Difference between revisions of "George W. Bush"

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==Polls==
 
==Polls==
  
When President George W. Bush entered office, his popularity rating was near 50%.  However, after the [[September 11]] attacks, his popularity rose significantly, reaching an all-time high of 90%.<ref>[http://blogs.usatoday.com/onpolitics/2007/07/usatgallup-po-1.html USAT Gallup Poll]</ref>  Since, then, though, it declined as some of his policies including the [[Iraq War|war in Iraq]] have become unpopular.  <ref> Historical Bush Approval Ratings from University of Minnesota [http://www.hist.umn.edu/~ruggles/Approval.htm] </ref>  In 2007, he reached the lowest popularity levels of any president in history, with an approval rating of only 24% as shown by a [[Reuters]] poll.<ref>[http://www.reuters.com/article/topNews/idUSN1624620720071017?feedType=RSS&feedName=topNews&rpc=22&sp=true Voters unhappy with Bush and Congress], Reuters, October 17 2007</ref>
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When President George W. Bush entered office, his popularity rating was near 50%.  However, after the [[September 11]] attacks, his popularity rose significantly, reaching an all-time high of 90%.<ref>[http://blogs.usatoday.com/onpolitics/2007/07/usatgallup-po-1.html USAT Gallup Poll]</ref>  Since, then, though, it declined as some of his policies including the [[Iraq War|war in Iraq]] have become unpopular.  <ref> Historical Bush Approval Ratings from University of Minnesota [http://www.hist.umn.edu/~ruggles/Approval.htm] </ref>  In 2007, he reached the lowest popularity levels of any president in history, with an approval rating of only 24% as shown by a [[Reuters]] poll (although respondents also expressed dissatisfaction with the [[Democrat]]-controlled [[Congress]], which received poll ratings of only 11%).<ref>[http://www.reuters.com/article/topNews/idUSN1624620720071017?feedType=RSS&feedName=topNews&rpc=22&sp=true Voters unhappy with Bush and Congress], Reuters, October 17 2007</ref>
  
 
==See Also==
 
==See Also==

Revision as of 18:53, 22 January 2008

George W. Bush
George w bush.jpeg
43rd President of the United States
Term of office
January 20, 2001 - Present
Political party Republican
Vice President Dick Cheney
Preceded by Bill Clinton
Succeeded by Incumbent
Born July 6, 1946
New Haven, Connecticut
Spouse Laura Bush
Religion United Methodist

George Walker Bush (born New Haven, Connecticut 1946) was the Governor of Texas (1996-2001) and has served as the 43rd President of the United States of America since 2001. Campaigning on the notion that the United States should not be in the business of nation-building,[1] he won the office by a narrow margin in the decisive State of Florida. Legal challenges to the certified vote count went all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court in 2000. Democratic contender Al Gore initially conceded defeat on the night of the election, but then contested the outcome for weeks until the Supreme Court case Bush v. Gore.

In 2004 Bush won reelection, helped in part by a 300,000 vote victory (5%) in the State of Florida, where the outcome had been so close in 2000 [2]. Democratic candidate John Kerry quickly conceded defeat the day after the election.

Foreign policy

George W. Bush has spent most of his Presidency focusing on foreign policy issues, namely the war on terror in response to the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks against the USA. In his State of the Union address on January 29, 2002, he asserted that an "axis of evil" consisting of North Korea, Iran, and Iraq was "arming to threaten the peace of the world" and "pose[d] a grave and growing danger".[3] Since then, the Bush administration has pursued military action in Afghanistan and, more controversially, in Iraq, with the stated aims of eliminating threats to United States security and combating terrorism.

Afghanistan

On October 7, 2001, US and Australian forces were deployed in Afghanistan, then governed by the Taliban, an extremist Islamic government. They initiated a bombing campaign which led to the Taliban losing control of Kabul, Afghanistan's capital city, on November 13. By December 2001, an "Afghan Interim Authority" had been installed, led by current Afghan President Hamid Karzai.[4] The stated aims of military action in Afghanistan were to topple the Taliban and to eliminate or capture key leaders of the terrorist group al-Qaeda, as well as destroying all al-Qaeda bases and activities in Afghanistan. However, al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden escaped a battle in December 2001 in Tora Bora and has not yet been successfully captured.[5]

Despite the US troops' early success in removing them from power, the Taliban was regrouping and amassing funds and recruits by 2003.[6] In 2006, offensives against the Taliban such as Operation Mountain Thrust attained limited success.[7] The Taliban remain a major threat to security in Afghanistan today, with US and allied troops working alongside the Afghan government of Hamid Karzai to combat the Taliban.

Iraq

Egyptian President Hosni Mubarek and Libyan Socialist General Secretary Muammar Gaddafi in negotiations with Saddam Hussein relayed a message through Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi and Spanish President Jose Maria Aznar to UK Prime Minister Tony Blair and President Bush] that Saddam would be willing to avoid removal by force and voluntarily go into exile, provided Saddam was allowed to take $1 billion dollars and "all the information he wants about weapons of mass destruction." [8][9][10][11]

In a show down with Congressional Democrats after taking control of the U.S. House of Representatives and Senate in the 2006 Congressional Midterm elections, Democrats retreated on their pledge to end the Iraq War early and bring the troops home. Democrats had threatened to withhold funding for the troops unless a date certain for withdrawal was set. After the final vote, 280-142 in the House and 80-14 in the Senate, the anti-War movement was defeated. The deal cut with Democratic leaders in exchange for their acquiescing to fund the troops calls for the President to sign legislation raising the minimum wage. [12] One commentator remarked, "Despite all the talk of standing up to George W. Bush, despite all the bravado about taking control of Congress, despite the so-called mandate to change direction, Democrats caved....They claim that the majority of Americans are with them on the Iraq issue, but...President Bush, at the weakest moment of his presidency, still bested his Democratic rivals." [13]

Economic issues

Upon gaining office in 2001, Bush signed into law a $1.35 trillion cut in taxation over 10 years. The plan included the objectives of doubling the child tax credit from $500 to $1,000, reducing the tax penalty on married couples and fully repealing the tax on estates. A United States Senate Finance Committee Report estimated that with all the planned reductions fully phased in, the average family of four making $50,000 would save $1,825 per year.[14]

Bush has presided over a period of general economic growth. This is partially due to changes in the stock market that lead to a record high in 2007. Corporations show profits growing by double digits growth.[15] Even the working class is benefiting from the Bush economy, as unemployment hits an all time low in March 2007.[16] Bush signed into law a minimum wage increase, one of the platforms for the Democrats in the 2006 Congressional elections, after the House and Senate included Bush's request of provisions for small-business tax breaks.[17][18] Tax policies have been favorable to reducing the Capital Gains Tax, with a subsequent surge in investment.

Family

President Bush admires pictures of his family in the Oval Office.

George W. Bush is the son of George H. W. Bush, who served as vice-president from 1981 to 1989 and as president from 1989 to 1993, and Barbara Bush. President Bush is married to Laura Welch Bush, a former teacher and librarian, and they have twin daughters, Barbara and Jenna. John Ellis "Jeb" Bush, Neil Bush and Marvin Bush are his brothers. Dorothy Bush Koch is his only surviving sister, as Pauline Robinson Bush died at age four of leukemia.

Faith

George W. Bush is a member of the United Methodist Church, and most people feel that George W. Bush's faith is sincere and profound. The Faith of George W. Bush, a non-political book by author Stephen Strang, made the New York Times best-sellers list. [19] When asked where he would be without the influence of family friend Billy Graham, George W. Bush said "I wouldn't be president." "It was just a conversation," said the younger Bush about a talk with Graham in the mid-'80s that changed his life. During the pivotal conversation Bush recalled saying, "'You know, Billy, I'm longing for something.' And I know that he sent me a Bible I still have. All I can tell you is that as a result of being inspired by Billy Graham, I started reading the Bible and shortly after, I quit drinking." [20]


Polls

When President George W. Bush entered office, his popularity rating was near 50%. However, after the September 11 attacks, his popularity rose significantly, reaching an all-time high of 90%.[21] Since, then, though, it declined as some of his policies including the war in Iraq have become unpopular. [22] In 2007, he reached the lowest popularity levels of any president in history, with an approval rating of only 24% as shown by a Reuters poll (although respondents also expressed dissatisfaction with the Democrat-controlled Congress, which received poll ratings of only 11%).[23]

See Also

References

  1. http://www.cnn.com/ELECTION/2000/debates/transcripts/u221003.html
  2. Florida Election Records, Florida Dept. of State
  3. Presidential State of the Union Address January 29 2002.
  4. Fact Sheet, Center for Defense Information, 2002-02-14
  5. U.S. Concludes bin Laden Escaped at Tora Bora Fight, The Washington Post, 2002-04-17
  6. Taliban Appears to be Regrouped and Well-Funded, Christian Science Monitor, 2003-05-08
  7. World Cannot Give Up On Afghanistan, Coalition Officials Say, US Department of Defense, 2006-02-28
  8. Saddam Risked His Life for WMD Secrets, WeeklyStandard.com. September 29, 2007.
  9. Scoop for Spanish Daily: Transcript of Private 2003 Bush Talk Promising Iraq Invasion, Editor & Publisher, September 26, 2007.
  10. Report Says Hussein Was Open To Exile Before 2003 Invasion, He Is Said to Have Sought $1 Billion and Information on Arms, By Karen DeYoung and Michael Abramowitz, Washington Post, September 27, 2007; Page A17.
  11. Llegó el momento de deshacerse de Sadam, El Pais, 26/09/2007. (In Spanish).
  12. Congress OKs war bill sans time-line, By S.A. Miller, The Washington Times, May 25, 2007.
  13. Democrats Show True Colors, Tony Phyrillas, New Media journal, May 29, 2007,
  14. $1.35 trillion tax cut becomes law, CNN, 21 June 2001
  15. http://www.usatoday.com/money/markets/us/2006-05-08-mart-usat_x.htm
  16. http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/economy
  17. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/12/20/AR2006122001784.html
  18. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/01/10/AR2007011001666.html
  19. http://www.christianlifemissions.org/ministries/georgewbush.htm
  20. Billy Graham and the White House [1]
  21. USAT Gallup Poll
  22. Historical Bush Approval Ratings from University of Minnesota [2]
  23. Voters unhappy with Bush and Congress, Reuters, October 17 2007