Looking Backward

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Looking Backward: 2000 - 1887 is a utopian novel by Edward Bellamy credited with first introducing socialism in the United States by members of the Socialist Party of America.[1]

It was the third best-selling book of its era, behind Uncle Tom's Cabin and Ben-Hur.[2]


Jonah Goldberg, author of the book Liberal Fascism argues that the publication of Looking Backward signifies a singular event that, more than any other, marks the beginning of what would become the Progressive Era. [3]


  1. (1900) Social democracy red book. Debs publishing Company, 64–65. 
  2. (2006) Putting Ideas to Work: A Practical Introduction to Political Thought. Rowman & Littlefield, 154. 
  3. (2008) Liberal Fascism. Random House, 215. “It's hard to fix a specific starting date for the progressive race for the Great Society, but a good guess might be 1888, the year Edward Bellamy's novel Looking Backward burst on the American scene. One of the most influential works of progressive propaganda ever conceived.” 

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