Difference between revisions of "Federally funded research"
Revision as of 21:47, 2 July 2008
Federally funded research is research paid for, in whole or in part, by taxpayer dollars collected by the federal government. An example is Richard Lenski's study in which he claimed, without making his data available to the public, that evolution by E. coli bacteria occurred in his laboratory study.
Access to Data
In 1999, Senator Richard Shelby introduced legislation designed to require that some researchers make available data paid for by federal taxpayers:
- As part of the Fiscal Year (FY) 1999 Omnibus Appropriations Act (P.L. 105-277), Congress included a provision introduced by Senator Richard Shelby (R-AL) that for the first time allows the public to obtain federally funded research data collected through grants and agreements with universities and other nonprofit organizations.
On February 4, 1999, the OMB issued a proposed revision to Circular A-110 in implementing the foregoing law. It was to allow a FOIA request on a federal awarding agency to obtain and provide federally funded published research data. However, this provision would only apply to data underlying published studies that the federal government used in developing a policy or rule.
A contractual argument for access to underlying data could be based on representations made by journals that present claims to the public. For example, the JNAS asserts that authors in its published articles will make data available to other researchers under certain conditions.(a start - please add)