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Lancashire is a county and a historical entity in northern England. The present county borders with Cumbria, Yorkshire, Greater Manchester and Merseyside. In the south, the county is mainly industrial, while in the north it is sparsely populated and agricultural. The tidal quicksands of Morecambe Bay and the Irish Sea lie to the east.

The county town is Preston and other important towns within the modern county are the resorts of Morecambe and Blackpool, Lancaster, Blackburn and Burnley. Historically Lancashire was much larger, with its county town being Lancaster, and included the metropolitan counties of Merseyside and Greater Machester, and the southern tip of Cumbria around Barrow-in-Furness. For sporting purposes, such as county cricket, these are still included within the county.


The House of Lancaster was one of the two competing factions in the Wars of the Roses.

In 1612, the famous trial of the Pendle Witches, who had held their sabbats on Pendle Hill in the county, resulted in multiple executions.


The predominant team sports are soccer with Liverpool FC and Manchester United. Rugby league also has a large presence, with teams such as Wigan Warriors and St Helens RFC.


The Lancashire Terrier and Lancashire Heeler dog breeds originated in the county.