Federalist No. 47
Federalist No. 47, authored by James Madison under the pen name Publius, is the forty seventh of 85 essays. Titled "The Particular Structure of the New Government and the Distribution of Power Among Its Different Parts", Madison discusses the importance of separation of powers, relying heavily on the writing of Charles de Montesquieu in his 1748 masterpiece Spirit of Laws.
It was published on January 30, 1788.
The definition of tyranny
Madison took time in Federalist 47 to define tyranny:
- The accumulation of all powers, legislative, executive, and judiciary, in the same hands, whether of one, a few, or many, and whether hereditary, self-appointed, or elective, may justly be pronounced the very definition of tyranny.