Difference between revisions of "Jonathan Edwards"

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''For the former Senator from North Carolina, see [[John Edwards]]''
 
''For the former Senator from North Carolina, see [[John Edwards]]''
  
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'''Jonathan Edwards''' (1703 – 1758) was a [[Minister]] of a [[Congregationalism|Congregationalist]] church in [[Northampton]], [[Massachusetts]] during the [[Great Awakening]]. He is best known as the author of the classic "fire and brimstone" sermon ''Sinners in the hands of an angry God''. However, his most important contribution to the awakening was his book, ''A Faithful Narrative of the Surprising work of God'' ([[London]], 1737), which provided guidance to other [[clergy]] as to how to conduct a [[revival]].
  
Speaker of the [[Great Awakening]] and author of the famous sermon "[[Sinners in the hands of an angry God]]," Jonathan Edwards (1703 – 1758 AD) was an early American Congregationalist preacher.  He graduated first in his class from Yale University, and was serving as the president of Princeton University when he received the [[smallpox innoculation]], having been assured it would be safe. It killed him.
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He began his advanced education when he went to [[Yale University]] at age 13 and graduated as valedictorian at 17.  He was serving as the president of [[Princeton University]] when he received the [[smallpox]] [[inoculation]], having been assured it would be safe. However, it was very dangerous and killed him.
  
His inspiring preaching helped start the [[Great Awakening]], which became a huge religious revival that helped unite the colonies prior to the American Revolution. [[Benjamin Franklin]] wrote about this revival:<ref>http://www.amerisearch.net/index.php?date=2004-03-22&view=View</ref>  
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His inspiring preaching helped start the Great Awakening, which became a huge religious revival that helped unite the [[colony|colonies]] prior to the [[American Revolution]]. Like most eighteenth century Congregationalists (who were derived from the seventeenth century "Puritan" church), Edwards was a [[Calvinist]]; however, traditional Calvinist maintain that only the elect, who had been chosen before the creation of the world, could achieve salvation.<ref>http://www.wfu.edu/~matthetl/perspectives/four.html</ref> By the time of the Great Awakening, most Calvinist clergy had altered their views that one could alter their eternal fate (which was the point of most of Edward's sermons.)
 
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:It was wonderful to see ... From being thoughtless or indifferent ... it seemed as if all the world were growing religious, so that one could not walk thro' the town in an evening without hearing psalms sung in ... every street."
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[[Aaron Burr]] was a grandson of Jonathan Edwards.
 
[[Aaron Burr]] was a grandson of Jonathan Edwards.
  
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==Quotes==
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<blockquote>"Of all of the kinds of knowledge that we can ever obtain, the knowledge of God, and the knowledge of ourselves, are the most important." -- Jonathan Edwards </blockquote>
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==See also==
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* [[First Great Awakening]]
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* [[Natural Law]]
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* [[Joseph Bellamy]]
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==References==
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<references/>
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==Resources==
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* Iain H. Murray "Jonathan Edwards: A New Biography" (Banner of Truth Trust, 1987)
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Frank Lambert, ''Inventing the “Great Awakening”'' (Princeton University Press, 1999)
  
[[Category:Biographies]]
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{{DEFAULTSORT:Edwards, Jonathan}}
[[Category:Religion]]
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[[Category:Puritans]]
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[[Category:Revivals]]
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[[Category:Colonial America]]
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[[Category:Protestantism|*]]
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[[Category:Christian History]]
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[[Category:Theologians]]
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[[Category:Enlightenment]]
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[[Category:Clergy]]

Latest revision as of 15:35, 22 July 2016

For the former Senator from North Carolina, see John Edwards

Jonathan Edwards (1703 – 1758) was a Minister of a Congregationalist church in Northampton, Massachusetts during the Great Awakening. He is best known as the author of the classic "fire and brimstone" sermon Sinners in the hands of an angry God. However, his most important contribution to the awakening was his book, A Faithful Narrative of the Surprising work of God (London, 1737), which provided guidance to other clergy as to how to conduct a revival.

He began his advanced education when he went to Yale University at age 13 and graduated as valedictorian at 17. He was serving as the president of Princeton University when he received the smallpox inoculation, having been assured it would be safe. However, it was very dangerous and killed him.

His inspiring preaching helped start the Great Awakening, which became a huge religious revival that helped unite the colonies prior to the American Revolution. Like most eighteenth century Congregationalists (who were derived from the seventeenth century "Puritan" church), Edwards was a Calvinist; however, traditional Calvinist maintain that only the elect, who had been chosen before the creation of the world, could achieve salvation.[1] By the time of the Great Awakening, most Calvinist clergy had altered their views that one could alter their eternal fate (which was the point of most of Edward's sermons.)

Aaron Burr was a grandson of Jonathan Edwards.

Quotes

"Of all of the kinds of knowledge that we can ever obtain, the knowledge of God, and the knowledge of ourselves, are the most important." -- Jonathan Edwards

See also

References

  1. http://www.wfu.edu/~matthetl/perspectives/four.html

Resources

  • Iain H. Murray "Jonathan Edwards: A New Biography" (Banner of Truth Trust, 1987)

Frank Lambert, Inventing the “Great Awakening” (Princeton University Press, 1999)