Difference between revisions of "Existentialism"

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(Kierkegaard was a non-rationalist. This philosophy can largely be theistic and the "Father of Existentialism" (Kierkegaard) was a Christian.)
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'''Existentialism''' is a philosophy which denies the dependency of human existence on [[God]], and instead views human existence as an independent and meaningless form. <ref>Existentialism Today[http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/existentialism/#5]</ref> It asserts that we do not have fundamental attributes, such as morality or a soul, and that humans develop these attributes in a meaningless manner as their lives progress.
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'''Existentialism''' is a philosophy that can be [[atheistic]] and [[theistic]]. The philosophy views human existence as an independent and as-of-yet meaningless form. The meaning of life is imbued as the individual progresses through life<ref>Existentialism Today[http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/existentialism/#5]</ref> It asserts that morality and truth are subjective <ref>http://www.philosophypages.com/hy/5t.htm<ref>.  The philosophy states that people create meaning as their lives progress. The name derives form one of its central concepts, the notion that a [[human]] being's "existence precedes essence."   
The name derives form one of its central concepts, the notion that a [[human]] being's "existence precedes essence."   
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The earliest existentialist was  [[Søren Kierkegaard]]. Other writers were [[Jaspers]] and [[Heidegger]].  The movement did not, however, develop its name or popularity until the 20th century when it was popularized by [[Jean Paul Sartre]] and [[Simone de Beauvoir]]. <ref>Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy[http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/existentialism/]</ref>
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The earliest existentialist was  [[Søren Kierkegaard]]. He was heavily influential in [[Christian]] existentialism as he was in ministry for a period before leaving to become a theologian/writer. To Kierkegaard, God was essential to have faith in order to not fall into the absurd angst that is present in the world. Other writers were [[Jaspers]] and [[Heidegger]].  The movement did not, however, develop its name or popularity until the 20th century when it was popularized by [[Jean Paul Sartre]] and [[Simone de Beauvoir]]. <ref>Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy[http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/existentialism/]</ref>
  
 
{{quotebox|Especially Sartre says, "Existence precedes essence." He asserts that man appeared not from essence (God or an idea) but rather from nothing and then defined himself and gave essence to himself.<ref> [http://www.tparents.org/Library/Unification/Books/UT/UT-2-1-1.htm Theory of the Original Human Nature] - Dr. [[Sang Hun Lee]]</ref>}}
 
{{quotebox|Especially Sartre says, "Existence precedes essence." He asserts that man appeared not from essence (God or an idea) but rather from nothing and then defined himself and gave essence to himself.<ref> [http://www.tparents.org/Library/Unification/Books/UT/UT-2-1-1.htm Theory of the Original Human Nature] - Dr. [[Sang Hun Lee]]</ref>}}
  
{{quotebox|The writings of existentialists such as Kierkegaard, Sartre and Camus reflect an [[epistemology]] that is not only based upon the criteria of [[rationalism]] or [[empiricism]]. Theirs is an appeal to the intuitive, as reflected by Sartre’s references to the “nausea” stirred in him by the contradictions and hypocrisy in human behavior. The same appeal to the intuitive can be found in Soren Kierkegaard’s notion of dread and in Albert Camus’ reflections on universal guilt.<ref> [http://www.unification-thought.org/01ward.html A Reflection on Unification Thought, Evil, and Theodicy] - Thomas J. Ward</ref> }}
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{{quotebox|The writings of existentialists such as Sartre reflect an [[epistemology]] that is not only based upon the criteria of [[rationalism]] or [[empiricism]]. Theirs is an appeal to the intuitive, as reflected by Sartre’s references to the “nausea” stirred in him by the contradictions and hypocrisy in human behavior. The same appeal to the intuitive can be found in Soren Kierkegaard’s notion of dread and in Albert Camus’ reflections on universal guilt.<ref> [http://www.unification-thought.org/01ward.html A Reflection on Unification Thought, Evil, and Theodicy] - Thomas J. Ward</ref> }}
  
 
==Reference==
 
==Reference==

Revision as of 15:14, 8 September 2008

Existentialism is a philosophy that can be atheistic and theistic. The philosophy views human existence as an independent and as-of-yet meaningless form. The meaning of life is imbued as the individual progresses through life[1] It asserts that morality and truth are subjective Cite error: Closing </ref> missing for <ref> tag

Especially Sartre says, "Existence precedes essence." He asserts that man appeared not from essence (God or an idea) but rather from nothing and then defined himself and gave essence to himself.[2]
The writings of existentialists such as Sartre reflect an epistemology that is not only based upon the criteria of rationalism or empiricism. Theirs is an appeal to the intuitive, as reflected by Sartre’s references to the “nausea” stirred in him by the contradictions and hypocrisy in human behavior. The same appeal to the intuitive can be found in Soren Kierkegaard’s notion of dread and in Albert Camus’ reflections on universal guilt.[3]

Reference

  1. Existentialism Today[1]
  2. Theory of the Original Human Nature - Dr. Sang Hun Lee
  3. A Reflection on Unification Thought, Evil, and Theodicy - Thomas J. Ward