Difference between revisions of "Islamism"

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'''Islamism''' is a [[government]]al system, specifically a [[theocracy]], in which the government is based on [[Islam]], such as in [[Iran]] or [[Taliban]] era [[Afghanistan]]. More often the term "Islamic State" describes these systems.
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[[File:Protest calling for Sharia in Maldives 2014.jpg|thumb|The desire to establish a dictatorship and occupy ''dar al-harb'' (non-Muslim) lands are the basic elements of the ideology of Islam.]]
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'''Islamism''' is a [[government]]al system, specifically a [[theocracy]], in which the government is based on [[Islam]].
  
More commonly "Islamism" is also used in reference to '''political Islam''', an anti-[[the west | western]], anti-[[Christian]], anti-Semitic and anti-democratic ideology spread by [[terrorism]] and guerilla warfare. [[Al Qaeda]], the [[Taliban]], [[Hamas]] and [[Hizbollah]] are typical Islamists. There is much in common between this form of Islamism is that of Islamic theocracy or an Islamic state, and many such states fund and assist, or encourage Islamist terror.
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The term is also used in reference to '''political Islam'''.
  
 
[[Edward Said]], author of ''Orientalism'', wrote:
 
[[Edward Said]], author of ''Orientalism'', wrote:
:"For most of the [[Middle Ages]] and during the early part of the [[Renaissance]] in Europe, [[Islam]] was believed to be [[demon]]ic religion of [[apostasy]], [[blasphemy]], and obscurity. It did not seem to matter that [[Muslim]]s considered [[Mohammed]] a [[prophet]] and not a [[god]]; what mattered to [[Christian]]s was that Mohammed was a [[false prophet]], a sower of discord, a [[sensualist]], a [[hypocrite]], an agent of the [[devil]]....Real events in the real world made of Islam a considerable political force. For hundreds of years great Islamic armies and navies threatened [[Europe]], destroyed its outposts, colonized its domains..... Even when the world of Islam entered a period of decline and Europe a period of ascendancy, fear of '[[Mohammedanism]]' persisted. Closer to Europe than any of the other non-Christian religions, the [[Islamic world]] by its very adjacency evoked memories of its encroachments on Europe, and always, of its latent power again and again to disturb the West. Other great [[civilization]]s of the East - [[India]] and [[China]] among them - could be thought of as defeated and distant and hence not a constant worry. Only Islam seemed never to have submitted completely to [[the West]]; and when, after the dramatic oil-price rises of the early 1970s, the Muslim world seemed once more on the verge of repeating its early conquests, the whole West seemed to shudder."<ref> Covering Islam; book by Edward Said; P4-5; 1981</ref>
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:"For most of the [[Middle Ages]] and during the early part of the [[Renaissance]] in Europe, [[Islam]] was believed to be [[demon]]ic religion of [[apostasy]], [[blasphemy]], and obscurity. It did not seem to matter that [[Muslim]]s considered [[Mohammed]] a [[prophet]] and not a [[god]]; what mattered to [[Christian]]s was that Mohammed was a [[false prophet]], a sower of discord, a [[sensualist]], a [[Hypocrites|hypocrite]], an agent of the [[devil]]....Real events in the real world made of Islam a considerable political force. For hundreds of years, great Islamic armies and navies threatened [[Europe]], destroyed its outposts, colonized its domains..... Even when the world of Islam entered a period of decline and Europe a period of ascendancy, fear of '[[Mohammedanism]]' persisted. Closer to Europe than any of the other non-Christian religions, the [[Islamic world]] by its very adjacency evoked memories of its encroachments on Europe, and always, of its latent power again and again to disturb the West. Other great [[civilization]]s of the East - [[India]] and [[China]] among them - could be thought of as defeated and distant and hence not a constant worry. Only Islam seemed never to have submitted completely to [[the West]]; and when, after the dramatic oil-price rises of the early 1970s, the Muslim world seemed once more on the verge of repeating its early conquests, the whole West seemed to shudder."<ref>Covering Islam; book by Edward Said; P4-5; 1981</ref>
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==See also==
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*[[Islamic terrorism]]
  
 
==Notes==
 
==Notes==
<references/>
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{{reflist}}
 
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=External links=
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==External links==
 
* [http://www.meforum.org/article/1870 Mohamed Sifaoui: "I Consider Islamism to Be Fascism" -  Sifaoui: I certainly am one of the first Muslims to consider Islamism to be fascism].
 
* [http://www.meforum.org/article/1870 Mohamed Sifaoui: "I Consider Islamism to Be Fascism" -  Sifaoui: I certainly am one of the first Muslims to consider Islamism to be fascism].
 
 
* [http://europenews.dk/en/node/14088 Naser Khader a Danish Muslim, immigrant of Syrian background:  Islamism is the racism of our time].
 
* [http://europenews.dk/en/node/14088 Naser Khader a Danish Muslim, immigrant of Syrian background:  Islamism is the racism of our time].
 
 
* [http://www.bahaindex.com/en/news/1-general-news/1459-radical-islamism-is-a-form-of-religio-racism-that-should-be-condemned-at-un-racism-conference-in-du Bahai forum: Radical Islamism, is a Form of Religio-Racism].
 
* [http://www.bahaindex.com/en/news/1-general-news/1459-radical-islamism-is-a-form-of-religio-racism-that-should-be-condemned-at-un-racism-conference-in-du Bahai forum: Radical Islamism, is a Form of Religio-Racism].
  
[[category:Islam]]
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[[Category:Islam]]
[[category:International Political Terms]]
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[[Category:International Political Terms]]

Latest revision as of 16:53, 11 April 2020

The desire to establish a dictatorship and occupy dar al-harb (non-Muslim) lands are the basic elements of the ideology of Islam.

Islamism is a governmental system, specifically a theocracy, in which the government is based on Islam.

The term is also used in reference to political Islam.

Edward Said, author of Orientalism, wrote:

"For most of the Middle Ages and during the early part of the Renaissance in Europe, Islam was believed to be demonic religion of apostasy, blasphemy, and obscurity. It did not seem to matter that Muslims considered Mohammed a prophet and not a god; what mattered to Christians was that Mohammed was a false prophet, a sower of discord, a sensualist, a hypocrite, an agent of the devil....Real events in the real world made of Islam a considerable political force. For hundreds of years, great Islamic armies and navies threatened Europe, destroyed its outposts, colonized its domains..... Even when the world of Islam entered a period of decline and Europe a period of ascendancy, fear of 'Mohammedanism' persisted. Closer to Europe than any of the other non-Christian religions, the Islamic world by its very adjacency evoked memories of its encroachments on Europe, and always, of its latent power again and again to disturb the West. Other great civilizations of the East - India and China among them - could be thought of as defeated and distant and hence not a constant worry. Only Islam seemed never to have submitted completely to the West; and when, after the dramatic oil-price rises of the early 1970s, the Muslim world seemed once more on the verge of repeating its early conquests, the whole West seemed to shudder."[1]

See also

Notes

  1. Covering Islam; book by Edward Said; P4-5; 1981

External links