Difference between revisions of "Essay: Atheism, food science and bland food"

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(Jesus Christ ate a healthy and flavorful diet)
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=== Godless Britain and bland food ===
 
=== Godless Britain and bland food ===
[[File:Christopher Hitchens and Richard Dawkins.jpg|thumbnail|right|300px|The British [[New Atheism|new atheists]] [[Christopher Hitchens]] and [[Richard Dawkins]].  The late Christopher Hitchens was known for his heavy drinking.<ref>[http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2010/08/17/christopher-hitchens-desp_n_685021.html Christopher Hitchens: Despite Cancer, I'd Drink & Smoke Again]</ref> Please notice the utter lack of plates filled with tasty food on the table. See also: [[Godless Britain and alcoholism]] ]]
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[[File:Christopher Hitchens and Richard Dawkins.jpg|thumbnail|right|300px|The Britain born [[New Atheism|new atheists]] [[Christopher Hitchens]] and [[Richard Dawkins]].  The late Christopher Hitchens was known for his heavy drinking.<ref>[http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2010/08/17/christopher-hitchens-desp_n_685021.html Christopher Hitchens: Despite Cancer, I'd Drink & Smoke Again]</ref> Please notice the utter lack of plates filled with tasty food on the table. See also: [[Britain and alcoholism]] ]]
 
A Eurobarometer poll in 2010 reported that 37% of UK citizens "believed there is a God", 33% believe there is "some sort of spirit or life force" and 25% answered "I don't believe there is any sort of spirit, God or life force".<ref>[http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/ebs/ebs_341_en.pdf Special Eurobarometer, biotechnology, p. 204"]. Fieldwork: Jan-Feb 2010.</ref>  See also: [[British atheism]]
 
A Eurobarometer poll in 2010 reported that 37% of UK citizens "believed there is a God", 33% believe there is "some sort of spirit or life force" and 25% answered "I don't believe there is any sort of spirit, God or life force".<ref>[http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/ebs/ebs_341_en.pdf Special Eurobarometer, biotechnology, p. 204"]. Fieldwork: Jan-Feb 2010.</ref>  See also: [[British atheism]]
  
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(In the last 20 years, Britain has seen a large influx of immigrants many of whom eat spicier food. No doubt that is why Zimmern said "twenty years ago".)
 
(In the last 20 years, Britain has seen a large influx of immigrants many of whom eat spicier food. No doubt that is why Zimmern said "twenty years ago".)
  
=== Godless Germany and bland food ===
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See also: [http://www.foodrepublic.com/2014/09/03/why-does-british-food-get-such-a-bad-rap-we-examine/ Why Does British Food Get Such A Bad Rap? We Examine]
  
[[Germany]] is one of the most [[Atheism|atheistic]] countries in the world and the website adherents.com reports that 41-49% of Germans are [[agnosticism|agnostics]]/atheists/non-believers in God.<ref>[http://www.adherents.com/largecom/com_atheist.html Top 50 Countries With Highest Proportion of Atheists / Agnostics(Zuckerman, 2005)]</ref>
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=== Godless Germany and bland food ===
 
[[File:Flag of Germany.JPG|thumbnail|200px|left|[[Germany]] is one of the most [[Atheism|atheistic]] countries in the world and the website adherents.com reported that 41-49% of Germans are [[agnosticism|agnostics]]/atheists/non-believers in God.<ref>[http://www.adherents.com/largecom/com_atheist.html Top 50 Countries With Highest Proportion of Atheists / Agnostics(Zuckerman, 2005)]</ref>]]
 
[[File:Flag of Germany.JPG|thumbnail|200px|left|[[Germany]] is one of the most [[Atheism|atheistic]] countries in the world and the website adherents.com reported that 41-49% of Germans are [[agnosticism|agnostics]]/atheists/non-believers in God.<ref>[http://www.adherents.com/largecom/com_atheist.html Top 50 Countries With Highest Proportion of Atheists / Agnostics(Zuckerman, 2005)]</ref>]]
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[[Germany]] is one of the most [[Atheism|atheistic]] countries in the world and the website adherents.com reports that 41-49% of Germans are [[agnosticism|agnostics]]/atheists/non-believers in God.<ref>[http://www.adherents.com/largecom/com_atheist.html Top 50 Countries With Highest Proportion of Atheists / Agnostics(Zuckerman, 2005)]</ref>
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''Parlour Magazine'' reported about German food:
 
''Parlour Magazine'' reported about German food:
 
{{Cquote|From a young age the German palate is adapted to enjoy the simple flavors of salt, wurst (sausage) and breadcrumbs, shunning anything too sweet, too spicy or too complex.  
 
{{Cquote|From a young age the German palate is adapted to enjoy the simple flavors of salt, wurst (sausage) and breadcrumbs, shunning anything too sweet, too spicy or too complex.  
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Once you get tired of going out and eating bland local food, you’ll have two options: go to restaurants that serve international cuisine or cook your own food. The problem with the first option is that the international restaurant scene is rather limited in Eastern Europe.<ref>[http://mavericktraveler.com/13-things-dont-tell-eastern-europe/ 13 Things They Don’t Tell You About Eastern Europe] by James Maverick, Maverick Treveler</ref>}}
 
Once you get tired of going out and eating bland local food, you’ll have two options: go to restaurants that serve international cuisine or cook your own food. The problem with the first option is that the international restaurant scene is rather limited in Eastern Europe.<ref>[http://mavericktraveler.com/13-things-dont-tell-eastern-europe/ 13 Things They Don’t Tell You About Eastern Europe] by James Maverick, Maverick Treveler</ref>}}
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=== Flavorful food is coming to New Zealand in the 21st century ===
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''See also:'' [[Essay: Flavorful food is coming to New Zealand in the 21st century|Flavorful food is coming to New Zealand in the 21st century]]
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[[File:Flag of New Zealand.png|thumbnail|right|200px|In 2008, the International Social Survey Programme was conducted in [[New Zealand]] by Massey University.<ref>"[http://publicaddress.net/assets/files/ISSPReligioninNZ09.pdf Religion In New Zealand: International Social Survey Programme]" (PDF). Massey University.</ref>
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The results of this survey indicated that 72% of the population believed in the existence of God or a higher power, 15% are [[agnosticism|agnostic]], and 13% are [[Atheism|atheist]] (the survey had a 3% margin of error).<ref>"[http://publicaddress.net/assets/files/ISSPReligioninNZ09.pdf Religion In New Zealand: International Social Survey Programme]" (PDF). Massey University.</ref>]]
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In 2008, the International Social Survey Programme was conducted in [[New Zealand]] by Massey University.<ref>"[http://publicaddress.net/assets/files/ISSPReligioninNZ09.pdf Religion In New Zealand: International Social Survey Programme]" (PDF). Massey University.</ref> 
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The results of this survey indicated that 72% of the population believed in the existence of God or a higher power, 15% are [[agnosticism|agnostic]], and 13% are [[Atheism|atheist]] (the survey had a 3% margin of error).<ref>"[http://publicaddress.net/assets/files/ISSPReligioninNZ09.pdf Religion In New Zealand: International Social Survey Programme]" (PDF). Massey University.</ref>  See: [[Irreligion in New Zealand]]
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==== Will people in New Zealand eat lots of spicy and flavorful food in the 21st century? ====
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''See also:'' [[Postsecularism and New Zealand in the 21st century]]
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In response to the question, "Do people in New Zealand eat spicy food?" Michael Gass wrote:
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{{Cquote|Three decades ago it was an impossible thing. The mention of a [[curry]] or a spicy dish would send Kiwis into spasms. The fear was so overpowering.The curry or anything else remotely relative to chillies was Asian junk food.
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Kiwis then were used to bland, tasteless food. It was all about meat and two veggies as dinner. The meat and veges were thrown in a baking dish and cooked to high heaven. A brown sauce helped it along. Potatoes and spinach were common food. Kumara, cabbage, carrots, beans and cauli were staple. These were just baked or boiled. We called them a ‘boil-up’.<ref>[https://www.quora.com/Do-people-in-New-Zealand-eat-spicy-food Do people in New Zealand eat spicy food?], Quora</ref>}}
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{{Clear}}
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[[File:Indian auckland.jpg|thumbnail|center|200px|Smrithi Kamtikar performing at Rythm and Rhapsody, [[Auckland]], NZ.
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On December 28, 2018, the ''New Zealand Herald'' reported, "New data obtained by the Herald from the Department of Internal Affairs reveals that people born in [[India]] top the list of new citizens living in [[Auckland]]."<ref>[https://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=12182600 Indians top list of Auckland's new NZ citizens], ''New Zealand Herald'', December 28, 2018</ref>
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According to the 2012 WIN-Gallup Global Index of Religion and Atheism report, 81% of Indians were religious, 13% were non-religious and merely 3% were convinced atheist.<ref>[https://web.archive.org/web/20121016062403/http://redcresearch.ie/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/RED-C-press-release-Religion-and-Atheism-25-7-12.pdf Global Index Of Religion And Atheism]" (PDF). WIN-Gallup. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 October 2012. Retrieved 3 September 2013.</ref>
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The ''Washington Post'' declared in 2015: [https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2015/03/03/a-scientific-explanation-of-what-makes-indian-food-so-delicious/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.b75bc3b10012 Scientists have figured out what makes Indian food so delicious]. 
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There you have it Mr. Militant NZ Atheist. I know your used to eating your bland, atheistic food day after day. But, science proves that Indian food is delicious!
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Mr. Militant NZ Atheist, I know. I know. Stop talking about religious immigrants to New Zealand! See: [[Postsecularism and New Zealand in the 21st century]]]]
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{{Clear}}
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[[File:Christmas parade in New Zealand.jpg|thumbnail|center|220px|Filipino immigrants at an annual Christmas parade in Hamilton, [[New Zealand]]. [[Irreligion]] in the [[Philippines]] is particularly rare among Filipinos.<ref>[https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Irreligion_in_the_Philippines&oldid=850070840 Irreligion in the Philippines], July 2018, "[[Irreligion]] in the [[Philippines]] is particularly rare among Filipinos...".</ref>
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[[CNN]] states concerning Filipino food: "...with more than 7,000 islands and a colorful history, this archipelago has some delicious dishes..."<ref>[https://www.cnn.com/travel/article/50-delicious-philippines-dishes/index.html 50 dishes that define the Philippines], CNN</ref>
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Mr. Militant NZ Atheist, I know. I know. Stop talking about religious immigrants to New Zealand! See: [[Essay: New Zealand atheists will lose the War on Christmas in the 21st century|New Zealand atheists will lose the War on Christmas in the 21st century]] ]]
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{{Clear}}
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[[File:Sinking Ship.jpg|center|thumbnail|300px|The SS New Zealand Atheism [[Postsecularism and New Zealand in the 21st century|going down in the 21st century]].
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Despite the ship taking on more and more evangelical Christians, religious Filipinos, born again Christians and Muslims according to one of his favorite websites Wikipedia, the New Zealand atheist continued to deny the ship was going down as it disappeared under the sea.
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His last words were "In a world of [[globalization]], [[New Zealand]] will NOT become [[Desecularization|desecularized]]. Stop talking about religious immigrants."
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For more information, please see [[Essay: A Third Open Letter to a New Zealand atheist|A Third Open Letter to a New Zealand atheist]] ]]
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{{Clear}}
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==== Postsecularism and New Zealand in the 21st century ====
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''See also:'' [[Postsecularism and New Zealand in the 21st century]]
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Jens Köhrsen), a professor for religion and economics at the Centre for Religion, Economy and Politics (ZRWP)<ref>[https://religionswissenschaft.unibas.ch/de/personen/jens-koehrsen/ Prof. Dr. Jens Köhrsen], University website faculty page</ref>, wrote:
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{{Cquote|[ [[Jürgen Habermas]] ] ...argues that a new age, the age of [[Postsecularism|post-secularity]], has begun. Previously vastly secularized societies, like the highly developed countries of [[Europe]], [[Australia]], New Zealand and [[Canada]], would experience a new awareness of religion and attribute a new public role to religion. From now on, religion would constitute a relevant dialogue partner in the public debates of these societies (Habermas, 2008). Moreover, Habermas presents a normative argument about public religion: he recommends that post-secular societies should facilitate religious contributions to the public sphere. Religious reasoning could contribute to public debates about the ethical values of contemporaneous and future societies. Habermas believes that modern societies might find some answers to the moral questions of our time by listening to religion in public debates (Habermas, 2001, 2005, 2006, 2008). A similar position to that of Habermas is proposed by Leclerc (2001) and French sociologist Willaime (2004a, 2004b, 2005[1995]: 76-78, 2008). Willaime observes that even the highly secularized public and political sphere of France is exhibiting a new, more open attitude towards religion. The hypersecularity of France would stimulate a restructuration process of religion. According to Willaime, religion can form an important resource for public debates and be engaged in the identity construction process of individuals and collectives.<ref>[https://edoc.unibas.ch/50856/3/20170119190142_5880ff06238b8.pdf How religious is the public sphere? – A critical stance on the debate about public religion and post-secularity], Draft Version, Jens Koehrsen (Köhrsen). Bielefeld Graduate School in History and Sociology, Germany. École des hautes études en sciences socials, France. Published in: Acta Sociologica 55 (3), S. 273-288.</ref>}}
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[[Eric Kaufmann]] is a professor of politics at Birkbeck, University of London and author. His academic research specialty is how demographic changes affect religion/irreligion and politics.
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In April 2010, Kaufmann, who is an [[agnosticism|agnostic]], declared "the rate of secularisation has flattened to zero in most of [[Protestantism|Protestant]] [[Europe]] and [[France]]."<ref>[https://www.mercatornet.com/articles/view/shall_the_religious_inherit_the_earth/ Shall the religious inherit the earth?] by Eric Kaufmann</ref> Kaufmann also declared that [[secularism]] "appears exhausted and lacking in confidence".<ref>[http://www.sneps.net/RD/uploads/1-Shall%20the%20Religious%20Inherit%20the%20Earth.pdf Shall the Religious Inherit the Earth?: Demography and Politics in the Twenty-First Century by Eric Kaufmann, Belfer Center, Harvard University/Birkbeck College, University of London]</ref>
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On December 23, 2012, Kaufmann wrote:
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{{cquote|I argue that 97% of the world's population growth is taking place in the developing world, where 95% of people are religious.
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On the other hand, the secular West and East Asia has very low fertility and a rapidly aging population... In the coming decades, the developed world's demand for workers to pay its pensions and work in its service sector will soar alongside the booming supply of young people in the third world. Ergo, we can expect significant immigration to the secular West which will import religious revival on the back of ethnic change. In addition, those with religious beliefs tend to have higher birth rates than the secular population, with fundamentalists having far larger families. The epicentre of these trends will be in immigration gateway cities like New York (a third white), Amsterdam (half Dutch), Los Angeles (28% white), and London, 45% white British.<ref>[https://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/eric-kaufmann/london-a-rising-island-of-religion_b_2336699.html London: A Rising Island of Religion in a Secular Sea] by Eric Kaufmann, ''Huffington Post'', 2012</ref>
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<ref>[http://questionevolution.blogspot.com/2013/04/97-of-worlds-population-growth-is.html 97% of the world's population growth is taking place in the developing world, where 95% of people are religious], Tuesday, April 30, 2013</ref>}}
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[[File:Birkbeck College, University of London.jpg|right|thumbnail|250px|Eric Kaufmann, a professor at [[Birkbeck College, University of London]], using a wealth of demographic studies, argues that there will be a significant decline of global atheism in the 21st century which will impact the [[Western World]].<ref>[http://www.sneps.net/RD/uploads/1-Shall%20the%20Religious%20Inherit%20the%20Earth.pdf Shall the Religious Inherit the Earth?: Demography and Politics in the Twenty-First Century by Eric Kaufmann, Belfer Center, Harvard University/Birkbeck College, University of London]</ref><ref>[http://kitmantv.blogspot.com/2011/05/eric-kaufmann-shall-religious-inherit.html Eric Kaufmann: Shall The Religious Inherit The Earth?]</ref><ref>[http://kitmantv.blogspot.com/search/label/atheist%20demographics Eric Kaufmann's Atheist Demographic series]</ref><ref>[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VwmgFZsgSo0 Eric Kaufmann: Shall the Religious Inherit the Earth?, Australian Broadcasting Corporation]</ref>]]
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At a conference Kaufmann said of religious demographic projections concerning the 21st century:
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{{cquote|Part of the reason I think [[demography]] is very important, at least if we are going to speak about the future, is that it is the most predictable of the [[social sciences]].
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...if you look at a population and its age structure now. You can tell a lot about the future.  ...So by looking at the relative age structure of different populations you can already say a lot about the future...
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...Religious [[fundamentalism]] is going to be on the increase in the future and not just out there in the developing world..., but in the developed world as well.<ref>[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H7vCDeKPRSo Eric Kaufmann - Religion, Demography and Politics in the 21st Century]</ref>}}
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See also: [[Growth of religious fundamentalism]]
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For additional information, please see: [[Irreligion in New Zealand#21st century New Zealand: Irreligion, religion and religious immigrants|21st century New Zealand: Irreligion, religion and religious immigrants]]
  
 
== Spices, health benefits and potential health benefits ==
 
== Spices, health benefits and potential health benefits ==
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For a large segment of their lives, the apostles of Jesus not only ate a Mediterranean diet, but ate according to the Mosaic dietary laws. The Mosaic dietary laws are in accordance with a healthy lifestyle in terms of weight management as evidenced by the fact that one looks at the pictures of modern [[Orthodox Jews]], most have a healthy body weight (See: [https://www.google.com/search?q=%22Orthodox+Jews%22&rlz=1C2AVNA_enUS588US588&biw=1024&bih=667&tbm=isch&source=lnms&sa=X&ei=4xhQVPD0KsyfyATQxoCwBA&ved=0CAYQ_AUoAQ Google image search of the term "Orthodox Jews"]).
 
For a large segment of their lives, the apostles of Jesus not only ate a Mediterranean diet, but ate according to the Mosaic dietary laws. The Mosaic dietary laws are in accordance with a healthy lifestyle in terms of weight management as evidenced by the fact that one looks at the pictures of modern [[Orthodox Jews]], most have a healthy body weight (See: [https://www.google.com/search?q=%22Orthodox+Jews%22&rlz=1C2AVNA_enUS588US588&biw=1024&bih=667&tbm=isch&source=lnms&sa=X&ei=4xhQVPD0KsyfyATQxoCwBA&ved=0CAYQ_AUoAQ Google image search of the term "Orthodox Jews"]).
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== Explosive growth of Christianity in China and the Chinese preference for flavorful food ==
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''See also:'' [[Growth of Christianity in China]]
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[[File:Great Hall of the People in Tiananmen Square in Beijing China.jpg|thumb|right|200px|In front of the Great Hall of the People in Tiananmen Square in Beijing.]]
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=== Rapid growth of Evangelical Christianity in China ===
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The current [[Atheist Population|atheist population]] mostly resides in East Asia (particularly China) and in secular Europe/Australia among whites.<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/worldviews/wp/2013/05/23/a-surprising-map-of-where-the-worlds-atheists-live/ A surprising map of where the world’s atheists live], By Max Fisher and Caitlin Dewey, ''Washington Post'', May 23, 2013</ref> See: [[Western atheism and race]]
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According to ''Slate'', "[[Protestantism|Protestant]] Christianity has been the fastest growing religion in China."<ref>[http://www.slate.com/bigideas/what-is-the-future-of-religion/essays-and-opinions/fenggang-yang-opinion When Will China Become the World’s Largest Christian Country?], Slate</ref>  [[Evangelicalism|Evangelical Christianity]] is especially growing sharply in China.<ref>[http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Asia-Pacific/2015/0111/In-China-a-church-state-showdown-of-biblical-proportions In China, a church-state showdown of biblical proportions]</ref> See also: [[Asian atheism]]
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On November 1, 2014, an article in ''The Economist'' entitled ''Cracks in the atheist edifice'' declared:
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{{cquote|Officials are untroubled by the clash between the city’s famously freewheeling capitalism and the [[Communism|Communist]] Party’s ideology, yet still see religion and its symbols as affronts to the party’s [[atheism]]...
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Yang Fenggang of Purdue University, in Indiana, says the Christian church in China has grown by an average of 10% a year since 1980. He reckons that on current trends there will be 250m Christians by around 2030, making China’s Christian population the largest in the world. Mr. Yang says this speed of growth is similar to that seen in fourth-century Rome just before the conversion of [[Constantine]], which paved the way for Christianity to become the religion of his empire.<ref>[http://www.economist.com/news/briefing/21629218-rapid-spread-christianity-forcing-official-rethink-religion-cracks ''Cracks in the atheist edifice''], ''The Economist'', November 1, 2014</ref>}}
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=== Chinese preference for flavorful food and Shangdi  ===
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Wendy Rotell reports at Restaurant.com: "In general, Westernized Chinese food is considered to be more bland and fattening than authentic Chinese food."<ref>[https://www.restaurants.com/blog/differences-between-authentic-vs-westernized-chinese-food/ Differences between Authentic vs. Westernized Chinese Food]</ref>
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Traditional Chinese food is more flavorful?
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According to [[Wikipedia]], which is an online encyclopedia founded by an atheist and [[agnosticism|agnostic]]:
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{{Cquote|Shangdi (Chinese: 上帝; pinyin: Shàngdì; Wade–Giles: Shang Ti), also written simply, "Emperor" (Chinese: 帝; pinyin: Dì), is the Chinese term for "Supreme Deity" or "Highest Deity" in the theology of the classical texts, especially deriving from Shang theology and finding an equivalent in the later Tian ("Heaven" or "Great Whole") of Zhou theology.<ref>[https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Shangdi&oldid=875184289 Shangdi], Wikipedia</ref>}}
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Please read the [[Answers in Genesis]] article: [https://answersingenesis.org/genesis/the-original-unknown-god-of-china/ The Original ‘Unknown’ God of China: An Ancient Pictogram Script Points to the Bible] by Dr. Ethel Nelson
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=== The causality is clear: The Chinese are rapidly abandoning atheism in a quest for more flavorful food ===
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There you have it! The causality is clear. A positive correlation between preference for non-blandness and people fleeing atheism at a very rapid pace! Is there any doubt that a test of [[statistical significance]] would confirm this matter? Deny the Chinese are abandoning atheism in a quest for their more ancient, flavorful food and lose all credibility!
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But is atheism bland and boring?
  
 
== Atheism is bland and boring  ==
 
== Atheism is bland and boring  ==
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...a few things bothered me, most notably the [[Atheism and arrogance|air of self-congratulation]] (which I excused on the grounds of enthusiastic people finding like-minded folks for the first time), the “fanboyness” directed at some of the famous atheists (they hardly let poor [[Richard Dawkins' cult of personality|Richard]] alone, and I’m not sure he liked that!), and the lameness of quite a few of the talks.  Again, how much new can you say about atheism?<ref>[https://whyevolutionistrue.wordpress.com/2011/06/10/are-there-too-many-atheist-meetings/ Are there too many atheist meetings?] by Jerry Coyne</ref>}}
 
...a few things bothered me, most notably the [[Atheism and arrogance|air of self-congratulation]] (which I excused on the grounds of enthusiastic people finding like-minded folks for the first time), the “fanboyness” directed at some of the famous atheists (they hardly let poor [[Richard Dawkins' cult of personality|Richard]] alone, and I’m not sure he liked that!), and the lameness of quite a few of the talks.  Again, how much new can you say about atheism?<ref>[https://whyevolutionistrue.wordpress.com/2011/06/10/are-there-too-many-atheist-meetings/ Are there too many atheist meetings?] by Jerry Coyne</ref>}}
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=== Why is atheism so stale and boring? ===
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See: [[Atheism and inspiration|Why is atheism so stale and boring?]]
  
 
== 21st century global desecularization and a worldwide,  flavorful food revolution ==
 
== 21st century global desecularization and a worldwide,  flavorful food revolution ==
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Will global [[desecularization]] ignite a global, flavorful food revolution the likes of which the world has never seen?
 
Will global [[desecularization]] ignite a global, flavorful food revolution the likes of which the world has never seen?
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== Atheism vs. Christianity and the available evidence ==
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The available evidence and sound reasoning point to Christianity being true and atheism being false (see: [[Christian apologetics websites|Evidence for Christianity]] and [[Rebuttals to atheist arguments]]). 
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In recent years, there have multiple cases of prominent atheists being reluctant to debate matters related to the atheism vs. Christianity topic (see: [[Atheism and debate]]).
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== Christianity vs. atheism debates ==
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*[[Atheism vs. Christianity debates]]
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*[[Responses to atheist arguments]]
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== Atheism vs. Christianity statistics ==
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''See also:'' [[Christianity vs. atheism statistics]]
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*[[Atheism statistics]]
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*[[Christianity statistics]]
  
 
== See also ==
 
== See also ==
  
[[Essay:Comedy and satires concerning atheism and evolution|Comedy and satires concerning atheism and evolution]]
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*[[Essay:Comedy and satires concerning atheism and evolution|Comedy and satires concerning atheism and evolution]]
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*[[Essay: Rhythmic Muslims vs. atheist wet blankets|Rhythmic Muslims vs. atheist wet blankets]]
  
 
== Notes ==
 
== Notes ==

Revision as of 23:45, 23 June 2019

atheism
Portrait of the Frenchman Paul-Henri Thiry, Baron d'Holbach (1723 - 1789). He was an early advocate of atheism in Europe.

Despite France developing some of the finest cuisine over hundreds of years of theistic culture, you will see below that French atheists did transfer this knowledge to their fellow atheists in other countries.

Atheism, as defined by the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, the Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, and other philosophy reference works, is the denial of the existence of God.[1] Paul Edwards, who was a prominent atheist and editor of the Encyclopedia of Philosophy, defined an atheist as "a person who maintains that there is no God." [2]

The Institute of Food Technologists defines food science as "the discipline in which the engineering, biological, and physical sciences are used to study the nature of foods, the causes of deterioration, the principles underlying food processing, and the improvement of foods for the consuming public".[3]

Question 1: Within the field of food science, how much experimentation is occurring within atheistic countries in order to improve the quality of their food in terms of making it less bland?

Question 2: Are there spices that have health benefits? Is putting spices on food in an intelligent manner a healthier lifestyle?

Atheistic cultures with bland food

Soviet Union and bland food

Claude Lewis wrote in The Philadelphia Inquirer about the food is the former Soviet Union which had militant state atheism:

Many people in the Soviet Union have grown tired of institutionalized food in state-run cafeterias found at state-run cafeterias such as Stolovaya No. 22 and Stolovaya No. 23 where the menus seldom change and often lack variety. Most food in the Soviet Union is unimaginative, tasteless and bland.[4]

Atheistic Nordic countries and bland food

Sweden is one of the most atheistic countries in the world.[5]

Nordic food is often depicted as being bland.[6]

Nordic countries have high atheist/agnostic populations within them (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden).

Sweden is one of the most atheistic countries in the world and in secular Europe. The website adherents.com reported that in 2005 46 - 85% of Swedes were agnostics/atheists/non-believers in God.[7] Sweden also has the 3rd highest rate of belief in evolution as far as Western World nations.[8]

Denmark has the highest rate of belief in evolution in the Western World.[9] In addition, in 2005 Denmark was ranked the third most atheistic country in the world and the website adherents.com reported that in 2005 43 - 80% of Danes are agnostics/atheists/non-believers in God.[10]

Finland was ranked the 7th most atheistic country in the world in 2005.[11] Finland has the 17th highest rate of belief in evolution in the Western World.[12]

Iceland is one of the most irreligious countries in the world according to Gallup International.[13] A Gallup International poll conducted in 2012 reported that 57% of Icelanders considered themselves "a religious person", 31% considered themselves "a non religious person", while 10% defined themselves as "a convinced atheist", which places Iceland in the top 10 atheist populations in the world.[14]

Nordic food is often depicted as being bland.[15]

Godless Britain and bland food

The Britain born new atheists Christopher Hitchens and Richard Dawkins. The late Christopher Hitchens was known for his heavy drinking.[16] Please notice the utter lack of plates filled with tasty food on the table. See also: Britain and alcoholism

A Eurobarometer poll in 2010 reported that 37% of UK citizens "believed there is a God", 33% believe there is "some sort of spirit or life force" and 25% answered "I don't believe there is any sort of spirit, God or life force".[17] See also: British atheism

International food authority Andrew Zimmern said of Britain's food: “Twenty years ago the food of the British Isles was universally considered to be among the world’s worst—boring, bland and boiled.”[18]

(In the last 20 years, Britain has seen a large influx of immigrants many of whom eat spicier food. No doubt that is why Zimmern said "twenty years ago".)

See also: Why Does British Food Get Such A Bad Rap? We Examine

Godless Germany and bland food

Germany is one of the most atheistic countries in the world and the website adherents.com reported that 41-49% of Germans are agnostics/atheists/non-believers in God.[19]

Germany is one of the most atheistic countries in the world and the website adherents.com reports that 41-49% of Germans are agnostics/atheists/non-believers in God.[20]

Parlour Magazine reported about German food:

From a young age the German palate is adapted to enjoy the simple flavors of salt, wurst (sausage) and breadcrumbs, shunning anything too sweet, too spicy or too complex.

...I do occasionally enjoy a bit of spice and this is the dilemma. I grew up in a West Indian household led by my grandfather who was a chef, to say I was spoiled in terms of flavorful food would be an understatement. The pepper, the curry, the jerk – all flavors that fueled my youth and make me feel at home. How I survive in Germany, the land of bland, is a mystery to most who know me.[21]

Irreligion, Eastern Europe and flavorless food

Eastern Europe was under about 70 years of atheistic, Soviet communist rule (see also: Atheism and communism). For example, Albania was an atheist state from 1967 to 1991.

The Czech Republic, Estonia, and East Germany have some of the lowest levels of religious belief in secular Europe.

In 2005, the Czech Republic placed second in the world in alcohol consumption.[22] See also: Atheism and alcoholism

From a historical perspective, the Czechs have been characterised as "tolerant and even indifferent towards religion".[23] According to the 2011 census, 34.2% of the Czech population declared they had no religion, 10.3% was Roman Catholic and 10.2% followed other forms of religion both denominational and nondenominational. Furthermore, 45.2% of the population did not answer the question about religion.[24] From 1991 to 2001 and further to 2011 the adherence to Roman Catholicism decreased from 39.0% to 26.8% and then subsequently to 10.3%.[25]

Estonia is one of the least religious areas in the world. Merely 14% of the population declared religion an important part of their daily lives.[26]

The Guardian reported in 2012 about Eastern Germany:

A recent study called Beliefs About God Across Time and Countries found that 52.1% of people asked whether they believed in God identified themselves as atheists. This compared with only 10.3% in western Germany. Indeed, the survey was unable to find a single person under the age of 28 in eastern Germany who believed in God.[27]

The Maverick Traveler reports:

Eastern Europe isn’t known for its variety of exquisite dishes. Most of the dishes are a combination of three ingredients: bread, potatoes and meat. While it’s very hearty, it’s also very flavorless. If you’re there on a short trip or in the beginning of a more extended sojourn, you might find the food interesting and even exotic, but I can guarantee that you’ll quickly get tired of it.

Once you get tired of going out and eating bland local food, you’ll have two options: go to restaurants that serve international cuisine or cook your own food. The problem with the first option is that the international restaurant scene is rather limited in Eastern Europe.[28]

Flavorful food is coming to New Zealand in the 21st century

See also: Flavorful food is coming to New Zealand in the 21st century

In 2008, the International Social Survey Programme was conducted in New Zealand by Massey University.[29]

The results of this survey indicated that 72% of the population believed in the existence of God or a higher power, 15% are agnostic, and 13% are atheist (the survey had a 3% margin of error).[30]

In 2008, the International Social Survey Programme was conducted in New Zealand by Massey University.[31]

The results of this survey indicated that 72% of the population believed in the existence of God or a higher power, 15% are agnostic, and 13% are atheist (the survey had a 3% margin of error).[32] See: Irreligion in New Zealand

Will people in New Zealand eat lots of spicy and flavorful food in the 21st century?

See also: Postsecularism and New Zealand in the 21st century

In response to the question, "Do people in New Zealand eat spicy food?" Michael Gass wrote:

Three decades ago it was an impossible thing. The mention of a curry or a spicy dish would send Kiwis into spasms. The fear was so overpowering.The curry or anything else remotely relative to chillies was Asian junk food.

Kiwis then were used to bland, tasteless food. It was all about meat and two veggies as dinner. The meat and veges were thrown in a baking dish and cooked to high heaven. A brown sauce helped it along. Potatoes and spinach were common food. Kumara, cabbage, carrots, beans and cauli were staple. These were just baked or boiled. We called them a ‘boil-up’.[33]

Smrithi Kamtikar performing at Rythm and Rhapsody, Auckland, NZ.

On December 28, 2018, the New Zealand Herald reported, "New data obtained by the Herald from the Department of Internal Affairs reveals that people born in India top the list of new citizens living in Auckland."[34]

According to the 2012 WIN-Gallup Global Index of Religion and Atheism report, 81% of Indians were religious, 13% were non-religious and merely 3% were convinced atheist.[35]

The Washington Post declared in 2015: Scientists have figured out what makes Indian food so delicious.

There you have it Mr. Militant NZ Atheist. I know your used to eating your bland, atheistic food day after day. But, science proves that Indian food is delicious!

Mr. Militant NZ Atheist, I know. I know. Stop talking about religious immigrants to New Zealand! See: Postsecularism and New Zealand in the 21st century
Filipino immigrants at an annual Christmas parade in Hamilton, New Zealand. Irreligion in the Philippines is particularly rare among Filipinos.[36]

CNN states concerning Filipino food: "...with more than 7,000 islands and a colorful history, this archipelago has some delicious dishes..."[37]

Mr. Militant NZ Atheist, I know. I know. Stop talking about religious immigrants to New Zealand! See: New Zealand atheists will lose the War on Christmas in the 21st century
The SS New Zealand Atheism going down in the 21st century.

Despite the ship taking on more and more evangelical Christians, religious Filipinos, born again Christians and Muslims according to one of his favorite websites Wikipedia, the New Zealand atheist continued to deny the ship was going down as it disappeared under the sea.

His last words were "In a world of globalization, New Zealand will NOT become desecularized. Stop talking about religious immigrants."

For more information, please see A Third Open Letter to a New Zealand atheist

Postsecularism and New Zealand in the 21st century

See also: Postsecularism and New Zealand in the 21st century

Jens Köhrsen), a professor for religion and economics at the Centre for Religion, Economy and Politics (ZRWP)[38], wrote:

[ Jürgen Habermas ] ...argues that a new age, the age of post-secularity, has begun. Previously vastly secularized societies, like the highly developed countries of Europe, Australia, New Zealand and Canada, would experience a new awareness of religion and attribute a new public role to religion. From now on, religion would constitute a relevant dialogue partner in the public debates of these societies (Habermas, 2008). Moreover, Habermas presents a normative argument about public religion: he recommends that post-secular societies should facilitate religious contributions to the public sphere. Religious reasoning could contribute to public debates about the ethical values of contemporaneous and future societies. Habermas believes that modern societies might find some answers to the moral questions of our time by listening to religion in public debates (Habermas, 2001, 2005, 2006, 2008). A similar position to that of Habermas is proposed by Leclerc (2001) and French sociologist Willaime (2004a, 2004b, 2005[1995]: 76-78, 2008). Willaime observes that even the highly secularized public and political sphere of France is exhibiting a new, more open attitude towards religion. The hypersecularity of France would stimulate a restructuration process of religion. According to Willaime, religion can form an important resource for public debates and be engaged in the identity construction process of individuals and collectives.[39]

Eric Kaufmann is a professor of politics at Birkbeck, University of London and author. His academic research specialty is how demographic changes affect religion/irreligion and politics.

In April 2010, Kaufmann, who is an agnostic, declared "the rate of secularisation has flattened to zero in most of Protestant Europe and France."[40] Kaufmann also declared that secularism "appears exhausted and lacking in confidence".[41]

On December 23, 2012, Kaufmann wrote:

I argue that 97% of the world's population growth is taking place in the developing world, where 95% of people are religious.

On the other hand, the secular West and East Asia has very low fertility and a rapidly aging population... In the coming decades, the developed world's demand for workers to pay its pensions and work in its service sector will soar alongside the booming supply of young people in the third world. Ergo, we can expect significant immigration to the secular West which will import religious revival on the back of ethnic change. In addition, those with religious beliefs tend to have higher birth rates than the secular population, with fundamentalists having far larger families. The epicentre of these trends will be in immigration gateway cities like New York (a third white), Amsterdam (half Dutch), Los Angeles (28% white), and London, 45% white British.[42] [43]

Eric Kaufmann, a professor at Birkbeck College, University of London, using a wealth of demographic studies, argues that there will be a significant decline of global atheism in the 21st century which will impact the Western World.[44][45][46][47]

At a conference Kaufmann said of religious demographic projections concerning the 21st century:

Part of the reason I think demography is very important, at least if we are going to speak about the future, is that it is the most predictable of the social sciences.

...if you look at a population and its age structure now. You can tell a lot about the future. ...So by looking at the relative age structure of different populations you can already say a lot about the future...

...Religious fundamentalism is going to be on the increase in the future and not just out there in the developing world..., but in the developed world as well.[48]

See also: Growth of religious fundamentalism

For additional information, please see: 21st century New Zealand: Irreligion, religion and religious immigrants

Spices, health benefits and potential health benefits

Jesus Christ ate a healthy and flavorful diet

See also: Jesus Christ, the apostles and the Mediterranean diet/Mosaic diet

Susan Lewis wrote:

What comes to mind with the word Mediterranean? Blue sparkling waters? Warm and friendly people? While a common association is the region’s popular travel destinations, the traditional eating patterns from this area of the world have also been long recognized for health benefits and enjoyable flavor profiles. (emphasis added via bolding)[49]
Christ And The Rich Young Ruler by Heinrich Hofmann (1824–1911), 1889.

In addition to the Mosaic diet, Jesus Christ ate a Mediterranean diet.[50]

The Mayo Clinic describes the Mediterranean diet thusly:

If you're looking for a heart-healthy eating plan, the Mediterranean diet might be right for you. The Mediterranean diet incorporates the basics of healthy eating — plus a splash of flavorful olive oil and perhaps even a glass of red wine — among other components characterizing the traditional cooking style of countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea.

Most healthy diets include fruits, vegetables, fish and whole grains, and limit unhealthy fats. While these parts of a healthy diet remain tried-and-true, subtle variations or differences in proportions of certain foods may make a difference in your risk of heart disease.

Benefits of the Mediterranean diet

Research has shown that the traditional Mediterranean diet reduces the risk of heart disease. In fact, an analysis of more than 1.5 million healthy adults demonstrated that following a Mediterranean diet was associated with a reduced risk of death from heart disease and cancer, as well as a reduced incidence of Parkinson's and Alzheimer's diseases...

The Mediterranean diet emphasizes:

  • Eating primarily plant-based foods, such as fruits and vegetables, whole grains, legumes and nuts
  • Replacing butter with healthy fats, such as olive oil
  • Using herbs and spices instead of salt to flavor foods
  • Limiting red meat to no more than a few times a month
  • Eating fish and poultry at least twice a week
  • Drinking red wine in moderation (optional)

The diet also recognizes the importance of being physically active, and enjoying meals with family and friends.[51]

In terms of physical activity, Jesus Christ worked in a carpenter shop until He was thirty years old. Jesus had no electric power tools as carpenters do today, but worked with hand tools made of iron. Then for about three years, Jesus was an itinerant preacher.[52]

Chuck Norris: What would Jesus eat?

The Christian Chuck Norris wrote in his article entitled Chuck Norris asks, 'What would Jesus eat?':

In his excellent book “What Would Jesus Eat?” Dr. Don Colbert does a great job of explaining what the Master would have eaten and drank during his day.

Colbert told the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette: “I thought I’d go back to the training manual – the Bible – and see what Jesus ate. Lo and behold, Jesus ate the healthiest diet ever developed, the Mediterranean diet.”[53]

Mosaic diet is a healthy diet in terms of weight management

For a large segment of their lives, the apostles of Jesus not only ate a Mediterranean diet, but ate according to the Mosaic dietary laws. The Mosaic dietary laws are in accordance with a healthy lifestyle in terms of weight management as evidenced by the fact that one looks at the pictures of modern Orthodox Jews, most have a healthy body weight (See: Google image search of the term "Orthodox Jews").

Explosive growth of Christianity in China and the Chinese preference for flavorful food

See also: Growth of Christianity in China

In front of the Great Hall of the People in Tiananmen Square in Beijing.

Rapid growth of Evangelical Christianity in China

The current atheist population mostly resides in East Asia (particularly China) and in secular Europe/Australia among whites.[54] See: Western atheism and race

According to Slate, "Protestant Christianity has been the fastest growing religion in China."[55] Evangelical Christianity is especially growing sharply in China.[56] See also: Asian atheism

On November 1, 2014, an article in The Economist entitled Cracks in the atheist edifice declared:

Officials are untroubled by the clash between the city’s famously freewheeling capitalism and the Communist Party’s ideology, yet still see religion and its symbols as affronts to the party’s atheism...

Yang Fenggang of Purdue University, in Indiana, says the Christian church in China has grown by an average of 10% a year since 1980. He reckons that on current trends there will be 250m Christians by around 2030, making China’s Christian population the largest in the world. Mr. Yang says this speed of growth is similar to that seen in fourth-century Rome just before the conversion of Constantine, which paved the way for Christianity to become the religion of his empire.[57]

Chinese preference for flavorful food and Shangdi

Wendy Rotell reports at Restaurant.com: "In general, Westernized Chinese food is considered to be more bland and fattening than authentic Chinese food."[58]

Traditional Chinese food is more flavorful?

According to Wikipedia, which is an online encyclopedia founded by an atheist and agnostic:

Shangdi (Chinese: 上帝; pinyin: Shàngdì; Wade–Giles: Shang Ti), also written simply, "Emperor" (Chinese: 帝; pinyin: Dì), is the Chinese term for "Supreme Deity" or "Highest Deity" in the theology of the classical texts, especially deriving from Shang theology and finding an equivalent in the later Tian ("Heaven" or "Great Whole") of Zhou theology.[59]

Please read the Answers in Genesis article: The Original ‘Unknown’ God of China: An Ancient Pictogram Script Points to the Bible by Dr. Ethel Nelson

The causality is clear: The Chinese are rapidly abandoning atheism in a quest for more flavorful food

There you have it! The causality is clear. A positive correlation between preference for non-blandness and people fleeing atheism at a very rapid pace! Is there any doubt that a test of statistical significance would confirm this matter? Deny the Chinese are abandoning atheism in a quest for their more ancient, flavorful food and lose all credibility!

But is atheism bland and boring?

Atheism is bland and boring

See also: Atheism and inspiration

Atheist Francois Tremblay wrote: "One last problem that undermines any propagation of atheism is inspiration. Let's be honest here, "there is no god!" is not a very motivating call for most people."[60]

The ex-atheist Alister McGrath has repeatedly pointed out the uninspiring nature of atheism.[61][62] According to McGrath, atheism is "stale", "dull" and difficult to believe.[63]

John Updike wrote:

Among the repulsions of atheism for me has been its drastic un-interestingness as an intellectual position. Where was the ingenuity, the ambiguity, the humanity...of saying that the universe just happened to happen and that when we're dead we're dead?".[64]

The British columnist Giles Coren wrote in The Times:

But it’s not the nihilism, the soullessness, the lack of poetry, the moral and physical ugliness, the shallow iconoclasm or the vainglory of atheists that bother me most. It’s the boringness.

Is there anything more boring in the world than an atheist?[65]

Atheist Jerry Coyne said about atheist meetings: "But to me the speakers and talks have often seemed repetitive: the same crew of jet-set skeptics giving the same talks."[66] Coyne also said about the atheist meetings which he attended that quite a few of the talks were lame.[67]

Andrew Brown wrote in The Guardian in an article entitled You can't dance to atheism:

...a religion is a philosophy that makes you dance. It pleased me because the book itself can be read as a history of how philosophy grew from dance...

There aren't any overwhelming and inspiring collective atheist rituals...

If I'm right, then liberal, individualistic atheism is impossible as an organising principle of society because any doctrine that actually works to hold society together is indistinguishable from a religion. It needs its rituals.[68]

China has the world's largest atheist population.[69][70] National Public Radio's article Chinese Turn To Religion To Fill A Spiritual Vacuum declares:

One young evangelical Christian missionary travels from rural village to village in the Protestant heartland in eastern China to proselytize. She attributed her own conversion to the overwhelming pressures of China's education system.

"In high school, I felt very depressed," said the bright-eyed young woman, who gave her name as Nicole. "I felt people had no direction, and I felt life was dry and boring. I felt the pressure of school was very high. God helped me and liberated me." [71]

Atheist Jerry Coyne said about the atheist meetings which he attended:

But to me the speakers and talks have often seemed repetitive: the same crew of jet-set skeptics giving the same talks.

...a few things bothered me, most notably the air of self-congratulation (which I excused on the grounds of enthusiastic people finding like-minded folks for the first time), the “fanboyness” directed at some of the famous atheists (they hardly let poor Richard alone, and I’m not sure he liked that!), and the lameness of quite a few of the talks. Again, how much new can you say about atheism?[72]

Why is atheism so stale and boring?

See: Why is atheism so stale and boring?

21st century global desecularization and a worldwide, flavorful food revolution

See also: Atheism and science

Atheistic ideology is detrimental to science (see: Atheism and science and Atheism and the suppression of science and Christianity and science).

Food science, like all science, is a social enterprise. And bland and boring cultures stifle innovation within science.

So how boring is atheism? Does bland and boring atheistic ideology foster the creation of atheistic food scientists who wear bland white lab coats and suppress the use of spices and other flavor enhancers in food production? On the other hand, are atheistic food scientists endeavoring to make food even more bland in atheistic societies because they know that atheists and boring and bland? In short, a classic case of giving the customer what he wants.

Are atheists in atheistic countries with bland food trapped in a bland food bubble or will religious immigrants, the religious having a higher fertility rate and the religious engaging in evangelism burst their bland food bubble?

Will global desecularization ignite a global, flavorful food revolution the likes of which the world has never seen?

Atheism vs. Christianity and the available evidence

The available evidence and sound reasoning point to Christianity being true and atheism being false (see: Evidence for Christianity and Rebuttals to atheist arguments).

In recent years, there have multiple cases of prominent atheists being reluctant to debate matters related to the atheism vs. Christianity topic (see: Atheism and debate).

Christianity vs. atheism debates

Atheism vs. Christianity statistics

See also: Christianity vs. atheism statistics

See also

Notes

  1. Multiple references:
  2. Putting the Atheist on the Defensive by Kenneth R. Samples, Christian Research Institute Journal, Fall 1991, and Winter 1992, page 7.
  3. Heldman, Dennis R. "IFT and the Food Science Profession." Food Technology. October 2006. p. 11.
  4. Making A Beef About Soviet Food
  5. Top 50 Countries With Highest Proportion of Atheists / Agnostics(Zuckerman, 2005)
  6. http://www.npr.org/2013/11/13/244600582/new-nordics-cool-but-old-scandinavian-food-holds-its-own
  7. Top 50 Countries With Highest Proportion of Atheists / Agnostics(Zuckerman, 2005)
  8. Photo: Evolution Less Accepted in U.S. Than Other Western Countries, Study Finds
  9. Photo: Evolution Less Accepted in U.S. Than Other Western Countries, Study Finds
  10. Top 50 Countries With Highest Proportion of Atheists / Agnostics(Zuckerman, 2005)
  11. Top 50 Countries With Highest Proportion of Atheists / Agnostics(Zuckerman, 2005)
  12. Top 50 Countries With Highest Proportion of Atheists / Agnostics(Zuckerman, 2005)
  13. "Iceland Ranks High on World Atheist List". Iceland Review. Retrieved 2013-10-05.
  14. "GLOBAL INDEX OF RELIGION AND ATHEISM" (PDF).
  15. http://www.npr.org/2013/11/13/244600582/new-nordics-cool-but-old-scandinavian-food-holds-its-own
  16. Christopher Hitchens: Despite Cancer, I'd Drink & Smoke Again
  17. Special Eurobarometer, biotechnology, p. 204". Fieldwork: Jan-Feb 2010.
  18. Five myths about British food
  19. Top 50 Countries With Highest Proportion of Atheists / Agnostics(Zuckerman, 2005)
  20. Top 50 Countries With Highest Proportion of Atheists / Agnostics(Zuckerman, 2005)
  21. Black in Berlin: Surviving Germany’s Food Culture, Parlour Magazine
  22. Czech alcohol consumption figures highlight rising number of problem drinkers, 23-02-2011 16:29 | Chris Johnstone
  23. Richard Felix Staar, Communist regimes in Eastern Europe, Issue 269, p. 90
  24. Richard Felix Staar, Communist regimes in Eastern Europe, Issue 269, p. 90
  25. Population by denomination and sex: as measured by 1921, 1930, 1950, 1991 and 2001 censuses (Czech and English). Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved on 2010-03-09.
  26. Estonians least religious in the world. EU Observer (11 February 2009). Retrieved on 9 January 2014.
  27. Eastern Germany: the most godless place on Earth
  28. 13 Things They Don’t Tell You About Eastern Europe by James Maverick, Maverick Treveler
  29. "Religion In New Zealand: International Social Survey Programme" (PDF). Massey University.
  30. "Religion In New Zealand: International Social Survey Programme" (PDF). Massey University.
  31. "Religion In New Zealand: International Social Survey Programme" (PDF). Massey University.
  32. "Religion In New Zealand: International Social Survey Programme" (PDF). Massey University.
  33. Do people in New Zealand eat spicy food?, Quora
  34. Indians top list of Auckland's new NZ citizens, New Zealand Herald, December 28, 2018
  35. Global Index Of Religion And Atheism" (PDF). WIN-Gallup. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 October 2012. Retrieved 3 September 2013.
  36. Irreligion in the Philippines, July 2018, "Irreligion in the Philippines is particularly rare among Filipinos...".
  37. 50 dishes that define the Philippines, CNN
  38. Prof. Dr. Jens Köhrsen, University website faculty page
  39. How religious is the public sphere? – A critical stance on the debate about public religion and post-secularity, Draft Version, Jens Koehrsen (Köhrsen). Bielefeld Graduate School in History and Sociology, Germany. École des hautes études en sciences socials, France. Published in: Acta Sociologica 55 (3), S. 273-288.
  40. Shall the religious inherit the earth? by Eric Kaufmann
  41. Shall the Religious Inherit the Earth?: Demography and Politics in the Twenty-First Century by Eric Kaufmann, Belfer Center, Harvard University/Birkbeck College, University of London
  42. London: A Rising Island of Religion in a Secular Sea by Eric Kaufmann, Huffington Post, 2012
  43. 97% of the world's population growth is taking place in the developing world, where 95% of people are religious, Tuesday, April 30, 2013
  44. Shall the Religious Inherit the Earth?: Demography and Politics in the Twenty-First Century by Eric Kaufmann, Belfer Center, Harvard University/Birkbeck College, University of London
  45. Eric Kaufmann: Shall The Religious Inherit The Earth?
  46. Eric Kaufmann's Atheist Demographic series
  47. Eric Kaufmann: Shall the Religious Inherit the Earth?, Australian Broadcasting Corporation
  48. Eric Kaufmann - Religion, Demography and Politics in the 21st Century
  49. Healthy and flavorful eating tips for a Mediterranean diet By Suzanne Lewis
  50. Chuck Norris asks, 'What would Jesus eat?': Discovers Christ ate 'healthiest diet ever developed' by Chuck Norris, Published: 03/29/2013 at 9:59 PM
  51. Mediterranean diet by Mayo Clinic
  52. One Solitary Life by Grahame Pockette
  53. Chuck Norris asks, 'What would Jesus eat?': Discovers Christ ate 'healthiest diet ever developed' by Chuck Norris, Published: 03/29/2013 at 9:59 PM
  54. A surprising map of where the world’s atheists live, By Max Fisher and Caitlin Dewey, Washington Post, May 23, 2013
  55. When Will China Become the World’s Largest Christian Country?, Slate
  56. In China, a church-state showdown of biblical proportions
  57. Cracks in the atheist edifice, The Economist, November 1, 2014
  58. Differences between Authentic vs. Westernized Chinese Food
  59. Shangdi, Wikipedia
  60. Herding Cats: Why Atheism Will Lose by Francois Tremblay
  61. Clear Voices 2014 - Alister McGrath - C. S. Lewis’s Vision of the Christianity
  62. In the Aftermath: Provocations and Laments By David Bentley Hart, page 136
  63. Updike, John (1989). Self-Consciousness: Memoirs (New York, NY: Knopf), ch. 4.
  64. I don’t believe it – they’re doing atheism at GCSE by Niles Coren
  65. Are there too many atheist meetings? by Jerry Coyne
  66. Are there too many atheist meetings? by Jerry Coyne
  67. You can't dance to atheism by Andrew Brown
  68. Top 50 Countries With Highest Proportion of Atheists / Agnostics (Zuckerman, 2005)
  69. A surprising map of where the world’s atheists live, Washington Post By Max Fisher and Caitlin Dewey May 23, 2013
  70. Chinese Turn To Religion To Fill A Spiritual Vacuum, National Public Radio, July 18, 2010
  71. Are there too many atheist meetings? by Jerry Coyne