|Flag||Coat of Arms|
|Monarch||Queen Elizabeth II|
|Prime minister||Portia Simpson Miller|
|Area||4.244 sq mi|
|GDP per capita||$4.172|
Jamaica is an island nation in the Caribbean Sea just 95 miles south of Cuba. Jamaica has successfully resisted international pressure to repeal its laws against homosexual conduct and same-sex marriage, despite pressure by the Obama Administration.
Jamaica has a total area of 10,990 km2 (4,243 sq mi) and extends, at maximum, 235 km (146 mi) N–S and 82 km (51 mi) E–W. Comparatively, the area occupied by Jamaica is slightly smaller than the state of Connecticut. The total coastline is 1,022 km (634 mi). The country is divided into fourteen regions called parishes and the capital of Jamaica is Kingston. The government of Jamaica is a Constitutional parliamentary democracy, which is based on the model of the United Kingdom . The Chief of State is Queen Elizabeth II, who is represented by a Governor General. The head of government is the Prime Minister. The official language of Jamaica is English.
The Taino people settled on Jamaica over three thousand years ago and lived in relative peace until Christopher Columbus came along in 1494 and claimed the island for Spain. In 1655, British admiral William Penn conquered the island and Jamaica began producing sugar for export to the tea-loving inhabitants of the United Kingdom. During the 1700s, two wars were fought against the Jamaican Maroons, a community of people who lived in the mountains comprised mainly of escaped slaves. Due to its location, Jamaica became a major slave trading hub. Slavery on the island was abolished in 1834. Jamaica gained independence in 1962.
Christianity in Jamaica
Research shows that more than 85% of Jamaica's population is Christian. The majority being Protestant, which is primarily due to the influence of British colonialism and the abolitionist movement. Today, the five largest denominations in Jamaica are: Baptist, Church of God, Seventh-day Adventist, Pentecostal and Anglican.
The Rastafari movement was founded in Jamaica. This movement believes that Haile Selassie of Ethiopia is God incarnate, the returned messiah, come to take the lost Twelve Tribes of Israel back to live with him in Holy Mount Zion in a world of perfect peace, love and harmony. The movement's name comes from the Amharic title Ras ("head") and Haile Selassie's given name, Tafari. Bob Marley, a convert to the faith, spread the message of Rastafari to the world. There are now estimated to be more than a million Rastafarians throughout the world. Due to the influence of Rastafarianism, marijuana has been cultivated throughout the island. Indians first brought seeds of the plant from Asia and its use spread rapidly among plantation workers. Though it was outlawed, it is still used by some Rastafarians during meditation and prayer. it is commonly referred to as "wisdom weed".
In sport it is known for its dominance in sprinting events; of the 87 medals Jamaica has won (all at Summer Olympics) only three have not been in a sprinting event. It is also known for its popular (though unsuccessful) national bobsled team, which was the inspiration for the movie Cool Runnings.
- Sprinting events are track and field races at the 100 meter, 200 meter, and 400 meter distances, both individual and relay.