Evo Morales (born 1959) is the president of Bolivia. He is Bolivia's first indigenous president, and the leader of the Movement for Socialism (Spanish acronym MAS, for Movimiento al Socialismo) party.
In December 2009 Morales won a second term by a landslide, with 64% of the vote, while MAS won a two-thirds majority in Congress. This result allowed him to implement a new constitution granting new rights to indigenous peoples and to strengthen state control over the economy, which conservatives have denounced as socialism similar to that of Hugo Chavez in Venezuela.
In his tenure Morales nationalized energy companies, mining corporations, and telecommunication firms, that has lead into a big deficit. His economical policy is based on the politics of Cuba and Venezuela.
Morales supports child labor.
He is strongly in favor of the Indigenism ideology, even renaming the official Bolivia's name to "Plurinational State of Bolivia" and using an indigenous flag along the national one.
Evo Morales demands that Chile cedes part of its territory to Bolivia to have direct sea access since his country lost the War of the Pacific. Bolivia has a lot of royalties in the Chilean ports according to the 1904 Treaty which give Bolivia free transit and free port rights.
Morales sued Chile in the International Justice Court to obligate Chile to negotiate territorial transfer, however he lost.
- see '"Economist report