Difference between revisions of "Homosexuality and Parasites"

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[[Image:Ehistolytica05.jpg|thumb|right|160px|Throughout the world, high rates of intestinal [[parasite|parasitism]] are found in men who have sex with men.]]  
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[[Image:Ehistolytica05.jpg|thumb|right|160px|[[Entamoeba histolytica]] has been recently recognised as an emerging sexually transmissible pathogen in men who have sex with men (MSM), causing sporadic outbreaks in countries where it is not endemic.<ref>[https://www.eurosurveillance.org/content/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2017.22.30.30581 'Outbreak of intestinal amoebiasis among men who have sex with men, Barcelona (Spain), October 2016 and January 2017''], ''[[Eurosurveillance]]'', 2017</ref>]]  
 
{{Homosexuality and health}}
 
{{Homosexuality and health}}
Concerning '''homosexuality and parasites''', &#97;&#110;&#97;&#108; &#115;&#101;&#120; can be an important risk factor for intestinal parasitism.<ref>http://www.springerlink.com/content/jx13231641717w48/</ref>
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Concerning '''homosexuality and parasites''', &#97;&#110;&#97;&#108; &#115;&#101;&#120; can be an important risk factor for intestinal parasitism.<ref>[http://www.springerlink.com/content/jx13231641717w48/ Intestinal Parasitism among Homosexual Male], ''Sexuality and Disability'' by Viroj Wiwanitki, June 2006, Volume 24, Issue 2, pp 113–115</ref>
  
 
The abstract for the 2017 ''[[Eurosurveillance]]'' journal article ''Outbreak of intestinal amoebiasis among men who have sex with men, Barcelona (Spain), October 2016 and January 2017'' indicates:
 
The abstract for the 2017 ''[[Eurosurveillance]]'' journal article ''Outbreak of intestinal amoebiasis among men who have sex with men, Barcelona (Spain), October 2016 and January 2017'' indicates:
{{Cquote|[[Entamoeba histolytica]] has been recently recognised as an emerging sexually transmissible pathogen in men who have sex with men (MSM), causing sporadic outbreaks in countries where it is not endemic.<ref>['Outbreak of intestinal amoebiasis among men who have sex with men, Barcelona (Spain), October 2016 and January 2017''], ''[[Eurosurveillance]]'', 2017</ref>}}
+
{{Cquote|[[Entamoeba histolytica]] has been recently recognised as an emerging sexually transmissible pathogen in men who have sex with men (MSM), causing sporadic outbreaks in countries where it is not endemic.<ref>[https://www.eurosurveillance.org/content/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2017.22.30.30581 'Outbreak of intestinal amoebiasis among men who have sex with men, Barcelona (Spain), October 2016 and January 2017''], ''[[Eurosurveillance]]'', 2017</ref>}}
  
 
In 2006, the ''[[The Medical Journal of Australia]]'' reported:
 
In 2006, the ''[[The Medical Journal of Australia]]'' reported:
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[[Amebiasis|Amoebiasis]] has become endemic in MSM in Japan and causes significant morbidity and mortality; complications such as colitis and liver abscesses occur more frequently in homosexual and bisexual men than in heterosexual men. Similar findings on amoebiasis are reported from Taiwan, with MSM at increased risk for invasive amoebiasis and intestinal colonisation with E. histolytica.<ref>[http://www.mja.com.au/public/issues/185_08_161006/sta10803_fm.html ''Letter to the editor - Locally acquired infection with Entamoeba histolytica in men who have sex with men in Australia'', Damien J Stark, Rashmi Fotedar, John T Ellis and John L Harkness, MJA 2006; 185 (8): 417]</ref>}}
 
[[Amebiasis|Amoebiasis]] has become endemic in MSM in Japan and causes significant morbidity and mortality; complications such as colitis and liver abscesses occur more frequently in homosexual and bisexual men than in heterosexual men. Similar findings on amoebiasis are reported from Taiwan, with MSM at increased risk for invasive amoebiasis and intestinal colonisation with E. histolytica.<ref>[http://www.mja.com.au/public/issues/185_08_161006/sta10803_fm.html ''Letter to the editor - Locally acquired infection with Entamoeba histolytica in men who have sex with men in Australia'', Damien J Stark, Rashmi Fotedar, John T Ellis and John L Harkness, MJA 2006; 185 (8): 417]</ref>}}
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 +
In 2004, the medical journal ''Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery'' reported in the journal article ''Sexually Transmitted Parasitic Diseases'':
 +
{{Cquote|Amebiasis is transmitted primarily by the fecal-oral route, most commonly from contaminated drinking water or by unsanitary food handling. E. histolytica is often found in the stool of homosexual men and is the most common intestinal parasite seen in gay communities throughout the world. Sexual behavior such as analingus or fellatio after anal-genital intercourse can lead to infection.<ref>[https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2780057/ ''Sexually Transmitted Parasitic Diseases''] by Andrew A. Shelton, M.D., ''Colon Rectal Surgery''. 2004 Nov; 17(4): 231–234.</ref>}}
  
 
In 2001, The journal ''Internal Medicine (Tokyo, Japan)'' published an article entitled ''Amebiasis in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome'' in which they declared:
 
In 2001, The journal ''Internal Medicine (Tokyo, Japan)'' published an article entitled ''Amebiasis in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome'' in which they declared:
 
{{cquote|While the overall prevalence of [[amebiasis]] is approximately 4% in the [[United States]], certain high-risk groups have a much higher incidence of infection and [[disease]]. Prevalence of [[Entamoeba Histolytica|E. historylitica]] or [[Entamoeba Dispar|E. dispar]] in the gay population of [[New York City]] and [[San Francisco]] approached 40-50% . Some Japanese literature also showed homosexual contact was an important risk factor for amebic infection.<ref>[http://www.journalarchive.jst.go.jp/jnlpdf.php?cdjournal=internalmedicine1992&cdvol=40&noissue=7&startpage=563&lang=en&from=jnlabstract Amano K, Takeuchi T., ''Amebiasis in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome''. Intern Med. 2001 Jul;40(7):563-4]</ref>}}
 
{{cquote|While the overall prevalence of [[amebiasis]] is approximately 4% in the [[United States]], certain high-risk groups have a much higher incidence of infection and [[disease]]. Prevalence of [[Entamoeba Histolytica|E. historylitica]] or [[Entamoeba Dispar|E. dispar]] in the gay population of [[New York City]] and [[San Francisco]] approached 40-50% . Some Japanese literature also showed homosexual contact was an important risk factor for amebic infection.<ref>[http://www.journalarchive.jst.go.jp/jnlpdf.php?cdjournal=internalmedicine1992&cdvol=40&noissue=7&startpage=563&lang=en&from=jnlabstract Amano K, Takeuchi T., ''Amebiasis in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome''. Intern Med. 2001 Jul;40(7):563-4]</ref>}}
  
In 1990 SD Wexner wrote in an article entitled ''Sexually transmitted diseases of the colon, rectum, and anus. The challenge of the nineties'' published in ''Diseases of the Colon and Rectum'' and the abstract for that article states: "....a host of parasites, bacterial, viral, and protozoan are all rampant in the [[Homosexuality|homosexual]] population."<ref>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?Db=pubmed&Cmd=ShowDetailView&TermToSearch=2242700&ordinalpos=4&itool=EntrezSystem2.PEntrez.Pubmed.Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_RVDocSum</ref>
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In 1990 SD Wexner wrote in an article entitled ''Sexually transmitted diseases of the colon, rectum, and anus. The challenge of the nineties'' published in ''Diseases of the Colon and Rectum'' and the abstract for that article states: "....a host of parasites, bacterial, viral, and protozoan are all rampant in the [[Homosexuality|homosexual]] population."<ref>https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?Db=pubmed&Cmd=ShowDetailView&TermToSearch=2242700&ordinalpos=4&itool=EntrezSystem2.PEntrez.Pubmed.Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_RVDocSum</ref>
 
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[[File:Entamoeba histolytica trophozoite.jpg|thumbnail|200px|right|A variety of colorectal disorders have been recognized among male homosexuals.
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<br />
 +
<br />
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A wide variety of intestinal parasites have been recovered from the stools of homosexuals.<ref>[http://www.e-mjm.org/1985/v40n4/gay-men-bowel-syndrome.pdf ''Gay men bowel syndrome: A report of parasitic infection in homosexual patients''], Med. J. Malaysia Vol. 40 No. 4 1985</ref>]]
 
In 1985, the peer reviewed medical journal ''Gut'', which is an international medical journal for gastroenterology & hepatology, had  an article entitled ''The [[Gay bowel syndrome|Gay Bowel]]''  authored by I V Weller which stated the following: "[[Guardia Lamblia|Guardia lamblia]] and [[Entamoeba Histolytica|Entamoeba histolytica]] have long been regarded as 'exotic' organisms, but are 'hyperendemic' among gay men attending [[STD]] clinics with up to 20 excreting cysts."<ref>I V Weller, ''The gay bowel'', Gut. 1985 September; 26(9): 869–875</ref>
 
In 1985, the peer reviewed medical journal ''Gut'', which is an international medical journal for gastroenterology & hepatology, had  an article entitled ''The [[Gay bowel syndrome|Gay Bowel]]''  authored by I V Weller which stated the following: "[[Guardia Lamblia|Guardia lamblia]] and [[Entamoeba Histolytica|Entamoeba histolytica]] have long been regarded as 'exotic' organisms, but are 'hyperendemic' among gay men attending [[STD]] clinics with up to 20 excreting cysts."<ref>I V Weller, ''The gay bowel'', Gut. 1985 September; 26(9): 869–875</ref>
 +
 +
In 1985, the ''Medical Journal of Malaysia'' indicated in a journal entitled ''[[Gay bowel syndrome|Gay men bowel syndrome]]: A report of parasitic infection in homosexual patients'':
 +
{{Cquote|In recent years, a variety of colorectal disorders have been recognised among male homosexuals...
 +
 +
A wide variety of intestinal parasites have been recovered from stools of homosexuals. Amoebiasis has been reported as a common cause of diarrhoea in homosexuals. Its aetiologic agent, Entamoeba histotytics, is frequently found to be the cause of diarrhoea and crampy abdominal pain in travellers who have returned from areas where sanitary conditions are poor."<ref>[http://www.e-mjm.org/1985/v40n4/gay-men-bowel-syndrome.pdf ''Gay men bowel syndrome: A report of parasitic infection in homosexual patients'' Med. J. Malaysia Vol. 40 No. 4 1985</ref>}}
  
 
A 1980 article in the ''[[Canadian Medical Association Journal]]'' that discusses the subject of homosexuality and parasites stated the following in its abstract: "In a controlled study 67.5% of 200 homosexual men but only sixteen percent of 100 heterosexual men were found to be infected with [[intestine|intestinal]] [[parasite]]s"...These findings suggest that the male homosexual community may be an important reservoir of potentially [[pathogen]]ic protozoa."<ref>http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=1704818</ref>
 
A 1980 article in the ''[[Canadian Medical Association Journal]]'' that discusses the subject of homosexuality and parasites stated the following in its abstract: "In a controlled study 67.5% of 200 homosexual men but only sixteen percent of 100 heterosexual men were found to be infected with [[intestine|intestinal]] [[parasite]]s"...These findings suggest that the male homosexual community may be an important reservoir of potentially [[pathogen]]ic protozoa."<ref>http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=1704818</ref>
  
In addition, [[amebiasis‎]] is a condition associated with [[gay bowel syndrome]].<ref>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?Db=PubMed&Cmd=ShowDetailView&TermToSearch=946385&ordinalpos=1&itool=EntrezSystem2.PEntrez.Pubmed.Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_RVAbstractPlus</ref>
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In addition, [[amebiasis‎]] is a condition associated with [[gay bowel syndrome]].<ref>https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?Db=PubMed&Cmd=ShowDetailView&TermToSearch=946385&ordinalpos=1&itool=EntrezSystem2.PEntrez.Pubmed.Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_RVAbstractPlus</ref>
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
  
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*[http://www.e-mjm.org/1985/v40n4/gay-men-bowel-syndrome.pdf Gay men...Bowel syndrome: A report on parasitic infection in homosexual patients]
 
*[http://www.e-mjm.org/1985/v40n4/gay-men-bowel-syndrome.pdf Gay men...Bowel syndrome: A report on parasitic infection in homosexual patients]
 
*Pakianathan MR, McMillan A. [http://std.sagepub.com/content/10/12/780.long Intestinal protozoa in homosexual men in Edinburgh]. Int J STD AIDS. 1999;10(12):780-4.
 
*Pakianathan MR, McMillan A. [http://std.sagepub.com/content/10/12/780.long Intestinal protozoa in homosexual men in Edinburgh]. Int J STD AIDS. 1999;10(12):780-4.
*Esfandiari A, Swartz J, Teklehaimanot S. [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9449541 Clustering of giardiasis among AIDS patients in Los Angeles County]. Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand). 1997;43(7):1077-83.
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*Esfandiari A, Swartz J, Teklehaimanot S. [https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9449541 Clustering of giardiasis among AIDS patients in Los Angeles County]. Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand). 1997;43(7):1077-83.
  
 
==References==
 
==References==

Latest revision as of 09:05, 9 April 2019

Entamoeba histolytica has been recently recognised as an emerging sexually transmissible pathogen in men who have sex with men (MSM), causing sporadic outbreaks in countries where it is not endemic.[1]
Biol 01 img0018.jpg
Homosexuality
and health

Disease
AIDS
Bowel syndrome
Cancer
Gonorrhea
Hepatitis
MRSA
Parasites
Syphilis
Gay bathhouses
Circuit parties
Mental
Smoking
Drugs

More on
homosexuality

Concerning homosexuality and parasites, anal sex can be an important risk factor for intestinal parasitism.[2]

The abstract for the 2017 Eurosurveillance journal article Outbreak of intestinal amoebiasis among men who have sex with men, Barcelona (Spain), October 2016 and January 2017 indicates:

Entamoeba histolytica has been recently recognised as an emerging sexually transmissible pathogen in men who have sex with men (MSM), causing sporadic outbreaks in countries where it is not endemic.[3]

In 2006, the The Medical Journal of Australia reported:

High rates of intestinal parasitism are found in MSM [men who have sex with men] throughout the world.

Amoebiasis has become endemic in MSM in Japan and causes significant morbidity and mortality; complications such as colitis and liver abscesses occur more frequently in homosexual and bisexual men than in heterosexual men. Similar findings on amoebiasis are reported from Taiwan, with MSM at increased risk for invasive amoebiasis and intestinal colonisation with E. histolytica.[4]

In 2004, the medical journal Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery reported in the journal article Sexually Transmitted Parasitic Diseases:

Amebiasis is transmitted primarily by the fecal-oral route, most commonly from contaminated drinking water or by unsanitary food handling. E. histolytica is often found in the stool of homosexual men and is the most common intestinal parasite seen in gay communities throughout the world. Sexual behavior such as analingus or fellatio after anal-genital intercourse can lead to infection.[5]

In 2001, The journal Internal Medicine (Tokyo, Japan) published an article entitled Amebiasis in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in which they declared:

While the overall prevalence of amebiasis is approximately 4% in the United States, certain high-risk groups have a much higher incidence of infection and disease. Prevalence of E. historylitica or E. dispar in the gay population of New York City and San Francisco approached 40-50% . Some Japanese literature also showed homosexual contact was an important risk factor for amebic infection.[6]

In 1990 SD Wexner wrote in an article entitled Sexually transmitted diseases of the colon, rectum, and anus. The challenge of the nineties published in Diseases of the Colon and Rectum and the abstract for that article states: "....a host of parasites, bacterial, viral, and protozoan are all rampant in the homosexual population."[7]

A variety of colorectal disorders have been recognized among male homosexuals.

A wide variety of intestinal parasites have been recovered from the stools of homosexuals.[8]

In 1985, the peer reviewed medical journal Gut, which is an international medical journal for gastroenterology & hepatology, had an article entitled The Gay Bowel authored by I V Weller which stated the following: "Guardia lamblia and Entamoeba histolytica have long been regarded as 'exotic' organisms, but are 'hyperendemic' among gay men attending STD clinics with up to 20 excreting cysts."[9]

In 1985, the Medical Journal of Malaysia indicated in a journal entitled Gay men bowel syndrome: A report of parasitic infection in homosexual patients:

In recent years, a variety of colorectal disorders have been recognised among male homosexuals...

A wide variety of intestinal parasites have been recovered from stools of homosexuals. Amoebiasis has been reported as a common cause of diarrhoea in homosexuals. Its aetiologic agent, Entamoeba histotytics, is frequently found to be the cause of diarrhoea and crampy abdominal pain in travellers who have returned from areas where sanitary conditions are poor."[10]

A 1980 article in the Canadian Medical Association Journal that discusses the subject of homosexuality and parasites stated the following in its abstract: "In a controlled study 67.5% of 200 homosexual men but only sixteen percent of 100 heterosexual men were found to be infected with intestinal parasites"...These findings suggest that the male homosexual community may be an important reservoir of potentially pathogenic protozoa."[11]

In addition, amebiasis‎ is a condition associated with gay bowel syndrome.[12]

See also

External links

References

  1. 'Outbreak of intestinal amoebiasis among men who have sex with men, Barcelona (Spain), October 2016 and January 2017, Eurosurveillance, 2017
  2. Intestinal Parasitism among Homosexual Male, Sexuality and Disability by Viroj Wiwanitki, June 2006, Volume 24, Issue 2, pp 113–115
  3. 'Outbreak of intestinal amoebiasis among men who have sex with men, Barcelona (Spain), October 2016 and January 2017, Eurosurveillance, 2017
  4. Letter to the editor - Locally acquired infection with Entamoeba histolytica in men who have sex with men in Australia, Damien J Stark, Rashmi Fotedar, John T Ellis and John L Harkness, MJA 2006; 185 (8): 417
  5. Sexually Transmitted Parasitic Diseases by Andrew A. Shelton, M.D., Colon Rectal Surgery. 2004 Nov; 17(4): 231–234.
  6. Amano K, Takeuchi T., Amebiasis in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Intern Med. 2001 Jul;40(7):563-4
  7. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?Db=pubmed&Cmd=ShowDetailView&TermToSearch=2242700&ordinalpos=4&itool=EntrezSystem2.PEntrez.Pubmed.Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_RVDocSum
  8. Gay men bowel syndrome: A report of parasitic infection in homosexual patients, Med. J. Malaysia Vol. 40 No. 4 1985
  9. I V Weller, The gay bowel, Gut. 1985 September; 26(9): 869–875
  10. [http://www.e-mjm.org/1985/v40n4/gay-men-bowel-syndrome.pdf Gay men bowel syndrome: A report of parasitic infection in homosexual patients Med. J. Malaysia Vol. 40 No. 4 1985
  11. http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=1704818
  12. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?Db=PubMed&Cmd=ShowDetailView&TermToSearch=946385&ordinalpos=1&itool=EntrezSystem2.PEntrez.Pubmed.Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_RVAbstractPlus