Difference between revisions of "Hypocrisy"

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'''Hypocrisy''' literally means criticism of others, by a standard one does not apply to oneself. It is hypocritical to use a [[double standard]] which strictly applies a rule to one group of people, while exempting or excusing another group.
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Hypocrisy is the claim or pretense of holding beliefs, feelings, standards, qualities, opinions, behaviors, virtues, motivations, or other characteristics that one does not actually hold. Hypocrisy is not simply failing to practice those virtues that one preaches. Samuel Johnson made this point when he wrote about the misuse of the charge of "hypocrisy" in Rambler No. 14:
  
For example: Suppose a politician criticizes an opponent for "catering to special interests," rather than saying and doing things which benefit every constituent. If this politician is also "in the pocket" of special interests, it would be hypocritical to critique an opponent for doing the same.
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"Nothing is more unjust, however common, than to charge with hypocrisy him that expresses zeal for those virtues which he neglects to practice; since he may be sincerely convinced of the advantages of conquering his passions, without having yet obtained the victory, as a man may be confident of the advantages of a voyage, or a journey, without having courage or industry to undertake it, and may honestly recommend to others, those attempts which he neglects himself."
  
Charges of hypocrisy, however, are not so often directed against practices rather than against people. It is not that the critic really opposes "catering to special interests", but that they just want that particular politician to be silenced or removed from office.
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An alcoholic's pleas for temperance, for example, would not be considered an act of hypocrisy as long as the alcoholic made no pretense of sobriety.
  
* A mere accusation of hypocrisy can halt a debate by silencing the accused, forcing him off-topic to defend himself against the tangential charge of hypocrisy.  This is how and why so many talking-head shows quickly degenerate into everyone accusing everyone else of hypocrisy, with nothing of substance actually discussed.<ref>[http://www.communistvampires.com/articles/hypocrisy.htm The False and Lazy Charge of Hypocrisy]</ref>
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Recent studies in psychology have identified the evolutionary bases and the mental mechanisms of hypocrisy, tracing its roots to adaptations that serve contradictory functions in the human brain, and to cognitive biases and distortions that predispose humans to readily perceive and condemn faults in others, while failing to perceive and condemn faults of their own.
  
* The treatment by the nation's news gatekeepers and liberal groups of racist or bigoted behavior varies wildly depending on whether the presumed guilty party is a Republican or a Democrat (or conservative or a liberal). <ref name="bigots">[http://spectator.org/archives/2010/01/12/bigots-and-the-press Bigots and the Press]</ref>
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Hypocrisy is commonly found in people who read, believe, and edit this wiki. It's complete nonsense!
 
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* Some conservatives have pointed to Gore's use of a private jet while spreading the message about the dangers of [[global warming]].<ref>[http://www.gnn.tv/articles/2332/More_Inconvenient_Truths_About_Al_Gore More Inconvenient Truths About Al Gore]</ref>
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Hypocrisy is a common fault in many individuals of many affiliations. Ironically, many people are quick to accuse other affiliations of hypocrisy, while refusing to consider the idea that they might be so themselves. <ref>[http://bible.cc/matthew/7-3.htm Matthew 7:3]</ref>
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The [[Bible]] strongly and repeatedly condemns hypocrisy.<ref>[http://www.blueletterbible.org/search/translationResults.cfm?Criteria=hypocri*&t=KJV&page=1 Instances of "hypocrite" and forms thereof in the King James Bible]</ref>
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==See Also==
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*[[Liberal hypocrisy]]
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*[[Atheist hypocrisy]]
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==References==
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<references/>
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{{Ten Commandments}}
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[[category:Psychology]]
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[[Category:Sin]]
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[[Category:Liberal Traits]]
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Revision as of 15:06, 5 May 2015

Hypocrisy is the claim or pretense of holding beliefs, feelings, standards, qualities, opinions, behaviors, virtues, motivations, or other characteristics that one does not actually hold. Hypocrisy is not simply failing to practice those virtues that one preaches. Samuel Johnson made this point when he wrote about the misuse of the charge of "hypocrisy" in Rambler No. 14:

"Nothing is more unjust, however common, than to charge with hypocrisy him that expresses zeal for those virtues which he neglects to practice; since he may be sincerely convinced of the advantages of conquering his passions, without having yet obtained the victory, as a man may be confident of the advantages of a voyage, or a journey, without having courage or industry to undertake it, and may honestly recommend to others, those attempts which he neglects himself."

An alcoholic's pleas for temperance, for example, would not be considered an act of hypocrisy as long as the alcoholic made no pretense of sobriety.

Recent studies in psychology have identified the evolutionary bases and the mental mechanisms of hypocrisy, tracing its roots to adaptations that serve contradictory functions in the human brain, and to cognitive biases and distortions that predispose humans to readily perceive and condemn faults in others, while failing to perceive and condemn faults of their own.

Hypocrisy is commonly found in people who read, believe, and edit this wiki. It's complete nonsense!