Difference between revisions of "Donald Trump achievements: Immigration and border security (2019)"

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(Other achievements, 2019: Ref.)
(Border security: Ref.)
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*Bleau, Hannah (June 19, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2019/06/19/democrats-dramatically-change-tune-on-southern-borders-manufactured-crisis/ Democrats Dramatically Change Tune on Southern Border’s ‘Manufactured Crisis’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved June 19, 2019.
*Bleau, Hannah (June 19, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2019/06/19/democrats-dramatically-change-tune-on-southern-borders-manufactured-crisis/ Democrats Dramatically Change Tune on Southern Border’s ‘Manufactured Crisis’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved June 19, 2019.
*Bolton, Alexander (June 19, 2019). [https://thehill.com/homenews/senate/449214-dems-make-u-turn-on-calling-border-a-manufactured-crisis Democrats make U-turn on calling border a 'manufactured crisis']. ''The Hill''. Retrieved June 19, 2019.
*Bolton, Alexander (June 19, 2019). [https://thehill.com/homenews/senate/449214-dems-make-u-turn-on-calling-border-a-manufactured-crisis Democrats make U-turn on calling border a 'manufactured crisis']. ''The Hill''. Retrieved June 19, 2019.
*York, Byron (June 25, 2019). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/opinion/columnists/byron-york-what-now-for-those-who-denied-a-crisis-at-the-border Byron York: What now, for those who denied a 'crisis' at the border?] ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved June 25, 2019.
Criticism by conservatives for not going far enough:
Criticism by conservatives for not going far enough:
*Horowitz, Daniel (February 15, 2019). [https://www.conservativereview.com/news/isnt-trump-using-obvious-effective-executive-actions-border/ Why isn’t Trump using the most obvious and effective executive actions for the border?] ''Conservative Review''. Retrieved February 16, 2019.
*Horowitz, Daniel (February 15, 2019). [https://www.conservativereview.com/news/isnt-trump-using-obvious-effective-executive-actions-border/ Why isn’t Trump using the most obvious and effective executive actions for the border?] ''Conservative Review''. Retrieved February 16, 2019.

Revision as of 11:03, 25 June 2019

Official presidential photo of President Donald Trump
Main article: Donald Trump achievements: Immigration and border security

This article is a list of achievements by U.S. President Donald Trump, his administration, and Congress related to immigration, illegal immigration, and border security in 2019.

By early 2019, the Trump Administration had made much progress securing border wall funding,[1] and the Defense Department played an important role in securing the border.[2] It also kept its promise to lower refugee admissions[3] and made major reforms to its refugee admissions program.[4] The administration increased its scrutiny of foreign worker petitions,[5] and it took some steps to enforce laws against visa overstays[6] and the illegal hiring of foreigners over U.S. citizens.[7] The USCIS worked to implement President Trump's agenda.[8] Because of the Trump Administration's tough immigration policies, thousands of asylum seekers gave up trying to enter the United States.[9] Because of the lower number of illegal migrants in the country, the farm industry was forced to either raise wages, automate its workforce, or hire legal workers.[10] The number of illegal aliens applying for "voluntary departure" significantly increased.[11]

Legislation signed, 2019

  • February 15, 2019—Despite its numerous negative provisions, the border bill President Trump signed[12] still included some positive provisions, including money for border security and border barrier construction, and it did not include some of the more extreme Democrat proposals.[13][14]

Executive actions, 2019

President Trump visits the U.S. southern border in Texas, January 2019
President Trump visits the U.S. southern border in California, April 2019

Legal immigration and asylum

The Trump Administration took several actions related to legal immigration:

  • January 18, 2019—The DHS suspended for one year the H-2A and H-2B programs for the Dominican Republic, Ethiopia, and the Philippines since a large number of migrants with those visas overstayed in the U.S.[15]
  • January 30, 2019—The DHS finalized a rule that would prioritize H-1B visas to immigrants with master's degrees or higher from a U.S. school.[16]
  • February 15, 2019—The USCIS released new rules to scrutinize applications involving child marriage to help prevent men with child brides from entering the country.[17]
  • March 12, 2019—The USCIS announced its intention, in an internal memo, to close all of its international immigration offices in order to save money and consolidate services with the State Department.[18]
  • April 19, 2019—The USCIS issued policy guidance stating that any immigrant working in the marijuana industry is illegible for citizenship, since marijuana is illegal under federal law, even in states where it is legal.[19]
  • By mid-2019, the Trump Administration had significantly slowed its approvals of semiconductor company requests to hire Chinese citizens for sensitive positions.[20]
  • May 23, 2019—President Trump signed a memorandum directing his administration to enforce a provision found in two laws enacted in 1996 requiring the sponsors of legal immigrants to reimburse the government for any welfare benefits used by those immigrants.[21] In June 2019, USCIS announced it had begun implementing the memo.[22]
  • May 31, 2019—The State Department adopted rules requiring all visa applicants to provide their social media information.[23]
  • June 18, 2019—Acting USCIS Director Ken Cuccinelli sent a memo ordering asylum officers to stop certain asylum seekers from entering the country.[24]

Refugee admissions

The Trump Administration continued admitting a record low number of refugees in 2019.[25] Because of the administration's policies, the U.S. ended its status as the most common destination for refugees, handing that designation to Canada and the EU.[26] By June 2019, President Trump had reduced the number of Syrian refugee admissions by 62% compared to the last two years of the Obama Administration.[27]

Illegal immigration

The Trump Administration took several actions related to illegal immigration enforcement:

  • ICE continued cracking down on illegal immigration, and HSI continued uncovering cases of immigration fraud.[28] For example, in January 2019, it arrested 118 illegal aliens in a five-day operation in New York.[29] Also in January, the DHS revealed it had charged eight people for helping foreigners stay in the U.S. illegally, along with several dozens of illegal "students," through a fake university – while starting in 2015, the DHS's efforts on this program "intensified" shortly after President Trump took office.[30] On January 31, 2019, the DOJ announced it had arrested three people and charged nineteen of running "birth tourism" companies that transported Chinese women to the U.S. in time to give birth and give their children U.S. citizenship.[31] This was the first time the federal government charged anyone of this criminal practice.[31] In another notable incident in February 2019, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo announced the U.S. would not allow an Alabama woman who joined the Islamic State to return, stating she was not a U.S. citizen.[32] On March 12, 2019, ICE arrested five Americans who used fake Chinese passports to help foreign students illegally obtain student visas.[33] In April 2019, ICE announced it had arrested over 280 illegal workers in Texas, the largest worksite raid in the country since 2008.[34] Later in April 2019, ICE announced it had arrested 123 criminal aliens in New Jersey.[35] In May 2019, ICE arrested 50 and charged nearly 100 people for participating in a large marriage fraud scheme in Texas that helped individuals enter the U.S. despite immigration laws that otherwise would have prevented their entry.[36] In mid-May 2019, ICE arrested 58 illegals in Newark, Baltimore, and New Orleans,[37] and in a five-day operation that same month, ICE arrested 31 illegals in the New York City area.[38] In a five-day operation in June 2019, ICE arrested 140 illegals in the Midwest.[39]
    • The Trump Administration continued increasing its enforcement of workplace immigration laws.[40] It also increased its arrests of illegals without criminal records.[41]
  • January 25, 2019—The Trump Administration implemented a policy of returning asylum seekers at the San Ysidro port of entry back to Mexico as their asylum claims underwent review, something done to help end the policy of "catch-and-release."[42] On February 13, 2019, the administration began returning migrant family units to Mexico.[43] On March 12, 2019, the DHS expanded the policy to the Calexico port of entry and the Border Patrol's San Diego sector,[44] and it was expanded to El Paso later that month.[45] On April 1, 2019, the DHS announced it would again expand the "Remain in Mexico" policy.[46] By April 26, 2019, the DHS had sent over 1,600 migrants back to Mexico under the policy.[47]
  • January 31, 2019—The Trump Administration enacted visa sanctions on Ghana because it refused to take back its citizens when the U.S. tried to deport them.[48]
  • February 7, 2019—President Trump signed a proclamation extending a previous order signed in November 2018 that banned migrants illegally entering the U.S. from applying for asylum.[49] On May 8, 2019, President Trump again extended the order through a proclamation.[50]
  • March 15, 2019—President Trump signed an executive order that updated a 2011 order signed by President Obama, strengthening the definition of a "significant transnational criminal organization" so that the Trump Administration could better counter Mexican cartels and other similar organizations.[51]
  • March 30, 2019—The State Department announced the U.S. would end the FY 2017 and FY 2018 foreign assistance programs for El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras because of their failure to reduce illegal immigration levels to the U.S.[52] On June 17, 2019, the State Department announced it would end new foreign aid to the three Central American countries, though it also announced a resumption of some funding.[53]
  • April 9, 2019—The Pentagon approved an HHS request to find housing space for 5,000 unaccompanied illegal minors, a sign of growing Defense Department involvement on the U.S. southern border.[54] On May 22, 2019, the Defense Department approved a DHS request to build temporary housing at six locations along the southern border for at least 7,500 illegal migrants.[55] In early June 2019, the federal government announced it would house illegal minors at Fort Sill in Oklahoma.[56]
  • April 11, 2019—ICE announced it had created a "most wanted" list to serve the victims of illegal alien crime.[57]
  • April 16, 2019—Attorney General Bill Barr issued a ruling prohibiting immigration judges from granting bail to certain illegals or releasing them into the U.S. during their immigration proceedings even if they make asylum claims showing "credible fear."[58]
  • April 17, 2019—The Department of Housing and Urban Development proposed a rule to fully implement a 1980 law by prohibiting federal housing assistance for illegal immigrants.[59] It published the proposed rule in the Federal Register on May 10, 2019.[60]
  • April 22, 2019—President Trump signed a memorandum ordering his administration to find ways to reduce visa overstay rates.[61]
  • April 24, 2019—The Border Patrol announced it had begun fingerprinting illegal minors under the age of fourteen.[62]
  • April 29, 2019—President Trump signed a memorandum directing the DOJ and DHS to enact major restrictions on U.S. asylum rules, including requiring migrants to pay a fee to file an asylum application and banning illegals seeking asylum from receiving work permits during the processing of their claims.[63]
  • April 29, 2019—ICE announced it would deploy additional resources to the southern border to combat child smuggling and the practice of migrants making fake family claims to help gain asylum.[64]
  • May 1, 2019—ICE announced it would begin performing DNA tests on illegal migrants on the southern border as a way to catch "fake families."[65]
  • May 2, 2019—Border Patrol opened two new tent cities in Texas to house illegal aliens.[66] In June 2019, the Trump Administration opened another facility in Texas to hold migrants.[67]
  • May 4, 2019—The Trump Administration released new training guidelines for asylum officials that promoted stricter and tougher asylum policies.[68]
  • By May 2019, the Trump Administration revived the policy of sending "no-match" letters to businesses throughout the U.S. when their employees' Social Security Numbers are not valid – a way to crack down on illegal immigration.[69]
  • May 6, 2019—ICE announced the creation of a program allowing local law enforcement agencies to make immigration arrests, detain illegal aliens, and cooperate with ICE even if state and local "sanctuary" laws exist where they operate.[70]
  • May 8, 2019—The Trump Administration moved to implement a program to allow Border Patrol agents to act as asylum officers to help reduce mass migration and speech up asylum claim processing.[71]
  • May 15, 2019—The Trump Administration announced it would deploy several hundred TSA agents to the southern border to help deal with the large numbers of illegal immigration.[72] In the meantime, the Interior Department had doubled the number of its law enforcement officers deployed to the border.[73]
  • May 2019—The DHS worked to find and deploy volunteers from various sections of the agency to the southern border.[74] As part of this effort, Secret Service agents deployed to the border,[75] and the DHS asked its cybersecurity staff to consider deploying to the border.[76]
  • May 30, 2019—President Trump announced that because of the massive numbers of illegal immigration through Mexico and the Mexican government's failure to stop it, he would impose a 5% tariff on the country and raise it by 5% every month until it substantially reduced illegal immigration into the U.S.[77] On June 7, 2019, President Trump announced that his administration had reached a deal with Mexico, with Mexico increasing immigration enforcement to prevent migrants from entering the U.S. in exchange for the U.S. suspending the tariffs.[78]
  • May 31, 2019—The USCIS issues a memo repealing an Obama-era policy that gave illegal unaccompanied minors special protection even after they became adults or reunited with a legal guardian.[79]
  • June 11, 2019—In a letter, HUD announced that DACA recipients were ineligible for FHA loans.[80]
  • June 19, 2019—ICE announced it would soon increase its efforts to deport illegal migrants, including illegal migrant families,[81] with the agency's announcement coming shortly after President Trump made a similar announcement.[82]

Border security

The Trump Administration continued strengthening and expanding border security on the southern border:

  • January 14, 2019—The Defense Department announced it had extended the deployment of troops to the U.S. southern border through September 2019.[83] On January 29, 2019, the Pentagon announced it would send several thousand more troops to the border,[84] and on February 3, 2019, it announced it would specifically send 3,750 additional troops in that deployment.[85] On February 22, 2019, the administration announced it would send an additional 1,000 troops to the border.[86] On April 29, 2019, the Pentagon announced it would send an additional 320 troops to the border to support Border Patrol officials – these soldiers received expanded role as the Defense Department gave them authority to come into contact with migrants, though they continued not to perform law enforcement roles.[87] The troops deployed at the southern border performed an important role, conducting surveillance for the Border Patrol.[2] National Guard troops remained at the border, and in June 2019, the State of Texas deployed 1,000 additional troops.[88]
  • The Trump Administration continued strengthening the border with Mexico by building physical barriers.[1][89] For example, it moved forward to build a total of 33 miles of border wall in Texas,[90] and in February 2019, the DHS waived several environmental laws to allow it to build several miles of wall in San Diego,[91] and construction began later that month.[92] In April 2019, the CBP began construction of 13 miles of wall in Texas.[93] On April 27, 2019, the DHS waived environmental laws to speed up the building of 53 miles of wall in Arizona and Texas,[94] and on May 14, 2019, it again waived environmental laws to speed up border wall construction in California and Arizona.[95] In May 2019, Customs and Border Protection approved a $42.8 million contract to build three miles of border wall in Starr County, Texas.[96]
    • In May 2019, the private organization We Build the Wall began building sections of border wall separately from the Trump Administration.[97]
  • February 15, 2019—President Trump redirected $8 billion in appropriated funds to pay for wall construction on the southern border – of which about $3 billion was obtained by declaring a national emergency – after Congress failed to appropriate the necessary funds.[98] On March 15, 2019, President Trump vetoed a congressional resolution to overturn the national emergency declaration, the first veto of his presidency,[99] and a veto override attempt by the House on March 26, 2019, failed.[100] On March 25, 2019, the Pentagon authorized $1 billion for border wall construction,[101] and on April 9, 2019, it awarded the $1 billion to two companies in wall construction contracts.[102] On May 10, 2019, the Defense Department approved another $1.5 billion for border wall construction,[103] and on May 15, 2019, it awarded two contracts worth $787 million combined for border wall construction in California and Arizona.[104]

Other achievements, 2019

While the following achievements were not official United States government policy actions by the Trump Administration, they were closely related to the Trump Administration and its policies:

  • January 8, 2019—President Trump used his first televised Oval Office address to advocate for stronger border security laws.[105]
  • February 5, 2019—In his State of the Union Address, President Trump took a strong stance on border security, advocating for a border wall, describing tolerance of illegal immigration as "cruel," and criticizing anti-border wall elites who have walls surrounding their houses, among other statements,[106] though he also worried conservatives by advocating for higher legal immigration levels both during and in the months following the speech.[107]
  • Mexico reportedly took greater action in early 2019, compared to previous years, to stop the flow of illegals into the U.S.[108]
  • President Trump's "Hire American" policy made it harder for businesses to outsource technology jobs.[109]
  • Among other strong statements on immigration made in 2019,[110] President Trump labeled Democrats "border deniers" for their pro-open borders policies.[111] On May 16, 2019, he gave a notable speech advocating for a merit-based immigration system.[112] Other officials, such as Acting ICE Director Mark Morgan, also made strong statements on immigration and border enforcement.[113]

Failures, 2019

Many of these failures and setbacks to the MAGA agenda, if not all of them, were caused by Congress or officials in the Trump Administration, rather than President Trump himself:

  • February 15, 2019—President Trump signed a government funding bill into law that contained a compromise between congressional Democrats and Republicans on border security.[12] Among the bill's other negative provisions,[114][115][116] including restrictions on ICE's immigration enforcement duties,[117][14] it banned ICE from deporting illegal aliens who claim to be relatives of unaccompanied alien children.[118][119][120] It also expanded "catch-and-release" by reducing the number of detention beds and expanding "Alternatives to Detention" programs.[119][120][121][122] The bill expanded other protections and benefits for illegals.[123] It likely doubled the number of H-2B visas,[116][120][124] and it renewed the EB-5 visa.[125] The bill only allowed construction of 55 miles of wall in certain portions of the Rio Grande Valley sector, and even there, several restrictions were placed on where to build.[115][119][121] For example, left-wing border county officials were given veto power over wall construction in their respective counties.[120][126] The bill also provided fewer miles of border wall than Democrats originally agreed to,[120][127] and it spent forty times more on foreign aid than on the border wall.[128] President Trump expressed disappointment in the bill despite ultimately signing it.[129]
  • The DHS caved to a federal judge and extended "Temporary Protected Status" for migrants from Sudan, El Salvador, Haiti, and Nicaragua after it originally announced it would end TPS for those countries.[130] The Trump Administration later extended "temporary" deportation protections for Liberian migrants.[131] Additionally, while some "sanctuary" cities changed their policies upon the Trump Administration's threats to withhold law enforcement grants, the administration continued giving money to many such cities without any policy change because of unfavorable court rulings.[132][133] Other open borders policies continued partly because of strong opposition to President Trump, including from Congress.[133] U.S. immigration authorities continued experiencing trouble deporting foreigners,[134] and while the number of deportations under Trump had risen, they still remained lower than under Obama's first term.[135] Additionally, the deep state worked against several of President Trump's agenda priorities, including ending DACA and reforming the U.S. visa programs,[136] and the TSA allowed illegals to fly without proper documentation.[137] The Justice Department lost track of hundreds of criminal alien informants.[138]
  • March 2019—The Trump Administration expanded "catch-and-release" in the Rio Grande Valley, implementing a policy of freeing illegals into the interior without even sending them to temporary detention or putting tracking devices on their ankles.[139] Even before this, "catch-and-release" had been occurring.[140] U.S. Border Patrol was stretched to the limit and had to restart such policies because of massive illegal immigration levels,[141] and the southern border saw a record level of illegal immigration.[142] The Border Patrol also began releasing migrant families in several locations including Arizona,[143] and "catch-and-release" continued growing.[144]
  • March 2019—Because of mass levels of illegal immigration, the Border Patrol stopped prosecuting first-time illegal border crossers in West Texas.[145]
  • March 29, 2019—The DHS announced it would increase the 2019 H-2B visa cap by 30,000.[146] On May 6, 2019, the administration issued a rule to move forward with issuing the 30,000 H-2B visas.[147]
  • Despite President Trump strong immigration stances, some conservatives believed he had not sufficiently kept his conservative, America First promises.[148]
  • June 7, 2019—The HHS announced it would end the practice of conducting a background check on potential sponsors of illegal minors before releasing those minors into the sponsors' custody.[149]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Multiple references:
  2. 2.0 2.1 Multiple references:
  3. Bedard, Paul (March 28, 2019). Trump keeps promise to cut refugees, down 73 percent since Obama, lowest in 4 decades. Washington Examiner. Retrieved March 28, 2019.
  4. Rush, Nayla (April 1, 2019). The U.S. Refugee Admissions Program under the Trump Administration. Center for Immigration Studies. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
  5. Multiple references: See also:
  6. Multiple references: See also:
  7. Multiple references: See also:
  8. Multiple references:
  9. Multiple references: See also:
  10. Multiple references: See also:
  11. Multiple references:
  12. 12.0 12.1 Multiple references:
  13. Multiple references:
  14. 14.0 14.1 Lott, Maxim (February 15, 2019). DHS official: Border security bill does not contain ‘amnesty’ poison pills. Fox News. Retrieved February 16, 2019.
  15. Multiple references: Despite this, numerous countries with high overstay rates remained in the visa programs, and the total number of countries in the program remained significantly higher than in 2008:
  16. Multiple references: Critical conservative perspectives of the change:
  17. Multiple references: Shortly afterward, the USCIS strengthened its position against child marriages:
  18. Multiple references: See also:
  19. Multiple references:
  20. Multiple references:
  21. Multiple references:
  22. Multiple references:
  23. Multiple references: The State Department originally proposed this policy in March 2018: See also:
  24. Multiple references:
  25. Multiple references:
  26. Multiple references:
  27. Binder, John (June 21, 2019). Trump Cuts Obama’s Syrian Refugee Surge by More Than 60 Percent. Breitbart News. Retrieved June 22, 2019.
  28. Munro, Neil (March 22, 2019). HSI Investigators Expose Six Conspiracies for Job, College Theft. Breitbart News. Retrieved March 25, 2019.
    See also:
  29. Multiple references: See also:
  30. Multiple references: ICE continued making arrests and had arrested over 160 "students" at this fake university by March 2019:
  31. 31.0 31.1 Multiple references:
  32. Multiple references: See also:
  33. Multiple references:
  34. Multiple references: See also:
  35. Multiple references:
  36. Multiple references:
  37. Kirkwood, R. Cort (May 21, 2019). ICE Sweep Nets 58 Illegal-alien Criminals; Salvadoran, Filipino Thugs Deported. The New American. Retrieved May 21, 2019.
  38. Multiple references:
  39. Binder, John (June 13, 2019). ICE Arrests 140 Illegal Aliens, 42 with Criminal Records, in Midwest Raid. Breitbart News. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  40. Srikrishnan, Maya (February 27, 2019). The Government Has Massively Ramped Up Workplace Immigration Enforcement. Voice of San Diego. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
  41. Gomez, Alan (March 21, 2019). ICE sets record for arrests of undocumented immigrants with no criminal record. USA Today. Retrieved May 21, 2019.
  42. Multiple references: Despite this, Mexico publicly opposed this policy and stated it would not accept returning every asylum seeker: The first migrants were returned to Mexico on January 29, 2019: See also: The policy's impact through March 2019:
  43. Multiple references:
  44. Multiple references: See also:
  45. Multiple references:
  46. Multiple references: This expansion was announced along with a redeployment of agents to deal with the border crisis: See also:
  47. Multiple references: The number continued increasing: See also:
  48. Multiple references: See also:
  49. Multiple references:
  50. Multiple references:
  51. Multiple references:
  52. Multiple references: See also:
  53. Multiple references: See also:
  54. Multiple references:
  55. Multiple references: Earlier articles on the DHS request:
  56. Multiple references: Regarding the mainstream media talking point on the base once being used to intern people of Japanese ethnicity:
  57. Multiple references: See also:
  58. Multiple references: See also:
  59. Multiple references: See also:
  60. Multiple references: See also:
  61. Multiple references:
  62. Multiple references:
  63. Multiple references: See also:
  64. Multiple references: See also:
  65. Multiple references:
  66. Multiple references: See also:
  67. Multiple references:
  68. Multiple references: See also:
  69. Multiple references: See also:
  70. Multiple references: See also: The related 287(g) program proved very successful:
  71. Multiple references: Earlier articles on this: See also:
  72. Multiple references: See also:
  73. Green, Miranda (May 15, 2019). Interior's border surge puts more officers in unfamiliar role. The Hill. Retrieved May 15, 2019.
  74. Sands, Geneva (May 21, 2019). Approximately 200 DHS volunteers have deployed to the border, amid other personnel shifts. CNN. Retrieved May 23, 2019.
  75. Multiple references:
  76. Multiple references:
  77. Multiple references: Statements by President Trump and the White House on this matter: See also:
  78. Multiple references: Left-wing denial of this accomplishment: See also: Statements by President Trump and other officials:
  79. Multiple references:
  80. Multiple references:
  81. Multiple references: Challenges such an operation would face: See also:
  82. Multiple references: See also:
  83. Multiple references: See also:
  84. Multiple references: Surveillance was added to the soldiers' mission: See also:
  85. Multiple references: See also:
  86. Multiple references:
  87. Multiple references: Earlier articles on the news, before the official announcement: Acting Defense Secretary Shanahan later committed to continuing the U.S. military's participation at the border until it would be secured:
  88. Multiple references:
  89. Multiple references: See also:
  90. Multiple references:
  91. Multiple references:
  92. Multiple references:
  93. Multiple references:
  94. Multiple references: See also:
  95. Multiple references: See also:
  96. Multiple references:
  97. Multiple references: See also:
  98. Multiple references: More on the national security law: President Trump honored Angel Moms when he announced the national security declaration: Regarding the existence of a national emergency: Criticism by conservatives for not going far enough: See also:
  99. Multiple references: See also:
  100. Multiple references: See also:
  101. Multiple references: Subsequent actions:
  102. Multiple references: See also:
  103. Multiple references: See also:
  104. Multiple references:
  105. Multiple references: Speech transcript: More on the speech's contents: See also:
  106. Multiple references:
  107. Multiple references: President Trump made similar comments the following day: Later comments: See also:
  108. Multiple references: The Mexican government took additional actions under the threat of tariffs: The Mexican government sent thousands of troops to both its southern and northern borders: Shortly after President Trump's tariff threat, Mexico's pro-illegal immigration migration chief resigned and was replaced by a more hardline individual: Mexican government claims: Other Central American countries took steps to help the Trump Administration: Articles stating the opposite: Despite Mexico taking some actions, its president, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, held left-wing immigration views: See also:
  109. Binder, John (February 25, 2019). Trump’s ‘Hire American’ Policy Slows Outsourcing of U.S. Tech Jobs. Breitbart News. Retrieved February 25, 2019.
  110. Multiple references: See also:
  111. Multiple references:
  112. Multiple references: See also:
  113. Multiple references:
  114. Multiple references: See also:
  115. 115.0 115.1 Krikorian, Mark (February 14, 2019). Immigration Landmines in the Funding Bill. Center for Immigration Studies. Retrieved February 16, 2019.
    See also:
  116. 116.0 116.1 Munro, Neil (February 14, 2019). GOP Legislators Grab More Cheap Labor, Give Democrats Policy Wins on Border Security. Breitbart News. Retrieved February 16, 2019.
  117. Multiple references: See also:
  118. Multiple references: See also:
  119. 119.0 119.1 119.2 Vaughan, Jessica M. (February 15, 2019). The Spending Bill Won't Solve the Border Crisis — It Will Make It Worse. Center for Immigration Studies. Retrieved February 16, 2019.
  120. 120.0 120.1 120.2 120.3 120.4 Horowitz, Daniel (February 14, 2019). 5 insane provisions in the amnesty omnibus bill. Conservative Review. Retrieved February 16, 2019.
  121. 121.0 121.1 Binder, John (February 11, 2019). GOP/Dem Border Deal: $1.3B for Wall, No Increase in Detention Space. Breitbart News. Retrieved February 16, 2019.
  122. Multiple references: See also:
  123. Munro, Neil (February 14, 2019). Border Security Bill Provides Aid, Buses, Legal Shields to Migrants. Breitbart News. Retrieved February 16, 2019.
  124. Huennekens, Preston (February 14, 2019). The Spending Bill Potentially Doubles the Number of H-2B Workers. Center for Immigration Studies. Retrieved February 16, 2019.
  125. North, David (February 15, 2019). The Fine Print in the Spending Bill: EB-5 Is Renewed, VAWA Is Not. Center for Immigration Studies. Retrieved February 16, 2019.
  126. Multiple references:
  127. Binder, John (February 13, 2019). GOP/Dems $1.3B Offer for Wall Mimics Past Restrictions on Border, Provides Less Funds. Breitbart News. Retrieved February 16, 2019.
  128. Binder, John (February 14, 2019). GOP/Dem Deal Spends 40X as Much on Foreign Countries as Border Wall. Breitbart News. Retrieved February 16, 2019.
    See also:
  129. Multiple references: See also:
  130. Multiple references: The DHS also extended TPS for South Sudan:
  131. Multiple references: See also:
  132. Multiple references:
  133. 133.0 133.1 Multiple references: See also:
  134. Multiple references: See also:
  135. Multiple references:
  136. Multiple references: See also:
  137. Multiple references:
  138. Multiple references:
  139. Multiple references:
  140. Multiple references: See also: The number of asylum claims became so high that Border Patrol was forced to shut down several border checkpoints to focus on processing them:
  141. Multiple references: See also: Notably, the City of Yuma, Arizona, declared a state of emergency in April 2019 because of the high illegal immigration levels: States of emergency were declared in multiple locations in New Mexico:
  142. Multiple references: See also: Illegal immigration and crime:
  143. Multiple references: Other releases: See also:
  144. Multiple references: Many of these migrants were even given work permits: See also:
  145. Caldwell, Alicia A. (March 28, 2019). Border Patrol Stops Prosecuting First-Time Border Crossers in Texas Region. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved March 29, 2019.
  146. Multiple references: See also: Other negative actions regarding H-2B visas: Later actions:
  147. Multiple references: See also:
  148. Multiple references: See also: In April 2019, however, President Trump fired several DHS officials who had obstructed his agenda:
  149. Cooke, Kristina (June 10, 2019). Trump administration moves to release migrant children faster from U.S. custody. Reuters. Retrieved June 10, 2019.