Difference between revisions of "Language"
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Revision as of 15:50, 8 July 2011
The origin of language has been debated for long time among linguists, biologists, cognitive scientists, theologians, anthropologists, along with many other disciplines. Currently, the most wide held belief is that language has evolutionary origins (Pinker, 1997). However, this has not been proven definitively.
Language differs from call signs used by primates and other animals in that language can be used without prompting or a stimulus and is necessary for higher thinking. Call signs are regarded merely as forms of communication rather than abstract symbol use.
Although linguists have been able to allocate most languages to a small number of language "families", they have been unable to find a common origin of these language families. A few of the largest and oldest families include: Indo-European, Afro-Asiatic and Nigar Congo families (Campbell, 98).
Examples of Languages
- American sign language
- Crimean Tatar
- Hiri Motu
- Mandarin Chinese
- Mexican Spanish
- Tok Pisin
- Yucatec Mayan