Difference between revisions of "Juan Peron"

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'''Juan Peron''' served as President of [[Argentina]] from 1946 to 1955 as well as 1973 to 1974. He was married to [[Eva Peron]], the subject of the musical ''[[Evita]]''.
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[[File:Juan Domingo Perón.jpg|200px|thumbnail|Juan Domingo Perón]]
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'''Juan Domingo Perón''' (1895–1974) was the brutal dictator of [[Argentina]] from 1946 to 1955 and from 1973 to 1974. As head of an army group, he helped to overthrow [[Ramon Castillo]] in 1943.  During his first Presidency, he was married to [[Eva Peron|Eva Perón]], the subject of the musical ''[[Evita (musical)|Evita]],'' who was very popular with the people.
  
He is known as one of the most contentious Presidents because of his participation in harboring [[Nazi]] fugitives fleeing trial after [[World War II]].{{fact}}
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Peron was very [[Anti-Americanism|anti-American]] and had close ties to [[Nazi Germany]]. He was excommunicated from the [[Catholic Church]] in case of his anti-[[Christian]] laws. Peron legalized divorce and [[Prostitution]] and he banned religious instruction in public schools.<ref>http://www.historytoday.com/richard-cavendish/juan-per%C3%B3n-overthrown</ref>
  
[[Category:Heads of state]]
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Church and army opposition to [[corruption]] and [[repression]] forced Perón into exile in 1955, but he returned in 1973 to serve briefly as President once again.
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He was a member of the [[Justicialist Party]].  While President, Peron was fond of putting government in charge.  He nationalized the Merchant Marine,<ref>[https://books.google.com/books?id=CweHgfPIceYC&pg=PA39 The Limits of Convergence: Globalization and Organizational Change in Argentina, South Korea, and Spain]</ref> the banks,<ref>[https://digitalcommons.bard.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1081&context=senproj_s2018 Perón and the Argentine Paradox: An Investigation
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into an Economic Mystery]</ref>, the railroads,<ref>[https://nationalarchives.gov.uk/documents/general-peron.pdf General Perón and the nationalisation of railways in Argentina]</ref>, the telephone system,<ref>[https://worldpolicy.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/03/SAEN-2002-Argentina-struggles-stem-from-Per%C3%B3n-and-patronage.pdf Argentina struggles stem from Perón and patronage]</ref>, and he also nationalized many utility companies.<ref>[https://economics.yale.edu/sites/default/files/files/Workshops-Seminars/Economic-History/alston-071114.pdf Electoral Fraud, the Rise of Peron and Demise of Checks and Balances in
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Argentina]</ref>  Additionally, the Institute for the Promotion of Trade(IAPI)<ref>Instituto Argentino de Promoción del Intercambio</ref> was formed as a [[Single payer]] organization for grains, seed, and beef,<ref>[https://www.forbes.com/sites/realspin/2015/01/30/perons-legacy-inflation-in-argentina-and-an-institutionalized-fraud/ Perón's Legacy: Inflation In Argentina, An Institutionalized Fraud]</ref> and formed an important part of his [[Five-Year Plan]].<ref>[http://content.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,934050,00.html ARGENTINA: Five-Year Plan]</ref><ref>[https://books.google.com/books?id=RPWSAgAAQBAJ&pg=PA95 The Military and Domestic Politics: A Concordance Theory of Civil-Military Relations]</ref>
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After the bombing of the Plaza de Mayo in 1955, Perón was overthrown that same year.
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Perón went into exile in Paraguay, Panama, Nicaragua, Venezuela, the Dominican Republic and finally in Spain.
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His second wife, a fascist named Eva Perón, supported him from 1946 to 1952, when she died of uterine cancer.
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In 1961 he married María Estela Martínez in Spain, who later accompanied him as vice president in 1973 and succeeded him in his death.
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==See also==
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* [[Nationalization]]
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== Sources ==
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*The New American Desk Encyclopedia, Penguin Group, 1989
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{{reflist}}
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{{DEFAULTSORT:Peron, Juan}}
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[[Category:Heads of State]]
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[[Category:Argentina]]
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[[Category:Dictators]]

Latest revision as of 18:16, 26 November 2019

Juan Domingo Perón

Juan Domingo Perón (1895–1974) was the brutal dictator of Argentina from 1946 to 1955 and from 1973 to 1974. As head of an army group, he helped to overthrow Ramon Castillo in 1943. During his first Presidency, he was married to Eva Perón, the subject of the musical Evita, who was very popular with the people.

Peron was very anti-American and had close ties to Nazi Germany. He was excommunicated from the Catholic Church in case of his anti-Christian laws. Peron legalized divorce and Prostitution and he banned religious instruction in public schools.[1]

Church and army opposition to corruption and repression forced Perón into exile in 1955, but he returned in 1973 to serve briefly as President once again.

He was a member of the Justicialist Party. While President, Peron was fond of putting government in charge. He nationalized the Merchant Marine,[2] the banks,[3], the railroads,[4], the telephone system,[5], and he also nationalized many utility companies.[6] Additionally, the Institute for the Promotion of Trade(IAPI)[7] was formed as a Single payer organization for grains, seed, and beef,[8] and formed an important part of his Five-Year Plan.[9][10]

After the bombing of the Plaza de Mayo in 1955, Perón was overthrown that same year.

Perón went into exile in Paraguay, Panama, Nicaragua, Venezuela, the Dominican Republic and finally in Spain.

His second wife, a fascist named Eva Perón, supported him from 1946 to 1952, when she died of uterine cancer.

In 1961 he married María Estela Martínez in Spain, who later accompanied him as vice president in 1973 and succeeded him in his death.

See also

Sources

  • The New American Desk Encyclopedia, Penguin Group, 1989