Difference between revisions of "Jack London"

From Conservapedia
Jump to: navigation, search
m (External links: HTTP --> HTTPS [#1], replaced: http://www.gutenberg.org → https://www.gutenberg.org)
 
(16 intermediate revisions by 7 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
[[Image:Jack London.jpg|right|200px]]
+
{{Infobox person
'''Jack London''' (January 12, 1876 – November 22, 1916) was a famous writer and novelist of the early 20th century. He had a traumatic early life, two troubled [[marriage]]s, and a [[death]], possibly due to [[suicide]], shrouded in mystery. After engaging in "oyster pirating," becoming a tramp, and getting a grueling, low-paying job, he went to the [[University of California at Berkeley]] in 1896, only to stay a year and fail to graduate. He joined the Klondike [[Gold Rush]] in 1897, during which he developed Scurvy. However, some of his best known and most succesful stories, such as the ''Call of the Wild'' and ''White Fang'', were based on his Gold Rush experiences.
+
| name        = Jack London
 +
| image      = Jack London.jpg
 +
| birth_date  = January 12, 1876
 +
| birth_place = San Francisco, California
 +
| death_date  = November 22, 1916
 +
| death_place = Glen Ellen, California
 +
| nationality = American
 +
| spouse      = Elizabeth Bessie Maddern,<br /> Charmian Kittrege
 +
| religion    =
 +
}}
 +
'''Jack London''' (January 12, 1876 – November 22, 1916) was a famous American writer, journalist and novelist of the early 20th century.
  
London became a [[socialist]], and his ''political'' leanings are revealed in some of his writing, especially the less-known ''[[The Iron Heel]]'', an early pro-socialist [[dystopian]] [[novel]].
+
==Biography==
 +
Born John Griffith Chaney, he had a traumatic early life, and two troubled [[marriage]]s.  His [[death]], possibly due to [[suicide]], is shrouded in mystery. After engaging in "oyster pirating," becoming a tramp, and getting a grueling, low-paying job, he went to the [[University of California at Berkeley]] in 1896, only to stay a year and fail to graduate. He joined the Klondike [[Gold Rush]] in 1897, during which he developed Scurvy. However, some of his best known and most successful stories, such as the ''[[Call of the Wild]]'' and ''White Fang'', were based on his Gold Rush experiences.
  
The cause of his death is unknown. In the past it was usually claimed to be suicide. However, there is no real proof of this, and it is based heavily on events in his [[fiction]]. In the present day, his death is usually credited to uremia, a type of poisoning.<ref>http://www.jacklondons.net/nosuicide.html</ref>
+
London became a [[socialist]], and his ''political'' leanings are revealed in some of his writing, especially the less-known ''[[The Iron Heel]]'', an early pro-socialist [[dystopian]] [[novel]]. In 1905, he was among the founding members of the [[Intercollegiate Socialist Society]].
  
Among his best-known works are the novels ''The Call of the Wild'', ''White Fang'', ''Martin Eden'', and ''The Iron Heel''. Also well known is his autobiographical work ''John Barleycorn''.
+
The cause of his death is unknown. In the past it was usually claimed to be suicide. However, there is no real proof of this, and it is based heavily on events in his [[fiction]]. In the present day, his death is usually credited to uremia, a type of blood-poisoning related to renal (kidney) failure.<ref>http://www.jacklondons.net/nosuicide.html</ref>
  
== External links ==
+
==Works==
 +
* A Daughter of the Snows (1902)
 +
* To Build a Fire (1902)
 +
* [[The Call of the Wild]] (1903)
 +
* The People of the Abyss (1903)
 +
* The Kempton-Wace Letters (1903)
 +
* How I Became a Socialist (1903)
 +
* The Sea-Wolf (1904)
 +
* The War of the Classes (1905)
 +
* White Fang (1906)
 +
* Before Adam (1907)
 +
* [[The Iron Heel]] (1908)
 +
* Martin Eden (1909)
 +
* Lost Face (1910)
 +
* Adventure (1911)
 +
* South Sea Tales (1911)
 +
* The Scarlet Plague (1912)
 +
* John Barleycorn (1913)
 +
* The Valley of the Moon (1913)
 +
* The Mutiny of the Elsinore (1914)
 +
* The Star Rover (1915)
 +
* The Little Lady of the Big House (1916)
 +
* Jerry of the Islands (1917)
 +
* The Assassination Bureau, Ltd. (1963, incomplete)
  
*[http://www.gutenberg.org/browse/authors/l#a120 Jack London]
+
==References==
 +
{{reflist|1}}
  
 +
==External links==
 +
* [https://books.google.com/books?id=t5k_AQAAMAAJ&pg=PA3 Jack London: A Sketch of His Life and Work]
 +
* [https://books.google.com/books?id=fI82AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA25 The Book of Jack London, Volume 1], by his second wife Charmian Kittridge London'
 +
* [https://www.gutenberg.org/browse/authors/l#a120 Jack London]
 +
* [https://librivox.org/author/143 Works by Jack London - text and free audio] - [[LibriVox]]
  
==References==
+
{{DEFAULTSORT:London, Jack}}
<references/>
+
 
[[Category:Authors]]
+
[[Category:American Authors]]
 +
[[Category:Socialism]]

Latest revision as of 17:42, 26 September 2018

Jack London
Jack London.jpg

Born January 12, 1876
San Francisco, California
Died November 22, 1916
Glen Ellen, California
Spouse Elizabeth Bessie Maddern,
Charmian Kittrege

Jack London (January 12, 1876 – November 22, 1916) was a famous American writer, journalist and novelist of the early 20th century.

Biography

Born John Griffith Chaney, he had a traumatic early life, and two troubled marriages. His death, possibly due to suicide, is shrouded in mystery. After engaging in "oyster pirating," becoming a tramp, and getting a grueling, low-paying job, he went to the University of California at Berkeley in 1896, only to stay a year and fail to graduate. He joined the Klondike Gold Rush in 1897, during which he developed Scurvy. However, some of his best known and most successful stories, such as the Call of the Wild and White Fang, were based on his Gold Rush experiences.

London became a socialist, and his political leanings are revealed in some of his writing, especially the less-known The Iron Heel, an early pro-socialist dystopian novel. In 1905, he was among the founding members of the Intercollegiate Socialist Society.

The cause of his death is unknown. In the past it was usually claimed to be suicide. However, there is no real proof of this, and it is based heavily on events in his fiction. In the present day, his death is usually credited to uremia, a type of blood-poisoning related to renal (kidney) failure.[1]

Works

  • A Daughter of the Snows (1902)
  • To Build a Fire (1902)
  • The Call of the Wild (1903)
  • The People of the Abyss (1903)
  • The Kempton-Wace Letters (1903)
  • How I Became a Socialist (1903)
  • The Sea-Wolf (1904)
  • The War of the Classes (1905)
  • White Fang (1906)
  • Before Adam (1907)
  • The Iron Heel (1908)
  • Martin Eden (1909)
  • Lost Face (1910)
  • Adventure (1911)
  • South Sea Tales (1911)
  • The Scarlet Plague (1912)
  • John Barleycorn (1913)
  • The Valley of the Moon (1913)
  • The Mutiny of the Elsinore (1914)
  • The Star Rover (1915)
  • The Little Lady of the Big House (1916)
  • Jerry of the Islands (1917)
  • The Assassination Bureau, Ltd. (1963, incomplete)

References

External links