Jackie Robinson (January 31, 1919 - October 24, 1972) was the first black Major League Baseball player. Robinson played second base for the Brooklyn Dodgers from 1947 until his retirement in 1956. Prior to joining the Dodgers he played for the Kansas City Monarchs of the old Negro League, and was a four sport star (baseball, football, basketball and track) at UCLA.
Robinson was voted baseball's Rookie of the Year in 1947, and the National League Most Valuable Player in 1949. He was selected for the National League All-Star team six consecutive seasons (1949-54) and played in the World Series in 1947, 1949, 1952, 1953, 1955, and 1956. Robinson was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1962, receiving 124 of a possible 160 votes.