Julius Martov

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Julius Martov, real name Yuli Osipovich Zederbaum was the leader of the Mensheviks in Russia.

He was born in Constantinople in 1873, to the Jewish middle classes. He was a close friend of Lenin, and was initially a member of the Social Democratic Labour Party. Following a disagreement between Lenin and Martov, the SDlP split. Those who believed in a minority rule became the Bolsheviks, those who believed in a large number of activists became the Mensheviks.[1]

After the victory of the Bolsheviks, Martov was forced into exile, as was common Communist policy at the time. He died in 1920.