|−|The '''exact sciences''' actually measure what they study, as opposed to the "fuzzy subjects" which mostly engage in uninformed speculation. Evolution is a "fuzzy subject" subject because it cannot be witnessed, but rather is based on guesses using presupposed naturalism. Needless to say, exact sciences are far more accurate than fuzzy subjects. |+|
'''exact sciences''' which . be , . to , exactsciences .
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[] mathematics, [], [][], [][][] [] [[creation science]] [[baraminology]]
|−|*[[ mathematics]] (excepting non-constructive mathematics, like [[ proof by contradiction]] )<ref>For more discussion, see: [[ Conservapedia:Critical Thinking in Math]] </ref> |+|
|−|*[[ physics]], [[ astronomy]] |+|
|−|*[[ chemistry]] |+|
|−|*[[ volcanology]] |+|
|−|*[[ seismology]] |+|
|−|*[[creation science]] |+|
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|−|==Fuzzy subjects== |+|
|−|*[[ evolution]] |+|
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Revision as of 22:45, 28 April 2009
An exact sciences constructs theories making predictions which can be verified or falsified using quantitative and rigorous measurements. Usually the natural sciences are considered to be exact sciences, while social sciences are considered to be non-quantifiable. More colloquial terms going among similar lines are hard science and soft science. It is important to note that the existence of a theory which is non quantifiable right now in any science, does not imply this science to be not exact. Several important theories existed for long times until experiments (or measurements) could be designed to test them. Some sciences have or had components of hard and soft sciences. Sometimes new measurement methods and technologies can change a soft science into a hard one (e.g. medical science over the last few hundred years).
Sciences which aim to fulfill the ideal of an exact science and assume Naturalism are mathematics, natural sciences (physics, astronomy, chemistry, biology), Geosciences (geology, meterology etc...) and engineering science. Sciences which aim to use exact scientific methods without requiring Naturalism exist, for example creation science and baraminology.
Sciences which do seldom aim to be make exact predictions are social sciences, philosophy and linguistic sciences. However in the form of statistics, simulations, and logics exact methods also enter these fields.