Last modified on November 15, 2011, at 05:56

Julius Martov

Julius Martov, real name Yuli Osipovich Zederbaum was the leader of the Mensheviks in Russia.

He was born in Constantinople in 1873, to the Jewish middle classes. He was a close friend of Lenin, and was initially a member of the Social Democratic Labour Party. Following a disagreement between Lenin and Martov, the SDlP split. Those who believed in a minority rule became the Bolsheviks, those who believed in a large number of activists became the Mensheviks.[1]

After the victory of the Bolsheviks, Martov was forced into exile, as was common Communist policy at the time. He died in 1920.