English Painting

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English Painting has a long and rich history. It is believed that English painting had been influenced by the Celts. However some scholars affirm that real English painting started in the 18th century; this is because the most important painters who worked before in England were foreigners (Sir Lawrence Alma Tadema, Anthony van Dyck, etc.), from mainland Europe, and painting was essentially an aristocratic matter (Works from the masters of Italian Renaissance were in the collections of the Earl of Arundel and the Duke of Buckingham).

William Hogarth

William Hogarth (1697 – 1764) was one of the greatest innovators in English art.

Hogarth was a professional rebel. He found English art sycophantic, and determined to make it independent. Instead of working for a few rich patrons, he evolved the idea of making his living out of popular engravings of his pictures. He believed that the lack of a native school of painting was largely due to the fashions imposed on a credulous public by connoisseurs and critics and he waged continual war on taste and the Old Masters.[1]

Sir Joshua Reynolds

Sir Joshua Reynolds

Thomas Gainsborough

Thomas Gainsborough

William Turner

William Turner

John Constable

Flatford Mill
John Constable is today recognised as the major English landscape painter of the 19th century, matched only by his contemporary, J.M.W. Turner (1775-1851). But he was not particularly successful during his lifetime.[2]

See also

External links

References

  1. Sir Kenneth Clark: "Hogarth, Constable and Turner" - appeared in "Masterpieces of English Painting" by Hans Huth (page 9)
  2. John Constable: The Man and His Work