Gupta empire

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The Gupta empire was one of the greatest empires of the world covering much of what is now northern India and Pakistan, ruled by the Gupta dynasty from A.D. 240 to A.D. 550

Contributions of the Gupta Empire

The Gupta empire contributed much to the world. The brilliant minds of the Gupta Empire invented much of Algebra, the concept of zero and infinity, the symbols for the numbers from 1 to 9. Gupta astronomers first proposed the theory that the earth was not flat, but was instead round and rotated on an axis. They made discoveries about gravity and the planets of the solar system. These ideas spread throughout the world through trade.

Further reading

  • Jackson, A.V. et al., eds. History of India (1906-1907)
    • v.2. From the sixth century B.C. to the Mohammedan conquest, by V.A. Smith. online edition
  • Kishore, Prem and Anuradha Kishore Ganpati. India: An Illustrated History (2003)
  • Mookerji, Radha Kumud. The Gupta Empire by Radha Kumud Mookerji (1995)
  • Thapar, Romila. Early India: From the Origins to AD 1300 (2004) excerpts and online search from
  • Wolpert, Stanley. A New History of India (7th ed. 2003) 544pp excerpt and online search from