Last modified on 14 July 2007, at 17:25

Lava fountain

Lava fountain of the Pu`u `O`o cinder and spatter cone on Kilauea Volcano, Hawai`i.
A jet of lava sprayed into the air by the rapid formation and expansion of gas bubbles in the molten rock is called a lava fountain. Lava fountains typically range from about 10 to 100 m in height, but occasionally reach more than 500 m. Lava fountains erupt from isolated vents, along fissures, within active lava lakes, and from a lava tube when water gains access to the tube in a confined space.