/25/us/politics/border-officials-suspend-handing-over-migrant-families-to-prosecutors.html Border Officials Suspend Handing Over Migrant Families to Prosecutors]. ''The New York Times''. Retrieved June 25, 2018.
+
*[https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-44609876 US border agents halt migrant family prosecutions]. ''BBC News''. Retrieved June 25, 2018.
+
*Spagat, Elliot; Lee, Morgan (June 25, 2018). [https://www.apnews.com/23c44b26627f4adcbcdb69504f9dab88/Authorities-abandon-'zero-tolerance'-for-immigrant-families Authorities abandon ‘zero-tolerance’ for immigrant families]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved June 25, 2018.</ref> In another failure, the DHS was forced to release illegal immigrant parents in order to reunite them with their illegal minor children,<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Munro, Neil (July 12, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/07/12/catch-and-release-returns-for-migrants-with-children/ Judges Revive Catch-and-Release For Migrants With Children]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (July 6, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/jul/6/ice-set-free-illegal-immigrants-comply-judge/ ICE to set free illegal immigrants to comply with judge's family reunification order]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved July 6, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (July 8, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/jul/8/homeland-security-officials-reluctantly-return-to-/ Homeland Security officials forced to resume catch-and-release policy for illegal immigrants]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved July 8, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Bowden, John (July 10, 2018). [https://thehill.com/latino/396420-trump-officials-to-release-migrants-with-ankle-monitors Trump officials to release migrants with ankle monitors]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved July 10, 2018.
+
*Atkinson, Khorri (July 10, 2018). [https://www.axios.com/trump-administration-catch-and-release-immigrants-a8e70381-a71c-4460-b42d-267e5a0c31ef.html Report: Trump administration returning to 'catch and release' strategy]. ''Axios''. Retrieved July 10, 2018.
+
*Yaffe-Bellany, David (August 7, 2018). [https://www.texastribune.org/2018/08/07/trump-bemoaned-immigration-loopholes-are-back-after-zero-tolerance/ Immigration "loophole" that Trump bemoaned returns after zero tolerance rollback]. ''The Texas Tribune''. Retrieved August 18, 2018.
+
*Long, Colleen; Bajak, Frank; Weissert, Will (August 25, 2018). [https://www.apnews.com/9564507c11d64734ae1392bc5536f0e0/As-more-immigrants-wear-monitors,-effectiveness-is-disputed As more immigrants wear monitors, effectiveness is disputed]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
+
*Price, Bob (October 8, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/texas/2018/10/08/report-catch-and-release-continues-along-arizona-border/ Trump Admin Releasing Hundreds of Central American Migrants into U.S.]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved October 11, 2018.</ref> even though thousands of empty beds in ICE facilities were available for them.<ref>Dinan, Stephen (July 15, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/jul/15/illegal-immigrant-family-detention-facilities-belo/ 40% vacancy: Feds release illegal immigrant families instead of filling detention centers]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved July 15, 2018.<br>Later news reports stated that illegal migrants were also released because ICE did not have space for them:
+
*Shaw, Adam (October 17, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/ice-releases-illegal-immigrants-and-asylum-seekers-out-of-the-front-door-in-arizona-amid-crossing-surge ICE forced to release illegal immigrants ‘out of the front door’ in Arizona amid space crunch, migrant surge]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved October 17, 2018.</ref> Additionally, the HHS admitted in August 2018 that is was continuing to deliver illegal immigrant minors to their close illegal immigrant relatives already in the U.S.<ref>Munro, Neil (August 16, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/08/16/agencies-must-deliver-youth-migrants-to-illegal-alien-relatives-says-hhs-official/ Border Agencies Must Deliver Youth Migrants to Illegal-Alien Relatives in U.S., Says HHS Official]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved August 16, 2018.<br>See also:
+
*Dinan, Stephen (September 18, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/sep/18/illegal-immigrant-children-released-criminals-us-i/ Feds forced to release border-jumping children to criminals already in U.S. illegally]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved September 19, 2018.</ref> The number of migrant families illegally entering the country reached a record high in August 2018 as a result,<ref>Dinan, Stephen (September 12, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/sep/12/illegal-immigration-soars-families-spot-holes/ Illegal immigrant families exploit 'catch-and-release' loopholes, surge over border at record levels]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved September 13, 2018.<br>See also:
+
*Price, Bob (September 12, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/texas/2018/09/12/illegal-border-crossings-in-august-up-68-percent/ Illegal Border Crossings in August Up 68 Percent]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved September 13, 2018.
+
*Birnbaum, Emily (September 12, 2018). [https://thehill.com/latino/406332-dhs-number-of-migrant-families-at-border-hit-record-in-august DHS: Number of migrant families at border hit record in August]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved September 13, 2018.
+
*Giaritelli, Anna (September 12, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/us-mexico-border-apprehensions-spike-past-45-000-in-august US-Mexico border apprehensions spike past 45,000 in August]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved September 13, 2018.</ref> and high illegal immigration levels continued afterward.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Dinan, Stephen (October 2, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/oct/2/illegal-immigrant-men-sneak-children-us-exploit-fa/ Fraud soars as more men sneak children into U.S. to exploit 'family loophole']. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved October 2, 2018.
+
*Munro, Neil (October 19, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/immigration/2018/10/19/media-migrants-head-north-for-us-jobs-after-zero-tolerance-ends/ Media Admit: Migrant Wave Seeks U.S. Jobs After Trump Ended ‘Zero Tolerance’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved October 19, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (October 23, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/oct/23/illegal-immigrant-families-set-record-2018/ Illegal immigrant families set record in 2018; top 100,000 for first time]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved October 23, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (November 9, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/nov/9/illegal-immigrant-families-shattered-record-octobe/ Illegal immigrant families shattered record in October]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
+
*Dube, Ryan; Whelan, Robbie (November 16, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/migrants-adopt-strategy-for-u-s-entry-come-as-a-family-1542376796 Migrants Adopt Tactic for U.S. Entry: Come as a Family]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
+
*Munro, Neil (November 16, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/immigration/2018/11/16/wsj-caravan-migrants-bring-children-to-hack-border-and-asylum-rules/ WSJ: Caravan Migrants Bring Children to Hack Border and Asylum Rules]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
+
*Binder, John (November 26, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/11/26/illegal-immigration-under-trump-on-track-to-hit-highest-level-in-a-decade/ Illegal Immigration Under Trump On Track to Hit Highest Level in a Decade]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 26, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (December 6, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/dec/6/illegal-immigrant-families-shatter-records-novembe/ Illegal immigrant families shatter records in November]. ''The New American''. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
+
*Chamberlain, Samuel (December 6, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/us/southwest-border-crossing-apprehensions-spiked-in-november-dhs-reveals Southwest border crossing apprehensions spiked in November, DHS reveals]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
+
*Bernal, Rafael (December 6, 2018). [https://thehill.com/latino/420174-illegal-border-crossings-plateau-in-november Illegal border crossings plateau in November]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
+
*Giaritelli, Anna (December 6, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/51-856-apprehended-on-mexican-border-in-november-most-of-trumps-presidency 51,856 apprehended on Mexican border in November, most of Trump's presidency]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
+
*Price, Bob (December 6, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/border/2018/12/06/migrant-apprehensions-at-border-jump-to-highest-level-since-trumps-election/ Migrant Apprehensions at Border Jump to Highest Level Since Trump’s Election]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
+
*Price, Bob (December 8, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/border/2018/12/08/migrant-family-border-apprehensions-skyrocket-270-percent-in-nov-over-prior-year/ Migrant Family Border Apprehensions Skyrocket 270 Percent in Nov. over Prior Year]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved December 8, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (December 10, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/dec/10/asylum-claims-soar-67-percent-us-border/ Asylum claims soar 67 percent at U.S. border]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved December 10, 2018.
+
*Binder, John (December 10, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/12/10/iillegal-immigration-last-month-hit-highest-level-in-over-a-decade/ Illegal Immigration Last Month Hit Highest Level in Over a Decade]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved December 10, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (January 9, 2019). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2019/jan/9/families-set-new-record-illegal-immigration/ Families set new record for illegal immigration]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved January 9, 2019.
+
*Price, Bob (January 10, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/border/2019/01/10/december-2018-broke-record-for-migrant-families-apprehended-between-u-s-border-checkpoints/ December 2018 Broke Record for Migrant Families Apprehended Between U.S. Border Checkpoints]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
+
The high migration levels were labeled a crisis:
+
*Pappas, Alex (January 8, 2019). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/border-crisis-intensifies-amid-shutdown-standoff-fueling-trumps-wall-demands Border crisis intensifies amid shutdown standoff, fueling Trump’s wall demands]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved January 8, 2019.</ref>
+
*December 18, 2018—The Trump Administration announced it would temporarily release illegal minors into homes containing illegals, though it said it would continue fingerprinting "sponsors."<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Munro, Neil (December 19, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/12/19/agency-approves-release-of-smuggled-youths-into-homes-with-illegals/ Agency Approves Release of Smuggled Youths into Homes with Illegals]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (December 18, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/dec/18/illegal-immigrant-children-set-release-christmas-a/ 'The government makes lousy parents': Thousands of migrant kids set for release by Christmas]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
+
*Weixel, Nathaniel (December 18, 2018). [https://thehill.com/policy/healthcare/421984-thousands-of-migrant-children-could-be-released-under-newly-relaxed-trump Thousands of migrant children could be released under newly relaxed Trump policy]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
+
*[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-children/us-reverses-policy-in-move-to-speed-release-of-migrant-children-idUSKBN1OI02W U.S. reverses policy in move to speed release of migrant children]. ''Reuters''. December 18, 2018. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
+
*Rose Ramos, Annie (December 19, 2018). [https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/trump-administration-relaxes-requirements-sponsor-migrant-children-n949716 Trump administration relaxes requirements to sponsor migrant children]. ''NBC News''. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
+
*Jordan, Miriam (December 18, 2018). [https://www.nytimes.com/2018/12/18/us/migrant-children-release-policy.html Thousands of Migrant Children Could Be Released After Sponsor Policy Change]. ''The New York Times''. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
+
*Long, Colleen (December 18, 2018). [https://www.apnews.com/f34ab3a0085b453ca0d98f92bbbcbd83 US reverses policy on migrant children’s sponsors]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved April 27, 2019.
+
The migrants were released over Christmas:
+
*Starr, Penny (December 26, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/12/26/ice-releases-hundreds-of-migrants-in-texas-over-christmas/ ICE Releases Hundreds of Migrants in Texas over Christmas]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved December 26, 2018.
+
*Kirkwood, R. Cort (December 26, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/immigration/item/31026-ice-dump-of-illegals-highlights-leftist-attack-on-detention-policy-numbers-crossing-border ICE Dump of Illegals Highlights Leftist Attack on Detention Policy, Numbers Crossing Border]. ''The New American''. Retrieved December 26, 2018.
+
*Betz, Bradford (December 27, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/us/ice-releases-hundreds-of-migrants-in-texas-new-mexico ICE releases hundreds of migrants in Texas, New Mexico, reports say]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved December 27, 2018.
+
The Trump Administration decided to release another 2,000 illegal aliens early in the following year:
+
*Binder, John (January 3, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2019/01/03/dhs-releases-over-2k-border-crossing-adults-children-into-u-s/ DHS Releases Over 2K Border-Crossing Adults, Children into U.S.] ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 8, 2019.
+
A large "tent city" was closed because of this policy change:
+
*Caldwell, Alicia A. (January 11, 2019). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/a-texas-tent-city-for-migrant-children-closed-11547247159 A Texas Tent City for Migrant Children Is Closed]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved January 14, 2019.
+
See also:
+
*Kight, Stef W. (January 16, 2019). [https://www.axios.com/migrant-children-immigration-hhs-dhs-55d3cd95-3559-4903-b5d1-660e2fe0075f.html A turnaround in the migrant child crisis]. ''Axios''. Retrieved January 16, 2019.
+
*Arthur, Andrew R. (April 29, 2019). [https://cis.org/Arthur/Most-UACs-Released-Sponsors-Without-Status Most UACs Released to Sponsors Without Status]. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved April 29, 2019.</ref>
+
*Because of the need to deal with massive illegal immigration on the U.S. southern border, ICE was forced to decrease the number of arrests of illegals in the interior of the U.S.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Binder, John (March 22, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2019/03/22/fewer-illegal-aliens-arrested-due-alarming-rates-illegal-immigration/ Fewer Illegal Aliens Arrested Due to ‘Alarming Rates’ of Illegal Immigration]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved March 22, 2019.
+
*Rosenberg, Mica (March 22, 2019). [https://www.reuters.com/article/usa-immigration/us-immigration-arrests-fall-under-trump-as-resources-shift-to-the-border-idUSKCN1R22MM U.S. immigration arrests fall under Trump as resources shift to the border]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved March 22, 2019.
+
*Bernal, Rafael (March 21, 2019). [https://thehill.com/latino/435206-ice-arrest-fewer-people-as-resources-shift-to-border-enforcement ICE arrest fewer people as resources shift to border enforcement]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved March 22, 2019.
+
*Miroff, Nick (March 21, 2019). [https://www.washingtonpost.com/immigration/ice-immigration-arrests-are-declining-as-law-enforcement-focuses-on-border-surge/2019/03/21/5b84867c-4beb-11e9-b79a-961983b7e0cd_story.html ICE immigration arrests are declining as law enforcement focuses on border surge]. ''The Washington Post''. Retrieved March 22, 2019.
+
See also:
+
*Gomez, Alan (March 21, 2019). [https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2019/03/21/ice-sets-record-arrests-undocumented-immigrants-no-criminal-record/3232476002/ ICE sets record for arrests of undocumented immigrants with no criminal record]. ''USA Today''. Retrieved March 22, 2019.
+
*Giaritelli, Anna (March 22, 2019). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/news/more-drugs-seized-at-unguarded-sections-of-the-border-than-at-ports-of-entry-in-2018 More drugs seized at unguarded sections of the border than at ports of entry in 2018]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved March 22, 2019.</ref>
+
*Despite the Trump Administration's many accomplishments on immigration in its first two years, some conservatives noted it had not been as aggressive as it could have been.<ref name="MidtermAssessment"/><ref>Multiple references:
+
*Cook, Nancy; Orr, Gabby (February 26, 2019). [https://www.politico.com/story/2019/02/26/trump-immigration-reform-1189633 Missing from Trump’s wall war: What immigration hawks really want]. ''Politico''. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
+
*Coulter, Ann (March 13, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2019/03/13/ann-coulter-trump-by-the-numbers/ Ann Coulter: Trump by the Numbers]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved March 13, 2019.
+
*Miano, John (March 29, 2019). [https://cis.org/Miano/Trumps-Failings-Immigration Trump's Failings on Immigration]. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved March 29, 2019.
+
See also:
+
*Binder, John (June 2, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2019/06/02/feds-only-11-employers-prosecuted-for-hiring-illegal-aliens-in-last-year/ Feds: Only 11 Employers Prosecuted for Hiring Illegal Aliens in Last Year]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved June 3, 2019.</ref>
+
*In 2018, along with the preceding and succeeding years of the Trump Administration, left-wing "[[Living Constitution]]" [[Judicial activism|activist judges]] frequently ruled against both the Trump Administration's conservative immigration policies and longstanding immigration laws.<ref>An incomplete list of examples:
+
*Horowitz, Daniel (June 20, 2018). [https://www.conservativereview.com/news/we-dont-need-an-immigration-law-fix-we-need-a-liberal-judge-fix/ We don’t need an immigration law fix; we need a liberal judge fix]. ''Conservative Review''. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
+
*Horowitz, Daniel (December 6, 2018). [https://www.conservativereview.com/news/judges-are-now-openly-treating-illegal-immigration-as-the-new-civil-rights-movement/ Judges are now openly treating illegal immigration as the new civil rights movement]. ''Conservative Review''. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
+
*Levinson, Reade; Cooke, Kristina (October 17, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-terminations/u-s-courts-abruptly-tossed-9000-deportation-cases-heres-why-idUSKCN1MR1HK U.S. courts abruptly tossed 9,000 deportation cases. Here's why]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
+
*Krayden, David (December 20, 2018). [https://dailycaller.com/2018/12/20/white-house-override-example-judicial-activism-immigration-ruling/ White House Condemns ‘Activism’ Of Judge Who Wants Deportees Back in The U.S.] ''The Daily Caller''. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
+
*Cadman, Dan (November 21, 2018). [https://cis.org/Cadman/Importance-Judicial-SelfRestraint On the Importance of Judicial Self-Restraint]. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
+
*Horowitz, Daniel (February 1, 2018). [https://www.conservativereview.com/news/2-anarchist-judges-show-problem-trumps-amnesty-offer/ These 2 anarchist judges show the problem with Trump’s amnesty offer]. ''Conservative Review''. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
+
*Horowitz, Daniel (November 26, 2018). [https://www.conservativereview.com/news/no-judge-has-jurisdiction-to-erase-our-border/ No judge has jurisdiction to erase our border]. ''Conservative Review''. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
+
*Horowitz, Daniel (July 25, 2018). [https://www.conservativereview.com/news/judges-have-no-authorization-to-review-tps-but-do-it-anyway/ Judges have NO authority to review TPS — but do it anyway]. ''Conservative Review''. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
+
*Freiburger, Calvin (April 17, 2018). [https://www.lifesitenews.com/news/federal-judge-trump-admin-must-inform-illegal-immigrants-of-right-to-aborti Federal judge: Trump admin must inform illegal immigrants of ‘right’ to abortion]. ''LifeSiteNews''. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
+
Other examples during the previous year:
+
*O'Brien, Matt (July 26, 2017). [https://www.immigrationreform.com/2017/07/26/never-ending-story-immigration-judicial-activism/ The Never Ending Story: Immigration and Judicial Activism]. ''Federation for American Immigration Reform''. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
+
*Horowitz, Daniel (February 5, 2017). [https://www.conservativereview.com/news/rogue-judges-undermine-our-sovereignty-heres-how-congress-can-stop-them/ Rogue judges undermine our sovereignty. Congress can stop them.] ''Conservative Review''. Retrieved June 27, 2019.</ref> In some cases, the Supreme Court did not help. For example, it struck down a federal law making it easier for the government to deport criminal legal immigrants due to the law's vagueness, something that impeded the government's efforts to enforce immigration law.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*[https://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/04/17/supreme-court-strikes-down-key-deportation-provision.html Supreme Court strikes down key deportation provision, with Gorsuch help]. ''Fox News''. April 17, 2018. Retrieved April 17, 2018.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (April 17, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/apr/17/scotus-harder-deport-immigrants-commit-crimes/ Supreme Court makes it harder to deport legal immigrants who commit crimes]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved April 17, 2018.
+
*Wheeler, Lydia; Sanchez, Luis (April 17, 2018). [https://thehill.com/regulation/court-battles/383512-supreme-court-invalidates-law-requiring-the-deportation-of Trump pick Gorsuch casts deciding Supreme Court vote against deporting immigrant]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved April 17, 2018.
+
*Chung, Andrew (April 17, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-court-deportation/supreme-court-restricts-deportations-of-immigrant-felons-idUSKBN1HO230 Supreme Court restricts deportations of immigrant felons]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved April 17, 2018.
+
*Kight, Stef W. (April 17, 2018). [https://www.axios.com/supreme-court-deportation-immigrant-crimes-gorsuch-04cf9cc4-222b-4c4a-95df-7fa41daf122e.html Supreme Court sides with immigrant facing deportation over crimes]. ''Axios''. Retrieved April 17, 2018.
+
*Arthur, Andrew R. (April 17, 2018). [https://www.cis.org/Arthur/SCOTUS-Deems-Crime-Violence-Provision-Unconstitutionally-Vague SCOTUS Deems "Crime of Violence" Provision Unconstitutionally Vague]. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved April 23, 2018.
+
Some conservatives and libertarians, however, viewed the ruling as consistent with originalist and textualist principles:
+
*Pollak, Joel B. (April 17, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/04/17/pollak-gorsuchs-ruling-immigration-case-solid-conservative-originalism/ Pollak: Gorsuch’s Ruling in Immigration Case is Solid Conservative Originalism]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 17, 2018.
+
*Mass, Warren (April 18, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/constitution/item/28783-gorsuch-explains-his-vote-in-deportation-case-the-constitution-demands-more Gorsuch Explains His Vote in Deportation Case: “The Constitution Demands More”]. ''The New American''. Retrieved April 18, 2018.
+
*Shapiro, Ilya (April 17, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/opinion/surprised-by-neil-gorsuchs-ruling-you-werent-paying-attention Surprised by Neil Gorsuch's ruling? You weren’t paying attention.] ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved April 17, 2018.
+
See also:
+
*Kraychik, Robert (April 18, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/radio/2018/04/18/exclusive-former-immigration-judge-gorsuch-ruling-very-dangerous-aliens-not-going-removable-because-decision/ Exclusive — Former Immigration Judge on Gorsuch Ruling: ‘Very Dangerous Aliens’ Are ‘Not Going to Be Removable Because of This Decision’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 18, 2018.
+
*Mason, Ian (August 13, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/08/13/sessions-slams-court-decisions-kept-accused-police-shooting-refugee-u-s/ Jeff Sessions Slams Court Decisions That Kept Accused Police-Shooting Refugee in U.S.] ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved August 13, 2018.
+
*Taxin, Amy (August 13, 2018). [https://www.apnews.com/0801b133b2904a66a423e7a822a85042/Immigration-cases-tossed-in-fallout-from-high-court-ruling Immigration cases tossed in fallout from high court ruling]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved August 13, 2018.</ref> Additionally, the Court refused to allow the Trump Administration to enforce a strong asylum policy while the case proceeded through the federal courts.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Horowitz, Daniel (December 27, 2018). [https://www.conservativereview.com/news/the-federal-courts-have-shut-down-our-entire-government/ The federal courts have shut down our ENTIRE government]. ''Conservative Review''. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
+
*Klukowski, Ken (December 21, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/12/21/supreme-court-declines-to-intervene-in-caravan-asylum-case/ Supreme Court Declines to Intervene in Caravan Asylum Case]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
+
*Kendall, Brent; Caldwell, Alicia A. (December 21, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/supreme-court-denies-trump-administration-request-to-reinstate-asylum-ban-11545423447 Supreme Court Denies Trump Administration Request to Reinstate Asylum Ban]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
+
*Dinan, Stephen (December 21, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/dec/21/supreme-court-nixes-trump-plea-enforce-asylum-ban/ Supreme Court rejects bid to revive Trump asylum policy]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
+
*Mears, Bill; Berger, Judson (December 21, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/supreme-court-rejects-trump-bid-to-enforce-asylum-crackdown Supreme Court rejects Trump bid to enforce asylum crackdown]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
+
*Bowden, John (December 21, 2018). [https://thehill.com/regulation/court-battles/422508-supreme-court-refuses-to-restore-trumps-temporary-asylum Supreme Court refuses to restore Trump's temporary asylum restrictions]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
+
*Quinn, Melissa (December 21, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/policy/courts/supreme-court-denies-trump-administrations-request-to-enforce-new-asylum-policy Supreme Court denies Trump administration's request to enforce new asylum policy]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
+
*Sherman, Mark (December 21, 2018). [https://www.apnews.com/1c239d63b2634f9caadd4053bae058d8 Supreme Court rejects Trump plea to enforce asylum ban]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
+
*Barnes, Robert (December 21, 2018). [https://www.texastribune.org/2018/12/21/supreme-court-trump-asylum-rules-enforcement/ U.S. Supreme Court denies Trump administration request to immediately enforce new asylum rules]. ''The Texas Tribune'' (from ''The Washington Post''). Retrieved June 27, 2019.</ref>
+
 
+
==References==
+
{{Reflist|colwidth=35em}}
+
 
+
{{Donald Trump achievements}}
+
{{DEFAULTSORT:Immigration and border security (2018)}}
+
[[Category:Donald Trump Achievements]]
+

Revision as of 23:53, 31 July 2019

Official presidential photo of President Donald Trump
Main article: Donald Trump achievements: Immigration and border security

This article is a list of achievements by U.S. President Donald Trump, his administration, and Congress related to immigration, illegal immigration, and border security in 2018.

Through executive actions, President Trump continued to advance his conservative immigration agenda.[1][2] He took several of his actions against illegal immigration in April 2018, specifically.[3]
  1. Multiple references: See also:
  2. Revisiting ‘A Pen and a Phone’: A Midterm Assessment. Center for Immigration Studies. January 30, 2019. Retrieved January 31, 2019.
  3. Multiple references: On August 21, 2018, Trump deported the last ex-Nazi in the United States, Jakiw Palij, who had supervised the killings of 6,000 Jews. https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/trump-just-deported-a-nazi-thats-a-move-i-can-get-behind/2018/08/21/ec1d2d1c-a56d-11e8-8fac-12e98c13528d_story.html?noredirect=on&utm_term=92adbd86072c