Difference between revisions of "Hillary Rodham Clinton"

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In 2000, Clinton ran for the New York Senate seat vacated by the [[Democratic Party|Democratic]] Senator [[Daniel Patrick Moynihan]]. Backed by the White House, she obtained the Democratic nomination for this Senate seat, and then won easily against Republican Rick Lazio (who entered the race when [[Rudy Giuliani]] withdrew). She ran for the [[United States Presidential Election, 2008 - Primaries|2008 Democratic presidential candidacy]], winning more primaries than any woman in history. On June 7th, 2008 she conceded defeat to [[Barack Obama]] after a closely challenged campaign, although she did not release her delegates until the convention itself. She is a [[pro-abortion]] advocate, supports the death penalty, does not support same sex marriage but does support civil unions, and supports federal funding for embryotic stem-cell research.
In 2000, Clinton ran for the New York Senate seat vacated by the [[Democratic Party|Democratic]] Senator [[Daniel Patrick Moynihan]]. Backed by the White House, she obtained the Democratic nomination for this Senate seat, and then won easily against Republican Rick Lazio (who entered the race when [[Rudy Giuliani]] withdrew). She ran for the [[United States Presidential Election, 2008 - Primaries|2008 Democratic presidential candidacy]], winning more primaries than any woman in history. On June 7th, 2008 she conceded defeat to [[Barack Obama]] after a closely challenged campaign, although she did not release her delegates until the convention itself. She is a [[pro-abortion]] advocate, supports the death penalty, does not support same sex marriage but does support civil unions, and supports federal funding for embryotic stem-cell research.
Hillary Clinton has practiced an "open marriage" in the nearly four decade relationship with her husband, former President  Bill Clinton. <ref>http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-508015/Hillarys-humiliation-How-swept-Bill-Clintons-affairs-carpet.html</ref>
==Early life==
==Early life==

Revision as of 13:48, 20 January 2012

Hillary Rodham Clinton
67th United States Secretary of State
From: January 21, 2009-Present
President Barack Hussein Obama
Predecessor Condoleezza Rice
Successor Incumbent (no successor)
Former U.S. Senator from New York
From: January 3, 2001 – January 21, 2009
Predecessor Daniel Patrick Moynihan
Successor Kirsten Gillibrand
Party Democrat
Spouse(s) Bill Clinton
Religion Methodist

Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton (b. 1947) is the 67th Secretary of State of the United States. From 2001 to 2008 she was a Senator from New York, and from 1993 to 2001 was First Lady of the United States while her husband Bill Clinton was president.

In 2000, Clinton ran for the New York Senate seat vacated by the Democratic Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan. Backed by the White House, she obtained the Democratic nomination for this Senate seat, and then won easily against Republican Rick Lazio (who entered the race when Rudy Giuliani withdrew). She ran for the 2008 Democratic presidential candidacy, winning more primaries than any woman in history. On June 7th, 2008 she conceded defeat to Barack Obama after a closely challenged campaign, although she did not release her delegates until the convention itself. She is a pro-abortion advocate, supports the death penalty, does not support same sex marriage but does support civil unions, and supports federal funding for embryotic stem-cell research.

Early life

She was born October 26, 1947, in Chicago, Illinois to a middle class family. Her father Hugh Rodham operated a small business. He was born into a coal mining family in Pennsylvania, graduated from Penn State University, voted Republican and was known as a martinet. Hillary grew up in Park Ridge, an upscale suburb of Chicago along with two older brothers. Hillary attended Maine East High School, where she was involved in many extracurricular activities, was active in the Methodist church, and worked for Republican campaigns as a Goldwater Girl. As a tenth-grader, she heard the Rev. Martin Luther King speak in person. In the eleventh grade, she was class vice-president. She attended Wellesley College, an elite woman's college near Boston and was elected class president in 1968.

Goldwater Girl

Speaking at Selma, Alabama's First Baptist Church on the 42nd anniversary of the "bloody Sunday" freedom march Hillary Clinton declared: "As a young girl I had the great privilege of hearing Dr. King speak in Chicago. The year was 1963....[Dr. King] called on us, he challenged us that evening to stay awake during the great revolution that the civil rights pioneers were waging on behalf of a more perfect union." In her memoirs Hillary Clinton described herself in 1964 as "an active Young Republican" and "a Goldwater girl, right down to my cowgirl outfit." Columnist Robert Novak observed, "As a politically attuned honor student, she must have known that Goldwater was one of only six Republican senators who joined Southern Democratic segregationists opposing the historic voting rights act of 1964 inspired by King."[1]


Starting college as a Republican activist, she became a liberal by her senior year. During the summer of 1968, she participated (as a Republican) in Wellesley's Washington internship Program. where she worked as an intern in the office of Melvin Laird, then congressman from Wisconsin, and attended the Republican convention in Miami as a Nelson Rockefeller supporter (he lost the nomination to Richard Nixon). She was the commencement speaker at her graduation from Wellesley in 1969, during which she argued forcefully against the war in Vietnam and said, "And the challenge now is to practice politics as the art of making what appears to be impossible, possible." In her speech, she also acknowledged the influence of her roomate and friend Eleanor D. Acheson in helping Hillary become the first student in Wellesley College history to deliver its commencement address.[2] Ms. Acheson, a lawyer and lesbian lobbyst,.[3] - the granddaughter of President Harry Truman’s secretary of state Dean Acheson - is credited for having introduced the young Hillary to political circles. A photo and the report of her Wellesley commencement speech were featured in Life Magazine.

Early Career

In 1969, she attended Yale law school, where she was one of only 27 women among 235 law students. On May 7, 1970, she addressed the League of Women Voters in Washington, a sign of her growing prominence. Always active in campus politics, she ended up becoming something of a communications facilitator, as she had been at Wellesley, between potentially radical student elements and the college administration during the era of extreme student unrest in 1970. She was written up on hometown and New England newspapers, and was interviewed on Irv Kupcinet's nationally syndicated TV talk show from Chicago. That summer, she worked in Washington for Marian Wright Edelman's Washington Research Project, where she conducted research on migrant children's health and education difficulties, especially in the South. Her subsequent studies at Yale were concentrated on how the law affected children. At Yale in 1971, she met Bill Clinton, her future husband, also a law student at Yale.

She graduated from Yale Law School (JD 1973) a year later than necessary, having remained an extra year to be near Bill. As a staff attorney for the Children's Defense Fund, she specialized in children's advocacy law. She married Bill on October 11, 1975; daughter Chelsea was born in 1980.


As her husband built a political career in Arkansas as governor, she was a partner in the locally prestigious Rose Law Firm, 1976-1992. Nationally she continued her legal advocacy for children and chaired the American Bar Association's Commission on Women in the Profession, which played a pioneering role in raising awareness of issues like sexual harassment and equal pay.

During the 1970s and '80s, the Clintons invested in the Whitewater Development Corporation which later became the subject of a federal investigation, prosecutions and convictions. Jim and Susan McDougal, and then-Arkansas Governor Jim Guy Tucker were convicted of multiple counts of financial fraud, even though President Clinton testified for four hours for the defense.[4]

On the evening Bill Clinton lost his bid for a Congressional seat in 1974, Hillary is reported to have cursed out a Jewish aide using nasty words. [5]

Legal Services Corporation

Hillary Clinton was appointed by President Jimmy Carter to head the controversial Legal Services Corporation (LSC) in 1978 and remained on the Board until 1983. [6] Under Hillary Clinton's leadership, the LSC began moving away from its legislated task of providing poor people with free lawyers and began an activist agenda to influence public policy through class action lawsuits. One case involved bringing lawsuits to force New York's Transit Authority to hire heroin addicts. The LSC also violated its own rules by organizing political campaigns against a state referendum and against Ronald Reagan. [7]

Clinton failed the District of Columbia Bar Exam in the 1970s.[8]

1992 Presidential Campaign

Domestic Spying

The Hill magazine reported Hillary Clinton may have been involved in civil rights violations by monitoring illegal wiretaps and domestic spying on political opponents during the 1992 camapaign.[9] After the revelations came to light in a book entitled, Her Way [5] by Don Van Natta Jr., an investigative reporter at the New York Times, and Jeff Gerth, who spent 30 years as an investigative reporter at the paper, a Republican official remarked,

it is rather unbelievable that [Hillary] Clinton would listen in to conversations being conducted by political opponents, but refuse to allow our intelligence agencies to listen in to conversations being conducted by terrorists as they plot and plan to kill us.[10]

First Lady

During Bill Clinton's presidency, Hilliary initially played an important role. Immediately after his inauguration in 1993, she led a task force to create a national health care system. The secrecy of the Task Force was at issue in court cases which resulted in disclosures to comply with the law.

Her friend Vincent Foster supervised the defense of the litigation, but died under mysterious circumstances at the height of the controversy; the death was officially ruled a suicide. The Task Force proposals lacked public support and support from the Democrats in Congress, and came to nothing but an ambarassment for the Clinton presidency.

Subsequently, the Republicans won a landslide victory in 1994, taking over both Houses of Congress.

Health Care Task Force

Main article: Clinton health care plan

Hillary played a central role in secretly crafting the Health Care plan, unveiled in late 1993. Democrats were divided, and conservatives counterattacked. The plan failed without a vote in Congress because Democrats could not unite. The long-term impact was an embarrassment to Hillary, especially in her 2008 presidential campaign.

Conspiracy Theories and Enemies List

Main article: Vast right wing conspiracy theory

Hillary Clinton branded attacks on the Administration as "a vast right-wing conspiracy." White House staffers made up an enemies list of persons and organizations who subsequently endured IRS audits and harassment. [11]

Reaction to Monica Lewinsky scandal

As the full extent of the scandal became known, however, Clinton forgave her husband, and the two appear to once again have a trusting, love-filled relationship. [12]

'Why didn’t you leave the White House when you found out about the cheating of your husband?' Gaddafi's daughter Aisha Gaddafi.

Accusations of Stolen Gifts

When the Clintons left the White House, they were accused of taking furniture that belonged not to them, but to the White House. It was explained that the movers "inadvertently' packed the wrong items. Most of the articles were quietly returned. [13]

U.S. Senate

Elected to the Senate in 2000 after her main Republican opponent dropped out, Clinton was a high visibility show horse. Working hard to develop a base in upstate regions, she initiated no major legislation.[14]


Since joining the Senate, Clinton has belonged to a conservative prayer group with the expressed purpose of "bringing Jesus back to Capitol Hill."[15] A few of her collaborators in the group include Senator Sam Brownback (R-Kan) and Senator Rick Santorum (R-Pa).

FEC fined campaign for failing to accurately report $721,895 in contributions

In January 2006 Hillary Clinton's New York Senate 2000 campaign was fined $35,000 for failing to accurately report $721,895 in contributions. [16]

Saddam Hussein and weapons of mass destruction

Hillary Clinton speaking on Saddam Hussein's possession of Weapons of mass destruction said,

I have to say that this is something that I have followed for a decade. If he [Saddam] were serious about disarming, he would have been much more forthcoming. There may be progress, we may be destroying his missiles, there is no accounting for the chemical and biological stocks.[17]

Hillary Clinton further described the situation after weapons inspectors we're expelled during the time when America had two in the position of presidential leadership, "for the price of one."[18]

In the four years since the inspectors left, intelligence reports show that Saddam Hussein has worked to rebuild his chemical and biological weapons stock, his missile delivery capability, and his nuclear program. He has also given aid, comfort, and sanctuary to terrorists, including al Qaeda members ... It is clear, however, that if left unchecked, Saddam Hussein will continue to increase his capacity to wage biological and chemical warfare, and will keep trying to develop nuclear weapons.[19]

Failure to reform earmark process

The noted newspaper which covers legislative affairs, The Hill, reported Hillary Clinton received more earmarks for Congressional pork barrel projects than only one other United States Senator. Reforming the earmark process had been among the Democrats top priorities in the 110th Congress, up until the time Democrats voted to rescind the rules aimed at reform that were passed in the first 100 hours of the new Congress in January. Ethics reform and the earmark process is widely attributed as the cause why Republicans lost control of both Houses of Congress after several members had been caught up in ethical scandals. The Hill reported Sen. Clinton received 26 earmarks worth about $148.4 million total, much going to Pentagon contractors. [20]

Voted against raising the minimum wage

After voting to send troops to Iraq Hillary Clinton voted against funding the troops in Iraq. In May of 2007 Clinton voted against raising the minimum wage. [21]

2008 Presidential campaign

Alleged embellishment of career events

What is Mrs. Clinton doing? She is having the worst case of cognitive dissonance in the history of modern politics. She cannot come up with a credible, realistic path to the nomination. ... But she is a scrapper, a fighter, and she's doing what she knows how to do: scrap and fight. Only harder. So that she ups the ante every day. She helped Ireland achieve peace. She tried to stop NAFTA. She's been a leader for 35 years. She landed in Bosnia under siege and bravely dodged bullets. It was as if she'd watched the movie "Wag the Dog," with its fake footage of a terrified refugee woman running frantically from mortar fire, and found it not a cautionary tale about manipulation and politics, but an inspiration. - Peggy Noonan [22]

Promises Made, Promises Broken

In late August 2007 Senator Bill Nelson and other members of Florida's Congressional delegation protested the Democratic National Committee's scheme[23] to deprive Floridians of equal voting rights protection[24] in selection of delegates to the 2008 DNC Presidential nominating convention. A letter sent to DNC Chairman Howard Dean, threatened legal action "to determine whether this could violate any state or federal laws governing and protecting individual voting rights.... It always has been a priority of our party to protect the rights of every eligible American to vote...We would hope the DNC will continue to honor this right."[25] The move prompted Hillary Clinton to pledge not to campaign in Florida.[26] A week later she was campaigning in Florida.[27]

The Nuclear Option

Barbara Olson in her 1990 book Hell to Pay [28] made a convincing case that the former Goldwater girl, raised in a Republican home, while working for the staff of the House Judiciary Committee preparing impeachment Articles against President Nixon, studied Nixon very closely. Olson and others have now commented how Hillary Clinton built her political career by learning to think and act as Nixon did, and modeling herself after him. These writers cite instance after instance of such behavior. [29] When Democratic competitor Barack Obama made a public statement vowing not to use nuclear weapons, Hillary Clinton shot back,

I don't believe that any president should make any blanket statements with respect to the use or nonuse of nuclear weapons
reflecting Nixon's thoughts in The Real War :
Eisenhower said... "You should never let the enemy know what you will do, but it's more important that you never let the enemy know what you will not do."

Nixon referred to it as "the Madman theory,"

... statements that appear to rule out the use of force, while perhaps meant to be unprovocative, will in fact provoke an antagonist to push for more. ...we should not make statements that we will never launch a preemptive strike. Whether or not we would ever exercise that option, we should always leave open the possibility that in extreme circumstances we might. [30]

Abuse of Mother Teresa

Hillary Clinton was chastised by a Catholic Advocacy group for using an image of Mother Teresa in a campaign ad. Clinton continues to support abortion. [31] The U.S. Catholic-based advocacy group Fidelis, an organization working with people of faith to defend the sanctity of life, traditional marriage, and religious liberty rights, called for Hillary Clinton to remove the image of Mother Teresa from their campaign video. In a press release the group declared the video, narrated by her Bill Clinton,

is wholly inappropriate, disrespectful and disturbing ...using an image of blessed Mother Teresa as a political tool, especially given their radically different views on abortion...Mother Teresa tirelessly fought to protect unborn children, while Hillary Clinton staunchly supports abortion on demand in all nine months of pregnancy, including partial birth abortion and taxpayer funding of abortion

When the image of Hillary and Mother Teresa appears in the video the former president is heard saying “Hillary, in effect, was the face of America … in India;” the video then cuts to a clip of the former first lady addressing the 1995 Beijing Conference where an effort was made to declare abortion a fundamental “human right.”

PolitiFact Awards

Hillary received a "Pants on Fire" award from PolitiFact for saying Obama "basically threatened to bomb Pakistan."[32]

Hillary received a second "Pants on Fire" award from PolitiFact for this false statement to a Washington, D.C. crowd on March 17th, 2008. [33]

I remember landing under sniper fire.

Secretary of State

After Barack Obama won the election, Hillary was widely speculated to be offered a role in the upcoming Obama Administration. On 1 December 2008 Obama announced that he was nominating Hillary to become his Secretary of State, succeeding Condoleezza Rice in January 2009. Hillary touted her role as "Tough Smart Foreign Policy." It was later revealed by Mrs. Biden that Joe was first offered the Secretary of State position, an unintended swipe at Hillary. She would criticize the White House for delaying a key appointment to her staff saying, "White House vetting process as a "nightmare," "frustrating beyond words" and "ridiculous."

Mark Rudd of Progressives for Obama said of the appointment, "the mere mention of the names Hillary Clinton and Lawrence Summers alone conjure up a litany of horrendous right-wingers appointed to top level positions.... On foreign policy and the wars and the use of the military there will be no change at all. That's what keeping Gates at the Pentagon and Clinton at State..." [34]

In June 2008, she injured herself in a fall. Important multilateral conferences in Europe had to be cancelled and she was unable to travel with Obama to Russia.

In July 2009, Bill Clinton won the release of Americans held hostage by North Korea. She was asked by a Congolese university student what her husband thought of international relations. She responded annoyed, "My husband is not secretary of state, I am," and "I am not going to be channeling my husband." Diplomats laughed when Clinton took umbrage at a Congolese questioner whom she took to be asking her husband's opinion but it later surfaced that the question had been mistranslated.

In addition, a U.S. senator flew to Burma to bargain for the release of yet another American. Also, envoys of the reclusive North Korean regime have come to the U.S. for a meeting privately with New Mexico Gov. Bill Richardson. All this has America wondering if Hillary has been marginalized in her Obama Administration role.

Foreign Policy

East Asia

Clinton's first major foreign visits were toChina China, where she tried to maintain the status quo, with China buying American treasury notes to finance the U.S. deficit. She told [[Japan[[ that the US-Japan alliance is a “cornerstone” of American foreign policy. She met publicly with Yukio Hatoyama, the opposition leader, who won a landslide election in Sept, 2009. The question is whether the new government will continue to follow a strongly pro-American foreign policy regarding economic affairs, North Korea, and the issue of 47,000 troops American troops stationed there. Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama in his electioncampaign vowed to review a 2006 agreement to relocate the U.S. Marine Corps Futenma Air Base from an urban to a coastal part of the southern island of Okinawa. The base has angered residents because of aircraft noise and friction with U.S. servicemen; while in opposition Hatoyama suggested it could be moved off the island altogether, a move Washington has strongly opposed.


Clinton went to Africa to demonstrate the administration is giving Africa a higher priority than usual. Clinton has long been outspoken on causes like development, health, poverty, and gender violence. Her first stop was Kenya, where the U.S. policy is to stabilize the political situation which has been on the brink of civil war. Also important is economic development, with a continentwide economic conference. Under Bill Clinton the "African Growth and Opportunity Act" expanded the number of tariff-free goods sub-Saharan countries could export to the United States. Kenya is an economic engine in eastern Africa, and needs encouragement to seek economic growth and leadership rather than risk an ethnic civil war.

South Africa is the superpower on the continent, but relations were strained with the U.S. under the country's erratic former president, Thabo Mbeki. He for example, fought against American effortt to stamp out AIDS, sugginsting the disease was a Western conspiracy. The new president, Jacob Zuma, is an unknown quantity. South Africa is in its first recession in more than a decade. With riots on the streets over his failure to deliver on promises to the country's poor, Zuma may hope to capitalize on improved relations with the United States. That bodes well for Clinton.One of the biggest splits was over Zimbabwe, where Bush wanted Mbeki to take a more pro-active role, while Mbeki wanted the United States to stay out of his tyranny. Angola is now the top oil exporter in Africa, with the usual corrupt pattern of concentrated oil wealth, wobbly, and a 48% unemployment rate. American oil companies are active and the U.S. is providing business and military support. American support for Angola causes resentlment in the rest of Africa, where critics attack the American friendship with President José Eduardo Dos Santos, who has held power for more than 30 years. President Bush's oft-stated concern for human rights and democracy in Angola was seen by African nationalists as little more than a pretense.

Hillary Clinton, US Secretary of State, embarked on an official African trip that took her to Zambia, Tanzania and Ethiopia. In a press conference in Lusaka, Clinton is reported to have warned her host continent about ‘new colonialism' in Africa from external actors and investors interested only in extracting Africa's natural resources... Clinton did not mention China by name, but as her officials later confirmed to reporters, she wanted to stress that African countries should beware of the Chinese and hold their investors to high standards.[6]

Middle East

File:Hillary Clinton Shimon Peres Jesusalem 2009.jpg
Israel's President Shimon Peres kisses U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton as he gives her flowers after their meeting in Jerusalem March 3, 2009.

In November 2009, Clinton finally took a foreign policy initiative in the highly sensitive Palestine-Israeli peace process. However, she offended the Palestinians by praising Israel for offering to curb its settlement-building program in the West Bank. [35] The Palestinians accused her of undermining progress toward Mideast peace talks(the Palestinians want to see all settlements dismantled). To try and make amends and smooth over Palestinians, she issued a new statement saying the US wants Israel settlement halt forever, “We do not accept the legitimacy of settlement activity and we have a very firm belief that ending all settlement activity, current and future, would be preferable.” [36]

Once again, Clinton's failure as Secretary of State comes into question as John Kerry plans a visit to Iran, which Iran rejected. [37] Kerry's name has been mentioned as the replacement of Hillary Clinton for the foreign policy arm of the Obama administration. [38]

Libyan civil war

Obama Takes Hard Line With Libya After Shift by Clinton: Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton found herself juggling the inconsistencies of American foreign policy in a turbulent Middle East. She criticized the foreign minister of the United Arab Emirates for sending troops to quash protests in Bahrain even as she pressed him to send planes to intervene in Libya. She was a skeptic on whether the United States should take military action in Libya (It is said that that day (March 14) she met in Paris with members of the Libyan rebels committee and Bernard Henri Levy). Mrs. Clinton changed course, forming an unlikely alliance with a handful of top administration aides who had been arguing for intervention. Within hours, Mrs. Clinton and the aides had convinced Mr. Obama that the United States had to act, and the president ordered up military plans, which Adm. Mike Mullen, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, hand-delivered to the White House the next day. On Thursday (March 17), during an hour-and-a -half meeting, Mr. Obama signed off on allowing American pilots to join Europeans and Arabs in military strikes against the Libyan government... The president had a caveat, though. The American involvement in military action in Libya should be limited — no ground troops — and finite. “Days, not weeks,” a senior White House official recalled him saying. [7]

On March 17, in Tunisia, Hillary said: "Gadhafi must go," calling him "a ruthless dictator that has no conscience and will destroy anyone or anything in his way." "If Gadhafi does not go, he will just make trouble," she said. "That is just his nature. There are some creatures that are like that." [8]

In joining Ms. Susan Rice and Ms. Samantha Power, Mrs. Clinton made an unusual break with Secretary of Defense Robert M. Gates, who, along with the national security adviser, Thomas E. Donilon, and the counterterrorism chief, John O. Brennan, had urged caution. Libya was not vital to American national security interests, the men argued, and Mr. Brennan worried that the Libyan rebels remained largely unknown to American officials, and could have ties to Al Qaeda. [[9]]

And later:

“We are currently doing everything we can to bomb, strafe and use missiles to carry the rebels into power in Libya. We want them to win. We just don’t know who they are.” Hillary Rodham Clinton. [10]

South America

Hillary's trip to Argentina became controversial as she meddled into a touchy subject by attempting to force Britain to accept talks on the future of the Falkland Islands. This action will undoubtedly strain relationships between the U.S., the U.K. and Argentina. Residents of the Falklands were outraged. [39]

See also

External links


  1. Hillary, King and Goldwater, by Robert D. Novak, Townhall.com, March 12, 2007.
  2. Wellesley College 1969 Student Commencement Speech. Wellesley College (31 May 1969). Retrieved on 30 June 2011.
  3. Changes under way in Task Force Public Policy & Government Affairs Department. National Gay and Lesbian Task Force (19 December 2006). Retrieved on 30 June 2011.
  4. Once upon a Time in Arkansas, Transcript of Clinton's Sworn Deposition, PBS.
  5. Jerry Oppenheimer, State of a Union: Inside the Complex Marriage of Bill and Hillary Clinton (2000_ cites three witnesses to the incident.
  6. Thwarting the Will of Congress: How the Legal Services Corporation Evaded, Diluted, and Ignored Reform, Testimony of Kenneth F. Boehm before the Subcommittee on Commercial and Administrative Law, House Judiciary Committee, February 28, 2002.
  7. Michael Barone , Taking Hillary seriously, Jewish World Review, July 8, 1999.
  8. On Today, Bernstein omitted key fact in purported disclosure of Clinton's D.C. bar exam failure: It's not news, MediaMatters June 1, 2007. Retrieved from MediaMatters.org October 4, 2007.
  9. GOP targeting Clinton on phone-call snooping, By Alexander Bolton, The Hill, October 16, 2007.
  10. GOP targeting Clinton on phone-call snooping, By Alexander Bolton, The Hill, October 16, 2007.
  11. Larry Klayman, WorldNetDaily 7/9/99. [1]
  12. [2]
  13. "Clinton Shipped Furniture Year Ago," Washington Post, February 10, 2001.
  14. Hillary Clinton's spending of taxpayer money, National Review, April 22, 2002.
  15. http://www.motherjones.com/news/feature/2007/09/hillarys-prayer.html
  16. Federal Elections Commission Press Release, January 26, 2006.
  17. Hillary Clinton's views on going to war, Saddam, and WMD
  18. Two For the Price of One, By Charles Krauthammer, November 2, 2007.
  19. Sen. Hillary Clinton (D, NY), October 10, 2002. Retrieved from Zmag.org December 4, 2007.
  20. Clinton can boast wealth of earmarks, By Roxana Tiron and Ilan Wurman, The Hill, June 13, 2007.
  21. Senate Concurrence on HR 2206 Title 8 Fair Minimum Wage Act of 2007, Record Vote Number 181, 05/24/2007. [3]
  22. http://online.wsj.com/article/declarations.html
  23. Fla. Democrats warn of voting rights probe if state sanctioned, By Rasha Madkour, Associated Press, Aug 23, 2007. Retrieved from St. Petersburg Times August 24, 2007.
  24. Fla. Democrats warn of voting rights probe if state sanctioned, By Rasha Madkour, Associated Press, Aug 23, 2007. Retrieved from St. Petersburg Times August 24, 2007.
  25. Letter from Florida Congressional Democrats to DNC Chairman Howard Dean, August 22, 2007. Retrieved from nelsonforsenate.com/feature/dean/ September 13, 2007.
  26. Clinton, Obama and Edwards Join Pledge to Avoid Defiant States, By Jeff Zeeleny, New York Times, September 2, 2007.
  27. Candidates have events in Florida despite pledge, By Charlotte Eby, Sioux City Journal, September 11, 2007.
  28. [4]
  29. Hillary's Secret War, The plan to silence Internet journalists, Joseph Farah, WorldNetDaily.com, July 6, 2005.
  30. The Real War, Richard Nixon, Warner Books, May 1980, pgs. 253 - 260.
  31. Fidelis Covered by Catholic News Agency on Mother Teresa Video Controversy, Catholic News Agency, 05-18-2007.
  32. http://www.politifact.com/truth-o-meter/statements/375/ Et tu, Clinton?
  33. http://www.politifact.com/truth-o-meter/statements/411/ Video shows tarmac welcome, no snipers
  34. http://www.markrudd.com/?organizing-and-activism-now/lets-get-smart-about-obama-nov-2008.html
  35. Palestinians Accuse Clinton of Undermining Peace Talks With Shift on Settlements, FoxNews, November 1, 2009
  36. "In Cairo, Clinton clarifies settlement position," Jewish Journal, November 4, 2009
  37. Kerry Floats Plan to Visit Tehran, Wall Street Journal. December 24, 2009
  38. Kerry plays key role for the president, Philly.com, October 22, 2009
  39. Argentina celebrates diplomatic coup as Hillary Clinton calls for talks over Falklands, Timesonline.uk, March , 2010