Exhaustion of remedies

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Exhaustion of remedies is a legal doctrine requiring courts to refrain from considering a dispute until after the plaintiff has exhausted more direct remedies available to him.

This doctrine has two types. There is a requirement of exhaustion of administrative remedies for disputes that are pending before agencies or other quasi-judicial tribunals. There is also a requirement of exhaustion of state remedies when a plaintiff seeks access to federal court instead of pursuing his claim more directly in state court.

There are exceptions to the exhaustion of remedies doctrine when it would be futile for a plaintiff to pursue the more direct relief.