Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (commonly abbreviated MDMA), which is widely referred to as Ecstasy, is a psychoactive drug that is illegal in the United States. It is considered to be an empathogenic-enactogen. It is usually taken in pill form, though it is increasingly common for it to be sold in its pure crystalline form.
The drug first achieved widespread popularity when a former seminary student, Michael Clegg, residing in Texas, was inspired by his first experience with the drug. He claimed that he had always wanted to know "the thoughts of God". At a time when the substance was unscheduled and unregulated, he began giving the drug away for free, but started selling it when the cost of production became "prohibitively expensive".
Recently, the Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies (MAPS) has received FDA-approval for research into the possible benefits of MDMA in the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder. The results thus far have been uniquely promising.
Effects of MDMA
MDMA produces a euphoric "high" that lasts several hours by releasing serotonin, dopamine, and oxytocin amongst other neurotransmitters. Users become extraordinarily peaceful and friendly as almost all hostility is repressed as long as the drug is unadulterated with other substances such as amphetamine. Appreciation of music and texture is heightened and is often used by people in clubs and at raves. A short period of diminished mood and a general feeling of malaise are common once the high diminishes, although many users report little or no negative after-effects.
At high doses, MDMA may elevate heart rate and blood pressure significantly, cause dehydration, and hyperthermia. When used repeatedly on the order of several times a month, depression, persistent anxiety, and short-term memory loss may result. Whether or not these effects are reversible remains an area of ongoing research. There is enough evidence to suggest that long-term use of ecstasy at high doses can cause nerve damage in a number of users. Taking ecstasy during pregnancy can increase the risk of congenital abnormalities by a factor of 8.
- Link to Google Video of Ecstasy Rising by Peter Jennings
- The Peace Drug
- (2011) christopheryuan. WaterBrook Press, 6, 11, 186, 187. ISBN 978-0-307-72935-4. “Life with Derek was a roller-coaster ride from the start. For the first few weeks, every morning he'd tell me how much he loved me, how glad he was I'd moved in with him. I felt like we had become one - our souls enmeshed. But in reality, much of the passion between us was fueled by Ecstasy - thus our relationship was fierce and intense, both good and bad. ... When I asked where he'd been, he got angry and told me that I should get my own place. So I started packing my staff. ... Derek had told me so many times that I was the one. Now I couldn't break free of his strong grip, and he was about to kill me. ... he pushed me away and yelled, "Get out!"”