Difference between revisions of "Germ theory of disease"

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m (Reverted edits by MyDongIsDiseased (Talk); changed back to last version by RobS)
m (Just inserted a link to another page. Also... 'smell'.. could this be a corruption of 'miasma'?)
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Prior to germ theory, it was widely believed that disease was spread by smell.{{cn}} As disease-spreading conditions - rotting meat, open sewage, and such things - was often highly odorous, the smell and disease were associated. Disease was also often attributed to demonic influence - although demonic posession must exist as it it mentioned in Scripture<ref>Mark 5:1-13</ref>, it is a rare occurance, and almost all disease attributed to it was a result of other causes.
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Prior to germ theory, it was widely believed that disease was spread by smell.{{cn}} As disease-spreading conditions - rotting meat, open sewage, and such things - was often highly odorous, the smell and disease were associated. Disease was also often attributed to [[demon|demonic]] [[posession]] - although demonic posession must be possible as it it mentioned in Scripture<ref>Mark 5:1-13</ref>, it is a rare occurance, and almost all disease attributed to it was a result of other causes.
  
 
The [[Christian Scientist]] sect, founded by [[Mary Baker Eddy]], believes that the Germ Theory of Disease is not true and that it is contradicted by Scripture.<ref>http://www.spirituality.com/tte/article_display.jhtml?ElementId=/repositories/shcomarticle/Feb2006/1140106869.xml</ref> God created all life, and so all life should reflect His glory and inherent goodness - God could not have created pathogenic organisms, as these are inherently contary to His nature.
 
The [[Christian Scientist]] sect, founded by [[Mary Baker Eddy]], believes that the Germ Theory of Disease is not true and that it is contradicted by Scripture.<ref>http://www.spirituality.com/tte/article_display.jhtml?ElementId=/repositories/shcomarticle/Feb2006/1140106869.xml</ref> God created all life, and so all life should reflect His glory and inherent goodness - God could not have created pathogenic organisms, as these are inherently contary to His nature.

Revision as of 06:08, 10 July 2007

The Germ theory of disease, developed in the 1860s and 1870s by Louis Pasteur, states that tiny "living beings" are the cause of infectious diseases. [1] The theory was developed to explain puerperal fever, or Child bed fever. [2] Beginning sometime in the nineteenth century, science began replacing the millenial old practice of midwifery, and physicians began delivering babies in hospitals. Puerperal fever was transmitted from patient to patient on the hands of the attending physician, and both women and the new born frequently died within days. Dr. Ignaz Semmelweis, using the controversial theory of microscopic organisms tinier than the eye could see was the first to insist that all practitioners must wash their hands before having contact with women in childbed, and Joseph Lister, who first introduced antisepsis into surgical practice. [3]

He showed that the theory of spontaneous generation was false, by placing one piece of meat under a glass jar and another in an open dish. He observed flies landing on the exposed meat, but of course flies could not penetrate the glass jar. Flies did not come out of nothing, but from eggs deposited by flies which he could easily see landing on the exposed meat.

The theory that bacteria (and later, viruses) cause disease eventually became a corner of modern medicine, but first it faced an uphill battle. The idea that infection could be spread by invisible substances was oppsed vigorously by doctors in Vienna when proposed by Ignaz Semmelweis. He reduced the incidence of mothers dying after childbirth from infection from 20% to near-zero, but other doctors resisted his efforts and got him fired.

Only after the germ theory was championed by Pasteur (see pasteurization) and Lister (namesake of Listerine mouthwash) did antiseptic medicine become popular.


Prior to germ theory, it was widely believed that disease was spread by smell.[Citation Needed] As disease-spreading conditions - rotting meat, open sewage, and such things - was often highly odorous, the smell and disease were associated. Disease was also often attributed to demonic posession - although demonic posession must be possible as it it mentioned in Scripture[1], it is a rare occurance, and almost all disease attributed to it was a result of other causes.

The Christian Scientist sect, founded by Mary Baker Eddy, believes that the Germ Theory of Disease is not true and that it is contradicted by Scripture.[2] God created all life, and so all life should reflect His glory and inherent goodness - God could not have created pathogenic organisms, as these are inherently contary to His nature.

Reference

  1. Mark 5:1-13
  2. http://www.spirituality.com/tte/article_display.jhtml?ElementId=/repositories/shcomarticle/Feb2006/1140106869.xml

External links