The Indigenism ideology is a form of Cultural Marxism in which the White Men is the oppressor and the indigenous people are the victims. The ideology fails to recognize the contribution that colonization was to these peoples and rejects it.
This ideology was spreaded by the São Paulo Forum since the 90s in Latin America. Today one of the most important politicians that follows this ideology is Evo Morales who transformed Bolivia into a "Plurinational State" and uses the Wiphala flag (Aymara Flag) along the Bolivian National Flag
In Chile and Argentina the ideology is used to justify illegal take over of properties, burning of trucks and terrorizing people that is against the Mapuche Cause (Even some Mapuches that aren't in favor of the ideology) and to push for an independent Mapuche State (Disguised etno-separatism).