Difference between revisions of "Donald Trump achievements: Immigration and border security (2018)"

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*Lind, Dara (November 7, 2018). [https://www.vox.com/2018/5/23/17229464/jeff-sessions-resign-trump-immigration Jeff Sessions gave Trump the immigration crackdown he wanted]. ''Vox''. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
 
*Lind, Dara (November 7, 2018). [https://www.vox.com/2018/5/23/17229464/jeff-sessions-resign-trump-immigration Jeff Sessions gave Trump the immigration crackdown he wanted]. ''Vox''. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
 
*Aleaziz, Hamed (November 7, 2018). [https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/hamedaleaziz/jeff-sessions-impact-immigration-trump Jeff Sessions May Be Gone, But His Impact On Immigration Policy Will Live On]. ''BuzzFeed News''. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
 
*Aleaziz, Hamed (November 7, 2018). [https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/hamedaleaziz/jeff-sessions-impact-immigration-trump Jeff Sessions May Be Gone, But His Impact On Immigration Policy Will Live On]. ''BuzzFeed News''. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
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*Chmielenski, Chris (September 27, 2018). [https://www.numbersusa.com/blog/ag-sessions-leads-implementation-pres-trumps-immigration-agenda AG Sessions Leads Implementation of Pres. Trump's Immigration Agenda]. ''NumbersUSA''. Retrieved August 30, 2019.
 
See also:
 
See also:
 
*Klukowski, Ken (January 26, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/01/26/klukowski-sessions-is-trumps-warrior-on-immigration-supreme-court-rule-of-law/ Klukowski: Sessions Is Trump’s Warrior on Immigration, Supreme Court, Rule of Law]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 29, 2018.
 
*Klukowski, Ken (January 26, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/01/26/klukowski-sessions-is-trumps-warrior-on-immigration-supreme-court-rule-of-law/ Klukowski: Sessions Is Trump’s Warrior on Immigration, Supreme Court, Rule of Law]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 29, 2018.
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See also:
 
See also:
 
*[https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/dec/11/matthew-whitaker-rips-federal-judges-trying-block-/ Matthew Whitaker rips federal judges trying to block Trump immigration crackdown]. ''The Washington Times'' (from the ''Associated Press'') December 11, 2018. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
 
*[https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/dec/11/matthew-whitaker-rips-federal-judges-trying-block-/ Matthew Whitaker rips federal judges trying to block Trump immigration crackdown]. ''The Washington Times'' (from the ''Associated Press'') December 11, 2018. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
*[https://www.numbersusa.com/news/acting-ag-whitaker-promotes-lawful-immigration Acting AG Whitaker Promotes 'Lawful' Immigration]. ''NumbersUSA''. December 12, 2018. Retrieved December 12, 2018.</ref> Commerce Secretary [[Wilbur Ross]] also helped President Trump advance his immigration agenda,<ref>Binder, John (March 30, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/03/30/wilbur-ross-keeps-winning-for-trumps-economic-nationalist-agenda/ Wilbur Ross Keeps Winning for Trump’s Economic Nationalist Agenda]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved March 30, 2018.</ref> and the Defense Department deployed soldiers to reinforce Border Patrol agents and help secure the southern border.<ref name="TroopsBarbedWire"/>
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*[https://www.numbersusa.com/news/acting-ag-whitaker-promotes-lawful-immigration Acting AG Whitaker Promotes 'Lawful' Immigration]. ''NumbersUSA''. December 12, 2018. Retrieved December 12, 2018.</ref> Commerce Secretary [[Wilbur Ross]] also helped President Trump advance his immigration agenda,<ref>Binder, John (March 30, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/03/30/wilbur-ross-keeps-winning-for-trumps-economic-nationalist-agenda/ Wilbur Ross Keeps Winning for Trump’s Economic Nationalist Agenda]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved March 30, 2018.</ref> and the [[United States Department of Defense|Department of Defense]] deployed soldiers to reinforce Border Patrol agents and help secure the southern border.<ref name="TroopsBarbedWire"/>
  
 
The Trump Administration took several steps to expand the number of illegals targeted for deportation.<ref name="WiderNet2018">Meckler, Laura (May 17, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/trump-era-immigration-arrests-net-higher-percentage-of-people-with-no-criminal-convictions-1526597830 Wider Net Cast in Illegal-Immigration Cases]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved May 19, 2018.</ref><ref name="RecordDeportations">Kirkwood, R. Cort (November 9, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/item/30603-deportation-orders-hit-record-high-immigration-courts-clogged Deportation Orders Hit Record High, Immigration Courts Clogged]. ''The New American''. Retrieved November 9, 2018.</ref> When faced with an increase in the number of illegal border crossings by unaccompanied minors and family units, President Trump not only took stronger action than Obama, but his administration also treated the children more humanely.<ref>Multiple references:
 
The Trump Administration took several steps to expand the number of illegals targeted for deportation.<ref name="WiderNet2018">Meckler, Laura (May 17, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/trump-era-immigration-arrests-net-higher-percentage-of-people-with-no-criminal-convictions-1526597830 Wider Net Cast in Illegal-Immigration Cases]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved May 19, 2018.</ref><ref name="RecordDeportations">Kirkwood, R. Cort (November 9, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/item/30603-deportation-orders-hit-record-high-immigration-courts-clogged Deportation Orders Hit Record High, Immigration Courts Clogged]. ''The New American''. Retrieved November 9, 2018.</ref> When faced with an increase in the number of illegal border crossings by unaccompanied minors and family units, President Trump not only took stronger action than Obama, but his administration also treated the children more humanely.<ref>Multiple references:
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*Mass, Warren (July 29, 2019). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/immigration/item/32968-major-news-media-gives-ice-detention-facility-positive-report Major News Media Gives ICE Detention Facility Positive Report]. ''The New American''. Retrieved July 29, 2019.
 
*Mass, Warren (July 29, 2019). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/immigration/item/32968-major-news-media-gives-ice-detention-facility-positive-report Major News Media Gives ICE Detention Facility Positive Report]. ''The New American''. Retrieved July 29, 2019.
 
*Boyer, Dave (July 31, 2019). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2019/jul/31/trump-faults-obama-cages-illegal-immigrant-childre/ 'I ended it': Trump faults Obama for putting kids in cages]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved August 1, 2019.
 
*Boyer, Dave (July 31, 2019). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2019/jul/31/trump-faults-obama-cages-illegal-immigrant-childre/ 'I ended it': Trump faults Obama for putting kids in cages]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved August 1, 2019.
*Green, Mark (August 3, 2019). [https://www.foxnews.com/opinion/aoc-border-facility-conditions-rep-mark-green Rep. Mark Green: AOC is all wrong about border facility conditions – I know because I went to the same place]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved August 3, 2019.</ref> [[Immigration and Customs Enforcement]] helped combat the opioid crisis by cracking down on illegal opioid importation,<ref>Piccolo, Jason (November 30, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/opinion/op-eds/under-fire-from-liberals-and-hollywood-ice-is-busy-fighting-the-opioid-crisis Under fire from liberals and Hollywood, ICE is busy fighting the opioid crisis]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved November 30, 2018.</ref> and the Trump Administration successfully cracked down on [[MS-13]].<ref>Norman, Greg (December 31, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/us/ms-13-crackdown-nearly-halts-violent-gangs-spree-of-murders-in-new-york-stronghold-data-shows MS-13 crackdown severely reduces gang's violent criminal activity in New York stronghold]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved December 31, 2018.</ref> In the first two years of Trump's presidency, ICE arrested nearly 300,000 criminal illegal aliens.<ref>Binder, John (February 5, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2019/02/05/fact-check-yes-nearly-300k-criminal-illegal-aliens-arrested-over-two-years/ Fact Check: Yes, Nearly 300K Criminal Illegal Aliens Arrested Over Two Years]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved February 6, 2019.</ref>
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*Green, Mark (August 3, 2019). [https://www.foxnews.com/opinion/aoc-border-facility-conditions-rep-mark-green Rep. Mark Green: AOC is all wrong about border facility conditions – I know because I went to the same place]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved August 3, 2019.
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*Pollak, Joel B. (September 12, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/2020-election/2019/09/12/fact-check-joe-biden-claims-we-didnt-lock-people-up-in-cages/ Fact Check: Joe Biden Claims ‘We Didn’t Lock People Up in Cages’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved September 13, 2019.
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*Kan, Janita (September 13, 2019). [https://www.theepochtimes.com/cbp-deputy-commission-debunks-bidens-claim-that-obama-administration-didnt-lock-people-up-in-cages_3080983.html CBP Deputy Commissioner Debunks Biden’s Claim That Obama Administration ‘Didn’t Lock People up in Cages’]. ''The Epoch Times''. Retrieved September 13, 2019.
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*Scarry, Eddie (October 8, 2019). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/opinion/ten-years-in-detention-is-better-than-a-day-here-says-migrant-eager-to-enter-the-us-from-mexico 'Ten years in detention is better than a day here,' says migrant eager to enter the US from Mexico]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
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*Binder, John (November 21, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2019/11/21/fact-check-elizabeth-warren-blames-trump-for-border-facility-filled-with-cages-that-obama-opened/ Fact Check: Elizabeth Warren Blames Trump for Border Facility ‘Filled with Cages’ that Obama Opened]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 22, 2019.
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*[https://www.foxnews.com/politics/migrant-detention-center Slideshow: Inside the migrant detention centers]. ''Fox News''. November 27, 2019. Retrieved November 27, 2019.
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*Arthur, Andrew R. (December 5, 2019). [https://cis.org/Arthur/OMalley-v-Cuccinelli-Kids-Cages O'Malley v. Cuccinelli on 'Kids in Cages']. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved December 5, 2019.</ref> [[Immigration and Customs Enforcement]] helped combat the opioid crisis by cracking down on illegal opioid importation,<ref>Piccolo, Jason (November 30, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/opinion/op-eds/under-fire-from-liberals-and-hollywood-ice-is-busy-fighting-the-opioid-crisis Under fire from liberals and Hollywood, ICE is busy fighting the opioid crisis]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved November 30, 2018.</ref> and the Trump Administration successfully cracked down on [[MS-13]].<ref>Multiple references:
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*Norman, Greg (December 31, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/us/ms-13-crackdown-nearly-halts-violent-gangs-spree-of-murders-in-new-york-stronghold-data-shows MS-13 crackdown severely reduces gang's violent criminal activity in New York stronghold]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved December 31, 2018.
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*Chapman, Ben (January 9, 2020). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/ms-13-gang-tied-to-fewer-murders-on-long-island-after-takedown-11578612234 MS-13 Gang Tied to Fewer Murders on Long Island After Takedown]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved January 9, 2020.</ref> In the first two years of Trump's presidency, ICE arrested nearly 300,000 criminal illegal aliens.<ref>Binder, John (February 5, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2019/02/05/fact-check-yes-nearly-300k-criminal-illegal-aliens-arrested-over-two-years/ Fact Check: Yes, Nearly 300K Criminal Illegal Aliens Arrested Over Two Years]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved February 6, 2019.<br>See also:
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*Pentchoukov, Ivan (August 22, 2019). [https://www.theepochtimes.com/doj-64-percent-of-all-federal-arrests-in-2018-were-non-citizens_3052462.html DOJ: 64 Percent of All Federal Arrests in 2018 Were Noncitizens]. ''The Epoch Times''. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
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*Madden, Nate (August 22, 2019). [https://www.conservativereview.com/news/non-citizens-made-64-federal-arrests-last-year-report-finds/ Non-citizens made up 64% of ALL federal arrests last year, report finds]. ''Conservative Review''. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
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*Binder, John (August 22, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2019/08/22/doj-federal-arrests-of-foreigners-more-than-tripled-in-last-20-years/ DOJ: Federal Arrests of Foreigners More than Tripled in Last 20 Years]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
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*Bernal, Rafael (August 23, 2019). [https://thehill.com/latino/458584-federal-report-arrests-of-non-us-citizens-have-tripled-in-past-20-years Federal arrests of non-US citizens have tripled in past 20 years: report]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved August 23, 2019.
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*Binder, John (August 23, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2019/08/23/doj-feds-arrested-more-mexican-nationals-than-americans-in-2018doj-federal-arrests-of-mexicans-exceed-americans/ DOJ: Feds Arrested More Mexican Nationals than Americans in 2018]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved August 23, 2019.
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*Kirkwood, R. Cort (August 26, 2019). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/item/33231-mexicans-outnumber-americans-in-federal-arrests-43-percent-of-prosecutions-are-non-citizens Mexicans Outnumber Americans in Federal Arrests, 43 Percent of Prosecutions Are Non-citizens]. ''The New American''. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
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*Bedard, Paul (August 28, 2019). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/washington-secrets/justice-64-of-federal-arrests-are-non-citizens-200-increase Justice: 64% of federal arrests are noncitizens, with a 200% increase]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved August 28, 2019.</ref>
  
 
The Trump Administration took several actions in 2018 resulting in reduced legal immigration and asylum.<ref>Multiple references:
 
The Trump Administration took several actions in 2018 resulting in reduced legal immigration and asylum.<ref>Multiple references:
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*[https://www.uscis.gov/TOP%20TEN%20WAYS%20USCIS%20is%20Improving%20the%20Integrity%20of%20the%20Immigration%20System TOP TEN WAYS USCIS is Improving the Integrity of the Immigration System]. ''U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services''. March 14, 2019. Retrieved April 9, 2019.
 
*[https://www.uscis.gov/TOP%20TEN%20WAYS%20USCIS%20is%20Improving%20the%20Integrity%20of%20the%20Immigration%20System TOP TEN WAYS USCIS is Improving the Integrity of the Immigration System]. ''U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services''. March 14, 2019. Retrieved April 9, 2019.
 
*[https://www.uscis.gov/sites/default/files/USCIS/OPA_BAHA_Accomplishments_Infographic.pdf 2nd Anniversary – Buy American and Hire American Accomplishments]. ''U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services''. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
 
*[https://www.uscis.gov/sites/default/files/USCIS/OPA_BAHA_Accomplishments_Infographic.pdf 2nd Anniversary – Buy American and Hire American Accomplishments]. ''U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services''. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
Specifically regarding USCIS Lee Francis Cissna:
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Specifically regarding USCIS Director Lee Francis Cissna:
 
*Hesson, Ted (September 20, 2018). [https://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2018/09/20/uscis-director-lee-francis-cissna-profile-220141 The Man Behind Trump’s ‘Invisible Wall’]. ''Politico Magazine''. Retrieved September 20, 2018.
 
*Hesson, Ted (September 20, 2018). [https://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2018/09/20/uscis-director-lee-francis-cissna-profile-220141 The Man Behind Trump’s ‘Invisible Wall’]. ''Politico Magazine''. Retrieved September 20, 2018.
 
*Vaughan, Jessica M. (September 24, 2018). [https://cis.org/Vaughan/Truth-about-Cissnas-Invisible-Wall The Truth about Cissna's 'Invisible Wall']. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved January 16, 2019.
 
*Vaughan, Jessica M. (September 24, 2018). [https://cis.org/Vaughan/Truth-about-Cissnas-Invisible-Wall The Truth about Cissna's 'Invisible Wall']. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved January 16, 2019.
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*Arthur, Andrew R. (April 8, 2019). [https://cis.org/Arthur/Trumps-Frustration-Border-Grows Trump’s Frustration with the Border Grows]. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved April 8, 2019.
 
*Arthur, Andrew R. (April 8, 2019). [https://cis.org/Arthur/Trumps-Frustration-Border-Grows Trump’s Frustration with the Border Grows]. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved April 8, 2019.
 
*Munro, Neil (April 10, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2019/04/10/immigration-agency-director-fights-to-keep-job-amid-migrant-rush/ Immigration Agency Director Fights to Keep Job Amid Migrant Rush]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 10, 2019.
 
*Munro, Neil (April 10, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2019/04/10/immigration-agency-director-fights-to-keep-job-amid-migrant-rush/ Immigration Agency Director Fights to Keep Job Amid Migrant Rush]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 10, 2019.
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*Binder, John (May 25, 2017). [https://www.breitbart.com/border/2017/05/25/trump-immigration-pick-targeted-soros-backed-media/ Trump Immigration Pick Targeted by Soros-backed Media]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 5, 2019.
 
See also:
 
See also:
*Vaughan, Jessica M. (July 16, 2019). [https://cis.org/Testimony/Policy-Changes-and-Processing-Delays-USCIS Policy Changes and Processing Delays at USCIS]. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved August 9, 2019.</ref> and it increased efforts to denaturalize immigrants who committed fraud to receive citizenship.<ref>Multiple references:
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*Vaughan, Jessica M. (July 16, 2019). [https://cis.org/Testimony/Policy-Changes-and-Processing-Delays-USCIS Policy Changes and Processing Delays at USCIS]. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved August 9, 2019.
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*North, David (October 22, 2019). [https://cis.org/North/USCIS-Plays-New-Tunes-Volume-Does-Not-Change-Much USCIS Plays New Tunes, but the Volume Does Not Change Much]. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved October 22, 2019.</ref> and it increased efforts to denaturalize immigrants who committed fraud to receive citizenship.<ref>Multiple references:
 
*Vogel, Anita (January 4, 2019). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/trump-administration-revoking-citizenship-for-application-fraudsters Trump administration revoking citizenship for application fraudsters]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved January 4, 2019.
 
*Vogel, Anita (January 4, 2019). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/trump-administration-revoking-citizenship-for-application-fraudsters Trump administration revoking citizenship for application fraudsters]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved January 4, 2019.
 
*Wessler, Seth Freed (December 19, 2018). [https://www.nytimes.com/2018/12/19/magazine/naturalized-citizenship-immigration-trump.html Is Denaturalization the Next Front in the Trump Administration’s War on Immigration?]. ''The New York Times Magazine''. Retrieved January 4, 2019.</ref> The administration also pursued a stricter visa policy,<ref name="HireAmericans2018"/> resulting in the number of H-1B visa applications for Fiscal Year 2018 to fall for the first time in five years.<ref>Jan, Tracy (March 21, 2018). [https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2018/03/21/the-wall-does-not-exist-yet-but-trump-has-already-erected-new-barriers-for-foreign-workers/ The wall does not exist yet, but Trump has already erected new barriers for foreign workers]. ''The Washington Post''. Retrieved March 23, 2018.<br>See also:
 
*Wessler, Seth Freed (December 19, 2018). [https://www.nytimes.com/2018/12/19/magazine/naturalized-citizenship-immigration-trump.html Is Denaturalization the Next Front in the Trump Administration’s War on Immigration?]. ''The New York Times Magazine''. Retrieved January 4, 2019.</ref> The administration also pursued a stricter visa policy,<ref name="HireAmericans2018"/> resulting in the number of H-1B visa applications for Fiscal Year 2018 to fall for the first time in five years.<ref>Jan, Tracy (March 21, 2018). [https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2018/03/21/the-wall-does-not-exist-yet-but-trump-has-already-erected-new-barriers-for-foreign-workers/ The wall does not exist yet, but Trump has already erected new barriers for foreign workers]. ''The Washington Post''. Retrieved March 23, 2018.<br>See also:
 
*Atkinson, Khorri (April 1, 2018). [https://www.axios.com/trump-administration-policies-highly-skilled-workers-05f03b96-87e6-4fc1-b3bc-bbdc4b769e61.html Some Trump policies make life harder for highly-skilled foreigners]. ''Axios''. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
 
*Atkinson, Khorri (April 1, 2018). [https://www.axios.com/trump-administration-policies-highly-skilled-workers-05f03b96-87e6-4fc1-b3bc-bbdc4b769e61.html Some Trump policies make life harder for highly-skilled foreigners]. ''Axios''. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
 
*Kight, Stef W. (June 30, 2018). [https://www.axios.com/h-1b-h1b-visa-tech-industry-immigration-donald-trump-administration-c349f59a-d06c-4d10-a711-733990e80387.html What we're reading: The H-1B loses some shine under Trump]. ''Axios''. Retrieved June 30, 2018.
 
*Kight, Stef W. (June 30, 2018). [https://www.axios.com/h-1b-h1b-visa-tech-industry-immigration-donald-trump-administration-c349f59a-d06c-4d10-a711-733990e80387.html What we're reading: The H-1B loses some shine under Trump]. ''Axios''. Retrieved June 30, 2018.
*Thadani, Trisha (June 22, 2018). [https://www.sfchronicle.com/business/article/The-H-1B-visa-in-the-age-of-Trump-A-golden-13015356.php The H-1B visa: A golden ticket loses its luster]. ''San Francisco Chronicle''. Retrieved June 30, 2018.</ref>
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*Thadani, Trisha (June 22, 2018). [https://www.sfchronicle.com/business/article/The-H-1B-visa-in-the-age-of-Trump-A-golden-13015356.php The H-1B visa: A golden ticket loses its luster]. ''San Francisco Chronicle''. Retrieved June 30, 2018.</ref> Additionally, the immigrant population growth rate in the U.S. declined in 2018.<ref>Tavernise, Sabrina (September 26, 2019). [https://www.nytimes.com/2019/09/26/us/census-immigration.html Immigrant Population Growth in the U.S. Slows to a Trickle]. ''The New York Times''. Retrieved October 1, 2019.</ref>
  
 
==Legislation signed, 2018==
 
==Legislation signed, 2018==
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*[https://www.voanews.com/a/trump-establishes-vetting-center-for-homeland-security-/4242376.html Trump Establishes 'Vetting Center' for Homeland Security]. ''Voice of America'' (from the ''Associated Press''). February 6, 2018. Retrieved February 7, 2018.
 
*[https://www.voanews.com/a/trump-establishes-vetting-center-for-homeland-security-/4242376.html Trump Establishes 'Vetting Center' for Homeland Security]. ''Voice of America'' (from the ''Associated Press''). February 6, 2018. Retrieved February 7, 2018.
 
*Korte, Gregory (February 6, 2018). [https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2018/02/06/trump-stands-up-national-vetting-center-investigate-new-immigrants/311916002/ Trump stands up National Vetting Center to investigate new immigrants]. ''USA Today''. Retrieved February 7, 2018.
 
*Korte, Gregory (February 6, 2018). [https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2018/02/06/trump-stands-up-national-vetting-center-investigate-new-immigrants/311916002/ Trump stands up National Vetting Center to investigate new immigrants]. ''USA Today''. Retrieved February 7, 2018.
*Sink, Justin (February 6, 2018). [https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-02-07/trump-orders-national-vetting-center-to-meet-campaign-pledge Trump Orders ‘National Vetting Center’ to Meet Campaign Pledge]. ''Bloomberg''. Retrieved February 7, 2018.</ref>
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*Sink, Justin (February 6, 2018). [https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-02-07/trump-orders-national-vetting-center-to-meet-campaign-pledge Trump Orders ‘National Vetting Center’ to Meet Campaign Pledge]. ''Bloomberg''. Retrieved February 7, 2018.
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*[https://apnews.com/5ce793e46a77440592c04ef49b39ef46 Trump establishes ‘vetting center’ for homeland security]. ''Associated Press''. February 6, 2018. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
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*Beavers, Olivia (February 5, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/372464-trump-to-establish-national-vetting-center-to-help-vet-travelers Trump to establish National Vetting Center for immigrants, visitors]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
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*Uria, Daniel (February 6, 2018). [https://www.upi.com/Top_News/US/2018/02/06/Trump-establishes-National-Vetting-Center-for-immigrants/9661517940307/ Trump establishes National Vetting Center for immigrants]. ''UPI''. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
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*Morton, Victor (February 5, 2015). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/feb/5/trump-establish-national-vetting-center-immigrants/ Trump reportedly to establish 'National Vetting Center' for immigrants, travelers]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
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*[https://www.law360.com/articles/1009527/trump-establishes-immigrant-visitor-vetting-center Trump Establishes Immigrant, Visitor Vetting Center]. ''Law360''. February 6, 2018. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
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See also:
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*Del Bosque, Melissa (November 1, 2019). [https://www.propublica.org/article/border-agents-can-now-get-classified-intelligence-information-experts-call-that-dangerous#newsletter-roadblock Border Agents Can Now Get Classified Intelligence Information. Experts Call That Dangerous.] ''ProPublica''. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
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*Miroff, Nick (April 23, 2018). [https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/trump-is-creating-a-vetting-center-is-it-extreme-enough-to-end-his-travel-ban/2018/04/22/6ab109fa-43fd-11e8-baaf-8b3c5a3da888_story.html Trump is creating a vetting center. Is it ‘extreme’ enough to end his travel ban?] ''The Washington Post''. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
 +
*Arthur, Andrew R. (January 16, 2018). [https://cis.org/Arthur/We-Need-Better-Vetting-Better-Screening-and-Better-Laws We Need Better Vetting, Better Screening, and Better Laws]. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved November 6, 2019.</ref>
 
*The State Department moved to close dozens of refugee resettlement offices throughout the country because of U.S. refugee resettlement program had been shrunk.<ref>Multiple references:
 
*The State Department moved to close dozens of refugee resettlement offices throughout the country because of U.S. refugee resettlement program had been shrunk.<ref>Multiple references:
 
*Rosenberg, Mica (February 14, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-refugees-exclusive/exclusive-dozens-of-refugee-resettlement-offices-to-close-as-trump-downsizes-program-idUSKCN1FY1EJ Exclusive: Dozens of refugee resettlement offices to close as Trump downsizes program]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
 
*Rosenberg, Mica (February 14, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-refugees-exclusive/exclusive-dozens-of-refugee-resettlement-offices-to-close-as-trump-downsizes-program-idUSKCN1FY1EJ Exclusive: Dozens of refugee resettlement offices to close as Trump downsizes program]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
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*Rosenberg, Mica (May 22, 2018). [https://www.csmonitor.com/USA/2018/0522/With-fewer-incoming-refugees-US-resettlement-centers-dwindle With fewer incoming refugees, US resettlement centers dwindle]. ''The Christian Science Monitor'' (from ''Reuters''). Retrieved November 13, 2018.
 
*Rosenberg, Mica (May 22, 2018). [https://www.csmonitor.com/USA/2018/0522/With-fewer-incoming-refugees-US-resettlement-centers-dwindle With fewer incoming refugees, US resettlement centers dwindle]. ''The Christian Science Monitor'' (from ''Reuters''). Retrieved November 13, 2018.
 
Data later in the year on refugee office closures:
 
Data later in the year on refugee office closures:
*Winfield Cunningham, Paige (December 19, 2018). [https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/powerpost/paloma/the-health-202/2018/12/19/the-health-202-the-trump-administration-s-refugee-policy-is-dismantling-the-infrastructures-that-cares-for-them/5c193e8a1b326b2d6629d4e3/ The Health 202: The Trump administration's refugee policy is dismantling the infrastructure that cares for them]. ''The Washington Post''. Retrieved December 26, 2018.</ref> This came after the department ordered refugee resettlement agencies to close their offices in late 2017.<ref name="RefugeeOffices2017">Multiple references:
+
*Winfield Cunningham, Paige (December 19, 2018). [https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/powerpost/paloma/the-health-202/2018/12/19/the-health-202-the-trump-administration-s-refugee-policy-is-dismantling-the-infrastructures-that-cares-for-them/5c193e8a1b326b2d6629d4e3/ The Health 202: The Trump administration's refugee policy is dismantling the infrastructure that cares for them]. ''The Washington Post''. Retrieved December 26, 2018.
 +
See also:
 +
*Siegler, Kirk (September 12, 2019). [https://www.npr.org/2019/09/12/759967768/popular-refugee-resettlement-programs-closing-under-trump-administration Popular Refugee Resettlement Programs Closing Under Trump Administration]. ''NPR''. Retrieved September 27, 2019.</ref> This came after the department ordered refugee resettlement agencies to close their offices in late 2017.<ref name="RefugeeOffices2017">Multiple references:
 
*Torbati, Yeganeh; Rosenberg, Mica (December 21, 2017). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-refugees-exclusive/exclusive-state-department-tells-refugee-agencies-to-downsize-u-s-operations-idUSKBN1EF2S5 Exclusive: State Department tells refugee agencies to downsize U.S. operations]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
 
*Torbati, Yeganeh; Rosenberg, Mica (December 21, 2017). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-refugees-exclusive/exclusive-state-department-tells-refugee-agencies-to-downsize-u-s-operations-idUSKBN1EF2S5 Exclusive: State Department tells refugee agencies to downsize U.S. operations]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
 
*Re, Gregg (December 22, 2017). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/trump-admin-orders-sharp-drawdown-of-us-refugee-resettlement-report Trump admin orders sharp drawdown of US refugee resettlement: report]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
 
*Re, Gregg (December 22, 2017). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/trump-admin-orders-sharp-drawdown-of-us-refugee-resettlement-report Trump admin orders sharp drawdown of US refugee resettlement: report]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
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*Ali, Safia Samee (February 22, 2018). [https://www.nbcnews.com/politics/immigration/u-s-citizenship-immigration-services-drops-nation-immigrants-mission-statement-n850501 U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services drops 'nation of immigrants' from mission statement]. ''NBC News''. Retrieved April 18, 2019.
 
*Ali, Safia Samee (February 22, 2018). [https://www.nbcnews.com/politics/immigration/u-s-citizenship-immigration-services-drops-nation-immigrants-mission-statement-n850501 U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services drops 'nation of immigrants' from mission statement]. ''NBC News''. Retrieved April 18, 2019.
 
*[https://www.apnews.com/04f2be45bfaa4dff8b690b4ffab78b8b Immigration agency rewrites mission statement]. ''Associated Press''. February 22, 2018. Retrieved April 18, 2019.
 
*[https://www.apnews.com/04f2be45bfaa4dff8b690b4ffab78b8b Immigration agency rewrites mission statement]. ''Associated Press''. February 22, 2018. Retrieved April 18, 2019.
 +
*Jordan, Miriam (February 22, 2018). [https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/22/us/uscis-nation-of-immigrants.html Is America a ‘Nation of Immigrants’? Immigration Agency Says No]. ''The New York Times''. Retrieved October 19, 2019.
 
See also:
 
See also:
 
*Arthur, Andrew R. (February 23, 2018). [https://cis.org/Arthur/USCIS-Changes-Its-Mission-Statement USCIS Changes Its Mission Statement]. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved April 18, 2019.
 
*Arthur, Andrew R. (February 23, 2018). [https://cis.org/Arthur/USCIS-Changes-Its-Mission-Statement USCIS Changes Its Mission Statement]. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved April 18, 2019.
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*Munro, Neil (July 17, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/economics/2018/07/17/ag-sessions-asylum-reform-is-blocking-many-migrants-say-lawyers/ AG Sessions’ Asylum Reform is Blocking Many Migrants, Say Lawyers]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved July 18, 2018.
 
*Munro, Neil (July 17, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/economics/2018/07/17/ag-sessions-asylum-reform-is-blocking-many-migrants-say-lawyers/ AG Sessions’ Asylum Reform is Blocking Many Migrants, Say Lawyers]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved July 18, 2018.
 
*Weissert, Will; Schmall, Emily (July 16, 2018). [https://www.apnews.com/a7c571cce7f94880816f2bb0e434ae80/'Credible-fear'-for-US-asylum-harder-to-prove-under-Trump ‘Credible fear’ for US asylum harder to prove under Trump]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved July 18, 2018.</ref>
 
*Weissert, Will; Schmall, Emily (July 16, 2018). [https://www.apnews.com/a7c571cce7f94880816f2bb0e434ae80/'Credible-fear'-for-US-asylum-harder-to-prove-under-Trump ‘Credible fear’ for US asylum harder to prove under Trump]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved July 18, 2018.</ref>
 +
*The Trump Administration institutionalized the practice of metering, limiting the number of migrants allowed to request asylum each day.<ref>Multiple references:
 +
*Leutert, Stephanie (July 17, 2019). [https://www.lawfareblog.com/what-metering-really-looks-south-texas What ‘Metering’ Really Looks Like in South Texas]. ''Lawfare''. Retrieved November 18, 2019.
 +
*Aleaziz, Hamed (December 17, 2018). [https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/hamedaleaziz/the-trump-administration-is-slowing-the-asylum-process-to The Trump Administration Is Slowing The Asylum Process To Discourage Applicants, An Official Told Congress]. ''BuzzFeed''. Retrieved November 18, 2019.</ref>
 
*The USCIS announced it was creating a new office to track down individuals who lied on their applications in order to receive U.S. citizenship so that the USCIS could lawfully denaturalize them.<ref>Multiple references:
 
*The USCIS announced it was creating a new office to track down individuals who lied on their applications in order to receive U.S. citizenship so that the USCIS could lawfully denaturalize them.<ref>Multiple references:
 
*Greenwood, Max (June 13, 2018). [https://thehill.com/policy/national-security/392034-uscis-will-seek-to-revoke-citizenship-of-naturalized-americans-for New DHS office to revoke citizenship of naturalized Americans who lie on applications]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved June 15, 2018.
 
*Greenwood, Max (June 13, 2018). [https://thehill.com/policy/national-security/392034-uscis-will-seek-to-revoke-citizenship-of-naturalized-americans-for New DHS office to revoke citizenship of naturalized Americans who lie on applications]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved June 15, 2018.
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*Chalfant, Morgan (September 17, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/407100-trump-administration-to-cut-refugee-admissions-to-30k-for-2019 Trump administration to cut refugee admissions to 30K for 2019]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved October 6, 2018.
 
*Chalfant, Morgan (September 17, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/407100-trump-administration-to-cut-refugee-admissions-to-30k-for-2019 Trump administration to cut refugee admissions to 30K for 2019]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved October 6, 2018.
 
*Gehrke, Joel (September 17, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/policy/defense-national-security/trump-administration-lowers-refugee-cap-to-30-000-for-2019 Trump administration lowers refugee cap to 30,000 for 2019]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved October 6, 2018.
 
*Gehrke, Joel (September 17, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/policy/defense-national-security/trump-administration-lowers-refugee-cap-to-30-000-for-2019 Trump administration lowers refugee cap to 30,000 for 2019]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved October 6, 2018.
 +
*Cuthbertson, Charlotte (September 18, 2018). [https://www.theepochtimes.com/refugee-admissions-reduced-as-asylum-claims-soar_2664758.html US Seeks to Sharply Cut Refugee Admissions as Asylum Claims Soar]. ''The Epoch Times''. Retrieved September 27, 2019.
 
See also
 
See also
 
*[https://www.voanews.com/a/white-house-lowest-refugee-cap-ever/4050757.html White House Officially Issues Lowest Refugee Cap Ever]. ''Voice of America''. September 29, 2018. Retrieved October 6, 2018.
 
*[https://www.voanews.com/a/white-house-lowest-refugee-cap-ever/4050757.html White House Officially Issues Lowest Refugee Cap Ever]. ''Voice of America''. September 29, 2018. Retrieved October 6, 2018.
Line 411: Line 445:
 
*Connor, Phillip; Krogstad, Jens Manuel (May 3, 2018). [https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2018/05/03/the-number-of-refugees-admitted-to-the-u-s-has-fallen-especially-among-muslims/ The number of refugees admitted to the U.S. has fallen, especially among Muslims]. ''Pew Research Center''. Retrieved May 4, 2018.</ref> Refugee organizations in the U.S. saw significantly less revenue and downsized their operations.<ref>Multiple references:
 
*Connor, Phillip; Krogstad, Jens Manuel (May 3, 2018). [https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2018/05/03/the-number-of-refugees-admitted-to-the-u-s-has-fallen-especially-among-muslims/ The number of refugees admitted to the U.S. has fallen, especially among Muslims]. ''Pew Research Center''. Retrieved May 4, 2018.</ref> Refugee organizations in the U.S. saw significantly less revenue and downsized their operations.<ref>Multiple references:
 
*Leahy, Michael Patrick (March 2, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/03/02/federally-funded-non-profits-whine-about-decline-in-refugee-admissions-and-revenues/ Federally Funded Non-Profits Whine About Decline in Refugee Admissions and Revenues]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved March 4, 2018.
 
*Leahy, Michael Patrick (March 2, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/03/02/federally-funded-non-profits-whine-about-decline-in-refugee-admissions-and-revenues/ Federally Funded Non-Profits Whine About Decline in Refugee Admissions and Revenues]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved March 4, 2018.
*Jenkins, Jack; Miller, Emily McFarlan (March 3, 2018). [https://www.houstonchronicle.com/news/houston-texas/houston/article/Refugee-groups-fight-Trump-travel-ban-and-for-12725724.php Refugee groups fight Trump travel ban - and for their own survival]. ''Houston Chronicle'' (from ''Religion News Service''). Retrieved March 4, 2018.</ref> By March 2018, the number of refugee admissions was on track to achieving a record low number for Fiscal Year 2018, including being on track to reduce admissions 77% compared to the Obama Administration.<ref>Multiple references:
+
*Jenkins, Jack; Miller, Emily McFarlan (March 3, 2018). [https://www.houstonchronicle.com/news/houston-texas/houston/article/Refugee-groups-fight-Trump-travel-ban-and-for-12725724.php Refugee groups fight Trump travel ban - and for their own survival]. ''Houston Chronicle'' (from ''Religion News Service''). Retrieved March 4, 2018.
 +
*Alvarez, Priscilla (September 9, 2018). [https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2018/09/refugee-admissions-trump/569641/ America’s System for Resettling Refugees Is Collapsing]. ''The Atlantic''. Retrieved November 4, 2019.</ref> By March 2018, the number of refugee admissions was on track to achieving a record low number for Fiscal Year 2018, including being on track to reduce admissions 77% compared to the Obama Administration.<ref>Multiple references:
 
*Dinan, Stephen (March 27, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/mar/26/donald-trump-on-pace-for-record-low-number-of-refu/ Trump on pace for record low number of refugees]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved March 27, 2018.
 
*Dinan, Stephen (March 27, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/mar/26/donald-trump-on-pace-for-record-low-number-of-refu/ Trump on pace for record low number of refugees]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved March 27, 2018.
 
*Leahy, Michael Patrick (April 3, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/04/03/halfway-through-fy-2018-only-10548-refugees-have-been-admitted-to-u-s/ Halfway Through FY 2018, Only 10,548 Refugees Have Been Admitted to U.S.]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 3, 2018.
 
*Leahy, Michael Patrick (April 3, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/04/03/halfway-through-fy-2018-only-10548-refugees-have-been-admitted-to-u-s/ Halfway Through FY 2018, Only 10,548 Refugees Have Been Admitted to U.S.]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 3, 2018.
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*Kight, Stef W.; Ayesh, Rashaan (June 19, 2019). [https://www.axios.com/canada-accepts-more-refugees-than-the-us-for-first-time-since-1980-6a66f10a-b5d0-44d1-9070-cd6dda9863d5.html Canada accepts more refugees than the U.S. for first time since 1980]. ''Axios''. Retrieved June 19, 2019.
 
*Kight, Stef W.; Ayesh, Rashaan (June 19, 2019). [https://www.axios.com/canada-accepts-more-refugees-than-the-us-for-first-time-since-1980-6a66f10a-b5d0-44d1-9070-cd6dda9863d5.html Canada accepts more refugees than the U.S. for first time since 1980]. ''Axios''. Retrieved June 19, 2019.
 
See also:
 
See also:
*Rush, Nayla (March 14, 2019). [https://cis.org/Rush/US-Resettled-More-Refugees-Any-Other-Nation-2017-and-2018 U.S. Resettled More Refugees than Any Other Nation in 2017 and 2018]. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved March 14, 2019.</ref>
+
*Rush, Nayla (March 14, 2019). [https://cis.org/Rush/US-Resettled-More-Refugees-Any-Other-Nation-2017-and-2018 U.S. Resettled More Refugees than Any Other Nation in 2017 and 2018]. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
 +
*Rush, Nayla (October 25, 2019). [https://cis.org/Rush/Canada-Number-One-Refugee-Resettlement Is Canada Number One in Refugee Resettlement?] ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved October 25, 2019.</ref>
  
 
===Illegal immigration===
 
===Illegal immigration===
 
[[File:Donald Trump border visit March 2018.jpg|thumb|250px|President Trump visits the U.S. southern border, March 2018]]
 
[[File:Donald Trump border visit March 2018.jpg|thumb|250px|President Trump visits the U.S. southern border, March 2018]]
 +
[[File:Donald Trump signs asylum proclamation, November 2018.jpg|thumb|250px|President Trump signing a proclamation restricting asylum for illegal immigrants on the southern border, November 9, 2018]]
 
The Trump Administration took several actions related to illegal immigration enforcement:
 
The Trump Administration took several actions related to illegal immigration enforcement:
  
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*Bedard, Paul (June 7, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/washington-secrets/9-of-10-illegal-immigrants-arrested-have-criminal-record 9 of 10 illegal immigrants arrested have criminal record]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved June 7, 2018.</ref> In the first nine months of 2018, the number of such illegals arrested increased 66% compared to the previous year.<ref>Multiple references:
 
*Bedard, Paul (June 7, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/washington-secrets/9-of-10-illegal-immigrants-arrested-have-criminal-record 9 of 10 illegal immigrants arrested have criminal record]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved June 7, 2018.</ref> In the first nine months of 2018, the number of such illegals arrested increased 66% compared to the previous year.<ref>Multiple references:
 
*Sedensky, Matt (September 20, 2018). [https://www.apnews.com/8969468fb8b2485a87ff1ff448397ba0/Trump's-immigrant-roundups-increasingly-net-noncriminals Trump’s immigrant roundups increasingly net noncriminals]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved September 23, 2018.
 
*Sedensky, Matt (September 20, 2018). [https://www.apnews.com/8969468fb8b2485a87ff1ff448397ba0/Trump's-immigrant-roundups-increasingly-net-noncriminals Trump’s immigrant roundups increasingly net noncriminals]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved September 23, 2018.
*Munro, Neil (September 28, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/09/28/trump-ice-enforcement-spikes-in-2018/ Report: Trump’s ICE Spikes Deportations in 2018]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved September 28, 2018.</ref>
+
*Munro, Neil (September 28, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/09/28/trump-ice-enforcement-spikes-in-2018/ Report: Trump’s ICE Spikes Deportations in 2018]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved September 28, 2018.</ref> The rate of federal government prosecutions of illegals in Fiscal Year 2018 reached the highest level since 1998.<ref>Multiple references:
 +
*Binder, John (October 1, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2019/10/01/pew-research-trump-prosecutes-illegals-highest-rate-two-decades/ Pew Research: Trump Prosecutes Illegals at Highest Rate in Two Decades]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved October 1, 2019.
 +
*Gramlich, John (September 27, 2019). [https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2019/09/27/far-more-immigration-cases-are-being-prosecuted-criminally-under-trump-administration/ Far more immigration cases are being prosecuted criminally under Trump administration]. ''Pew Research Center''. Retrieved October 1, 2019.</ref>
 
**The Trump Administration took steps to reverse the Obama Administration's downplaying of illegal migrant fraud, as illustrated when it announced it had charged over 20 illegals with ID fraud.<ref>Multiple references:
 
**The Trump Administration took steps to reverse the Obama Administration's downplaying of illegal migrant fraud, as illustrated when it announced it had charged over 20 illegals with ID fraud.<ref>Multiple references:
 
*Dinan, Stephen (July 26, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/jul/26/feds-bust-illegal-immigrants-id-fraud/ Feds bust illegal immigrants on ID fraud]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved July 26, 2018.
 
*Dinan, Stephen (July 26, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/jul/26/feds-bust-illegal-immigrants-id-fraud/ Feds bust illegal immigrants on ID fraud]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved July 26, 2018.
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===Border security===
 
===Border security===
 
[[File:Donald Trump, wall prototypes.jpg|thumb|250px|President Trump visits [[border wall]] prototypes along the U.S. southern border, March 2018]]
 
[[File:Donald Trump, wall prototypes.jpg|thumb|250px|President Trump visits [[border wall]] prototypes along the U.S. southern border, March 2018]]
 +
[[File:Trump Border Wall Calexico.jpg|thumb|250px|Border wall replacement near Calexico, February 2018]]
 
The Trump Administration continued strengthening and expanding border security on the southern border:
 
The Trump Administration continued strengthening and expanding border security on the southern border:
  
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*Svab, Petr (August 5, 2018). [https://www.theepochtimes.com/trump-visa-policy-helps-american-tech-workers_2615228.html Trump’s H-1B Visa Policy Helps American Tech Workers]. ''The Epoch Times''. Retrieved August 5, 2018.
 
*Svab, Petr (August 5, 2018). [https://www.theepochtimes.com/trump-visa-policy-helps-american-tech-workers_2615228.html Trump’s H-1B Visa Policy Helps American Tech Workers]. ''The Epoch Times''. Retrieved August 5, 2018.
 
See also:
 
See also:
*El-Bawab, Nadine (August 21, 2019). [https://www.cnbc.com/2019/02/25/trumps-student-and-work-visa-policies-push-legal-immigrants-to-canada.html Trump’s tough student and work visa policies are pushing legal immigrants to Canada]. ''CNBC''. Retrieved August 21, 2019.</ref>
+
*El-Bawab, Nadine (August 21, 2019). [https://www.cnbc.com/2019/02/25/trumps-student-and-work-visa-policies-push-legal-immigrants-to-canada.html Trump’s tough student and work visa policies are pushing legal immigrants to Canada]. ''CNBC''. Retrieved August 21, 2019.
 +
*Huennekens, Preston (November 19, 2018). [https://cis.org/Huennekens/H2B-Process-Leaps-21st-Century The H-2B Process Leaps into the 21st Century]. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved November 5, 2019.</ref>
 
*The number of legal immigrants in the U.S. for less than five years who used [[SNAP]] food stamps fell around 10% in 2018, after the number consistently rose for the previous ten years.<ref>Multiple references:
 
*The number of legal immigrants in the U.S. for less than five years who used [[SNAP]] food stamps fell around 10% in 2018, after the number consistently rose for the previous ten years.<ref>Multiple references:
 
*Binder, John (November 21, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/11/21/food-stamp-usage-immigrants-drops-10-percent-immigration-controls/ Food Stamp Usage by Immigrants Drops 10 Percent amid Immigration Controls]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 21, 2018.
 
*Binder, John (November 21, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/11/21/food-stamp-usage-immigrants-drops-10-percent-immigration-controls/ Food Stamp Usage by Immigrants Drops 10 Percent amid Immigration Controls]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 21, 2018.
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*Craig, Tim (August 3, 2018). [https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/national/wp/2018/08/03/feature/undocumented-immigrants-are-fleeing-trumps-america-and-these-americans-are-easing-their-journey-to-canada/ Easing the journey north]. ''The Washington Post''. Retrieved August 6, 2018.
 
*Craig, Tim (August 3, 2018). [https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/national/wp/2018/08/03/feature/undocumented-immigrants-are-fleeing-trumps-america-and-these-americans-are-easing-their-journey-to-canada/ Easing the journey north]. ''The Washington Post''. Retrieved August 6, 2018.
 
*Cook, Benson (August 16, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/world/2018/08/16/canada-struggling-with-illegal-border-crisis-its-own-ahead-crucial-elections.html Canada struggling with illegal border 'crisis' of its own ahead of crucial elections]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved August 16, 2018.
 
*Cook, Benson (August 16, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/world/2018/08/16/canada-struggling-with-illegal-border-crisis-its-own-ahead-crucial-elections.html Canada struggling with illegal border 'crisis' of its own ahead of crucial elections]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved August 16, 2018.
*Mehler Paperny, Anna (November 16, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-canada-immigration-refugees/canada-set-to-get-most-refugee-claims-in-nearly-three-decades-idUSKCN1NL2II Canada set to get most refugee claims in nearly three decades]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved Novemebr 16, 2018.
+
*Mehler Paperny, Anna (November 16, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-canada-immigration-refugees/canada-set-to-get-most-refugee-claims-in-nearly-three-decades-idUSKCN1NL2II Canada set to get most refugee claims in nearly three decades]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
*[https://www.breitbart.com/europe/2019/05/18/canada-asylum-avalanche-as-claims-triple-over-two-years/ Canada: Asylum Avalanche as Claims Triple over Two Years]. ''Breitbart News'' (from ''AFP''). May 18, 2019. Retrieved May 18, 2019.
+
 
The surge was so great that the Canadian government took steps to end it:
 
The surge was so great that the Canadian government took steps to end it:
 
*Paperny, Anna Mehler (May 22, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-canada-immigration-border/canada-granting-refugee-status-to-fewer-illegal-border-crossers-idUSKCN1IN1CO Canada granting refugee status to fewer illegal border crossers]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved May 22, 2018.
 
*Paperny, Anna Mehler (May 22, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-canada-immigration-border/canada-granting-refugee-status-to-fewer-illegal-border-crossers-idUSKCN1IN1CO Canada granting refugee status to fewer illegal border crossers]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved May 22, 2018.
Line 1,356: Line 1,396:
 
*Mason, Jeff; Rampton, Roberta (November 1, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration/trump-promises-immigration-crackdown-ahead-of-u-s-elections-idUSKCN1N65CU Trump promises immigration crackdown ahead of U.S. elections]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved November 1, 2018.
 
*Mason, Jeff; Rampton, Roberta (November 1, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration/trump-promises-immigration-crackdown-ahead-of-u-s-elections-idUSKCN1N65CU Trump promises immigration crackdown ahead of U.S. elections]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved November 1, 2018.
 
*Fabian, Jordan (November 1, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/414406-trump-keeps-spotlight-on-immigration-but-punts-on-asylum-changes Trump keeps spotlight on immigration, but punts on asylum changes]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved November 1, 2018.
 
*Fabian, Jordan (November 1, 2018). [https://thehill.com/homenews/administration/414406-trump-keeps-spotlight-on-immigration-but-punts-on-asylum-changes Trump keeps spotlight on immigration, but punts on asylum changes]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved November 1, 2018.
 +
*Phillips, Jack (November 1, 2018). [https://www.theepochtimes.com/trump-announces-plan-to-limit-on-asylum-seekers_2706247.html Trump Announces Plan to Limit Asylum-Seekers to US Ports of Entry]. ''The Epoch Times''. Retrieved September 27, 2019.
 
See also:
 
See also:
 
*Spiering, Charlie (November 1, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/11/01/donald-trump-military-should-fight-back-at-caravan-migrants-throwing-rocks/ Donald Trump: Military Should Fight Back at Caravan Migrants Throwing Rocks]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 1, 2018.
 
*Spiering, Charlie (November 1, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/11/01/donald-trump-military-should-fight-back-at-caravan-migrants-throwing-rocks/ Donald Trump: Military Should Fight Back at Caravan Migrants Throwing Rocks]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 1, 2018.
Line 1,390: Line 1,431:
 
*Widener, Laura (June 27, 2019). [https://americanmilitarynews.com/2019/06/us-mexico-border-deaths-lower-under-trump-than-obama-data-shows/ US-Mexico border deaths lower per year under Trump than Obama, data shows]. ''American Military News''. Retrieved July 19, 2019.</ref>
 
*Widener, Laura (June 27, 2019). [https://americanmilitarynews.com/2019/06/us-mexico-border-deaths-lower-under-trump-than-obama-data-shows/ US-Mexico border deaths lower per year under Trump than Obama, data shows]. ''American Military News''. Retrieved July 19, 2019.</ref>
  
==Failures, 2018==
+
==Setbacks, 2018==
Many of these failures and setbacks to the MAGA agenda, if not all of them, were caused by Congress or officials in the Trump Administration, rather than President Trump himself:
+
The following setbacks to the MAGA agenda were often caused by Congress or officials in the Trump Administration, rather than President Trump himself. Some of them can also be considered partial achievements.
  
 
*March 23, 2018—The omnibus spending bill that President Trump reluctantly signed<ref name="OmnibusSigned2018">Multiple references:
 
*March 23, 2018—The omnibus spending bill that President Trump reluctantly signed<ref name="OmnibusSigned2018">Multiple references:
Line 1,413: Line 1,454:
 
*Munro, Neil (April 13, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/immigration/2018/04/13/washpost-100000-migrants-caught-released-under-trump/ WashPost: 100,000 Migrants Caught, Released Under Trump]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
 
*Munro, Neil (April 13, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/immigration/2018/04/13/washpost-100000-migrants-caught-released-under-trump/ WashPost: 100,000 Migrants Caught, Released Under Trump]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
 
*Sacchetti, Maria (April 13, 2018). [https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/immigration/despite-vow-to-end-catch-and-release-trump-has-freed-100000-who-illegally-crossed-the-border/2018/04/13/839c778e-3754-11e8-acd5-35eac230e514_story.html Despite vow to end ‘catch and release,’ Trump has freed 100,000 who illegally crossed the border]. ''The Washington Post''. Retrieved April 14, 2018.</ref>
 
*Sacchetti, Maria (April 13, 2018). [https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/immigration/despite-vow-to-end-catch-and-release-trump-has-freed-100000-who-illegally-crossed-the-border/2018/04/13/839c778e-3754-11e8-acd5-35eac230e514_story.html Despite vow to end ‘catch and release,’ Trump has freed 100,000 who illegally crossed the border]. ''The Washington Post''. Retrieved April 14, 2018.</ref>
 +
*The DHS increased the H-2B visa program in May 2019,<ref>Multiple references:
 +
*Binder, John (May 25, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/05/25/dhs-secretary-nielsen-approves-15k-additional-h-2b-foreign-workers-to-take-blue-collar-u-s-jobs/ DHS Secretary Nielsen Approves 15K Additional H-2B Foreign Workers to Take Blue-Collar U.S. Jobs]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 5, 2019.
 +
*Meckler, Laura (May 25, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/trump-administration-makes-15-000-additional-h-2b-visas-available-1527279631 Trump Administration Makes 15,000 Additional H-2B Visas Available]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved November 5, 2019.
 +
*Dinan, Stephen (May 25, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/may/25/dhs-scolds-congress-approves-15000-foreign-workers/ DHS scolds Congress, approves 15,000 foreign workers]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved November 5, 2019.
 +
*Bowden, John (May 25, 2018). [https://thehill.com/latino/389437-homeland-security-announces-additional-h-2b-visas-for-companies-at-risk-of-failure Homeland Security announces 15,000 additional seasonal visas for companies at risk of failure]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved November 5, 2019.
 +
*[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-immigration-visas/u-s-will-add-15000-visas-for-seasonal-non-farm-workers-dhs-idUSKCN1IQ2XY U.S. adds 15,000 visas for seasonal non-farm workers]. ''Reuters''. May 25, 2018. Retrieved November 5, 2019.
 +
*North, David (May 25, 2018). [https://cis.org/North/DHS-Chooses-Late-Friday-Afternoon-Announce-15000-more-H2B-Visas DHS Chooses Late Friday Afternoon to Announce 15,000 more H-2B Visas]. ''Center for Immigration Studies''. Retrieved November 5, 2019.
 +
See also:
 +
*Munro, Neil (May 4, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/midterm-election/2018/05/04/dhs-promises-extra-h2b-workers/ DHS Nielsen Approves Extra H-2B Workers]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 5, 2019.
 +
*Meckler, Laura (May 10, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/u-s-is-likely-to-add-about-15-000-work-visas-this-summer-1525977843 U.S. Is Likely to Add About 15,000 Work Visas This Summer]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved November 5, 2019.
 +
*Meckler, Laura (March 30, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/trump-dilemma-give-businesses-more-low-skilled-work-visas-or-not-1522407601 Businesses Beg for More Low-Skill Visas, Putting White House in a Bind]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved November 5, 2019.</ref> something DHS Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen endorsed a month earlier.<ref>Multiple references:
 +
*Munro, Neil (April 11, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/04/11/nielsen-endorses-h-2b-visa-workers/ DHS Nielsen Endorses More H-2B Visa Workers]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 5, 2019.
 +
*Dinan, Stephen (April 11, 2018). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/apr/11/dhs-secretary-signals-shes-open-guest-worker-visas/ DHS secretary signals she's open to adding guest worker visas]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved November 5, 2019.</ref>
 
*June 25, 2018—The [[Customs and Border Protection]] agency announced that despite the Administration's zero-tolerance policy officially remaining in effect, because of President Trump's executive order to end the separation of illegal alien minors from their parents, it had to suspend prosecutions for illegal alien parents.<ref>Multiple references:
 
*June 25, 2018—The [[Customs and Border Protection]] agency announced that despite the Administration's zero-tolerance policy officially remaining in effect, because of President Trump's executive order to end the separation of illegal alien minors from their parents, it had to suspend prosecutions for illegal alien parents.<ref>Multiple references:
 
*Munro, Neil (June 25, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/2018-elections/2018/06/25/white-house-sets-temporary-end-zero-tolerance-migrants-family-migration/ White House Sets ‘Temporary’ End to Zero-Tolerance of Migrants Bringing Children]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved June 26, 2018.
 
*Munro, Neil (June 25, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/2018-elections/2018/06/25/white-house-sets-temporary-end-zero-tolerance-migrants-family-migration/ White House Sets ‘Temporary’ End to Zero-Tolerance of Migrants Bringing Children]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved June 26, 2018.
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*Quinn, Melissa (December 21, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/policy/courts/supreme-court-denies-trump-administrations-request-to-enforce-new-asylum-policy Supreme Court denies Trump administration's request to enforce new asylum policy]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
 
*Quinn, Melissa (December 21, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/policy/courts/supreme-court-denies-trump-administrations-request-to-enforce-new-asylum-policy Supreme Court denies Trump administration's request to enforce new asylum policy]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
 
*Sherman, Mark (December 21, 2018). [https://www.apnews.com/1c239d63b2634f9caadd4053bae058d8 Supreme Court rejects Trump plea to enforce asylum ban]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
 
*Sherman, Mark (December 21, 2018). [https://www.apnews.com/1c239d63b2634f9caadd4053bae058d8 Supreme Court rejects Trump plea to enforce asylum ban]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved June 27, 2019.
*Barnes, Robert (December 21, 2018). [https://www.texastribune.org/2018/12/21/supreme-court-trump-asylum-rules-enforcement/ U.S. Supreme Court denies Trump administration request to immediately enforce new asylum rules]. ''The Texas Tribune'' (from ''The Washington Post''). Retrieved June 27, 2019.</ref>
+
*Barnes, Robert (December 21, 2018). [https://www.texastribune.org/2018/12/21/supreme-court-trump-asylum-rules-enforcement/ U.S. Supreme Court denies Trump administration request to immediately enforce new asylum rules]. ''The Texas Tribune'' (from ''The Washington Post''). Retrieved June 27, 2019.</ref> Liberal cities joined the undermining of the Trump Administration's immigration policies, as seen in the proliferation in the number of "sanctuary" cities.<ref>[https://www.fairus.org/issue/publications-resources/state-sanctuary-policies Sanctuary Jurisdictions Nearly Double Since President Trump Promised to Enforce Our Immigration Laws]. ''Federation for American Immigration Reform''. May 2018. Retrieved November 19, 2019.</ref>
  
 
==References==
 
==References==

Latest revision as of 21:59, 9 January 2020

Official presidential photo of President Donald Trump
Main article: Donald Trump achievements: Immigration and border security

This article is a list of achievements by U.S. President Donald Trump, his administration, and Congress related to immigration, illegal immigration, and border security in 2018.

Through executive actions, President Trump continued to advance his conservative immigration agenda.[1][2] He took several of his actions against illegal immigration in April 2018, specifically.[3] Attorney General Jeff Sessions continued advancing conservative immigration policies, such as taking steps to block asylum claims by economic migrants,[4] and his successor, Acting Attorney General Matthew G. Whitaker, continued advancing those policies.[5] Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross also helped President Trump advance his immigration agenda,[6] and the Department of Defense deployed soldiers to reinforce Border Patrol agents and help secure the southern border.[7]

The Trump Administration took several steps to expand the number of illegals targeted for deportation.[8][9] When faced with an increase in the number of illegal border crossings by unaccompanied minors and family units, President Trump not only took stronger action than Obama, but his administration also treated the children more humanely.[10] Immigration and Customs Enforcement helped combat the opioid crisis by cracking down on illegal opioid importation,[11] and the Trump Administration successfully cracked down on MS-13.[12] In the first two years of Trump's presidency, ICE arrested nearly 300,000 criminal illegal aliens.[13]

The Trump Administration took several actions in 2018 resulting in reduced legal immigration and asylum.[14][15] The USCIS, in particular, made several reforms to allow it to enforce U.S. immigration law,[16] and it increased efforts to denaturalize immigrants who committed fraud to receive citizenship.[17] The administration also pursued a stricter visa policy,[18] resulting in the number of H-1B visa applications for Fiscal Year 2018 to fall for the first time in five years.[19] Additionally, the immigrant population growth rate in the U.S. declined in 2018.[20]

Legislation signed, 2018

  • January 10, 2017—President Trump signed the Interdict Act into law, which provided $9 million for Customs and Border Protection so it could buy equipment to help it stop the flow of fentanyl and other opioids through the country's borders.[21] Later, on October 24, 2018, President Trump signed the STOP Act into law as part of a major bill to combat the opioids crisis, which improved cooperation between the CBP and the United States Postal Service to crack down on illegal fentanyl imports.[22]
  • March 23, 2018—Despite doing significantly less to advance his conservative immigration agenda than hoped, the omnibus bill that President Trump signed[23] did spend nearly $1.6 billion on border security, including money for building new sections of the border barrier, repairing existing sections, and building secondary fencing.[24]

Executive actions, 2018

Legal immigration and asylum

The Trump Administration took several actions related to legal immigration:

  • January 17, 2018—The DHS announced it would ban people from Haiti, Belize, and Samoa from applying for H-2A and H-2B visas, which temporarily allow foreign workers for agricultural and non-agricultural seasonal work.[25]
  • January 29, 2018—After a 90-day review initiated by an executive order President Trump signed on October 24, 2018, the DHS fully resumed refugee admissions from 11 "high risk" countries but with strengthened vetting procedures.[26]
  • January 31, 2018—The USCIS announced it would change its asylum application policy and review newer applications first in order to reduce a "crisis-level backlog" more quickly and to protect against "fraud and abuse" in the process. In changing the policy, the USCIS reversed an Obama Administration decision to prioritize older applications.[27]
  • February 6, 2018—President Trump signed a memorandum ordering the creation of a National Vetting Center in order to better screen foreigners entering the U.S.[28]
  • The State Department moved to close dozens of refugee resettlement offices throughout the country because of U.S. refugee resettlement program had been shrunk.[29] This came after the department ordered refugee resettlement agencies to close their offices in late 2017.[30]
  • February 2018—The USCIS changed its mission statement to put its priorities in line with President Trump's conservative immigration agenda.[31] Among other changes, it removed the phrase "nation of immigrants" and emphasized lawful immigration and putting American citizens first.[31]
  • February 22, 2018—The USCIS issued a policy memo instituting additional restrictions on H-1B visas to prevent abuse and protect American workers.[32]
  • March 20, 2018—The USCIS announced it would temporarily suspend a program that allows for expedited approvals of H-1B visas, with the expectation that the suspension would last until September 10.[33]
  • March 27, 2018—President Trump announced he would end a Deferred Enforcement Departure program for Liberians, a program protecting them from deportation and which had been in effect since 1999.[34]
  • By May 2018, the Trump Administration had announced it would end the "Temporary Protected Status" program for over 300,000 immigrants, with only 7,000 immigrants from four countries still having no announced end date.[35] In 2018, it announced it would end the program for El Salvador,[36] Nepal,[37] and Honduras.[38]
  • May 11, 2018—The USCIS issued a memorandum establishing stricter rules on visa overstays for student and exchange visas in order to crack down on visa overstays.[39][40]
  • May 25, 2018—The DHS began the process of undoing an Obama-era program intended to attract foreign entrepreneurs – the International Entrepreneur Program – as it did not protect American workers and was an example of executive branch overreach.[41]
  • May 2018—For the first time in many years, the USCIS completed more immigration cases in a month than it took in.[42]
  • June 11, 2018—Attorney General Sessions limited the criteria for gaining automatic asylum status by overruling several Board of Immigration Appeals decisions that expanded the criteria for people because of general hardships rather than simply facing direct and serious persecution.[43] On July 11, 2018, the USCIS issued a guidance memo implementing Sessions's decision, and it went even further than Sessions in limiting the criteria for asylum.[44]
  • The Trump Administration institutionalized the practice of metering, limiting the number of migrants allowed to request asylum each day.[45]
  • The USCIS announced it was creating a new office to track down individuals who lied on their applications in order to receive U.S. citizenship so that the USCIS could lawfully denaturalize them.[46]
  • June 28, 2018—The USCIS updated its guidance policy to expand its power to begin deportation proceedings for people using fake documents or who illegally used government benefits.[16][47]
  • July 3, 2018—The DOJ rescinded two guidance documents related to immigration, one of them giving work protections to refugees and another stating that employers should not implement "citizen only" hiring policies.[48]
  • July 2018—The USCIS created an Office of Investigations to ensure that foreign agents do not penetrate the agency and to guard against employee misconduct.[49]
  • July 13, 2018—The USCIS issued a guidance allowing it to deny incomplete visa applications without needing to issue a Request for Evidence, replacing a 2013 Obama Administration policy.[16][50]
  • July 31, 2018—The DOJ and the Labor Department announced a joint agreement to work together to crack down on companies violating U.S. law by favoring the hiring of foreign workers over U.S. citizens.[51]
  • August 28, 2018—The USCIS announced it would extend and expand its suspension of premium processing for the H-1B visa program, effectively tightening the program.[52]
  • September 17, 2018—The Trump Administration announced it would reduce the refugee cap for Fiscal Year 2019 to 30,000, the lowest cap since the Refugee Act of 1980 was enacted.[53] On October 4, 2018, President Trump signed a memorandum making the decision official.[54]
  • September 22, 2018—The DHS announced it would enact a rule to enforce U.S. law requiring that immigrants to the U.S. must not be an undue burden to the country, with the agency making it harder for legal immigrants to enter the country or stay in it if they use or are expected to use welfare programs.[55]
  • November 13, 2018—The U.S. voted against a UN General Assembly resolution praising the UNHCR and endorsing the Global Compact for Refugees – the latter of which the U.S. announced it would withdraw from – because it conflicted with American "sovereign interests."[56] That resolution had previously been approved by consensus in the 60 years of its existence before the Trump Administration requested a vote on the matter, and the U.S. was the only country to vote against the resolution.[56] On December 17, 2018, the United States voted against the Global Compact on Refugees, being joined only by Hungary.[57]
  • November 30, 2018—The USCIS formally proposed changes to the H-1B visa program to promote merit-based immigration, with the proposal favoring migrant workers with advanced degrees and changing how companies apply for the visas.[58] While some conservatives approved of the changes,[59] other conservatives strongly criticized them.[60]
  • The Trump Administration continued its opposition to the globalist Global Compact on Migration in 2018, voting against it during UN votes on December 10[61] and 19.[62] Additionally, numerous other countries followed the Trump Administration's lead in opposing the migration compact.[63]
  • In 2018, the State Department denied over 37,000 visa applications because of President Trump's travel ban.[64]
  • The number of H-1B visa approvals fell 10% in 2018.[65]

Refugee admissions

Refugee admission levels to the U.S. in 2018 remained low. In the first two weeks of 2018, 201 refugees entered the country, the lowest number in over a decade.[66] By early February 2018, the number of refugees entering the U.S. thus far in FY 2018 fell to a 15-year low.[67] The proportion of Muslim refugees also remained low,[68] and by May 2018, Christian refugees outnumbered Muslim refugees 3–1.[69] Refugee organizations in the U.S. saw significantly less revenue and downsized their operations.[70] By March 2018, the number of refugee admissions was on track to achieving a record low number for Fiscal Year 2018, including being on track to reduce admissions 77% compared to the Obama Administration.[71] This trend continued in the following months.[72] By late June 2018, 68% of all refugees admitted to the U.S. were Christian, a 16-year high,[73] and that number reached nearly 71% by September 2018.[74] In Fiscal Year 2018, the number of refugee admissions into the U.S. fell to the lowest level in the 38 years since the Refugee Act of 1980 was signed,[75] and Trump reduced refugee admissions 75% in 2018 compared to the Obama Administration in 2016.[76] The U.S. ended its status as the most common destination for refugees.[77]

Illegal immigration

President Trump visits the U.S. southern border, March 2018
President Trump signing a proclamation restricting asylum for illegal immigrants on the southern border, November 9, 2018

The Trump Administration took several actions related to illegal immigration enforcement:

  • ICE continued cracking down on illegal immigration and oversaw several notable crackdowns. On January 10, 2018, ICE arrested 21 illegal immigrants after auditing 98 7-Eleven stores in 17 states, in what was then reported as the largest crackdown on an employer in the Trump era.[78] In late January 2018, ICE audited 77 businesses in northern California, the largest localized raid since the beginning of Trump's presidency.[79] In a week in February 2018, ICE arrested 212 illegals and audited 122 businesses in Los Angeles in order to enforce federal laws banning the hiring of illegals.[80] Later in February, ICE arrested 232 people in a four-day raid in California's Bay Area.[81] In late February 2018, U.S. authorities sentenced an illegal immigrant for paying smugglers to bring a relative into the U.S., described as "one of the first cases" of such a case taken by the government.[82] On April 5, 2018, ICE arrested 97 people at a meat processing plant in Tennessee.[83] Later in April 2018, ICE arrested 225 illegals in a six-day operation in New York.[84] In a five-state operation in the Midwest in May 2018, ICE arrested 78 illegals,[85] and in a six-day operation in the Chicago area later that month, ICE arrested 156 criminal aliens.[86] On June 5, 2018, ICE agents arrested 114 suspected illegal immigrants at a lawn and garden business in Ohio,[87] and later that month it arrested 146 suspected illegals at a large meat supplier in the state in what ICE reported was the largest workplace raid in at least ten years.[88] In June 2018, ICE arrested 91 criminal aliens in a five-day operation in New Jersey.[89] In July 2018, ICE arrested 132 illegals, including a high-ranking MS-13 member, in the Washington, D.C., area.[90] In August 2018, ICE raided several businesses in Nebraska and Minnesota and arrested 147 people, both illegal migrants and business managers, the latter for knowingly hiring the illegals and mistreating them.[91] Later in August, ICE raided a Texas factory and arrested 160 illegals employed there.[92] In September 2018, ICE arrested 98 criminal aliens in North Texas and Oklahoma,[93] and roughly the same time, it arrested 150 in the Los Angeles-area[94] 83 in Wisconsin,[95] 40 in New England,[96] and 102 in Nevada.[97] On December 7, 2018, ICE announced it had arrested 58 illegal aliens, many of them having criminals records, in New England,[98] and it also arrested 105 illegal migrants in New Jersey.[99] In early December 2018, ICE arrested 63 criminal aliens in Iowa, Minnesota, Nebraska, South Dakota, and North Dakota.[100]
    • By May 2018, the DHS under President Trump had doubled the number of businesses it had searched for breaking immigration hiring laws, and it had almost quadrupled the number of arrests made.[101] By July 2018, ICE's workplace enforcement had increased even more.[102] In Fiscal Year 2018, ICE workplace enforcement increased significantly from the previous year, with illegal worker arrests increasing 640%.[103] This increased enforcement benefited American workers.[104]
    • By May 2018, the number of illegals arrested who had not broken any other U.S. law had risen compared to the last two years of the Obama Administration.[8][105] In the first nine months of 2018, the number of such illegals arrested increased 66% compared to the previous year.[106] The rate of federal government prosecutions of illegals in Fiscal Year 2018 reached the highest level since 1998.[107]
    • The Trump Administration took steps to reverse the Obama Administration's downplaying of illegal migrant fraud, as illustrated when it announced it had charged over 20 illegals with ID fraud.[108]
    • Notably, the Trump Administration secured the deportation of the last known Nazi collaborator in the U.S., fourteen years after a court ordered the individual to be deported, and amidst stronger lobbying by the Trump Administration for Germany to take him back.[109]
    • Between October 2017 and June 2018, ICE arrests rose 17% and deportations rose 9%.[110] However, the proportion of "community arrests" of illegals, compared to total ICE arrests, was at a lower rate than under the Obama Administration.[111] In August 2018, the Border Patrol launched Operating Blazing Sands to crack down on human smuggling on the border with Mexico.[112] In Fiscal Year 2018, the number of deportation orders rose five percent from the previous year.[9] By late 2018, ICE was holding a record number migrants in detention,[113] and the HHS had a record number of illegal minors in custody.[114] In the first nine months of 2018, migrant deportations by ICE increased 14%, though levels were still lower than Obama Administration numbers, and arrests reached the highest level since 2014.[115] In the last three months of 2018, deportations again had increased but were still lower than under the Obama Administration.[116]
  • January 17, 2018—ICE and 17 Florida sheriffs announced a deal allowing the sheriffs to detain illegal immigrants for 48 hours beyond their release date to give ICE extra time to gain custody of them.[117]
  • March 5, 2018—Attorney General Sessions reversed a 2014 decision created by the Board of Immigration Appeals that had given asylum-seekers the right to a hearing even if their cases had been determined deficient.[118]
  • March 29, 2018—The Trump Administration announced it had ended an Obama-era policy that had required immigration officials to release many pregnant illegal immigrant women from custody, instead making the decision on a case-by-case basis.[119]
  • It was reported in March 2018 that the Trump Administration had "sharply" reduced the number of administrative closures in deportation cases which allow illegals to stay in the U.S.[120]
  • March 30, 2018—The DOJ issued a memo instituting an annual quota of 700 processed cases on immigration judges, which would go into effect on October 1, 2018.[121]
  • April 6, 2018—Attorney General Sessions issued a memo ordering federal prosecutors working near the U.S.–Mexico border to adopt a "zero tolerance policy" toward illegals, prosecuting every case that the DHS refers to the DOJ rather than selectively prosecuting, as well as prosecuting illegals "to the extent practicable."[122] On May 7, 2018, AG Sessions announced that the DOJ, along with the DHS, would implement the "zero tolerance" policy and prosecute every illegal for entering the country,[123] along with prosecuting illegals bringing their children with human smuggling.[124] Due to the large increase in illegal immigrant detainees, the Trump Administration decided to temporarily move 1,600 of them to federal prisons in June 2018.[125] Illegal border crossings fell 18% in June 2018, something which the DHS attributed to the zero-tolerance policy acting as a deterrent.[126]
  • April 6, 2018—President Trump signed a memorandum ordering the government to end the policy of "catch-and-release" when enforcing immigration law.[127]
  • By April 2018, the number of illegals winning deportation cases had fallen back to levels that existed before the Obama Administration's left-wing immigration policies were implemented.[128]
  • April 18, 2018—The Trump Administration, acting under an executive order that President Trump had earlier signed, imposed sanctions on a Syrian organization for attempting to illegally smuggle hundreds of people through the U.S. southern border.[129]
  • May 2, 2018—The DOJ sent 35 assistant U.S. attorneys and 18 immigration judges to the border to help process asylum claims quickly.[130]
  • May 11, 2018—The DOJ and the USCIS jointly announced they would expand their cooperation to enforce laws preventing companies from illegally favoring immigrant workers over Americans.[40][131]
  • May 17, 2018—Attorney General Sessions issued a directive ending the Obama-era practice of "administrative closures", which allowed immigration judges to unilaterally drop immigration cases and let illegals indefinitely remain in the country.[8][132]
  • June 2018—The Trump Administration implemented a policy requiring fingerprinting and immigration checks of parents claiming illegal migrant children apprehended by immigration authorities.[133]
  • June 20, 2018—While President Trump caved to the Left and the mainstream media by signing an executive order to prevent the separation of illegal migrant families while being detained, the order kept the administration's "zero tolerance" enforcement policy in place,[134] and it directed the Justice Department to challenge a 2015 court settlement that required the federal government to release illegal migrants with children.[135] In a court filing on June 29, 2018, the DOJ announced a new policy where it would seek to detain illegal migrant families indefinitely,[136] and on September 6, 2018, the DHS and HHS proposed a rule to allow them to detain illegal migrant families long-term.[137]
  • June 20, 2018—The Department of Defense accepted a DOJ request to send 21 of its attorneys to the southern border to help with illegal immigration cases.[138]
  • July 10, 2018—The Trump Administration enacted visa sanctions on Myanmar and Laos for refusing to accept their citizens being deported from the U.S.[139] By the end of 2018, the Trump Administration had made much progress in reducing the number of countries unwilling to take back deportees from the U.S., with the number of outright uncooperative countries falling from 23 to 9 between 2015 and 2018, and the number of "at-risk" countries falling from 62 to 24.[140]
  • July 2018—The DOJ instructed its U.S. attorneys to use the term "illegal alien" rather than "undocumented" as it is the most accurate term under U.S. immigration law.[141]
  • August 16, 2018—Attorney General Sessions issued an order to speed up the deportation process, requiring immigration judges not to postpone deportation cases unless there is "good cause shown."[142]
  • September 19, 2018—Attorney General Sessions placed new limits on the ability of immigration judges to dismiss deportation cases.[143]
  • November 8–9, 2018—The DOJ and DHS jointly published a rule prohibiting asylum for migrants who illegally crossed the U.S.–Mexico border.[144] The following day, President Trump signed a proclamation putting those new rules into effect.[145] The federal government subsequently moved to "harden" ports of entry, reducing the number of migrants allowed in to make asylum claims.[15]
  • November 19, 2018—The DHS announced it had temporarily shut down the busiest land border crossing along the southern border because of reports the migrant caravan was planning on ramming through that entry point.[146]
  • November 20, 2018—Chief of Staff John F. Kelly signed a memo authorizing U.S. troops on the southern border to perform some law enforcement duties, including lethal force, if necessary to protect Border Patrol agents.[147]
  • November 28, 2018—The DOJ revealed it would send 33 Drug Enforcement Administration agents and 10 U.S. Marshals Service officials to the southern border in California.[148]
  • December 20, 2018—The DHS announced it had reached an agreement with Mexico to return asylum-seekers who illegally crossed the U.S. southern border back to Mexico at least until their claims are processed, something done to help end the practice of "catch-and-release."[149] The Trump Administration began implementing the policy at the San Ysidro port of entry on January 25, 2019,[150] though the Mexican government publicly opposed the policy.[151]

Border security

President Trump visits border wall prototypes along the U.S. southern border, March 2018
Border wall replacement near Calexico, February 2018

The Trump Administration continued strengthening and expanding border security on the southern border:

  • April 4, 2018—President Trump signed an order deploying National Guard soldiers in order to secure the border and assist border patrol agents.[152] The Department of Defense quickly took steps to deploy National Guard troops,[153] and Secretary of Defense James Mattis signed an order on April 6, 2018, to approve funding for up to 4,000 troops.[154] By May 9, 2018, the CBP announced that because of the National Guard troops it had apprehended 1,600 additional illegals and turned back an additional 451.[155] The Pentagon announced on August 31, 2018, that Secretary Mattis had authorized up to 4,000 National Guard troops to remain at the border through September 2019.[156]
  • May 7, 2018—The Interior Department sent its law enforcement officers to help the DHS in securing the southern border with Mexico.[157]
  • October 26, 2018—Defense Secretary Mattis approved a request from the DHS to send an unspecified number of active-duty soldiers to the border with Mexico to help U.S. Border Patrol, something done as a large migrant caravan approached the U.S.[158] On October 29, 2018, the Pentagon announced it would initially deploy about 5,200 troops to the border,[159] and U.S. troops began deployment shortly afterward.[160] The soldiers immediately went to work securing the border and put up several miles of razor wire on existing border barriers.[7] On December 4, 2018, Defense Secretary Mattis approved a DHS request to extend troop employment until January 31, 2019, from the original end date of December 15, 2018.[161]
  • Among other border security improvements,[162] the Trump Administration constructed 20 miles of new and improved fencing in New Mexico.[163] The DHS also constructed 2.25 miles of improved fencing and border infrastructure at Calexico, California,[164] as well as 14 miles in San Diego.[165] The Rio Grande Valley also saw improved border security measures,[166] and the DHS waived environmental regulations in 2018 to expedite the construction of about 17 miles of wall in the area.[167] In September 2018, the CBP began construction of an improved four-mile border barrier in El Paso.[168] The CBP also began preparations for a six-mile border wall construction project in Texas scheduled to begin in February 2019,[169] an eight-mile construction project in Texas scheduled to begin at the same time,[170] and a 32-mile wall replacement project in Arizona to start in April 2019.[171] Despite these measures, some conservatives noted that the fencing used in these construction projects was similar to the fencing used during the Obama Administration.[172]

Miscellaneous

The Trump Administration took several miscellaneous immigration-related actions:

  • February 1, 2018—It was reported that the DOJ had effectively shut down its Office for Access to Justice, which was created in 2010 under Eric Holder and which funded several left-wing open borders organizations.[173]
  • March 26, 2018—The Commerce Department announced it would re-add a question to the U.S. Census asking U.S. residents if they are U.S. citizens.[174]
  • April 2018—The DOJ announced that at the end of the month it would end temporarily end a program that provides legal services to immigrants and illegal immigrants in immigration courts.[175]

Appointments, 2018

  • March 2018—President Trump appointed Andrew Veprek, a White House aide described as having strong pro-American immigration views, as a deputy assistant secretary at the Bureau of Population, Refugees and Migration.[176]
  • July 2018—President Trump appointed John Zadrozny, a White House aid opposed to mass migration, to serve on the State Department's Policy Planning Staff where he would influence matters related to the department's migration policies.[177]

Other achievements, 2018

President Trump speaking with Angel Families, June 2018

While the following achievements were not official United States government policy actions by the Trump Administration, they were closely related to the Trump Administration and its policies:

  • It was reported in April 2018 that compared to Fiscal Year 2016, the number of visas granted to foreign visitors fell by 13%, with significant decreases in both Muslin and non-Muslim countries.[178] The number of H-1B visa applications also fell in 2018, for the second year in a row, though levels were still relatively high.[179] Because of the Trump Administration's visa policies, American businesses made a stronger effort hire to American college graduates rather than foreigners.[18]
  • The number of legal immigrants in the U.S. for less than five years who used SNAP food stamps fell around 10% in 2018, after the number consistently rose for the previous ten years.[180]
  • Because of the Trump Administration's migration policies, which resulted in fewer migrant workers, farm owners raised their workers' wages and bought machinery to do some of the work.[181] President Trump's immigration policies were also cited as the reason for an increase in construction job opportunities for women.[182]
  • The surge in illegal immigration to Canada that was attributed to President Trump and his policies continued into 2018,[183] and the country's Immigration and Refugee Board was "overwhelmed" by the number of migrants entering the country.[184] On July 18, 2018, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau even appointed a minister in charge of border security to combat the problem.[185]
  • President Trump used numerous opportunities to advocate for pro-American immigration policies. For example, in his 2018 State of the Union Address, Trump took a strong stance on immigration.[186] He criticized the open borders policies of previous presidential administrations,[187] stated that "Americans are dreamers, too",[188] and called for a merit-based immigration system.[189] He also called for action against MS-13[190] and honored the parents of the gang's victims.[191] Later, on April 5, 2018, President Trump deliberately went off-script at a tax-reform event to give a strong speech opposing illegal immigration.[192] In April 2018, President Trump explicitly refused to apologize for his statements on immigration that he made during his 2016 campaign.[193] He made strong immigration statements at a May 2018 National Rifle Association speech,[194] and that same month he refused to back down when the Left and the media condemned him for calling MS-13 members "animals."[195] On June 18, 2018, President Trump made other strong immigration statements, criticizing Europe's open border policies,[196] and he stated that under his presidency the U.S. "will not be a migrant camp and it will not be a refugee holding facility."[197] In July 2018, he again criticized Europe's migration policies, saying they were changing the continent for the worse and taking away its culture.[198] Trump criticized Europe's migration policies again in October 2018.[199] He made other strong statements criticizing the media[200] and Democrats[201] in the following days. He also called for the ability to immediately send illegal immigrants back to their home countries.[202] He also described the 2018 Migrant caravan as an "invasion"[203] and questioned why they waved the flags of their home countries if they wanted asylum in the U.S.[204] President Trump called for putting U.S. borders and citizens first, before those of other countries.[205] He also defended ICE when it came under attack from the Left,[206] and on August 20, 2018, he released an open letter defending ICE and held a White House ceremony honoring the agency and its members.[207] On November 1, 2018, President Trump gave a strong speech vowing to crack down on asylum abuse and illegal immigration.[208] Despite these strong statements, President Trump sometimes made weak statements on immigration, such as appearing to endorse letting in more foreign guest workers.[209]
  • President Trump continued advocating for the American victims of illegal alien crime, pointing them out during a campaign rally in June 2018[210] and holding an event for them a few days later,[211] among other examples.[212]
  • President Trump had shifted the GOP toward espousing pro-American immigration policies.[213]
  • The number of deaths by migrants attempting to illegally cross the border into the U.S. declined in the first two years of Trump's presidency.[214]

Setbacks, 2018

The following setbacks to the MAGA agenda were often caused by Congress or officials in the Trump Administration, rather than President Trump himself. Some of them can also be considered partial achievements.

  • March 23, 2018—The omnibus spending bill that President Trump reluctantly signed[23] had several measures that ignored and even hurt his conservative immigration agenda.[215][216] For example, the H-2B visa program was expanded, making it easier for employers to hire foreign workers rather than American citizens.[217] Additionally, the bill funded the hiring of only 65 new ICE agents as opposed to the 1,000 that President Trump requested.[218][219] It also allowed for increasing the practice of "catch-and-release" by eliminating 250 detention center beds despite President Trump's call to massively increase that number.[216][220] The bill also did little to achieve President Trump's promise to build a wall on the Southern border.[221] In addition to providing significantly less money than it asked for,[24] the bill included a clause specifically prohibiting the Trump Administration from using any of its wall prototype designs for the wall,[222] among some other restrictions.[24]
  • It was reported in April 2018 that since the beginning of Trump's presidency in January 2017, the Trump Administration released about 100,000 illegal immigrants that it caught crossing the nation's southern border, which it did because of "catch-and-release" laws that had been previously passed by Congress.[223]
  • The DHS increased the H-2B visa program in May 2019,[224] something DHS Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen endorsed a month earlier.[225]
  • June 25, 2018—The Customs and Border Protection agency announced that despite the Administration's zero-tolerance policy officially remaining in effect, because of President Trump's executive order to end the separation of illegal alien minors from their parents, it had to suspend prosecutions for illegal alien parents.[226] In another failure, the DHS was forced to release illegal immigrant parents in order to reunite them with their illegal minor children,[227] even though thousands of empty beds in ICE facilities were available for them.[228] Additionally, the HHS admitted in August 2018 that is was continuing to deliver illegal immigrant minors to their close illegal immigrant relatives already in the U.S.[229] The number of migrant families illegally entering the country reached a record high in August 2018 as a result,[230] and high illegal immigration levels continued afterward.[231]
  • December 18, 2018—The Trump Administration announced it would temporarily release illegal minors into homes containing illegals, though it said it would continue fingerprinting "sponsors."[232]
  • Because of the need to deal with massive illegal immigration on the U.S. southern border, ICE was forced to decrease the number of arrests of illegals in the interior of the U.S.[233]
  • Despite the Trump Administration's many accomplishments on immigration in its first two years, some conservatives noted it had not been as aggressive as it could have been.[2][234]
  • In 2018, along with the preceding and succeeding years of the Trump Administration, left-wing "Living Constitution" activist judges frequently ruled against both the Trump Administration's conservative immigration policies and longstanding immigration laws.[235] In some cases, the Supreme Court did not help. For example, it struck down a federal law making it easier for the government to deport criminal legal immigrants due to the law's vagueness, something that impeded the government's efforts to enforce immigration law.[236] Additionally, the Court refused to allow the Trump Administration to enforce a strong asylum policy while the case proceeded through the federal courts.[237] Liberal cities joined the undermining of the Trump Administration's immigration policies, as seen in the proliferation in the number of "sanctuary" cities.[238]

References

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  4. Multiple references: See also: The DOJ also hired dozens of additional immigration judges:
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  56. 56.0 56.1 Multiple references: See also: Articles about the Global Compact on Refugees before the Trump Administration announced it would withdraw:
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  63. Multiple references: Earlier in the year: UN member states – but not the U.S. and the countries that joined it – voted to adopt the agreement on December 10, 2018: See also:
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  81. Multiple references: An earlier announcement by ICE: Due to a warning made by the mayor of Oakland, ICE stated it did not arrest as many illegals as it hoped to: See also:
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  122. Multiple references: Despite this order, some media sources reported that the "zero tolerance" policy was reportedly not as effective as hoped: Other media outlets reported that the order greatly expanded the number of prosecuted illegals: See also:
  123. Multiple references: DHS Secretary Nielsen defended the policy shortly afterward in front of Congress: See also:
  124. Multiple references:
  125. Multiple references: See also:
  126. Multiple references: Despite this, illegal migration by migrant families remained at high levels: Unofficial reports of the drop in illegal border crossings: July 2018 numbers:
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  131. Multiple references:
  132. Multiple references: See also:
  133. Multiple references: See also:
  134. Multiple references: The zero-tolerance policy remained in effect despite some reports stating otherwise: Shortly afterward, the DHS released its plan for reuniting the illegal minors with their illegal immigrant parents: See also:
  135. Dinan, Stephen (June 20, 2015). Trump orders Sessions to challenge the 'Flores' family-immigration policy in court. The Washington Times. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
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  136. Multiple references: See also:
  137. Multiple references: See also:
  138. Multiple references: See also:
  139. Multiple references:
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  141. Multiple references: See also:
  142. Multiple references: See also:
  143. Multiple references:
  144. Multiple references: The policy's provisions combating the smuggling of illegal minors into the U.S.: See also:
  145. Multiple references: See also:
  146. Multiple references: The DHS's explanation: The CBP temporarily closed the same port of entry on November 25, 2018, after the caravan migrants actually attempted to force themselves across the border: See also: Regarding the U.S.'s use of tear gas to defend its agents: President Trump's reaction: Notably, U.S. immigration authorities had to use tear gas again on January 1, 2019, to defend the border:
  147. Multiple references: See also:
  148. Gibson, Jake (November 28, 2018). DOJ sending agents to southern border. Fox News. Retrieved November 30, 2018.
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  149. Multiple references: See also:
  150. Multiple references: See also:
  151. Multiple references:
  152. Multiple references: The deployment was announced prior to actual signing: The National Guard's intended role in the deployment: President Trump's action was not unprecedented, as Presidents Bush II and Obama also deployed the National Guard to the border during their terms: See also:
  153. Multiple references:
  154. Multiple references:
  155. Multiple references: More on the National Guard's work:
  156. Multiple references:
  157. Multiple references: After only a few days, the deployment already had tangible results: The federal government massively increased arrests on federal border lands as a result of the Interior Department's action: One year later, the department had doubled the number of its officers deployed to the border: See also:
  158. Multiple references: The operation was originally called "Faithful Patriot," but the Pentagon eventually dropped that name: See also:
  159. Multiple references: U.S. military officials stated that they expected the total number of deployed soldiers to eventually exceed 5,200: The Pentagon later stated the number of troops would be raised to about 8,000: See also:
  160. Multiple references:
  161. Multiple references: See also:
  162. Multiple references: See also:
  163. Multiple references: See also:
  164. Multiple references: The project was completed in October 2018: DHS Secretary Nielsen visited the fencing to commemorate its completion: See also:
  165. Multiple references:
  166. Merchant, Nomaan; Mone, John L. (April 14, 2018). On the lower Rio Grande, a glimpse at the border Trump wants. Associated Press. Retrieved August 11, 2018.
  167. Multiple references:
  168. Multiple references: See also:
  169. Multiple references: See also:
  170. Multiple references:
  171. Multiple references:
  172. Binder, John (April 10, 2018). Trump’s New Border ‘Wall’ Resembles Fence Obama Constructed That Illegal Aliens Recently Hopped Over. Breitbart News. Retrieved August 11, 2018.
    See also:
  173. Multiple references:
  174. Multiple references:
  175. Multiple references:
  176. Multiple references: See also:
  177. Gramer, Robbie (July 26, 2018). Refugee Skeptic to Assume Key Role on Migration Issues at State Department. Foreign Policy. Retrieved July 29, 2018.
  178. Multiple references:
  179. Multiple references: See also:
  180. Multiple references:
  181. Multiple references:
  182. Binder, John (May 22, 2018). Trump’s Immigration Crackdown Opening Construction Jobs for Women. Breitbart News. Retrieved September 9, 2018.
  183. Multiple references: The surge was so great that the Canadian government took steps to end it: See also:
  184. Multiple references: See also:
  185. Multiple references:
  186. Multiple references:
  187. Binder, John (January 30, 2018). Trump Assails Open Borders in SOTU Address. Breitbart News. Retrieved January 31, 2018.
  188. Pollak, Joel B. (January 30, 2018). Trump on Immigration in State of the Union: ‘Americans Are Dreamers, Too’. Breitbart News. Retrieved January 31, 2018.
  189. Binder, John (January 30, 2018). Trump in SOTU Address: ‘It Is Time’ for Merit-Based Legal Immigration. Breitbart News. Retrieved January 31, 2018.
  190. Binder, John (January 30, 2018). Trump in SOTU Address: Congress Must Close ‘Deadly Loopholes’ That Allowed MS-13 Gang to Proliferate. Breitbart News. Retrieved January 31, 2018.
  191. Multiple references: Some of President Trump's guests showcased the policies he supported:
  192. Multiple references:
  193. Multiple references: See also:
  194. Multiple references:
  195. Multiple references: See also:
  196. Multiple references: See also:
  197. Multiple references:
  198. Multiple references: See also:
  199. Multiple references:
  200. Multiple references:
  201. Multiple references:
  202. Multiple references:
  203. Multiple references: See also:
  204. Multiple references:
  205. Multiple references: See also:
  206. Multiple references:
  207. Multiple references: See also:
  208. Multiple references: See also:
  209. Multiple references: Another statement, made early the following year:
  210. Multiple references:
  211. Multiple references: See also:
  212. Multiple references: See also:
  213. Multiple references:
  214. Multiple references:
  215. Sherfinski, David; Dinan, Stephen (March 21, 2018). Trump’s immigration initiatives ignored in $1.3 trillion spending bill. The Washington Times. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
    See also:
  216. 216.0 216.1 Dinan, Stephen (March 21, 2018). Spending bill forces DHS to cut detention beds for illegal immigrants. The Washington Times. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  217. Munro, Neil (March 21, 2018). GOP Leaders Expand H-2B Visa-Worker Program. Breitbart News. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
    See also:
  218. Binder, John (March 23, 2018). Spending Bill Does Not Fund 1,000 New Deportation Agents Trump Requested. Breitbart News. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  219. Katz, Eric (March 26, 2018). Congress Rejects Trump’s Bid for More Immigration Enforcement and Border Patrol Agents. Government Executive. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  220. Binder, John (March 23, 2018). Omnibus Spending Bill Allows More Illegal Aliens to Be Released into U.S. Through ‘Catch and Release’. Breitbart News. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  221. Binder, John (April 16, 2018). Despite Trump’s Claims, Much Cannot Be Done with $1.6B for Border Fencing. Breitbart News. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  222. Multiple references:
  223. Multiple references:
  224. Multiple references: See also:
  225. Multiple references:
  226. Multiple references:
  227. Multiple references: See also:
  228. Dinan, Stephen (July 15, 2018). 40% vacancy: Feds release illegal immigrant families instead of filling detention centers. The Washington Times. Retrieved July 15, 2018.
    Later news reports stated that illegal migrants were also released because ICE did not have space for them:
  229. Munro, Neil (August 16, 2018). Border Agencies Must Deliver Youth Migrants to Illegal-Alien Relatives in U.S., Says HHS Official. Breitbart News. Retrieved August 16, 2018.
    See also:
  230. Dinan, Stephen (September 12, 2018). Illegal immigrant families exploit 'catch-and-release' loopholes, surge over border at record levels. The Washington Times. Retrieved September 13, 2018.
    See also:
  231. Multiple references: The high migration levels were labeled a crisis:
  232. Multiple references: The migrants were released over Christmas: The Trump Administration decided to release another 2,000 illegal aliens early in the following year: A large "tent city" was closed because of this policy change: See also:
  233. Multiple references: See also:
  234. Multiple references: See also:
  235. An incomplete list of examples: Other examples during the previous year:
  236. Multiple references: Some conservatives and libertarians, however, viewed the ruling as consistent with originalist and textualist principles: See also:
  237. Multiple references:
  238. Sanctuary Jurisdictions Nearly Double Since President Trump Promised to Enforce Our Immigration Laws. Federation for American Immigration Reform. May 2018. Retrieved November 19, 2019.