Difference between revisions of "Hugo Chavez"

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[[Image:chavez.jpg|175px|right|thumb|Hugo Chavez]]
 
[[Image:chavez.jpg|175px|right|thumb|Hugo Chavez]]
'''Hugo Rafael Chávez Frías''' (b. July 28, 1954) is the socialist president of the Bolivarian Republic of [[Venezuela]].  Chávez assumed power as President in 1998 and pledged to aid Venezuela's poor majority. He has succesfully managed to reduce poverty in Venezuala.Elections were held in 2000 and in 2006 Chavez retained his office. His disastrous socialist economic policies have lead to food shortages, quotas, and rationing in his country, and caused thousands to flee.<ref>http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/southamerica/venezuela/4938993/Venezuelas-Hugo-Chavez-tightens-state-control-of-food-amid-rocketing-inflation-and-food-shortages.html</ref>. However, most of those who are unhappy with his leadership are the rich Venezualans who are worried about losing their profits.http://www.sa.org.au/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=128&Itemid=1
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'''Hugo Rafael Chávez Frías''' (b. July 28, 1954) is the repressive [[leftist]] [[dictator]] of the Bolivarian Republic of [[Venezuela]].  Chávez assumed power as President in 1998 and pledged to aid Venezuela's poor majority. Fraudulent elections were held in 2000 and in 2006 Chavez retained his authoritarian power. His disastrous socialist economic policies have lead to food shortages, quotas, and rationing in his country, and caused thousands to flee.<ref>http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/southamerica/venezuela/4938993/Venezuelas-Hugo-Chavez-tightens-state-control-of-food-amid-rocketing-inflation-and-food-shortages.html</ref>
  
 
==Election fraud==
 
==Election fraud==
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==Religious==
 
==Religious==
Chavez demanded that [[Pope Benedict]] apologize for saying the Roman Catholic Church purified Indians in Latin America. Chavez called the treatment of Indians after [[Christopher Columbus]] landed in 1492 a "holocaust". <ref>[http://www.reuters.com/article/worldNews/idUSN1819661120070519 Chavez demands Pope apologize for Indian comments], Reuters, May 19, 2007</ref>
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Chavez demanded that [[Pope Benedict]] apologize for saying the Roman Catholic Church purified Indians in Latin America. Chavez called the treatment of Indians after [[Christopher Columbus]] landed in 1492 a "holocaust".<ref>[http://www.reuters.com/article/worldNews/idUSN1819661120070519 Chavez demands Pope apologize for Indian comments], Reuters, May 19, 2007</ref>
  
 
==Quotes==
 
==Quotes==
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*[http://www.realclearpolitics.com/Commentary/com-2_24_06_AVL.html ''Why The Left Should Cringe at The Mention of Hugo Chavez''], Alvaro Vargas Llosa, Independent Institute, February 24, 2006.
 
*[http://www.realclearpolitics.com/Commentary/com-2_24_06_AVL.html ''Why The Left Should Cringe at The Mention of Hugo Chavez''], Alvaro Vargas Llosa, Independent Institute, February 24, 2006.
 
*[http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_kmnew/is_200108/ai_kepm313968 ''Bolivar, Dictator or Paladin?''] Interview: Hugo Chavez talks about Venezuela, Maria Amparo Lasso, Newsweek, Aug 20, 2001.
 
*[http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_kmnew/is_200108/ai_kepm313968 ''Bolivar, Dictator or Paladin?''] Interview: Hugo Chavez talks about Venezuela, Maria Amparo Lasso, Newsweek, Aug 20, 2001.
http://www.sa.org.au/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=128&Itemid=1
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{{DEFAULTSORT:Chavez, Hugo}}
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:Chavez, Hugo}}
 
[[Category:Venezuela]]
 
[[Category:Venezuela]]
 
[[Category:Dictators]]
 
[[Category:Dictators]]

Revision as of 07:28, 25 September 2009

Hugo Chavez

Hugo Rafael Chávez Frías (b. July 28, 1954) is the repressive leftist dictator of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. Chávez assumed power as President in 1998 and pledged to aid Venezuela's poor majority. Fraudulent elections were held in 2000 and in 2006 Chavez retained his authoritarian power. His disastrous socialist economic policies have lead to food shortages, quotas, and rationing in his country, and caused thousands to flee.[1]

Election fraud

Steven F. Hayward wrote:

  • While exit polls conducted by the very reliable American firm of Penn, Schoen, and Berland showed Chavez losing by a large margin (59 – 41), the official results put Chavez free and clear by a vote of 58 to 41 percent.[2]

Human rights concerns

Hugo Chávez is a great friend of the tyrannical Cuban despot Fidel Castro and is said to have drawn his political style through influences such as Che Guevara, Karl Marx and Simon Bolivar. The U.S. State Department Report on Global Anti-Semitism cited Chavez in August 2004 warning citizens against following the lead of Jewish citizens in the effort to overturn his referendum victory.[3] Chavez has also embraced a number of world leaders that have hostile relations with the United States, including Holocaust-denier Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, the President of Iran, who Chavez has referred to as "my brother".[4] U.S. Speaker of the House of Representatives Nancy Pelosi said of Chavez, "Hugo Chavez fancies himself a modern-day Simon Bolivar, but all he is is an everyday thug."[5] He is also considered to be an ally of leftist Ecuadorian president Rafael Correa, Bolivian president Evo Morales and the president of Nicaragua, Daniel Ortega ... all radical leftists.[6]

In May 2007, Chavez silenced the only remaining opposition television station critical of his repression by revoking its licence.[7] Crowds of students demonstrated saying they feared for the future of human rights in Venezuala. National Guard troops were ordered to fire tear gas and rubber bullets. Two students were injured, a third was hit with a tear gas canister, and about 20 people needed emergency medical attention for inhaling tear gas. [8]

Chavez has said, “I am going to go after those who resist the revolution and eliminate them one by one.”[9]

Trafficking in Persons

Venezuela under Chavez has been on the U.S. State Department’s Tier 3 list for trafficking in persons since 2004, which means that the government is categorized as one that has failed to make significant efforts to bring itself into compliance with the minium standards for the elimination of trafficking in persons. The State Department’s June 2007 Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report maintains that Venezuela is a source, transit, and destination country for women and children trafficked for sexual exploitation and forced labor.[10]

Relations with US

At the Fifth Summit of the Americas.

Foreign relations between the United States of America and Venezuela are presently unstable. Chavez often criticizes the United States for its 'imperialism' on his radio segment 'Alo Presidente', and alleges the United States's supported a 2002 coup in Venezuela which toppled Chávez momentarily and later removed by Chávez supporters, also known as 'Chávistas'. Venezuela is heavily dependent upon trade revenue from oil sales to the United States.

Terrorism

In May 2006, the State Department determined that, pursuant to Section 40A of the Arms Export Control Act, Venezuela was not fully cooperating with U.S. antiterrorism efforts. This triggered a prohibition on the sale or license of defense articles and services to Venezuela. Other countries on the Section 40A list include Cuba, Iran, North Korea, and Syria, not to be confused with the "state sponsors of terrorism" list under Section 6(j) of the Export Administration Act of 1979, which currently includes Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Sudan, and Syria. The State Department asserted that the Section 40A determination was based on Venezuela’s near lack of antiterrorism cooperation over the last year, citing its support for Iraqi insurgents and Iran’s development of nuclear capabilities, the country’s status as a safe haven for Colombian and Basque terrorist groups, and its effort to derail hemispheric efforts to advance counter-terrorism policies in the OAS. In May 2007, the State Department again included Venezuela in its annual Section 40A determination that it was not cooperating fully with U.S. antiterrorism efforts.

In late April 2007, the State Department issued its annual Country Reports on Terrorism, which asserted that President Chávez "persisted in public criticism of U.S. counterterrorism efforts, deepened Venezuelan relationships with Iran and Cuba, and was unwilling to prevent Venezuelan territory from being used as a safe haven" by Colombian terrorist groups.

There have been long-held suspicions that Chávez has supported leftist Colombian guerrillas, although Chávez denies such support. The State Department’s terrorism report maintains that units of Colombia’s two leftist terrorist groups — the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) and the National Liberation Army (ELN) — often crossed into Venezuela "to rest and regroup with relative impunity."

In addition, according to the report, splinter groups of the FARC and a rightist terrorist group, the United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC) reportedly operate in various parts of the country and are involved in drug trafficking. The report maintained, however, that "it remained unclear to what extent the Venezuelan Government provided material support to Colombian terrorists."

In addition, according to the report, Venezuelan citizenship, identity, and travel documents remained easy to obtain, making the country a potentially attractive waystation for terrorists. In July 13, 2006, congressional testimony, the State Department’s Principal Deputy Coordinator for Counterterrorism, Frank Urbancic, asserted that the United States was detaining increasing numbers of third-country aliens at its borders carrying falsified or fraudulently issued Venezuelan documents. U.S. officials also have expressed concerns about President Chávez’s close relationship with Cuba’s Fidel Castro, but Chávez defends his relationship with Cuba. Overall Venezuelan support to Cuba is estimated to be more than $2 billion a year.[11] Venezuela supplies some 90,000 barrels of oil per day to Cuba on a concessionary basis under PetroCaribe. In return, Venezuela has received support from thousands of Cuban health care workers and sports instructors in the country.

During an April 2005 trip to Cuba, Presidents Chávez and Castro announced commercial deals worth over $400 million, including a joint shipyard to build small navy ships and a joint housing construction company. In January 2007, a delegation of Cuban officials visited Caracas and signed a number of agreements to increase economic linkages, including an agreement for joint oil exploration in both countries.

PdVSA is also involved in refurbishing an unfinished oil refinery in Cienfuegos, Cuba. Beyond Latin America, the Bush Administration has expressed concerns with Venezuela’s growing relations with Iran. In February 2006, Secretary of State Rice referred to Venezuela, along with Cuba, as “sidekicks” of Iran in reference to those countries’ votes in the International Atomic Energy Agency against reporting Iran to the U.N. Security Council over its uranium enrichment program.[12] In testimony before the Senate Select Intelligence Committee in February 2006, Director of National Intelligence John Negroponte expressed concern that President Chávez "is seeking closer economic, military, and diplomatic ties with Iran and North Korea."[13] ran and Venezuela signed an agreement for a $200 million fund to finance joint investment and social projects, and commercial agreements in the early stages include plans for a cement factory, oil exploration in the Orinoco River belt, and a joint operation to build oil and liquid natural gas tankers.[14] During a visit by Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad to Venezuela in mid-January 2007, the two countries announced they would use a $2 billion investment fund to finance projects in both countries and other countries as well.[15]

Some Members of Congress have expressed concerns about relations between Venezuela and Iran. In the 110th Congress, H.Res. 435 (Klein) would, among its provisions, express concern over national security implications of the relationship between the leaders of Iran and Venezuela.

Oil monopoly

Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez with Fidel Castro.

Through Venezuela's state owned petroleum industry and membership in OPEC, Chávez has now used powers granted to him by Parliament to increase oil prices, adding revenue for the Bolivarianist projects. Countries such as the United States have criticized Chávez for the increase in cost for crude oil. Chavez is at the forefront of wanting to set crude oil prices at $60 a barrel minimum, according to the Asia Times[16]

Drug trafficing

The Associated Press reported in July 2007 that since Chavez's ascension to power, illegal narcotics passing through Venezuela from Colombia has risen by as much as 30 tons a year and now accounts for roughly a third of the world's supply of cocaine. Mildred Camero who was in charge of Venezuela's anti-drug efforts stated, "Caracas is replacing Bogota as a center of everything related to drug operations." Camero was fired in 2005 after reporting high-level corruption. [17]

Subversion

According to the Washington Post Chavez has been accused of supplying weapons to Colombian rebels, of financing Bolivian and Ecuadorian groups seeking to establish "Marxist" states, and of being, with Cuban leader Fidel Castro's guidance, a "subversive" everywhere else in the region. [18]

Religious

Chavez demanded that Pope Benedict apologize for saying the Roman Catholic Church purified Indians in Latin America. Chavez called the treatment of Indians after Christopher Columbus landed in 1492 a "holocaust".[19]

Quotes

  • ON closure of RCTV, claiming the network's broadcasts amounted to a "permanent attack on public morals" with cartoons that were "poisoned with hatred, violence and even sex."
  • "Private banks have to give priority to financing the industrial sectors of Venezuela at low cost...If banks don't agree with this, it's better that they go, that they turn over the banks to me."

References

  1. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/southamerica/venezuela/4938993/Venezuelas-Hugo-Chavez-tightens-state-control-of-food-amid-rocketing-inflation-and-food-shortages.html
  2. [1]
  3. Report on Global Anti-Semitism U. S. Department of State, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, January 5, 2005.
  4. Chávez decorated in Iran; initials cooperation pacts
  5. Back to the old days, if only for a minute, Wesley Pruden, Jewish World Review, Sept. 22, 2006.
  6. Correa
  7. Chávez silences critical TV station, Rory Carroll, The Guardian, May 23, 2007.
  8. Troops Fire Upon Protesters in Venezuela, Fabiola Sanchez, Associated Press, 05.28.07. Retrieved from Forbes.com 05/31/07.
  9. Because Freedom Matters, By U.S. Rep. Connie Mack IV and Blanquita Cullm, Naples Daily News, July 7, 2007.
  10. U.S. Department of State, Trafficking in Persons Report, June 12, 2007, p. 207.
  11. Frances Robles and Phil Gunson, Cuba Spotlights Chávez Friendship, Miami Herald, January 26, 2007.
  12. Pablo Bachelet, “Rice Bashes Venezuelan Leader, Politics,” Miami Herald, February 17, 2006; House International Relations Committee, Hearing on the Fiscal Year 2007 International Affairs Budget, Testimony of Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, February 16, 2006.
  13. Senate Select Intelligence Committee, Hearing on World Wide Threats, Testimony of Director of National Intelligence John Negroponte, February 2, 2006.
  14. Steven Dudley, "Chávez’s Wooing of Iran Called Troubling," Miami Herald, March 2, 2006.
  15. Simon Romero, Iranian President Visits Venezuela to Strengthen Ties, New York Times, January 14, 2007.
  16. Bush, OPEC and Chavez of Arabia, Pepe Escobar, Asia Times, 7 December 2006.
  17. Venezuela Becomes Cocaine Conduit, By Ian James and Frank Bajak, Associated Press, 1 July 2007. Retrieved from Forbes.com 8 July 2007.
  18. Dealing With the Good and Bad Hugo Chavez, Marcela Sanchez The Washington Post 25 August 2005.
  19. Chavez demands Pope apologize for Indian comments, Reuters, May 19, 2007

See Also

Articles about Hugo Chavez from previous "Breaking News"

Further reading