Last modified on December 12, 2023, at 08:04

Juan Peron

Juan Domingo Perón

Juan Domingo Perón (1895–1974) was the brutal dictator of Argentina from 1946 to 1955 and from 1973 to 1974. As head of an army group, he helped to overthrow Ramon Castillo in 1943. During his first Presidency, he was married to Eva Perón, the subject of the musical Evita, who was very popular with the people.

Peron was very anti-American and had close ties to Nazi Germany. He was excommunicated from the Catholic Church in case of his anti-Christian laws. Peron legalized divorce and prostitution and he banned religious instruction in public schools.[1]

Church and army opposition to corruption and repression forced Perón into exile in 1955, but he returned in 1973 to serve briefly as President once again.

He was a member of the Justicialist Party. While President, Peron was fond of putting government in charge. He nationalized the Merchant Marine,[2] the banks,[3] the railroads,[4] the telephone system,[5] and he also nationalized many utility companies.[6] Additionally, the Institute for the Promotion of Trade (IAPI)[7] was formed as a single payer organization for grains, seed, and beef,[8] and formed an important part of his Five-Year Plan.[9][10]

After the bombing of the Plaza de Mayo in 1955, Perón was overthrown that same year.

Perón went into exile in Paraguay, Panama, Nicaragua, Venezuela, the Dominican Republic, and finally in Spain.

His second wife, a fascist named Eva Perón, supported him from 1946 to 1952, when she died of uterine cancer.

In 1961 he married María Estela Martínez in Spain, who later accompanied him as vice president in 1973 and succeeded him in his death.

See also


  • The New American Desk Encyclopedia, Penguin Group, 1989