Difference between revisions of "Language"

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(Spoken Languages of the World)
(Languages of the World, Past and Present)
 
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* [[Ainu]]
 
* [[Ainu]]
 
* [[Akkadian]]
 
* [[Akkadian]]
* [[Albanian]]  
+
* [[Albanian]]
 
* American [[sign language]] (ASL), an American-originated system of gesture-based communication for the deaf and hard-of-hearing
 
* American [[sign language]] (ASL), an American-originated system of gesture-based communication for the deaf and hard-of-hearing
 
* [[Amharic]]
 
* [[Amharic]]
 
* [[Arabic]], a major language throughout the [[Middle East]]
 
* [[Arabic]], a major language throughout the [[Middle East]]
 
* [[Aramaic]]
 
* [[Aramaic]]
* [[Armenian]]
+
* [[Armenian]], the primary language of [[Armenia]]
 
* [[Atayal]]
 
* [[Atayal]]
 
* [[Avar]]
 
* [[Avar]]
 
* [[Aymara]]
 
* [[Aymara]]
* [[Aztec]], a Native American language
+
* [[Aztec]], the historic language of the [[Aztec]] peoples in [[Mesoamerica]]
 
* [[Babylonian]]
 
* [[Babylonian]]
 
* [[Balinese]]
 
* [[Balinese]]
* [[Bangla]]
+
* [[Bangla]], the primary language of [[Bangladesh]]
 
* [[Basque]], the historic language of the Basques, who lived in the Pyrenees mountains bordering [[Spain]] and [[France]]
 
* [[Basque]], the historic language of the Basques, who lived in the Pyrenees mountains bordering [[Spain]] and [[France]]
 
* [[Belarusian]], the primary language of [[Belarus]]
 
* [[Belarusian]], the primary language of [[Belarus]]
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* [[Burmese]], the primary language of [[Burma]]
 
* [[Burmese]], the primary language of [[Burma]]
 
* [[Cantonese]], one of two primary languages of [[China]]
 
* [[Cantonese]], one of two primary languages of [[China]]
* [[Carib]], a Native American language
+
* [[Carib]], a Native American language in the [[Caribbean]]
 
* [[Catalan]]
 
* [[Catalan]]
 
* [[Cebuano]], a major language of the Philippine Islands
 
* [[Cebuano]], a major language of the Philippine Islands
 
* [[Cherokee]], a Native American language
 
* [[Cherokee]], a Native American language
 
* [[Chumash]], a Native American language
 
* [[Chumash]], a Native American language
* [[Coptic]]
+
* [[Coptic]], a historic language of Egypt
 
* [[Corsican]], a regional language in [[France]] and [[Italy]]
 
* [[Corsican]], a regional language in [[France]] and [[Italy]]
 
* [[Cree]], a Native American language
 
* [[Cree]], a Native American language
 
* [[Crimean Tatar]]
 
* [[Crimean Tatar]]
* [[Croatian]]
+
* [[Croatian]], the primary language of [[Croatia]]
 
* [[Czech]], the primary language of the [[Czech Republic]]
 
* [[Czech]], the primary language of the [[Czech Republic]]
 
* [[Danish]], the primary language of [[Denmark]]
 
* [[Danish]], the primary language of [[Denmark]]
 
* [[Dari]]
 
* [[Dari]]
 
* [[Dutch language|Dutch]], the primary language of the [[Netherlands]]
 
* [[Dutch language|Dutch]], the primary language of the [[Netherlands]]
* [[Ebonics]], aka African American Vernacular English (AAVE)
+
* [[Ebonics]], aka African American Vernacular English (AAVE), a regional dialect of American English originating in [[African American]] communities
* [[Elvish]], a fictional language from J.R.R. Tolkien's ''Lord of the Rings'' books
+
* [[Elvish]], a fictional language from fantasy novelist [[J.R.R. Tolkien]]'s ''The Hobbit'' and the ''Lord of the Rings'' trilogy
 
* [[English language| English]], the primary language of the [[United States]], the [[United Kingdom]], [[Canada]], [[Australia]], [[New Zealand]], the Falkland Islands, and elsewhere; also a major language in [[India]], [[Jamaica]], the Philippine Islands, and elsewhere
 
* [[English language| English]], the primary language of the [[United States]], the [[United Kingdom]], [[Canada]], [[Australia]], [[New Zealand]], the Falkland Islands, and elsewhere; also a major language in [[India]], [[Jamaica]], the Philippine Islands, and elsewhere
 
* [[Esperanto]], a constructed language combining Romance and Germanic vocabulary with Slavic grammar
 
* [[Esperanto]], a constructed language combining Romance and Germanic vocabulary with Slavic grammar
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* [[Timucua]]
 
* [[Timucua]]
 
* [[Tok Pisin]]
 
* [[Tok Pisin]]
* [[Tongan]]
+
* [[Tongan]], the primary language of [[Tonga]]
 
* [[Turkish]], the primary language of [[Turkey]]
 
* [[Turkish]], the primary language of [[Turkey]]
 
* [[Ugaritic]]
 
* [[Ugaritic]]
* [[Ukrainian]]
+
* [[Ukrainian]], the primary language of [[Ukraine]]
 
* [[Urdu]]
 
* [[Urdu]]
* [[Uzbek]]
+
* [[Uzbek]], the primary language of [[Uzbekistan]]
 
* [[Vietnamese]], the primary language of [[Vietnam]]
 
* [[Vietnamese]], the primary language of [[Vietnam]]
* [[Welsh]], a historic language of [[Wales]]
+
* [[Welsh]], the historic language of [[Wales]]
 
* [[Western Frisian]]
 
* [[Western Frisian]]
 
* [[Yiddish]], the historic language of the Ashkenazi Jews  
 
* [[Yiddish]], the historic language of the Ashkenazi Jews  
 
* [[Yolgnu]], a historic language of the indigenous peoples of [[Australia]]
 
* [[Yolgnu]], a historic language of the indigenous peoples of [[Australia]]
 
* [[Yoruba]]
 
* [[Yoruba]]
* [[Yucatec Mayan]]
+
* [[Yucatec Mayan]], the historic language of the [[Mayan]] peoples in [[Mesoamerica]]
 
* [[Zulu]]
 
* [[Zulu]]
  

Latest revision as of 18:15, 9 April 2019

A language is a collection of symbols (called vocabulary or lexicon) and rules for connecting these symbols (called grammar) that facilitates communication.

Origin

The origin of language has been debated for long time among linguists, biologists, cognitive scientists, theologians, anthropologists, along with many other disciplines. Currently, the most wide held belief is that language has evolutionary origins (Pinker, 1997). However, this has not been proven definitively.

Language differs from call signs used by primates and other animals in that language can be used without prompting or a stimulus and is necessary for higher thinking. Call signs are regarded merely as forms of communication rather than abstract symbol use.

Although linguists have been able to allocate most languages to a small number of language "families", they have been unable to find a common origin of these language families. A few of the largest and oldest families include: Indo-European, Afro-Asiatic and Niger-Congo families (Campbell, 98).

Creationist view

Main article:Tower of Babel
Since the end of the Great Flood all humans spoke the same language. The survivors started to build a Tower, called Tower of Babel. God thought that the people would become high-spirited and stopped the construction, by creating several languages. The tower was not completed and the people travelled through the world, where they spread their languages.[1]

Languages of the World, Past and Present

See also


References