Difference between revisions of "Jair Bolsonaro"

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'''Jair Messias Bolsonaro''' (born March 21, 1955) is the president of [[Brazil]]. He is a strongly [[conservative]] and anti-[[establishment]]<ref name="TropicalTrump">Newman, Alex (September 3, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/world-news/south-america/item/29946-tropical-trump-bolsonaro-may-be-brazil-s-next-president “Tropical Trump” Bolsonaro May Be Brazil's Next President]. ''The New American''. Retrieved September 3, 2018.</ref><ref name="GlobalistsFreak"/><ref name="5Policies"/> former congressman and retired army captain.  He often invokes [[God]] in his speeches.
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'''Jair Messias Bolsonaro''' (born March 21, 1955) is the president of [[Brazil]]. He is a strongly [[conservative]] and anti-[[establishment]]<ref name="TropicalTrump">Newman, Alex (September 3, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/world-news/south-america/item/29946-tropical-trump-bolsonaro-may-be-brazil-s-next-president “Tropical Trump” Bolsonaro May Be Brazil's Next President]. ''The New American''. Retrieved September 3, 2018.</ref><ref name="GlobalistsFreak"/><ref name="5Policies"/><ref>[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-politics/brazils-bolsonaro-says-political-class-is-an-impediment-idUSKCN1SQ1VA Brazil's Bolsonaro says political class is an impediment]. ''Reuters''. May 20, 2019. Retrieved May 20, 2019.</ref> former congressman and retired army captain.  He often invokes [[God]] in his speeches.
  
 
He supports the right of all non-criminals to own firearms and proposed this as one of his first initiatives upon taking the office of president.  One of his favorite expressions is "combater o lixo marxista," which means "fight the [[marxist]] garbage."<ref>https://twitter.com/jairbolsonaro/status/1079686972673806336</ref>
 
He supports the right of all non-criminals to own firearms and proposed this as one of his first initiatives upon taking the office of president.  One of his favorite expressions is "combater o lixo marxista," which means "fight the [[marxist]] garbage."<ref>https://twitter.com/jairbolsonaro/status/1079686972673806336</ref>
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*Darlington, Shasta (January 15, 2019). [https://www.nytimes.com/2019/01/15/world/americas/bolsonaro-brazil-gun-rules.html Bolsonaro Signs Decree Making It Easier for Brazilians to Buy Guns]. ''The New York Times''. Retrieved January 15, 2019.
 
*Darlington, Shasta (January 15, 2019). [https://www.nytimes.com/2019/01/15/world/americas/bolsonaro-brazil-gun-rules.html Bolsonaro Signs Decree Making It Easier for Brazilians to Buy Guns]. ''The New York Times''. Retrieved January 15, 2019.
 
*Phillips, Don (January 15, 2019). [https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jan/15/brazil-bolsonaro-signs-decree-easing-gun-restrictions Brazil's Bolsonaro signs decree loosening gun ownership rules]. ''The Guardian''. Retrieved January 15, 2019.
 
*Phillips, Don (January 15, 2019). [https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jan/15/brazil-bolsonaro-signs-decree-easing-gun-restrictions Brazil's Bolsonaro signs decree loosening gun ownership rules]. ''The Guardian''. Retrieved January 15, 2019.
*Schipani, Andres (January 15, 2019). [https://www.ft.com/content/42865972-18db-11e9-b93e-f4351a53f1c3 Jair Bolsonaro makes it easier for Brazilians to buy and own guns]. ''Financial Times''. Retrieved January 15, 2019.</ref>
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*Schipani, Andres (January 15, 2019). [https://www.ft.com/content/42865972-18db-11e9-b93e-f4351a53f1c3 Jair Bolsonaro makes it easier for Brazilians to buy and own guns]. ''Financial Times''. Retrieved January 15, 2019.</ref> On May 7, 2019, Bolsonaro signed another decree, increasing the amount of ammunition Brazilians could buy and reducing restrictions on gun imports.<ref>Multiple references:
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*Hayward, John (May 8, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/national-security/2019/05/08/bolsonaro-expands-brazilian-gun-rights-executive-order/ Bolsonaro Expands Brazilian Gun Rights with Executive Order]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved May 11, 2019.
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*Paraguassu, Lisandra (May 7, 2019). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-politics-guns/brazils-bolsonaro-signs-decree-easing-gun-import-ammo-limits-idUSKCN1SD2OU Brazil's Bolsonaro signs decree easing gun import, ammo limits]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
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*[https://www.apnews.com/e0f64da5875a46ba9cc7f00291a1c843 Brazil’s Bolsonaro signs decree easing gun laws]. ''Associated Press''. May 7, 2019. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
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*[https://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory/brazils-bolsonaro-signs-decree-easing-gun-laws-62888225 Brazil's Bolsonaro signs decree easing gun laws]. ''ABC News'' (from the ''Associated Press''). May 7, 2019. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
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*[https://www.dw.com/en/brazils-bolsonaro-signs-decree-further-easing-gun-rules/a-48645988 Brazil's Bolsonaro signs decree further easing gun rules]. ''Deutsche Welle''. May 8, 2019. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
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See also:
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*[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-politics-guns-taurus/brazil-gunmaker-taurus-shares-soar-as-bolsonaro-eases-gun-laws-idUSKCN1SE24K Brazil gunmaker Taurus' shares soar as Bolsonaro eases gun laws]. ''Reuters''. May 8, 2019. Retrieved May 8, 2019.</ref> On June 25, 2019, Bolsonaro reversed the May order, seeing that Brazil's congress would reject it.<ref>[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-guns/brazil-president-backtracks-on-looser-gun-restrictions-as-lawmakers-resist-idUSKCN1TQ2Z1 Brazil president backtracks on looser gun restrictions as lawmakers resist]. ''Reuters''. June 25, 2019. Retrieved June 25, 2019.</ref><ref>Said, Flavia (June 25, 2019). [https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-06-25/brazil-gun-decree-scrapped-by-bolsonaro-amid-congress-pushback Brazil Gun Decree Scrapped by Bolsonaro Amid Congress Pushback]. ''Bloomberg''. Retrieved June 30, 2019.</ref>
  
 
====Crime====
 
====Crime====
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Bolsonaro has promoted Brazil as an emerging free market society, criticizing his predecessors and stating that "the left wing will not prevail."<ref>Kew, Ben (January 22, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/national-security/2019/01/22/jair-bolsonaro-declares-new-brazil-davos-left-will-not-prevail/ Jair Bolsonaro Introduces ‘New Brazil’ at Davos: ‘The Left Will Not Prevail’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 23, 2019.</ref>
 
Bolsonaro has promoted Brazil as an emerging free market society, criticizing his predecessors and stating that "the left wing will not prevail."<ref>Kew, Ben (January 22, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/national-security/2019/01/22/jair-bolsonaro-declares-new-brazil-davos-left-will-not-prevail/ Jair Bolsonaro Introduces ‘New Brazil’ at Davos: ‘The Left Will Not Prevail’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 23, 2019.</ref>
  
====Education and other social issues====
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Bolsonaro worked to reduce socialistic environmental regulations.<ref>Spring, Jake (May 8, 2019). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-environment/ex-ministers-blast-bolsonaro-for-dismantling-brazils-environment-protections-idUSKCN1SE2IQ Ex-ministers blast Bolsonaro for dismantling Brazil's environment protections]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved May 8, 2019.</ref>
On his first day in office, President Bolsonaro signed a decree removing LGBT issues from the list of concerns of the human rights ministry,<ref name="Savarese2019"/><ref>Gstalter, Morgan (January 2, 2019). [https://thehill.com/policy/international/human-rights/423594-brazils-new-president-removes-lgbt-concerns-from-human Brazil’s new president removes LGBT concerns from human rights ministry]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved January 2, 2019.</ref> and he signed another decree increasing oversight over NGOs and international organizations, which he argued inhibited indigenous integration into Brazilian society.<ref name="NGOdecree">Stargardter, Gabriel (January 2, 2019). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-politics-ngos/bolsonaro-presidential-decree-grants-sweeping-powers-over-ngos-in-brazil-idUSKCN1OW1P8 Bolsonaro presidential decree grants sweeping powers over NGOs in Brazil]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved January 2, 2019.</ref> He also signed a decree eliminating the "diversity" division of Brazil's education ministry and created a new division to promote literacy,<ref>Multiple references:
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After Brazil's congress rejected President Bolsonaro's decree to transfer indigenous land decisions to the Agriculture Department, Bolsonaro issued another decree reinstating this policy in June 2019.<ref>[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-politics-indigenous/brazils-bolsonaro-hands-indigenous-land-decisions-back-to-farm-sector-idUSKCN1TK37O Brazil's Bolsonaro hands indigenous land decisions back to farm sector]. ''Reuters''. June 19, 2019. Retrieved June 19, 2019.</ref>
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====Education====
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He also signed a decree eliminating the "diversity" division of Brazil's education ministry and created a new division to promote literacy,<ref>Multiple references:
 
*Saldaña, Paulo (January 2, 2019). [https://www1.folha.uol.com.br/educacao/2019/01/velez-desmonta-secretaria-de-diversidade-e-cria-nova-subpasta-de-alfabetizacao.shtml Vélez desmonta secretaria de diversidade e cria nova subpasta de alfabetização]. ''Folha De S.Paulo''. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
 
*Saldaña, Paulo (January 2, 2019). [https://www1.folha.uol.com.br/educacao/2019/01/velez-desmonta-secretaria-de-diversidade-e-cria-nova-subpasta-de-alfabetizacao.shtml Vélez desmonta secretaria de diversidade e cria nova subpasta de alfabetização]. ''Folha De S.Paulo''. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
 
* https://twitter.com/jairbolsonaro/status/1080567217031393283
 
* https://twitter.com/jairbolsonaro/status/1080567217031393283
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*Barillas, Martin M. (February 11, 2019). [https://www.lifesitenews.com/news/brazils-new-president-to-eliminate-transgender-pro-gay-ideology-from-school Brazil’s new president to eliminate transgender, pro-gay ideology from schools]. ''LifeSiteNews''. Retrieved February 13, 2019.
 
*Barillas, Martin M. (February 11, 2019). [https://www.lifesitenews.com/news/brazils-new-president-to-eliminate-transgender-pro-gay-ideology-from-school Brazil’s new president to eliminate transgender, pro-gay ideology from schools]. ''LifeSiteNews''. Retrieved February 13, 2019.
 
*Ciccotta, Tom (February 12, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/tech/2019/02/12/bolsonaro-erase-marxist-rubbish-from-brazilian-colleges/ Bolsonaro: Erase ‘Marxist Rubbish’ from Brazilian Colleges]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved February 13, 2019.
 
*Ciccotta, Tom (February 12, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/tech/2019/02/12/bolsonaro-erase-marxist-rubbish-from-brazilian-colleges/ Bolsonaro: Erase ‘Marxist Rubbish’ from Brazilian Colleges]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved February 13, 2019.
*Osborne, Samuel (February 12, 2019). [https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/brazil-jair-bolsonaro-school-textbook-feminism-homosexuality-lgbt-violence-women-a8775271.html Bolsonaro regime to remove Brazilian textbook references to feminism and homosexuality]. ''The Independent''. Retrieved February 13, 2019.</ref> On February 25, 2019, the Education Ministry under Bolsonaro instructed schools to have students sing the national anthem and that teachers read a patriotic statement to students.<ref>Multiple references:
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*Osborne, Samuel (February 12, 2019). [https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/brazil-jair-bolsonaro-school-textbook-feminism-homosexuality-lgbt-violence-women-a8775271.html Bolsonaro regime to remove Brazilian textbook references to feminism and homosexuality]. ''The Independent''. Retrieved February 13, 2019.</ref> On February 25, 2019, the Education Ministry under Bolsonaro instructed schools to have students sing the national anthem and that teachers read a patriotic statement to students,<ref>Multiple references:
 
*[https://www.foxnews.com/world/brazil-ministry-tells-students-to-recite-bolsonaro-slogan Brazil ministry tells students to recite Bolsonaro slogan]. ''Fox News'' (from the ''Associated Press''). February 26, 2019. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
 
*[https://www.foxnews.com/world/brazil-ministry-tells-students-to-recite-bolsonaro-slogan Brazil ministry tells students to recite Bolsonaro slogan]. ''Fox News'' (from the ''Associated Press''). February 26, 2019. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
 
*[https://www.nbcnews.com/news/world/brazil-s-new-right-wing-government-asks-schools-read-out-n975901 Brazil's new right-wing government asks schools to read aloud a President Bolsonaro slogan]. ''NBC News'' (from ''Reuters''). February 25, 2019. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
 
*[https://www.nbcnews.com/news/world/brazil-s-new-right-wing-government-asks-schools-read-out-n975901 Brazil's new right-wing government asks schools to read aloud a President Bolsonaro slogan]. ''NBC News'' (from ''Reuters''). February 25, 2019. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
 
Brazil's education department revised its policy after criticism:
 
Brazil's education department revised its policy after criticism:
*Phillips, Dom (February 26, 2019). [https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/feb/26/brazil-education-minister-bolsonaro-slogan-students-recite Outrage after Brazil ministry asks schools to read aloud Bolsonaro slogan]. ''The Guardian''. Retrieved March 1, 2019.</ref> Bolsonaro has attempted to remove left-wing bias from the history content in Brazilian schools.<ref>Pearson, Samantha (April 12, 2019). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/bolsonaro-takes-aim-at-brazils-history-11555080030 Bolsonaro Takes Aim at Brazil’s History]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved April 12, 2019.</ref>
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*Phillips, Dom (February 26, 2019). [https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/feb/26/brazil-education-minister-bolsonaro-slogan-students-recite Outrage after Brazil ministry asks schools to read aloud Bolsonaro slogan]. ''The Guardian''. Retrieved March 1, 2019.</ref> and he encouraged students to call out their teachers when they promoted left-wing content.<ref>Kaiser, Anna Jean (May 3, 2019). [https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/may/03/brazil-schools-teachers-indoctrination-jair-bolsonaro Call for students to film 'biased' teachers brings Brazil's culture wars to classroom]. ''The Guardian''. Retrieved May 8, 2019.</ref> Bolsonaro has attempted to remove left-wing bias from the history content in Brazilian schools.<ref>Pearson, Samantha (April 12, 2019). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/bolsonaro-takes-aim-at-brazils-history-11555080030 Bolsonaro Takes Aim at Brazil’s History]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved April 12, 2019.</ref> In September 2019, Bolsonaro announced his administration would draft legislation to ban far-left gender ideology indoctrination in public schools.<ref>Barillas, Martin M. (September 10, 2019). [https://www.lifesitenews.com/news/brazilian-president-moves-to-protect-schoolkids-from-lgbt-gender-ideology Brazilian president moves to protect schoolkids from LGBT gender ideology]. ''LifeSiteNews''. Retrieved September 10, 2019.</ref>
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President Bolsonaro succeeded in increasing security and reducing left-wing influences in Brazil's public schools.<ref>Watson, Katy (May 7, 2019). [https://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-48039435 How Brazil's culture wars are being waged in classrooms]. ''BBC News''. Retrieved May 8, 2019.</ref>
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====Social issues====
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On his first day in office, President Bolsonaro signed a decree removing LGBT issues from the list of concerns of the human rights ministry,<ref name="Savarese2019"/><ref>Gstalter, Morgan (January 2, 2019). [https://thehill.com/policy/international/human-rights/423594-brazils-new-president-removes-lgbt-concerns-from-human Brazil’s new president removes LGBT concerns from human rights ministry]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved January 2, 2019.</ref> and he signed another decree increasing oversight over NGOs and international organizations, which he argued inhibited indigenous integration into Brazilian society.<ref name="NGOdecree">Stargardter, Gabriel (January 2, 2019). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-politics-ngos/bolsonaro-presidential-decree-grants-sweeping-powers-over-ngos-in-brazil-idUSKCN1OW1P8 Bolsonaro presidential decree grants sweeping powers over NGOs in Brazil]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved January 2, 2019.</ref>
  
 
President Bolsonaro created a national week to raise awareness of teen pregnancy in order to prevent it.<ref>[http://www2.planalto.gov.br/acompanhe-o-planalto/noticias/2019/01/semana-nacional-vai-conscientizar-para-evitar-a-gravidez-na-adolescencia Semana nacional vai conscientizar para evitar a gravidez na adolescência]. ''Planalto.gov.br''. January 4, 2019. Retrieved January 6, 2019.</ref>
 
President Bolsonaro created a national week to raise awareness of teen pregnancy in order to prevent it.<ref>[http://www2.planalto.gov.br/acompanhe-o-planalto/noticias/2019/01/semana-nacional-vai-conscientizar-para-evitar-a-gravidez-na-adolescencia Semana nacional vai conscientizar para evitar a gravidez na adolescência]. ''Planalto.gov.br''. January 4, 2019. Retrieved January 6, 2019.</ref>
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President Bolsonaro abolished the culture ministry shortly after assuming office.<ref>Neuendorf, Henri (January 9, 2019). [https://news.artnet.com/art-world/brazil-disbands-ministry-culture-1434835 Brazil’s New Right-Wing President Jair Bolsonaro Has Disbanded the Country’s Ministry of Culture]. ''Artnet News''. Retrieved January 9, 2019.</ref><ref>Angeleti, Gabriella (January 9, 2019). [https://www.theartnewspaper.com/news/brazilian-culture-ministry-bolsonaro-osmar-terra Jair Bolsonaro’s government extinguishes Brazilian ministry of culture]. ''The Art Newspaper''. Retrieved January 9, 2019.</ref>
 
President Bolsonaro abolished the culture ministry shortly after assuming office.<ref>Neuendorf, Henri (January 9, 2019). [https://news.artnet.com/art-world/brazil-disbands-ministry-culture-1434835 Brazil’s New Right-Wing President Jair Bolsonaro Has Disbanded the Country’s Ministry of Culture]. ''Artnet News''. Retrieved January 9, 2019.</ref><ref>Angeleti, Gabriella (January 9, 2019). [https://www.theartnewspaper.com/news/brazilian-culture-ministry-bolsonaro-osmar-terra Jair Bolsonaro’s government extinguishes Brazilian ministry of culture]. ''The Art Newspaper''. Retrieved January 9, 2019.</ref>
  
Pro-life Brazilian governmental officials vocally supported pro-life policies at the UN.<ref>[https://www.lifesitenews.com/news/brazilian-pro-life-voices-make-themselves-heard-at-un-womens-conference Brazilian pro-life voices make themselves heard at UN women’s conference]. ''LifeSiteNews'' (from the ''Campaign Life Coalition''). March 26, 2019. Retrieved March 26, 2019.</ref>
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Pro-life Brazilian governmental officials vocally supported pro-life policies at the UN.<ref>[https://www.lifesitenews.com/news/brazilian-pro-life-voices-make-themselves-heard-at-un-womens-conference Brazilian pro-life voices make themselves heard at UN women’s conference]. ''LifeSiteNews'' (from the ''Campaign Life Coalition''). March 26, 2019. Retrieved March 26, 2019.</ref> Bolsonaro's government criticized the [[World Health Organization]] for pro-abortion guidelines.<ref>Gennarini, Stefano (October 11, 2019). [https://www.lifesitenews.com/news/brazilian-minister-says-world-health-orgs-abortion-guidelines-risk-girls-lives Brazilian minister says World Health Org’s abortion guidelines risk girls’ lives]. ''LifeSiteNews''. Retrieved October 11, 2019.</ref>
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President Bolsonaro made numerous changes to environmental policy.<ref>Jeantet, Diane (May 15, 2019). [https://www.apnews.com/6ba1d372640641749278a3054f3a47d4 AP Explains: Brazil’s environmental changes under Bolsonaro]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved May 15, 2019.</ref> In May 2019, he fired a far-left activist from his role as the leader of a government-controlled climate change group.<ref>Spring, Jake (May 10, 2019). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-environment/brazils-bolsonaro-fires-militant-head-of-climate-change-action-group-idUSKCN1SG2BT Brazil's Bolsonaro fires 'militant' head of climate change action group]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved May 10, 2019.</ref> He accused left-wing NGOs of manipulating deforestation statistics to make his record look bad,<ref>Kew, Ben (August 22, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/national-security/2019/08/22/brazil-bolsonaro-suggests-ngos-started-amazon-wildfires-after-cutting-their-funding/ Brazil: Bolsonaro Suggests NGO’s Started Amazon Wildfires After Cutting Their Funding]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved August 22, 2019.<br>See also:
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*Kew, Ben (August 23, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/national-security/2019/08/23/amazon-fires-brazils-bolsonaro-urges-macron-stop-meddling-after-he-threatens-veto-trade-deal/ Amazon Fires: Brazil’s Bolsonaro Urges Macron to Stop Meddling After He Threatens to Veto Trade Deal]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved August 23, 2019.
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*Richardson, Valerie (August 29, 2019). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2019/aug/29/nasa-area-burned-by-global-wildfires-dropped-by-25/ NASA: Area burned by global wildfires dropped by 25% since 2003]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved September 8, 2019.
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*Richardson, Valerie (August 26, 2019). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2019/aug/26/amazon-fires-normal-agriculture-despite-internatio/ Annual Amazon farmland burn sets records for international outrage]. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved September 8, 2019.
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*[https://twitter.com/lyndseyfifield/status/1167114222247075847 Lyndsey Fifield]. ''Twitter''. August 29, 2019. Retrieved September 8, 2019.
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*[https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/images/145464/fires-in-brazil Fires in Brazil]. ''Earthobservatory.nasa.gov''. August 22, 2019. Retrieved September 8, 2019.</ref> though he later sent soldiers to stop fires in the Amazon.<ref>De Souza, Marcelo Silva (August 24, 2019). [https://www.apnews.com/526be768cbab450c9dabc394e662cb32 Brazilian troops begin deploying to fight Amazon fires]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved August 24, 2019.
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*Smits, Jeanne (August 30, 2019). [https://www.lifesitenews.com/blogs/global-elites-myths-and-lies-about-amazon-fires-burning-hot-and-heavy Global elites’ myths and lies about Amazon fires burning hot and heavy]. ''LifeSiteNews''. Retrieved August 30, 2019.</ref>
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On May 21, 2019, President Bolsonaro signed a proclamation consecrating Brazil to the Immaculate Heart of Mary.<ref>Barillas, Martin M. (May 23, 2019). [https://www.lifesitenews.com/news/brazilian-president-signs-proclamation-consecrating-nation-to-virgin-mary Brazilian president signs proclamation consecrating nation to Virgin Mary]. ''LifeSiteNews''. Retrieved May 23, 2019.</ref>
  
 
====Foreign policy====
 
====Foreign policy====
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*Paris, Francesca (January 9, 2019). [https://www.npr.org/2019/01/09/683634412/brazilian-president-bolsonaro-withdraws-from-u-n-compact-on-migration Brazilian President Bolsonaro Withdraws From U.N. Compact On Migration]. ''NPR''. Retrieved January 9, 2019.
 
*Paris, Francesca (January 9, 2019). [https://www.npr.org/2019/01/09/683634412/brazilian-president-bolsonaro-withdraws-from-u-n-compact-on-migration Brazilian President Bolsonaro Withdraws From U.N. Compact On Migration]. ''NPR''. Retrieved January 9, 2019.
 
*Londoño, Ernesto (January 9, 2019). [https://www.nytimes.com/2019/01/09/world/americas/bolsonaro-brazil-migration-accord.html Bolsonaro Pulls Brazil From UN Migration Accord]. ''The New York Times''. Retrieved January 9, 2019.
 
*Londoño, Ernesto (January 9, 2019). [https://www.nytimes.com/2019/01/09/world/americas/bolsonaro-brazil-migration-accord.html Bolsonaro Pulls Brazil From UN Migration Accord]. ''The New York Times''. Retrieved January 9, 2019.
*[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-migration/brazil-quits-u-n-migration-pact-will-still-take-in-venezuelan-refugees-source-idUSKCN1P22G0 Brazil quits U.N. migration pact, will still take in Venezuelan refugees: source]. ''Reuters''. January 8, 2019. Retrieved January 8, 2019.</ref>
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*[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-migration/brazil-quits-u-n-migration-pact-will-still-take-in-venezuelan-refugees-source-idUSKCN1P22G0 Brazil quits U.N. migration pact, will still take in Venezuelan refugees: source]. ''Reuters''. January 8, 2019. Retrieved January 8, 2019.</ref> In a 2019 speech to the trade organization Mercosur, Bolsonaro advocated for national sovereignty,<ref>Martel, Frances (July 18, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/latin-america/2019/07/18/bolsonaro-trump-mercosur-speech/ Bolsonaro Channels Trump to South American Trade Bloc: ‘I Want Brazil to Be Great’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved July 18, 2019.</ref> and he did the same at a [[United Nations General Assembly]] speech later that year in which he also criticized socialism.<ref>Multiple references:
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*Pearson, Samantha; Lewis, Jeffrey T. (September 24, 2019). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/brazils-bolsonaro-defends-right-to-develop-amazon-11569338624 Brazil’s Bolsonaro Defends Right to Develop Amazon]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved September 24, 2019.
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*Martel, Frances (September 24, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/environment/2019/09/24/bolsonaro-asks-u-n-to-fight-colonialist-macron-environmentalists-on-amazon-fires/ Bolsonaro Asks U.N. to Fight ‘Colonialist’ Macron, Environmentalists on Amazon Fires]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved September 25, 2019.
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*Laurence, Lianne (September 25, 2019). [https://www.lifesitenews.com/news/brazils-president-slams-socialism-defends-sovereignty-in-hard-hitting-un-address Brazil’s president slams socialism, defends sovereignty in hard-hitting UN address]. ''LifeSiteNews''. Retrieved September 25, 2019.</ref>
  
President Bolsonaro extradited a communist terrorist to Italy, where he had been wanted for several decades.<ref>Tomlinsom, Chris (January 15, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/europe/2019/01/15/communist-terrorist-cesare-battisti-arrives-italy-fulfilling-bolsonaro-promise/ Brazil’s Bolsonaro Fulfils Promise to Italy’s Salvini, Hands Over Communist Terrorist]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 15, 2019.</ref> He refused to recognize [[Nicolás Maduro]]'s Marxist Venezuelan government after a disputed election.<ref>Kew, Ben (January 14, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/national-security/2019/01/14/brazil-recognizes-venezuelan-assembly-leader-rightful-president/ Brazil Recognizes Venezuelan Assembly Leader as Rightful President]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 15, 2019.</ref>
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President Bolsonaro extradited a communist terrorist to Italy, where he had been wanted for several decades.<ref>Tomlinsom, Chris (January 15, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/europe/2019/01/15/communist-terrorist-cesare-battisti-arrives-italy-fulfilling-bolsonaro-promise/ Brazil’s Bolsonaro Fulfils Promise to Italy’s Salvini, Hands Over Communist Terrorist]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 15, 2019.</ref> He refused to recognize [[Nicolás Maduro]]'s Marxist Venezuelan government after a disputed election.<ref>Kew, Ben (January 14, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/national-security/2019/01/14/brazil-recognizes-venezuelan-assembly-leader-rightful-president/ Brazil Recognizes Venezuelan Assembly Leader as Rightful President]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 15, 2019.<br>See also:
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*[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-venezuela-politics-brazil/brazils-bolsonaro-formally-recognizes-venezuelan-opposition-envoy-idUSKCN1T5312 Brazil's Bolsonaro formally recognizes Venezuelan opposition envoy]. ''Reuters''. June 4, 2019. Retrieved June 5, 2019.</ref>
  
 
Bolsonaro's first foreign trip was to the United States rather than Argentina, breaking a Brazilian precedent.<ref>[https://www.scmp.com/news/world/united-states-canada/article/3002295/brazil-leader-jair-bolsonaro-woos-donald-trump Brazil leader Jair Bolsonaro woos Donald Trump, opens base to US rockets, visits CIA and dines with Steve Bannon]. ''South China Morning Post''. Retrieved March 19, 2019.<br>See also:
 
Bolsonaro's first foreign trip was to the United States rather than Argentina, breaking a Brazilian precedent.<ref>[https://www.scmp.com/news/world/united-states-canada/article/3002295/brazil-leader-jair-bolsonaro-woos-donald-trump Brazil leader Jair Bolsonaro woos Donald Trump, opens base to US rockets, visits CIA and dines with Steve Bannon]. ''South China Morning Post''. Retrieved March 19, 2019.<br>See also:
 
*Fox, Ben (March 19, 2019). [https://www.apnews.com/bdc70648e5814d25b549d1c252910006 Brazil’s new president signals better relations with the US]. ''Associated Press''. March 19, 2019. Retrieved March 19, 2019.</ref>
 
*Fox, Ben (March 19, 2019). [https://www.apnews.com/bdc70648e5814d25b549d1c252910006 Brazil’s new president signals better relations with the US]. ''Associated Press''. March 19, 2019. Retrieved March 19, 2019.</ref>
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Bolsonaro, however, advocated for and advanced plans for a monetary union between Brazil and Argentina, something which would reduce Brazilian national sovereignty.<ref>[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-economy-currency/brazils-bolsonaro-doubles-down-on-monetary-union-with-argentina-idUSKCN1T81II Brazil's Bolsonaro doubles down on monetary union with Argentina]. ''Reuters''. June 7, 2019. Retrieved June 7, 2019.</ref>
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====Other====
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In August 2019, after disestablishing a left-wing Cuban slave doctor program, Bolsonaro created a Doctors for Brazil program, giving medical jobs to Brazilians.<ref>Martel, Frances (August 2, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/latin-america/2019/08/02/bolsonaro-cuban-slave-doctor-program-created-guerrilla-cells-brazil/ Bolsonaro: Cuban Slave Doctor Program Created ‘Guerrilla Cells’ in Brazil]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved August 3, 2019.</ref>
  
 
==Views==
 
==Views==
 
In its eighth consecutive term, Jair Bolsonaro is one of the most admired personalities and at the same time one of the most hated in [[Brazil]]. Bolsonaro is the most conservative and [[right-wing]] politician on the Brazilian political spectrum, and for defending [[Christian values|Christian]],<ref name="ProLifeIsrael"/><ref>Thomas, Goerge (March 20, 2019). [https://www1.cbn.com/cbnnews/politics/2019/march/we-are-god-fearing-men-brazils-president-is-a-friend-to-president-trump-and-biblical-values 'We Are God-Fearing Men': Brazil's President a Friend to Trump and Biblical Values]. ''CBN News''. Retrieved March 26, 2019.</ref> [[family values|family]],<ref name="Chapman2018"/> [[traditional values|traditional]] and [[conservative values]], has been falsely labeled by the Brazilian media as "[[Nazi]]",<ref>[http://www.cartacapital.com.br/tecnologia/a-onda-bolsonaro-e-o-despertar-do-neonazismo The Bolsonaro wave and the awakening of neo-Nazism] - [[CartaCapital]]</ref> "[[homophobic]]",<ref>[http://terramagazine.terra.com.br/interna/0,,OI5125255-EI6578,00-Vou+processar+o+Bolsonaro+diz+Mott+sobre+panfletos.html Earth. "I'll sue the Bolsonaro" says Mott on pamphlets] - Terramagazine.terra.com.br.</ref> "[[racist]]",<ref>[http://noticias.uol.com.br/politica/2011/04/01/para-ministra-da-igualdade-racial-declaracoes-de-bolsonaro-sao-caso-explicito-de-racismo.jhtm Chief of Seppir consider statements such as "explicit racism" of Bolsonaro]. - UOL (April 1, 2011). Visited on April 2, 2011.</ref> "[[fascist]]",<ref>[http://www.joildo.net/artigos/tortura-nunca-mais/ Mario Jakobskind (May 29, 2009). Torture Never Again! Joildo.net]</ref> "[[sexist]]"<ref>[http://www.mndh.org.br/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=2747&Itemid=56 MNDH want full pressure against Bolsonaro] - MNDH.</ref> and "[[white supremacist]]". The international [[mainstream media]] has also been extremely biased against Bolsonaro.<ref>Jasper, William F. (October 10, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/world-news/south-america/item/30291-fake-news-media-in-a-froth-as-trump-of-the-tropics-bolsonaro-seems-headed-to-be-brazil-s-president Fake News Media in a Froth as “Trump of the Tropics” Bolsonaro Seems Headed to Be Brazil’s President]. ''The New American''. Retrieved October 10, 2018.<br>See also:
 
In its eighth consecutive term, Jair Bolsonaro is one of the most admired personalities and at the same time one of the most hated in [[Brazil]]. Bolsonaro is the most conservative and [[right-wing]] politician on the Brazilian political spectrum, and for defending [[Christian values|Christian]],<ref name="ProLifeIsrael"/><ref>Thomas, Goerge (March 20, 2019). [https://www1.cbn.com/cbnnews/politics/2019/march/we-are-god-fearing-men-brazils-president-is-a-friend-to-president-trump-and-biblical-values 'We Are God-Fearing Men': Brazil's President a Friend to Trump and Biblical Values]. ''CBN News''. Retrieved March 26, 2019.</ref> [[family values|family]],<ref name="Chapman2018"/> [[traditional values|traditional]] and [[conservative values]], has been falsely labeled by the Brazilian media as "[[Nazi]]",<ref>[http://www.cartacapital.com.br/tecnologia/a-onda-bolsonaro-e-o-despertar-do-neonazismo The Bolsonaro wave and the awakening of neo-Nazism] - [[CartaCapital]]</ref> "[[homophobic]]",<ref>[http://terramagazine.terra.com.br/interna/0,,OI5125255-EI6578,00-Vou+processar+o+Bolsonaro+diz+Mott+sobre+panfletos.html Earth. "I'll sue the Bolsonaro" says Mott on pamphlets] - Terramagazine.terra.com.br.</ref> "[[racist]]",<ref>[http://noticias.uol.com.br/politica/2011/04/01/para-ministra-da-igualdade-racial-declaracoes-de-bolsonaro-sao-caso-explicito-de-racismo.jhtm Chief of Seppir consider statements such as "explicit racism" of Bolsonaro]. - UOL (April 1, 2011). Visited on April 2, 2011.</ref> "[[fascist]]",<ref>[http://www.joildo.net/artigos/tortura-nunca-mais/ Mario Jakobskind (May 29, 2009). Torture Never Again! Joildo.net]</ref> "[[sexist]]"<ref>[http://www.mndh.org.br/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=2747&Itemid=56 MNDH want full pressure against Bolsonaro] - MNDH.</ref> and "[[white supremacist]]". The international [[mainstream media]] has also been extremely biased against Bolsonaro.<ref>Jasper, William F. (October 10, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/world-news/south-america/item/30291-fake-news-media-in-a-froth-as-trump-of-the-tropics-bolsonaro-seems-headed-to-be-brazil-s-president Fake News Media in a Froth as “Trump of the Tropics” Bolsonaro Seems Headed to Be Brazil’s President]. ''The New American''. Retrieved October 10, 2018.<br>See also:
*Rogan, Tom (October 22, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/opinion/the-economist-is-wrong-jair-bolsonaro-would-be-better-for-brazil-than-fernando-haddad The Economist is wrong, Jair Bolsonaro would be better for Brazil than Fernando Haddad]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved October 22, 2018.</ref> He has been compared to U.S. President [[Donald Trump]] and even has the nickname "Tropical Trump."<ref name="MeredithCNBC2018"/><ref name="TropicalTrump"/><ref>Dilorenzo, Sarah; Prengaman, Peter (October 9, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/world/ap-explains-how-brazils-bolsonaro-used-trump-tactics AP Explains: How Brazil's Bolsonaro used Trump tactics]. ''Fox News'' (from the ''Associated Press''). Retrieved October 9, 2018.</ref>
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*Rogan, Tom (October 22, 2018). [https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/opinion/the-economist-is-wrong-jair-bolsonaro-would-be-better-for-brazil-than-fernando-haddad The Economist is wrong, Jair Bolsonaro would be better for Brazil than Fernando Haddad]. ''Washington Examiner''. Retrieved October 22, 2018.
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*Stargardter, Gabriel (May 2, 2019). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-politics/brazils-bolsonaro-faces-backlash-as-sponsors-ditch-ny-gala-dinner-idUSKCN1S824M Brazil's Bolsonaro faces backlash as sponsors ditch NY gala dinner]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved May 2, 2019.
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*Martel, Frances (May 4, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/latin-america/2019/05/04/brazils-bolsonaro-cancels-nyc-trip-environmentalists-bill-de-blasio-object/ Brazil’s Bolsonaro Cancels NYC Trip After Environmentalists, Bill de Blasio Object]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved May 4, 2019.</ref> He has been compared to U.S. President [[Donald Trump]] and even has the nickname "Tropical Trump."<ref name="TropicalTrump"/><ref name="MeredithCNBC2018"/><ref>Dilorenzo, Sarah; Prengaman, Peter (October 9, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/world/ap-explains-how-brazils-bolsonaro-used-trump-tactics AP Explains: How Brazil's Bolsonaro used Trump tactics]. ''Fox News'' (from the ''Associated Press''). Retrieved October 9, 2018.</ref>
  
Bolsonaro takes strongly [[pro-life]] positions,<ref name="Chapman2018">Chapman, Michael W. (November 1, 2018). [https://www.cnsnews.com/blog/michael-w-chapman/brazils-new-president-strong-supporter-israel Brazil's New President is Pro-Life, Pro-Family, and Strong Supporter of Israel]. ''CNS News''. Retrieved November 2, 2018.</ref><ref>Risdon, James (October 19, 2018). [https://www.lifesitenews.com/news/outspoken-pro-life-candidate-leads-in-brazils-presidential-election-race Outspoken pro-life candidate leads in Brazil’s presidential election race]. ''LifeSiteNews''. Retrieved October 19, 2018.</ref><ref name="ProLifeIsrael">Bohon, Dave (November 5, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/world-news/item/30556-brazil-s-new-president-christian-pro-life-pro-israel Brazil’s New President: Christian, Pro-Life, Pro-Israel]. ''The New American''. Retrieved November 5, 2018.</ref> and he is critical of [[Carnival]] because of its immoral and degenerate practices.<ref>Chakraborty, Barnini (March 6, 2019). [https://www.foxnews.com/world/brazils-far-right-president-slams-carnival-tweets-x-rated-clip-and-asks-about-golden-shower Brazil's far-right president slams Carnival, tweets x-rated clip and asks about 'golden shower']. ''Fox News''. Retrieved March 6, 2019.</ref> He supports strong [[law and order]] policies on crime,<ref>Carolina Carcello (October 21, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-election/brazils-bolsonaro-says-he-intends-to-use-armed-forces-to-fight-violence-idUSKCN1MV0W8 Brazil's Bolsonaro says he intends to use armed forces to fight violence]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved October 21, 2018.</ref> and he has a good relationship with Brazil's military.<ref>Pearson, Samantha; Magalhaes, Luciana (October 29, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/brazils-new-president-set-to-give-military-more-clout-1540855191 Brazil’s New President Set to Give Military More Clout]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved October 29, 2018.</ref> He accurately condemns [[Similarities between Communism, Nazism and liberalism|national socialism as a left-wing ideology]].<ref>Multiple references:
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Bolsonaro takes strongly [[pro-life]] positions,<ref name="ProLifeIsrael">Bohon, Dave (November 5, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/world-news/item/30556-brazil-s-new-president-christian-pro-life-pro-israel Brazil’s New President: Christian, Pro-Life, Pro-Israel]. ''The New American''. Retrieved November 5, 2018.</ref><ref name="Chapman2018">Chapman, Michael W. (November 1, 2018). [https://www.cnsnews.com/blog/michael-w-chapman/brazils-new-president-strong-supporter-israel Brazil's New President is Pro-Life, Pro-Family, and Strong Supporter of Israel]. ''CNS News''. Retrieved November 2, 2018.</ref><ref>Risdon, James (October 19, 2018). [https://www.lifesitenews.com/news/outspoken-pro-life-candidate-leads-in-brazils-presidential-election-race Outspoken pro-life candidate leads in Brazil’s presidential election race]. ''LifeSiteNews''. Retrieved October 19, 2018.</ref> and he is critical of [[Carnival]] because of its immoral and degenerate practices.<ref>Chakraborty, Barnini (March 6, 2019). [https://www.foxnews.com/world/brazils-far-right-president-slams-carnival-tweets-x-rated-clip-and-asks-about-golden-shower Brazil's far-right president slams Carnival, tweets x-rated clip and asks about 'golden shower']. ''Fox News''. Retrieved March 6, 2019.</ref> He supports strong [[law and order]] policies on crime,<ref>Carolina Carcello (October 21, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-election/brazils-bolsonaro-says-he-intends-to-use-armed-forces-to-fight-violence-idUSKCN1MV0W8 Brazil's Bolsonaro says he intends to use armed forces to fight violence]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved October 21, 2018.</ref> and he has a good relationship with Brazil's military.<ref>Pearson, Samantha; Magalhaes, Luciana (October 29, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/brazils-new-president-set-to-give-military-more-clout-1540855191 Brazil’s New President Set to Give Military More Clout]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved October 29, 2018.</ref> He accurately condemns [[Similarities between Communism, Nazism and liberalism|national socialism as a left-wing ideology]].<ref>Multiple references:
 
*Chapman, Michael W. (April 5, 2019). [https://www.cnsnews.com/blog/michael-w-chapman/bolsonaro-israel-there-no-doubt-nazism-was-left-wing-movement Bolsonaro in Israel: 'There Is No Doubt' Nazism Was Left-Wing Movement]. ''CNS News''. Retrieved April 6, 2019.
 
*Chapman, Michael W. (April 5, 2019). [https://www.cnsnews.com/blog/michael-w-chapman/bolsonaro-israel-there-no-doubt-nazism-was-left-wing-movement Bolsonaro in Israel: 'There Is No Doubt' Nazism Was Left-Wing Movement]. ''CNS News''. Retrieved April 6, 2019.
 
*Dolsten, Josefin (April 4, 2019). [https://www.timesofisrael.com/bolsonaro-says-nazis-were-leftists-following-visit-to-yad-vashem/ Bolsonaro says Nazis were ‘leftists’ following visit to Yad Vashem]. ''The Times of Israel''. Retrieved April 6, 2019.
 
*Dolsten, Josefin (April 4, 2019). [https://www.timesofisrael.com/bolsonaro-says-nazis-were-leftists-following-visit-to-yad-vashem/ Bolsonaro says Nazis were ‘leftists’ following visit to Yad Vashem]. ''The Times of Israel''. Retrieved April 6, 2019.
 
*Wise, Justin (April 3, 2019). [https://thehill.com/policy/international/437196-bolsonaro-says-no-doubt-nazis-were-leftists-after-visiting-israel Bolsonaro says after visiting Holocaust museum that Nazis 'no doubt' were leftists]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved April 3, 2019.</ref>
 
*Wise, Justin (April 3, 2019). [https://thehill.com/policy/international/437196-bolsonaro-says-no-doubt-nazis-were-leftists-after-visiting-israel Bolsonaro says after visiting Holocaust museum that Nazis 'no doubt' were leftists]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved April 3, 2019.</ref>
  
When he was first elected for the first time, Bolsonaro had a more friendly stance toward economic interventionism. Over the years, however, Bolsonaro has come to strongly support [[limited government]], a [[free market]] without bureaucracy, and privatization.<ref name="CoalitionCabinet"/><ref>Prengaman, Peter (October 8, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/world/a-look-at-the-campaign-proposals-made-by-brazils-bolsonaro A look at the campaign proposals made by Brazil's Bolsonaro]. ''Fox News'' (from the ''Associated Press''). Retrieved October 9, 2018.</ref><ref>Ayres, Marcela (October 24, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-election-guedes/after-converting-bolsonaro-free-market-guru-must-convince-brazil-idUSKCN1MY2OB After converting Bolsonaro, free-market guru must convince Brazil]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved October 24, 2018.</ref><ref name="5Policies">Kew, Ben (October 29, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/latin-america/2018/10/29/who-is-jair-bolsonaro-five-conservative-policies-brazils-president-elect-champions/ Who is Jair Bolsonaro? Five Conservative Policies Brazil’s President-Elect Champions]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved October 29, 2018.</ref>
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When he was first elected for the first time, Bolsonaro had a more friendly stance toward economic interventionism. Over the years, however, Bolsonaro has come to strongly support [[limited government]], a [[free market]] without bureaucracy, and privatization.<ref name="5Policies">Kew, Ben (October 29, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/latin-america/2018/10/29/who-is-jair-bolsonaro-five-conservative-policies-brazils-president-elect-champions/ Who is Jair Bolsonaro? Five Conservative Policies Brazil’s President-Elect Champions]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved October 29, 2018.</ref><ref name="CoalitionCabinet"/><ref>Prengaman, Peter (October 8, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/world/a-look-at-the-campaign-proposals-made-by-brazils-bolsonaro A look at the campaign proposals made by Brazil's Bolsonaro]. ''Fox News'' (from the ''Associated Press''). Retrieved October 9, 2018.</ref><ref>Ayres, Marcela (October 24, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-election-guedes/after-converting-bolsonaro-free-market-guru-must-convince-brazil-idUSKCN1MY2OB After converting Bolsonaro, free-market guru must convince Brazil]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved October 24, 2018.</ref>
  
On foreign policy issues, Bolsonaro has voiced support for nationalist policies similar to those of President Trump,<ref name="5Policies"/><ref>Boadle, Anthony (October 16, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-election-diplomacy/brazil-right-winger-would-follow-trumps-lead-on-foreign-policy-idUSKCN1MQ2HR Brazil right-winger would follow Trump's lead on foreign policy]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved October 16, 2018.</ref><ref>Schipani, Andres; Rathbone, John Paul (October 30, 2018). [https://www.ft.com/content/40303dd4-dbb2-11e8-8f50-cbae5495d92b Jair Bolsonaro poised to upend Brazil’s foreign policy]. ''Financial Times''. Retrieved November 2, 2018.</ref> and he views the [[United States]] positively.<ref>[https://www.foxnews.com/world/brazils-bolsonaro-opens-doors-to-host-u-s-military-base Brazil's Bolsonaro opens doors to host U.S military base]. ''Fox News'' (from the ''Associated Press''). January 4, 2019. Retrieved January 6, 2019.</ref> Bolsonaro takes strongly pro-[[Israel]] positions,<ref name="Chapman2018"/><ref name="ProLifeIsrael"/><ref>Keinon, Herb (January 7, 2019). [https://www.jpost.com/Israel-News/Benjamin-Netanyahu/Netanyahu-completes-embrace-of-Bolsonaro-576540 Netanyahu Completes Embrace of Bolsonaro]. ''The Jerusalem Post''. Retrieved January 7, 2019.</ref> supporting moving Brazil's embassy to [[Jerusalem]], something he affirmed he would do after his election,<ref>Samuels, Brett (November 1, 2018). [https://thehill.com/policy/international/414389-brazils-bolsonaro-confirms-plan-to-move-israel-embassy-to-jerusalem Brazil's Bolsonaro confirms plan to move Israel embassy to Jerusalem]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved November 1, 2018.</ref><ref>Shaw, Adam (November 2, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/brazil-president-elect-jair-bolsonaro-intends-to-move-israel-embassy-to-jerusalem Brazil president-elect Jair Bolsonaro intends to move Israel embassy to Jerusalem]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved November 2, 2018.</ref> and closing the "[[Palestinian]]" embassy in Brazil.<ref>Dilorenzo, Sarah; Savarese, Mauricio; Prengaman, Peter (October 8, 2018). [https://www.timesofisrael.com/with-most-returns-in-brazils-far-right-candidate-bolsonaro-ahead/ Brazil’s far-right, pro-Israel candidate falls just short of election stunner]. ''The Times of Israel'' (from the ''Associated Press''). Retrieved October 9, 2018.</ref><ref>Keinon, Herb (October 29, 2018). [https://www.jpost.com/Israel-News/Netanyahu-congratulates-new-populist-pro-Israel-Brazilian-president-570654 Netanyahu Congratulates New Populist, Pro-Israel Brazilian President]. ''The Jerusalem Post''. Retrieved October 31, 2018.</ref> He is seen as a critic of [[China]],<ref>Multiple references:
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On foreign policy issues, Bolsonaro has voiced support for nationalist policies similar to those of President Trump,<ref name="5Policies"/><ref>Boadle, Anthony (October 16, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-election-diplomacy/brazil-right-winger-would-follow-trumps-lead-on-foreign-policy-idUSKCN1MQ2HR Brazil right-winger would follow Trump's lead on foreign policy]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved October 16, 2018.</ref><ref>Schipani, Andres; Rathbone, John Paul (October 30, 2018). [https://www.ft.com/content/40303dd4-dbb2-11e8-8f50-cbae5495d92b Jair Bolsonaro poised to upend Brazil’s foreign policy]. ''Financial Times''. Retrieved November 2, 2018.</ref> and he views the [[United States]] positively.<ref>[https://www.foxnews.com/world/brazils-bolsonaro-opens-doors-to-host-u-s-military-base Brazil's Bolsonaro opens doors to host U.S military base]. ''Fox News'' (from the ''Associated Press''). January 4, 2019. Retrieved January 6, 2019.</ref> Bolsonaro takes strongly pro-[[Israel]] positions,<ref name="ProLifeIsrael"/><ref name="Chapman2018"/><ref>Keinon, Herb (January 7, 2019). [https://www.jpost.com/Israel-News/Benjamin-Netanyahu/Netanyahu-completes-embrace-of-Bolsonaro-576540 Netanyahu Completes Embrace of Bolsonaro]. ''The Jerusalem Post''. Retrieved January 7, 2019.</ref> supporting moving Brazil's embassy to [[Jerusalem]], something he affirmed he would do after his election,<ref>Samuels, Brett (November 1, 2018). [https://thehill.com/policy/international/414389-brazils-bolsonaro-confirms-plan-to-move-israel-embassy-to-jerusalem Brazil's Bolsonaro confirms plan to move Israel embassy to Jerusalem]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved November 1, 2018.</ref><ref>Shaw, Adam (November 2, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/politics/brazil-president-elect-jair-bolsonaro-intends-to-move-israel-embassy-to-jerusalem Brazil president-elect Jair Bolsonaro intends to move Israel embassy to Jerusalem]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved November 2, 2018.</ref> and closing the "[[Palestinian]]" embassy in Brazil.<ref>Dilorenzo, Sarah; Savarese, Mauricio; Prengaman, Peter (October 8, 2018). [https://www.timesofisrael.com/with-most-returns-in-brazils-far-right-candidate-bolsonaro-ahead/ Brazil’s far-right, pro-Israel candidate falls just short of election stunner]. ''The Times of Israel'' (from the ''Associated Press''). Retrieved October 9, 2018.</ref><ref>Keinon, Herb (October 29, 2018). [https://www.jpost.com/Israel-News/Netanyahu-congratulates-new-populist-pro-Israel-Brazilian-president-570654 Netanyahu Congratulates New Populist, Pro-Israel Brazilian President]. ''The Jerusalem Post''. Retrieved October 31, 2018.</ref> He is seen as a critic of [[China]],<ref>Multiple references:
 
*Kew, Ben (October 17, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/national-security/2018/10/17/brazilian-presidential-frontrunner-jair-bolsonaro-china-buying-brazil/ Brazilian Presidential Frontrunner Jair Bolsonaro: ‘China Is Buying Brazil’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved October 17, 2018.
 
*Kew, Ben (October 17, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/national-security/2018/10/17/brazilian-presidential-frontrunner-jair-bolsonaro-china-buying-brazil/ Brazilian Presidential Frontrunner Jair Bolsonaro: ‘China Is Buying Brazil’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved October 17, 2018.
 
*Spring, Jake (October 25, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-election-china-insight/bolsonaros-anti-china-rants-have-beijing-nervous-about-brazil-idUSKCN1MZ0DR Bolsonaro's anti-China rants have Beijing nervous about Brazil]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved October 25, 2018.
 
*Spring, Jake (October 25, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-election-china-insight/bolsonaros-anti-china-rants-have-beijing-nervous-about-brazil-idUSKCN1MZ0DR Bolsonaro's anti-China rants have Beijing nervous about Brazil]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved October 25, 2018.
Line 245: Line 282:
 
*[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-cuba/brazils-bolsonaro-threatens-to-cut-diplomatic-ties-with-cuba-idUSKCN1N71ZF Brazil's Bolsonaro threatens to cut diplomatic ties with Cuba]. ''Reuters''. November 2, 2018. Retrieved November 2, 2018.</ref> However, after his election, he stated that he welcomed increased Chinese investment and trade.<ref>[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-politics-china/brazils-bolsonaro-welcomes-chinese-investment-trade-idUSKCN1NA2DN Brazil's Bolsonaro welcomes Chinese investment, trade]. ''Reuters''. November 5, 2018. Retrieved November 5, 2018.<br>See also:
 
*[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-cuba/brazils-bolsonaro-threatens-to-cut-diplomatic-ties-with-cuba-idUSKCN1N71ZF Brazil's Bolsonaro threatens to cut diplomatic ties with Cuba]. ''Reuters''. November 2, 2018. Retrieved November 2, 2018.</ref> However, after his election, he stated that he welcomed increased Chinese investment and trade.<ref>[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-politics-china/brazils-bolsonaro-welcomes-chinese-investment-trade-idUSKCN1NA2DN Brazil's Bolsonaro welcomes Chinese investment, trade]. ''Reuters''. November 5, 2018. Retrieved November 5, 2018.<br>See also:
 
*Martel, Frances (December 28, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/asia/2018/12/28/brazil-bolsonaro-invites-china-inaugural-calling-coalition-communism/ Brazil: Bolsonaro Invites China to Inaugural After Calling for Coalition Against Communism]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
 
*Martel, Frances (December 28, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/asia/2018/12/28/brazil-bolsonaro-invites-china-inaugural-calling-coalition-communism/ Brazil: Bolsonaro Invites China to Inaugural After Calling for Coalition Against Communism]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
*Martel, Frances (January 3, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/asia/2019/01/03/china-brags-brazils-bolsonaro-wants-better-better-ties-beijing/ China Brags: Brazil’s Bolsonaro Wants ‘Better and Better’ Ties with Beijing]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 3, 2019.</ref> Bolsonaro is critical of the [[globalist]] [[Mercosur]] trade agreement.<ref>Adghirni, Samy; Gamarski, Rachel (October 17, 2018). [https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-10-17/after-nafta-rewrite-brazil-s-bolsonaro-eyes-mercosur-overhaul After Nafta Rewrite, Brazil’s Bolsonaro Eyes Mercosur Changes]. ''Bloomberg''. Retrieved November 2, 2018.</ref> Bolsonaro is strongly [[anti-communist]], even stating in a speech after his election as president that he had "an obligation" to fight communism in Latin America.<ref>Martel, Frances (December 10, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/latin-america/2018/12/10/bolsonaro-brazil-obligation-help-latin-america-fight-communism/ Bolsonaro: Brazil Has ‘an Obligation’ to Help Latin America Fight Communism]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved December 11, 2018.<br>See also:
+
*Martel, Frances (January 3, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/asia/2019/01/03/china-brags-brazils-bolsonaro-wants-better-better-ties-beijing/ China Brags: Brazil’s Bolsonaro Wants ‘Better and Better’ Ties with Beijing]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved January 3, 2019.</ref> Bolsonaro was critical of the [[globalist]] [[Mercosur]] trade agreement,<ref>Adghirni, Samy; Gamarski, Rachel (October 17, 2018). [https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-10-17/after-nafta-rewrite-brazil-s-bolsonaro-eyes-mercosur-overhaul After Nafta Rewrite, Brazil’s Bolsonaro Eyes Mercosur Changes]. ''Bloomberg''. Retrieved November 2, 2018.</ref> though he continued integrating Brazil into the organization.<ref>[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-argentina-brazil-bolsonaro/brazils-bolsonaro-says-mercosur-will-soon-sign-eu-trade-deal-idUSKCN1T72BV Brazil's Bolsonaro says Mercosur will soon sign EU trade deal]. ''Reuters''. June 6, 2019. Retrieved June 7, 2019.</ref> Bolsonaro is strongly [[anti-communist]], even stating in a speech after his election as president that he had "an obligation" to fight communism in Latin America.<ref>Martel, Frances (December 10, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/latin-america/2018/12/10/bolsonaro-brazil-obligation-help-latin-america-fight-communism/ Bolsonaro: Brazil Has ‘an Obligation’ to Help Latin America Fight Communism]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved December 11, 2018.<br>See also:
*Martel, Frances (December 22, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/latin-america/2018/12/22/brazils-conservatives-turn-ambitions-towards-global-anti-socialist-alliance/ Brazil’s Conservatives Turn Ambitions Towards Global Anti-Socialist Alliance]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved December 22, 2018.</ref> He has made similar statements on the need for him to fight the Left.<ref>Preissler Iglesias, Simone (March 18, 2019). [https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-03-18/bolsonaro-calls-for-an-end-to-communism-on-visit-to-washington Bolsonaro Sees Himself Ending ‘Dirty Ideology of the Left’ in Brazil]. ''Bloomberg''. Retrieved March 18, 2019.</ref>
+
*Martel, Frances (December 22, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/latin-america/2018/12/22/brazils-conservatives-turn-ambitions-towards-global-anti-socialist-alliance/ Brazil’s Conservatives Turn Ambitions Towards Global Anti-Socialist Alliance]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved December 22, 2018.</ref> He has made similar statements on the need for him to fight the Left.<ref>Preissler Iglesias, Simone (March 18, 2019). [https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-03-18/bolsonaro-calls-for-an-end-to-communism-on-visit-to-washington Bolsonaro Sees Himself Ending ‘Dirty Ideology of the Left’ in Brazil]. ''Bloomberg''. Retrieved March 18, 2019.</ref> While opposed to Venezuela's Marxist regime, he has been skeptical of pursuing military action in the country as it would not be in Brazil's interests.<ref>Iglesias, Simone Preissler; Adghirni, Samy (September 26, 2019). [https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-09-26/bolsonaro-rules-out-venezuela-intervention-citing-vietnam-war Bolsonaro Rules Out Venezuela Intervention, Citing Vietnam War]. ''Bloomberg''. Retrieved September 28, 2019.</ref>
  
 
Bolsonaro is a critic of the left-wing [[mainstream media]].<ref>Boadle, Anthony; Slattery, Gram (November 4, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-politics-media/brazils-next-president-declares-war-on-fake-news-media-idUSKCN1N90NN Brazil's next president declares war on 'fake news' media]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved November 4, 2018.</ref>
 
Bolsonaro is a critic of the left-wing [[mainstream media]].<ref>Boadle, Anthony; Slattery, Gram (November 4, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-politics-media/brazils-next-president-declares-war-on-fake-news-media-idUSKCN1N90NN Brazil's next president declares war on 'fake news' media]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved November 4, 2018.</ref>
  
 
While originally pledging to leave the [[globalist]] [[Paris climate agreement]], Bolsonaro later retracted that conservative promise.<ref>Viga Gaier, Rodrigo (October 25, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-election/brazils-bolsonaro-scraps-pledge-to-quit-paris-climate-deal-idUSKCN1MZ1DB Brazil's Bolsonaro scraps pledge to quit Paris climate deal]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved October 25, 2018.<br>See also:
 
While originally pledging to leave the [[globalist]] [[Paris climate agreement]], Bolsonaro later retracted that conservative promise.<ref>Viga Gaier, Rodrigo (October 25, 2018). [https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-election/brazils-bolsonaro-scraps-pledge-to-quit-paris-climate-deal-idUSKCN1MZ1DB Brazil's Bolsonaro scraps pledge to quit Paris climate deal]. ''Reuters''. Retrieved October 25, 2018.<br>See also:
*Christofaro, Beatrice (October 26, 2018). [https://www.apnews.com/b7de89252286498f93729f308555cf5f Brazil far-right candidate softens stances ahead of election]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved October 26, 2018.</ref>
+
*Christofaro, Beatrice (October 26, 2018). [https://www.apnews.com/b7de89252286498f93729f308555cf5f Brazil far-right candidate softens stances ahead of election]. ''Associated Press''. Retrieved October 26, 2018.
 +
*[https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-climate-paris-agreement/brazil-vice-president-says-country-is-staying-in-paris-climate-accord-idUSKCN1UA1U7 Brazil vice president says country is staying in Paris climate accord]. ''Reuters''. July 15, 2019. Retrieved July 15, 2019.</ref>
  
 
==Personal life==
 
==Personal life==
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== References ==
 
== References ==
 
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[[Category:Current Heads of State]]
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[[Category:Current Heads of Government]]

Latest revision as of 19:07, 19 October 2019

Jair Messias Bolsonaro
Jair Bolsonaro official photo.jpg
38th President of Brazil
From: January 1, 2019 – present
Vice President Hamilton Mourão
Predecessor Michel Temer
Successor Incumbent (no successor)
Information
Party Social Liberal Party
Spouse(s) Rogéria Nantes Braga (div.)
Ana Cristina Valle (div.)
Michelle Bolsonaro
Religion Catholic
Military Service
Allegiance Brazil
Service/branch Army
Service Years 1971–1988
Rank Captain
Commands 8th Field Artillery Group
9th Parachute Artillery Group

Jair Messias Bolsonaro (born March 21, 1955) is the president of Brazil. He is a strongly conservative and anti-establishment[1][2][3][4] former congressman and retired army captain. He often invokes God in his speeches.

He supports the right of all non-criminals to own firearms and proposed this as one of his first initiatives upon taking the office of president. One of his favorite expressions is "combater o lixo marxista," which means "fight the marxist garbage."[5]

Life and career

Bolsonaro was born in the municipality of Glicério in São Paulo. He is of Italian descent. Bolsonaro served in Brazil's military from 1971 to 1988, graduating from Agulhas Negras Military Academy in 1977. Afterward, he served in Rio de Janeiro's city council from 1989 to 1991, and in Brazil's congress starting in 1991.

Bolsonaro has changed parties several times in his career, something not unusual considering the large number of parties in Brazil, along with the fact that conservative parties in the country tend to be weak. He was a member of the Progressive Party. The most leftist members of that party usually classify it as a PSNN (Progressista Só No Nome - Progressive In Name Only, PLINO). In March 2016, he left PP to join Social Christian Party, and he later joined the Social Liberal Party. All of these parties are conservative or conservative-leaning despite their names.

During the voting of the Dilma Rousseff in the Congress, on April 17, 2016, Bolsonaro dedicated his vote to Brilhante Ustra, the only militair that was declared by the Justice as a "torturer", and who allegedly was the torturer of Rousseff in the 1970s. Jean Wyllys, after he voted, spat on Bolsanaro.[6]

2018 presidential election

Results of the 2nd round of the 2018 presidential election

Bolsonaro successfully ran for the Brazilian presidency in 2018.[7] He tried in 2014, but the leaders of his party decided to support the Marxist government of Dilma Rousseff. Among the presidential proposals, Bolsonaro called for closing unnecessary ministries (such as Ministry of Finance, which keeps the government in control of the economy, and the Defense Ministry, which creates military subordination to political), the reduction of state in all its spheres, the free market, homeschooling, the neutral point of view in schools, private health, pro-gun rights,[3][8] the prohibition of same-sex "marriage" and abortion. He also ran on a strong anti-corruption program.[3][9][10][11][12][13]

During the 2018 election campaign, Bolsonaro survived an attempted assassination attempt, being stabbed.[14]

Bolsonaro won 46% of the vote in the election's first round, significantly better than polls predicted and less than four percentage points to winning the election outright.[15] His party performed very well in the congressional and gubernatorial elections held the same day.[16] Bolsonaro's campaign had strong momentum going into the runoff,[17] and he received strong support from evangelical Christians.[18]

Bolsonaro won the election runoff with about 55% of the vote, marking a major shift in Brazilian[2][19] and Latin American[20] politics. He was congratulated by U.S. President Donald Trump[21] and Italian Deputy Prime Minister Matteo Salvini,[22] among others. According to Brazilian professor Dawisson Belém Lopes, Brazil had elected "the most right wing leader of any democracy in the world."[23]

President of Brazil

Transition and inauguration

Even before his inauguration, Bolsonaro had already begun making conservative changes.[24] Among his other actions in preparation for assuming office, he nominated Ernesto Araújo, a pro-Trump nationalist, to be his foreign minister.[25] He also nominated an evangelical pro-lifer pastor to be his minister in charge of family, women, and indigenous issues.[26] Overall, his cabinet was comprised of conservatives and military men.[27] Bolsonaro was inaugurated on January 1, 2019, declaring in his inauguration speech that Brazil would now be "liberated from socialism, inverted values, the bloated state and political correctness."[28]

Tenure

Bolsonaro's presidency represented a unique opportunity for Brazil to advance conservative policies and improve the standard of living.[29] He made many changes just in the first few days of his tenure.[30] In his first address in front of Brazil's congress, Bolsonaro stated that "we are going to unite the people, value the family, respect religions and our Judeo-Christian tradition, combat gender ideology, conserving our values," and he mentioned his campaign slogan of "Brazil first and God above everything."[31]

The Left used the same tactics and made the same attacks against Bolsonaro as it did against U.S. President Donald Trump.[32]

In Bolsonaro's first 100 days in office, analysts agreed that he kept more campaign promises than, at least, his two most recent predecessors.[33]

Gun rights

Bolsonaro announced that upon assuming office, he would sign a decree to allow all Brazilians to own firearms if they do not have a criminal record,[34] something he did on January 15, 2019.[35] On May 7, 2019, Bolsonaro signed another decree, increasing the amount of ammunition Brazilians could buy and reducing restrictions on gun imports.[36] On June 25, 2019, Bolsonaro reversed the May order, seeing that Brazil's congress would reject it.[37][38]

Crime

Bolsonaro sent soldiers to the province of Ceará to put down major gang violence.[39]

Economy, deregulation, and bureaucracy

Immediately upon assuming office, President Bolsonaro weakened the department protecting "indigenous rights," and instead promoting integration into Brazilian society, economic development, and improving indigenous quality of life.[40][41] He also signed several decrees promoting the free market, including reducing a planned minimum wage increase, reducing the number of ministries, and firing partisan civil service officers,[42] actions which caused Brazil's stock market to rise significantly[43][44] and business optimism to increase.[45] Bolsonaro's government promised to privatize about 100 government-run industries.[46][47] In his first few days in office, Bolsonaro abolished Brazil's labor department.[30]

Bolsonaro has promoted Brazil as an emerging free market society, criticizing his predecessors and stating that "the left wing will not prevail."[48]

Bolsonaro worked to reduce socialistic environmental regulations.[49]

After Brazil's congress rejected President Bolsonaro's decree to transfer indigenous land decisions to the Agriculture Department, Bolsonaro issued another decree reinstating this policy in June 2019.[50]

Education

He also signed a decree eliminating the "diversity" division of Brazil's education ministry and created a new division to promote literacy,[51] the decree being signed as Bolsonaro vowed "to tackle the Marxist garbage" in Brazilian schools.[52] In February 2019, Bolsonaro announced it would revise public school textbooks to remove left-wing propaganda, including references to homosexuality and feminism.[53] On February 25, 2019, the Education Ministry under Bolsonaro instructed schools to have students sing the national anthem and that teachers read a patriotic statement to students,[54] and he encouraged students to call out their teachers when they promoted left-wing content.[55] Bolsonaro has attempted to remove left-wing bias from the history content in Brazilian schools.[56] In September 2019, Bolsonaro announced his administration would draft legislation to ban far-left gender ideology indoctrination in public schools.[57]

President Bolsonaro succeeded in increasing security and reducing left-wing influences in Brazil's public schools.[58]

Social issues

On his first day in office, President Bolsonaro signed a decree removing LGBT issues from the list of concerns of the human rights ministry,[41][59] and he signed another decree increasing oversight over NGOs and international organizations, which he argued inhibited indigenous integration into Brazilian society.[60]

President Bolsonaro created a national week to raise awareness of teen pregnancy in order to prevent it.[61]

In January 2019, President Bolsonaro announced he would end a program to create an "indigenous cryptocurrency."[62]

President Bolsonaro abolished the culture ministry shortly after assuming office.[63][64]

Pro-life Brazilian governmental officials vocally supported pro-life policies at the UN.[65] Bolsonaro's government criticized the World Health Organization for pro-abortion guidelines.[66]

President Bolsonaro made numerous changes to environmental policy.[67] In May 2019, he fired a far-left activist from his role as the leader of a government-controlled climate change group.[68] He accused left-wing NGOs of manipulating deforestation statistics to make his record look bad,[69] though he later sent soldiers to stop fires in the Amazon.[70]

On May 21, 2019, President Bolsonaro signed a proclamation consecrating Brazil to the Immaculate Heart of Mary.[71]

Foreign policy

Bolsonaro and U.S. President Donald Trump in March 2019

On his first day in office, President Bolsonaro signed a decree giving Brazil's government strong oversight over international organizations operating in Brazil.[60] Meanwhile, Brazil's foreign minister, Ernesto Araújo, stated that Brazil would reject globalism and oversight by international organizations.[44][72] In January 2019, Bolsonaro stated Brazil would move its embassy in Israel to Jerusalem,[73] though in March 2019, he announced Brazil would open a trade office in Jerusalem "as a part of its embassy in Israel."[74] Bolsonaro became the first Brazilian president to visit the Western Wall while being accompanied by a senior Israeli official.[75]

In January 2019, President Bolsonaro withdrew Brazil from the UN Migrant Treaty, citing a desire to protect the country's national sovereignty.[76] In a 2019 speech to the trade organization Mercosur, Bolsonaro advocated for national sovereignty,[77] and he did the same at a United Nations General Assembly speech later that year in which he also criticized socialism.[78]

President Bolsonaro extradited a communist terrorist to Italy, where he had been wanted for several decades.[79] He refused to recognize Nicolás Maduro's Marxist Venezuelan government after a disputed election.[80]

Bolsonaro's first foreign trip was to the United States rather than Argentina, breaking a Brazilian precedent.[81]

Bolsonaro, however, advocated for and advanced plans for a monetary union between Brazil and Argentina, something which would reduce Brazilian national sovereignty.[82]

Other

In August 2019, after disestablishing a left-wing Cuban slave doctor program, Bolsonaro created a Doctors for Brazil program, giving medical jobs to Brazilians.[83]

Views

In its eighth consecutive term, Jair Bolsonaro is one of the most admired personalities and at the same time one of the most hated in Brazil. Bolsonaro is the most conservative and right-wing politician on the Brazilian political spectrum, and for defending Christian,[84][85] family,[86] traditional and conservative values, has been falsely labeled by the Brazilian media as "Nazi",[87] "homophobic",[88] "racist",[89] "fascist",[90] "sexist"[91] and "white supremacist". The international mainstream media has also been extremely biased against Bolsonaro.[92] He has been compared to U.S. President Donald Trump and even has the nickname "Tropical Trump."[1][9][93]

Bolsonaro takes strongly pro-life positions,[84][86][94] and he is critical of Carnival because of its immoral and degenerate practices.[95] He supports strong law and order policies on crime,[96] and he has a good relationship with Brazil's military.[97] He accurately condemns national socialism as a left-wing ideology.[98]

When he was first elected for the first time, Bolsonaro had a more friendly stance toward economic interventionism. Over the years, however, Bolsonaro has come to strongly support limited government, a free market without bureaucracy, and privatization.[3][10][99][100]

On foreign policy issues, Bolsonaro has voiced support for nationalist policies similar to those of President Trump,[3][101][102] and he views the United States positively.[103] Bolsonaro takes strongly pro-Israel positions,[84][86][104] supporting moving Brazil's embassy to Jerusalem, something he affirmed he would do after his election,[105][106] and closing the "Palestinian" embassy in Brazil.[107][108] He is seen as a critic of China,[109] Venezuela,[110] and Cuba.[111] However, after his election, he stated that he welcomed increased Chinese investment and trade.[112] Bolsonaro was critical of the globalist Mercosur trade agreement,[113] though he continued integrating Brazil into the organization.[114] Bolsonaro is strongly anti-communist, even stating in a speech after his election as president that he had "an obligation" to fight communism in Latin America.[115] He has made similar statements on the need for him to fight the Left.[116] While opposed to Venezuela's Marxist regime, he has been skeptical of pursuing military action in the country as it would not be in Brazil's interests.[117]

Bolsonaro is a critic of the left-wing mainstream media.[118]

While originally pledging to leave the globalist Paris climate agreement, Bolsonaro later retracted that conservative promise.[119]

Personal life

Bolsonaro has been married three times, and he has five children, with his three oldest sons – including Eduardo Bolsonaro – also serving as conservative elected officials. Bolsonaro has been baptized in the Jordan River.[120]

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Newman, Alex (September 3, 2018). “Tropical Trump” Bolsonaro May Be Brazil's Next President. The New American. Retrieved September 3, 2018.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Newman, Alex (October 29, 2018). Globalists Freak as “Tropical Trump” Bolsonaro Wins in Brazil. The New American. Retrieved October 29, 2018.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Kew, Ben (October 29, 2018). Who is Jair Bolsonaro? Five Conservative Policies Brazil’s President-Elect Champions. Breitbart News. Retrieved October 29, 2018.
  4. Brazil's Bolsonaro says political class is an impediment. Reuters. May 20, 2019. Retrieved May 20, 2019.
  5. https://twitter.com/jairbolsonaro/status/1079686972673806336
  6. https://www.bbc.com/portuguese/noticias/2016/04/160417_momentos_marcantes_impeachment_ru
  7. Bolsonaro: "I will be the right-wing candidate for the presidency in 2018" - Estadão.
  8. Kew, Ben (October 2, 2018). Bolsonaro Campaign Urges Importing Second Amendment Rights to Brazil. Breitbart News. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
  9. 9.0 9.1 Meredith, Sam (October 9, 2018). Who is the 'Trump of the Tropics?': All you need to know about Brazil's presidential frontrunner. CNBC. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
  10. 10.0 10.1 Federowski, Bruno; Mandl, Carolina (October 9, 2018). Brazil's far-right Bolsonaro: No coalition politics in cabinet picks. Reuters. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
  11. Martel, Frances (April 6, 2018). Martel: with Lula Arrest Imminent, Brazil’s Conservatives Need Jair Bolsonaro to Get Serious. Breitbart News. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
  12. Kew, Ben (October 26, 2018). Brazil’s Bolsonaro Makes Final Anti-Corruption Push: ‘Our Country Isn’t a Criminal Gang’. Breitbart News. Retrieved October 28, 2018.
  13. Boadle, Anthony; Stargardter, Gabriel (October 28, 2018). Far-right Bolsonaro rides anti-corruption rage to Brazil presidency. Reuters. Retrieved October 28, 2018.
  14. Multiple references: See also:
  15. Multiple references: See also:
  16. Multiple references: See also:
  17. Puglie, Frederic (October 21, 2018). 'Brazil's Trump' on track for presidential victory. The Washington Times. Retrieved October 21, 2018.
  18. Multiple references: See also:
  19. Multiple references: See also:
  20. Kew, Ben (December 25, 2018). Crash of the Pink Tide: Latin America Continues Shift Rightwards in 2018. Breitbart News. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
  21. Multiple references: See also:
  22. Friedman, Victoria (October 29, 2018). Like Minds: Italy’s Populist Salvini Congratulates President-Elect Bolsonaro of Brazil. Breitbart News. Retrieved October 29, 2018.
  23. Tegel, Simeon (October 31, 2018). Will Bolsonaro's victory in Brazil usher right-wing ripple effects in Latin America? NBC News. Retrieved November 1, 2018.
  24. Londoño, Ernesto; Andreoni, Manuela (January 1, 2019). Brazil Wanted Change. Even Before Taking Office, Jair Bolsonaro Delivered. The New York Times. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
  25. Multiple references: See also:
  26. Multiple references:
  27. Multiple references: See also:
  28. Multiple references: See also:
  29. Pinkerton, James P. (January 5, 2019). Pinkerton: The Opportunity of Brazil’s Jair Bolsonaro for South America—and North America. Breitbart News. Retrieved January 5, 2019.
    See also:
  30. 30.0 30.1 Multiple references: See also:
  31. Hoffman, Matthew Cullinan (January 7, 2019). Brazil’s new president declares ‘God above all,’ vows to fight gender ideology. LifeSiteNews. Retrieved January 7, 2019.
  32. Wood, L. Todd (March 8, 2019). Left using anti-Trump playbook against Brazil's new conservative president. The Washington Times. Retrieved March 10, 2019.
  33. Alves, Lise (April 10, 2019). 100 Days of Bolsonaro Administration: Campaign Promises. The Rio Times. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
  34. Multiple references: See also:
  35. Multiple references:
  36. Multiple references: See also:
  37. Brazil president backtracks on looser gun restrictions as lawmakers resist. Reuters. June 25, 2019. Retrieved June 25, 2019.
  38. Said, Flavia (June 25, 2019). Brazil Gun Decree Scrapped by Bolsonaro Amid Congress Pushback. Bloomberg. Retrieved June 30, 2019.
  39. Kew, Ben (January 7, 2019). Violence Rages in Northern Brazil as Bolsonaro Deploys Military. Breitbart News. Retrieved January 7, 2019.
  40. Multiple references:
  41. 41.0 41.1 Savarese, Mauricio (January 2, 2019). Brazil’s Bolsonaro targets minorities on 1st day in office. Associated Press. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
  42. Multiple references:
  43. Multiple references: See also:
  44. 44.0 44.1 Lima, Mario Sergio; Biller, David (January 2, 2019). Brazilian Assets Soar as Bolsonaro Starts to Deliver on Promises. Bloomberg. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
  45. Harris, Bryan (April 11, 2019). Brazil’s business optimism bounces back under Bolsonaro. Financial Times. Retrieved April 12, 2019.
  46. Kew, Ben (January 4, 2019). Brazil’s Bolsonaro Pledges to Privatize as Many Industries as Possible. Breitbart News. Retrieved January 5, 2019.
  47. Brazil plans to privatize or liquidate 100 state-run companies. Reuters. January 8, 2019. Retrieved January 8, 2019.
  48. Kew, Ben (January 22, 2019). Jair Bolsonaro Introduces ‘New Brazil’ at Davos: ‘The Left Will Not Prevail’. Breitbart News. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  49. Spring, Jake (May 8, 2019). Ex-ministers blast Bolsonaro for dismantling Brazil's environment protections. Reuters. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
  50. Brazil's Bolsonaro hands indigenous land decisions back to farm sector. Reuters. June 19, 2019. Retrieved June 19, 2019.
  51. Multiple references: See also:
  52. Multiple references: See also:
  53. Multiple references:
  54. Multiple references: Brazil's education department revised its policy after criticism:
  55. Kaiser, Anna Jean (May 3, 2019). Call for students to film 'biased' teachers brings Brazil's culture wars to classroom. The Guardian. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
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