Difference between revisions of "Genocide"

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(Undo revision 275789 by Special:Contributions/Dorkspunk ([[User talk:Dorkspunk Not genocide)
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*1916-1917: The Ottoman and Turkish genocide of the [[Armenia]]ns
 
*1916-1917: The Ottoman and Turkish genocide of the [[Armenia]]ns
 
*1932-1933: The Soviet genocide of the Ukrainians ([[Holodomor]])
 
*1932-1933: The Soviet genocide of the Ukrainians ([[Holodomor]])
*1939-1945: The Nazi [[Holocaust]]
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*1939-1945: The Nazi [[Holocaust]]
*1979-1981: The Khmer Rouge in [[Cambodia]]
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*1991-1995: The former [[Yugoslavia]], involving the killing of [[Bosnia]]n Muslims
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*1995:      Hutu genocide of the Tutsi population in [[Rwanda]]
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Communism killed 60 million in the 20th century, according to ''Le Monde'' and more than 100 million people according to ''The Black Book of Communism''.
 
Communism killed 60 million in the 20th century, according to ''Le Monde'' and more than 100 million people according to ''The Black Book of Communism''.

Revision as of 19:09, December 11, 2007

Genocide involves the calculated targeting and killing of a specific ethnic group, or any huge deliberate killing of civilians carried out as a consequence of government policy. The word "genocide" was coined by Rafael Lemkin in his 1944 book Axis Rule in Occupied Europe to describe the mass killings of European Jews by the Nazi regime. (See Samantha Power, A Problem From Hell.)

20th century genocides

20th century examples include:

  • 1916-1917: The Ottoman and Turkish genocide of the Armenians
  • 1932-1933: The Soviet genocide of the Ukrainians (Holodomor)
  • 1939-1945: The Nazi Holocaust

Communism killed 60 million in the 20th century, according to Le Monde and more than 100 million people according to The Black Book of Communism.

International conventions

In 1948, The United Nations Genocide Convention defined "genocide":

Article 2 In the present Convention, genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:

(a) Killing members of the group; (b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; (c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part; (d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group; (e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.

Article 3 The following acts shall be punishable: (a) Genocide; (b) Conspiracy to commit genocide; (c) Direct and public incitement to commit genocide; (d) Attempt to commit genocide; (e) Complicity in genocide.

Despite this lip service the United Nations has failed to recognize the events in the Darfur region of Sudan as genocide. Amnesty International, and the African Union likewise only acknowledge the "tragedy" in Darfur but refuse to characterize the situation as genocide.Médecins sans Frontières (Doctors without Borders) director Jean-Hervé Bradol called the term genocide "inappropriate" and its deputy emergency director Dr. Mercedes Taty said, "I don't think that we should be using the word 'genocide' to describe this conflict."

The European Union and the United States government both officially recognize Darfur as genocide.

The term applies mostly to mass killings since the beginning of the 20th century, although throughout history there have been many cases of bloodshed like this. Even in the Bible, there was the Israelite conquest of Canaan, where God instructed them "...do not leave alive anything that breathes. Completely destroy them...as the Lord your God has commanded you..." (Deuteronomy 20:16).