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Existentialism is a philosophy that can be atheistic and theistic. The philosophy views human existence as an independent and as-of-yet meaningless form. The meaning of life is imbued as the individual progresses through life[1] It asserts that morality and truth are subjective Cite error: Closing </ref> missing for <ref> tag

Especially Sartre says, "Existence precedes essence." He asserts that man appeared not from essence (God or an idea) but rather from nothing and then defined himself and gave essence to himself.[2]
The writings of existentialists such as Sartre reflect an epistemology that is not only based upon the criteria of rationalism or empiricism. Theirs is an appeal to the intuitive, as reflected by Sartre’s references to the “nausea” stirred in him by the contradictions and hypocrisy in human behavior. The same appeal to the intuitive can be found in Soren Kierkegaard’s notion of dread and in Albert Camus’ reflections on universal guilt.[3]


  1. Existentialism Today[1]
  2. Theory of the Original Human Nature - Dr. Sang Hun Lee
  3. A Reflection on Unification Thought, Evil, and Theodicy - Thomas J. Ward