Italian Painting

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Michelangelo, Creation of the Heavens, 1508-12, Sistine Chapel.
Venus and Adonis by Tiziano Vicellio, ca. 1542.

Italian painting is one of the most important in world history. Works of art produced in this geographic region are brilliant. Italian art has engendered great public interest and involvement, resulting in the consistent production of monumental and spectacular works. [1] Several of the greatest masterpieces have been made by Italian artists.

Main exponents of Italian painting are: Duccio di Buoninsegna, Giotto di Bondone, Fra Angelico, Piero della Francesca, Sandro Botticelli, Pietro Perugino, Leonardo da Vinci, Vittore Carpaccio, Michelangelo, Tiziano Vicellio, Raphael, Tintoretto, Paolo Veronese, Annibale Carracci, Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio, Domenico Zampieri, Carlino Dolci, Antonio Canaletto and Amedeo Modigliani.

In the fifteenth century, artists learned to depict the visual world in a naturalistic manner... However, to view the art of the Renaissance as a mere conquest of naturalistic representation would overlook the complexity of the period. Carlo Crivelli painted sumptuous altarpieces in a boldly ornamental manner, and Cosimo Tura frequently departed from logical, naturalistic norms in favor of an energetic idiom with an eccentric elegance. Portraiture flourished during the Renaissance, and the Venetians, foremost among them Giorgione and Bellini, excelled in their depictions of pastoral landscape. [2]

The leading lights of the 18th cent. came from Venice. Among them were the brilliant exponent of the rococo style, Tiepolo; the architectural painters Guardi, Canaletto, Piazzetta, and Bellotto. Fantastic landscape was brought into vogue in the works of Castiglione and Magnasco, both of whom worked in Naples. [3]

During the 19th century Italian artists responded to movements such as Romanticism and Realism, but with little originality... The main artists were Giovanni Fattori (1825–1908), Silvestro Lega (1826–1895), and Telemaco Signorini (1835–1901), main exponents of a group known as Macchiaioli (patchers). [4]

In the 20th century, Lucio Fontana, founded the Spazialismo (style in which matter should be transformed into energy in order to invade space in a dynamic form), and Giorgio de Chirico founded the scuola metafisica art movement, which profoundly influenced the surrealists.

Italian painting is studied in periods like: The Medieval, the Renaissance, Mannerism, Venetian Painting, the Baroque Period, the Rococo Period, and Modern painting.

Vittore Carpaccio, Christus in Emmaus.

See also

Bruno Ceccobelli, Mondo Tonto, Sondo, 1990.
Andrea del Verrocchio, Baptism of Christ, ca. 1475.
Lucio Fontana, Concept - Spatiale 1964.

External links

Guercino, Susanna and the Elders, 1617.
Novella Parigini, Natura morta.
Giorgio de Chirico, Still Life with Silver Ware, 1962.
Proclamazione della Repubblica Sassarese - Giuseppe Sciuti, 1880.