Difference between revisions of "Language"

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A '''language''' is a collection of symbols (called '''[[vocabulary]]''') and rules for connecting these symbols (called '''[[grammar]]''') that facilitates communication. According to the bible, there was originally only one language (see: [[Tower of Babel]]).
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A '''language''' is a collection of symbols (called '''[[vocabulary]]''' or lexicon) and rules for connecting these symbols (called '''[[grammar]]''') that facilitates communication.
  
==Examples of Languages==
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== Origin ==
[[Spanish]]
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The origin of language has been debated for long time among linguists, biologists, cognitive scientists, theologians, anthropologists, along with many other disciplines. Currently, the most wide held belief is that language has evolutionary origins (Pinker, 1997). However, this has not been proven definitively.
  
[[Mexican Spanish]]
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Language differs from call signs used by primates and other animals in that language can be used without prompting or a stimulus and is necessary for higher thinking. Call signs are regarded merely as forms of communication rather than abstract symbol use.
  
[[French]]
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Although linguists have been able to allocate most languages to a small number of language "families", they have been unable to find a common origin of these language families. A few of the largest and oldest families include: [[Indo-European]], Afro-Asiatic and Niger-Congo families (Campbell, 98).
  
[[Hebrew]]
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===Creationist view===
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''Main article:[[Tower of Babel]]''<br/>
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Since the end of the [[Great Flood]] all humans spoke the same language. The survivors started to build a Tower, called [[Tower of Babel]]. [[God]] thought that the people would become high-spirited and stopped the construction, by creating several languages. The tower was not completed and the people travelled through the world, where they spread their languages.<ref>https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Genesis%2011&version=NIV</ref>
  
[[Portuguese]]
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==Languages of the World, Past and Present==
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* [[Abkhaz]]
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* [[Afrikaans]]
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* [[Ainu]]
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* [[Akkadian]]
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* [[Albanian]]
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* American [[sign language]] (ASL), an American-originated system of gesture-based communication for the deaf and hard-of-hearing
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* [[Amharic]]
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* [[Arabic]], a major language throughout the [[Middle East]]
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* [[Aramaic]]
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* [[Armenian]], the primary language of [[Armenia]]
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* [[Atayal]]
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* [[Avar]]
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* [[Aymara]]
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* [[Aztec]], the historic language of the [[Aztec]] peoples in [[Mesoamerica]]
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* [[Babylonian]]
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* [[Balinese]]
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* [[Bangla]], the primary language of [[Bangladesh]]
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* [[Basque]], the historic language of the Basques, who lived in the Pyrenees mountains bordering [[Spain]] and [[France]]
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* [[Belarusian]], the primary language of [[Belarus]]
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* [[Belgian]], the primary language of Belgium
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* [[Bomok]]
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* [[Bosnian]], the primary language of [[Bosnia]]
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* [[Bulgarian]], the primary language of [[Bulgaria]]
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* [[Burmese]], the primary language of [[Burma]]
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* [[Cantonese]], one of two primary languages of [[China]]
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* [[Carib]], a Native American language in the [[Caribbean]]
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* [[Catalan]]
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* [[Cebuano]], a major language of the Philippine Islands
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* [[Cherokee]], a Native American language
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* [[Chumash]], a Native American language
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* [[Coptic]], a historic language of Egypt
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* [[Corsican]], a regional language in [[France]] and [[Italy]]
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* [[Cree]], a Native American language
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* [[Crimean Tatar]]
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* [[Croatian]], the primary language of [[Croatia]]
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* [[Czech]], the primary language of the [[Czech Republic]]
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* [[Danish]], the primary language of [[Denmark]]
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* [[Dari]]
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* [[Dutch language|Dutch]], the primary language of the [[Netherlands]]
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* [[Ebonics]], aka African American Vernacular English (AAVE), a regional dialect of American English originating in [[African American]] communities
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* [[Elvish]], a fictional language from fantasy novelist [[J.R.R. Tolkien]]'s ''The Hobbit'' and the ''Lord of the Rings'' trilogy
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* [[English language| English]], the primary language of the [[United States]], the [[United Kingdom]], [[Canada]], [[Australia]], [[New Zealand]], the Falkland Islands, and elsewhere; also a major language in [[India]], [[Jamaica]], the Philippine Islands, and elsewhere
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* [[Esperanto]], a constructed language combining Romance and Germanic vocabulary with Slavic grammar
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* [[Estonian]], the primary language of [[Estonia]]
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* [[Filipino (Language) | Filipino]] (aka Tagalog), a major language of the Philippine Islands
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* [[Finnish]], the primary language of [[Finland]]
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* [[Flemish language|Flemish]]
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* [[French language|French]], the primary language of [[France]]; also a major language in [[Canada]] and various former French colonies in [[Africa]] and [[Asia]]
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* [[Galician]]
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* [[Georgian]], the primary language of [[Georgia (country)|Georgia]]
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* [[German language|German]], the primary language of [[Germany]]; regional variants are spoken in neighboring countries like [[Austria]] and [[Switzerland]]
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* [[Greek language|Greek]], the primary language of [[Greece]]
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* [[Gujarati]]
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* [[Haitian Creole]]
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* [[Hausa]]
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* [[Hawaiian]], the historic language of Native Hawaiians
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* [[Hebrew]], the historic language of the [[Judaism|Jewish]] people, spoken widely today in [[Israel]] and elsewhere
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* [[Hindi]], a major language in [[India]]
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* [[Hiri Motu]]
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* [[Hmong]]
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* [[Hungarian]], the primary language of [[Hungary]]
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* [[Icelandic]], the primary language of [[Iceland]]
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* [[Igbo]]
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* [[Indonesian]], the primary language of [[Indonesia]]
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* [[Inupiat]]
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* Irish [[Gaelic]], the historic language of [[Ireland]]
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* [[Italian]], the primary language of [[Italy]]
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* [[Japanese]], the primary language of [[Japan]]
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* [[Javanese]]
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* [[Kabardian]]
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* [[Kannada]]
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* [[Kazakh]], the primary language of [[Kazakhstan]]
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* [[Klingon]], a fictional language of the ''[[Star Trek]]'' media franchise
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* [[Korean]], the primary langage of [[Korea]]
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* [[Kurdish]]
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* [[Lardil]]
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* [[Latin]], the historic language of the [[Rome|Romans]]
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* [[Latvian]], the primary language of [[Latvia]]
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* [[Laz]]
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* [[Lezgin]]
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* [[Lithuanian]], the primary language of [[Lithuania]]
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* [[Luxembourgish]], the primary language of [[Luxembourg]]
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* [[Macedonian]], the primary language of [[Macedonia]]
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* [[Malagasy]]
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* [[Malay]], the primary language of [[Malaysia]]
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* [[Malayalam]]
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* [[Mandarin Chinese]], one of two primary languages of [[China]]
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* [[Maori]], a historic language of the indigenous peoples of [[New Zealand]]
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* [[Marathi]]
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* [[Mexican Spanish]], a regional dialect of Spanish spoken in [[Mexico]]
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* [[Miccosukkee]], a Native American language
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* [[Mingrelian]]
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* [[Mohawk]], a Native American language
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* [[Mongolian]], the primary language of [[Mongolia]]
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* [[Nahuatl]]
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* [[Navajo]], a Native American language
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* [[Navarrese]]
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* [[Nepali]], the primary language of [[Nepal]]
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* [[Norwegian]], the primary language of [[Norway]]
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* [[Nyanja]]
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* [[Okinawan]], the historic language of [[Okinawa]], the southernmost prefecture of [[Japan]]
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* [[Pashto]]
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* [[Persian]], the primary language of [[Iran]]
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* [[Polish]], the primary language of [[Poland]]
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* [[Portuguese]], the primary language of [[Portugal]]
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* [[Punjabi]], a major language in [[India]]
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* [[Quechua]]
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* [[Romanian]], the primary language of [[Romania]]
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* [[Romansh]]
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* [[Russian language|Russian]], the primary language of [[Russia]]
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* [[Samoan]], the primary language of [[Samoa]]
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* [[Sanskrit]], a historic language of [[India]]
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* Scottish [[Gaelic]], the historic language of [[Scotland]]
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* [[Serbian]], the primary language of [[Serbia]]
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* [[Shona]]
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* [[Shindhi]]
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* [[Sicilian]], a regional variant of Italian and the primary language [[Sicily]]
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* [[Sinhala]]
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* [[Slovak]], the primary language of [[Slovakia]]
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* [[Slovenian]], the primary language of [[Slovenia]]
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* [[Somali]], the primary language of [[Somalia]]
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* [[Southern Sotho]]
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* [[Spanish]], the primary language of [[Spain]] and a prominent language throughout Central America, the Caribbean, and South America
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* [[Sumerian]]
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* [[Svan]]
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* [[Swahili]], a major language throughout eastern and southeastern [[Africa]]
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* [[Swedish]], the primary language of [[Sweden]]
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* [[Tahitian]], the primary language of [[Tahiti]]
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* [[Tajik]]
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* [[Tamil]]
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* [[Telugu]]
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* [[Thai]], the primary language of [[Thailand]]
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* [[Timucua]]
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* [[Tok Pisin]]
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* [[Tongan]], the primary language of [[Tonga]]
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* [[Turkish]], the primary language of [[Turkey]]
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* [[Ugaritic]]
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* [[Ukrainian]], the primary language of [[Ukraine]]
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* [[Urdu]]
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* [[Uzbek]], the primary language of [[Uzbekistan]]
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* [[Vietnamese]], the primary language of [[Vietnam]]
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* [[Welsh]], the historic language of [[Wales]]
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* [[Western Frisian]]
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* [[Yiddish]], the historic language of the Ashkenazi Jews
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* [[Yolgnu]], a historic language of the indigenous peoples of [[Australia]]
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* [[Yoruba]]
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* [[Yucatec Mayan]], the historic language of the [[Mayan]] peoples in [[Mesoamerica]]
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* [[Zulu]]
  
[[German]]
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== See also ==
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* [[:Category:Languages]] for language families and languages
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* [[Information]]
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* [[Essay:Best New Conservative Words]]
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* [[Conservative Words Not Yet Recognized by the Dictionary‎]]
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* [[Downgraded Conservative Terms]]
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* [[Essay:New Liberal Terms]]
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* [[Essay:Surprising Dates of Origin for Terms]]
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* [[Linguistic Analysis of Candidates]]
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* [[Conservative Bible Project]]
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* [[Essay:Conservapedia's Law]]
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* [[Secularized Language‎]]
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* [[Terms Difficult to Classify]]
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* Language: [[Etymology]], [[Vocabulary]]
  
[[Dutch]]
 
  
[[Chinese]]
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==References==
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{{reflist|2}}
  
[[Ugaritic]]
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[[Category:Linguistics]]
 
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[[Category:Language]]
[[Ukrainian]]
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[[Category:Sociology]]
 
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[[Newspeak]]
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[[Yiddish]]
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[[category:sociology]]
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[[category:languages]]
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Latest revision as of 18:15, 9 April 2019

A language is a collection of symbols (called vocabulary or lexicon) and rules for connecting these symbols (called grammar) that facilitates communication.

Origin

The origin of language has been debated for long time among linguists, biologists, cognitive scientists, theologians, anthropologists, along with many other disciplines. Currently, the most wide held belief is that language has evolutionary origins (Pinker, 1997). However, this has not been proven definitively.

Language differs from call signs used by primates and other animals in that language can be used without prompting or a stimulus and is necessary for higher thinking. Call signs are regarded merely as forms of communication rather than abstract symbol use.

Although linguists have been able to allocate most languages to a small number of language "families", they have been unable to find a common origin of these language families. A few of the largest and oldest families include: Indo-European, Afro-Asiatic and Niger-Congo families (Campbell, 98).

Creationist view

Main article:Tower of Babel
Since the end of the Great Flood all humans spoke the same language. The survivors started to build a Tower, called Tower of Babel. God thought that the people would become high-spirited and stopped the construction, by creating several languages. The tower was not completed and the people travelled through the world, where they spread their languages.[1]

Languages of the World, Past and Present

See also


References