Gordon Alexander Craig (November 13, 1913-) is a Scottish-born U.S historian of German, Swiss and of diplomatic history. During World War Two, Craig served in the U.S Marine Corps and in the Office of Strategic Services. He graduated in History from Princeton University and was a Rhodes Scholar. He served as professor at Princeton University from 1950–61 and at Stanford University from 1961–79. Dr. Craig was formally President of the American Historical Association. In 1953, Craig together with Felix Gilbert edited an prosopography of inter-war diplomats entitled The Diplomats that is imporant source for diplomatic history in the 1919-39 period.
- The second chance : America and the peace, Princeton : Princeton University Press, 1944.
- The Diplomats 1919—1939 co-edited with Felix Gilbert, New York : Atheneum, 1953.
- The Politics of the Prussian Army 1640—1945, New York : Oxford University Press, 1964, 1955.
- From Bismarck to Adenauer: Aspects of German Statecraft, Baltimore : Johns Hopkins Press, 1958.
- The Battle of Königgrätz : Prussia's victory over Austria, 1866 Westport, Conn. : Greenwood Press, 1975, 1964.
- War, politics, and diplomacy, London, Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1966.
- World War I, a turning point in modern history : essays on the significance of the war, New York : A.A. Knopf, 1967.
- Europe since 1914, New York : Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1972.
- Europe Since 1815, Hinsdale, Illinois : Dryden Press, 1974.
- Germany, 1866-1945, Oxford : Clarendon Press, 1978.
- The Germans, New York : Putnam, 1981.
- The end of Prussia, Madison : University of Wisconsin Press, 1984.
- Makers of modern strategy : from Machiavelli to the nuclear age, Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press, 1986 edited by Peter Paret, Gordon Craig and Felix Gilbert.
- The triumph of liberalism : Zürich in the golden age, 1830-1869, New York : Collier Books ; London : Collier Macmillan, 1990, 1988.
- Force and statecraft : diplomatic problems of our time, New York : Oxford University Press, 1990.
- Geneva, Zurich, Basel : history, culture & national identity, Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press, 1994.
- The politics of the unpolitical : German writers and the problem of power, 1770-1871, New York : Oxford University Press, 1995
- Politics and Culture in Modern Germany, Palo Alto, California : Society for the Promotion of Science and Scholarship, 1999.