José María Velasco Gómez (Temascalcingo, Estado de México 1840 - Mexico City 1912) Mexican painter. He was the most representative figure of Mexican academic painting in the 19th century. In his work the main theme was the spectacular natural scenery of his own country, specially the Valley of Mexico. He first painted the view of the "Valley of Mexico" from the hill of Santa Isabel and painted repeatedly the same subject throughout his life (9 times in total). He made Mexican geography a symbol of national identity through his paintings. His painting "El Valle de México" is considered Velasco's masterpiece. 
Velasco studied with Eugenio Landesio. He entered the art academy of San Carlos in 1858. His paintings, won first place at the Paris exposition (1889). He also received the gold medal of the National Expositions of Bellas Artes in 1874 and 1876, and the gold medal of the Philadelphia's International Exposition in 1876 and the medal of the Paris' Universal Exposition in 1889. His pictures are quiet and serene. He painted more than 400 oils and worked also in pencil and watercolor.